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Pesquisa : F04.096.670 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 5113 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28462487
[Au] Autor:Manfro AG; Pan PM; Gadelha A; Fleck M; do Rosário MC; Cogo-Moreira H; Affonseca-Bressan R; Mari J; Miguel EC; Rohde LA; Salum GA
[Ad] Endereço:Section on Negative Affect and Social Processes, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Ramiro Barcelos, 2350, Clinical Research Center, 6th floor, Porto Alegre, 90035-903, Brazil. agmanfro@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Psychopathology and friendship in children and adolescents: disentangling the role of co-occurring symptom domains with serial mediation models.
[So] Source:Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry;26(11):1377-1386, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1435-165X
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The consolidation of social friendship groups is a vital part of human development. The objective of this study is to understand the direct and indirect influences of three major symptomatic domains-emotional, hyperkinetic, and conduct-on friendship. Specifically, we aim to study if the associations of one domain with friendship may be mediated by co-occurring symptoms from another domain. A total of 2512 subjects aged 6-14 years participated in this study. Friendship was evaluated by the Development and Well-Being Assessment's friendship section. We evaluated two main constructs as outcomes: (1) social isolation and (2) friendship latent construct. Emotional, hyperkinetic, and conduct symptomatic domains were evaluated with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). All SDQ domains were positively associated with social isolation and negatively associated with friendship latent construct in univariate analysis. However, serial mediation models showed that the association between conduct domains with social isolation was mediated by emotion and hyperkinetic domains. Moreover, the associations between emotional and hyperkinetic domains with friendship latent construct in non-isolated children were mediated by the conduct domain. Emotion and hyperkinetic domains were directly and indirectly associated with social isolation, whereas conduct was directly and indirectly associated with overall friendship in non-isolated children. Results suggest that interventions aimed to improve social life in childhood and adolescence may have stronger effects if directed towards the treatment of emotion and hyperkinetic symptoms in socially isolated children and directed towards the treatment of conduct symptoms in children with fragile social connections.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Amigos/psicologia
Negociação/psicologia
Psicopatologia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00787-017-0993-z


  2 / 5113 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29191035
[Au] Autor:McKinney BC
[Ad] Endereço:From the Department of Psychiatry and the Translational Neuroscience Program, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh.
[Ti] Título:Epigenetic Programming: A Putative Neurobiological Mechanism Linking Childhood Maltreatment and Risk for Adult Psychopathology.
[So] Source:Am J Psychiatry;174(12):1134-1136, 2017 12 01.
[Is] ISSN:1535-7228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Maus-Tratos Infantis
Psicopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Seres Humanos
Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.17101074


  3 / 5113 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28456023
[Au] Autor:Cerniglia L; Muratori P; Milone A; Paciello M; Ruglioni L; Cimino S; Levantini V; Tambelli R
[Ad] Endereço:International Telematic University Uninettuno, Psychology Faculty, Department of Psychology, Corso Vittorio Emanuele II, 39 - 00100, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: l.cerniglia@uninettunouniversity.net.
[Ti] Título:Paternal psychopathological risk and psychological functioning in children with eating disorders and Disruptive Behavior Disorder.
[So] Source:Psychiatry Res;254:60-66, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7123
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Several studies demonstrated that maternal psychopathological risk is related to child's maladjustment, but until recently research has relatively neglected fathers. Disruptive Behavior Disorder (DBD) and Eating disorders (ED) have a large prevalence during childhood but a few studies have focused on their association with paternal psychopathological risk. One-hundred and thirty-nine children and their fathers were recruited from pediatric hospitals and outpatient clinics and paired with a healthy control group (CG). Fathers were administered the SCL-90/R and the CBCL 6-18 to assess: 1) psychopathological risk of fathers of children with DBD, ED and CG; 2) significant differences between ED and DBD fathers' psychopathological profiles; and 3) associations between specific fathers' psychopathological symptoms and children's emotional-behavioral problems. Fathers of children with ED showed a higher psychopathological risk than fathers of DBD offspring. Children with DBD showed higher externalizing symptoms. Paternal hostility was associated with internalizing problems in children with DBD. Paternal hostility showed a non-significant but clinically interesting association with internalizing problems in DBD children; interpersonal sensitivity was associated with internalizing problems in ED children. This study can constitute a contribution to a better understanding of the clinical characteristics of fathers of children with DBD and ED.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Deficit da Atenção e do Comportamento Disruptivo/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Deficit da Atenção e do Comportamento Disruptivo/psicologia
Relações Pai-Filho
Pai/psicologia
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/diagnóstico
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtornos de Deficit da Atenção e do Comportamento Disruptivo/epidemiologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Emoções
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Psicopatologia
Autorrelato
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180131
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180131
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 5113 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27779625
[Au] Autor:Bergink V; Larsen JT; Hillegers MH; Dahl SK; Stevens H; Mortensen PB; Petersen L; Munk-Olsen T
[Ad] Endereço:The National Centre for Register-Based Research, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
[Ti] Título:Childhood adverse life events and parental psychopathology as risk factors for bipolar disorder.
[So] Source:Transl Psychiatry;6(10):e929, 2016 10 25.
[Is] ISSN:2158-3188
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Childhood adverse events are risk factors for later bipolar disorder. We quantified the risks for a later diagnosis of bipolar disorder after exposure to adverse life events in children with and without parental psychopathology. This register-based population cohort study included all persons born in Denmark from 1980 to 1998 (980 554 persons). Adversities before age 15 years were: familial disruption; parental somatic illness; any parental psychopathology; parental labour market exclusion; parental imprisonment; placement in out-of-home care; and parental natural and unnatural death. We calculated risk estimates of each of these eight life events as single exposure and risk estimates for exposure to multiple life events. Main outcome variable was a diagnosis of bipolar disorder after the age of 15 years, analysed with Cox proportional hazard regression. Single exposure to most of the investigated adversities were associated with increased risk for bipolar disorder, exceptions were parental somatic illness and parental natural death. By far the strongest risk factor for bipolar disorder in our study was any mental disorder in the parent (hazard ratio 3.53; 95% confidence interval 2.73-4.53) and the additional effects of life events on bipolar risk were limited. An effect of early adverse life events on bipolar risk later in life was mainly observed in children without parental psychopathology. Our findings do not exclude early-life events as possible risk factors, but challenge the concept of adversities as important independent determinants of bipolar disorder in genetically vulnerable individuals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Bipolar/psicologia
Filho de Pais Incapacitados/psicologia
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Transtorno Bipolar/diagnóstico
Transtorno Bipolar/genética
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Estudos de Coortes
Dinamarca
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/genética
Psicopatologia
Fatores de Risco
Estatística como Assunto
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/tp.2016.201


  5 / 5113 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28771498
[Au] Autor:Bekker MHJ; van Assen MALM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical and Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, Tilburg, the Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Autonomy-connectedness mediates sex differences in symptoms of psychopathology.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0181626, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine if autonomy-connectedness, capacity for self-governance under the condition of connectedness, would mediate sex differences in symptoms of various mental disorders (depression, anxiety, eating disorders, antisocial personality disorder). METHOD: Participants (N = 5,525) from a representative community sample in the Netherlands filled out questionnaires regarding the variables under study. RESULTS: Autonomy-connectedness (self-awareness, SA; sensitivity to others, SO; capacity for managing new situations, CMNS) fully mediated the sex differences in depression and anxiety, and partly in eating disorder -(drive for thinness, bulimia, and body dissatisfaction) and anti-social personality disorder characteristics. The mediations followed the expected sex-specific patterns. SO related positively to the internalizing disorder indices, and negatively to the anti-social personality disorder. SA related negatively to all disorder indices; and CMNS to all internalizing disorder indices, but positively to the anti-social personality disorder. CONCLUSION: Treatment of depression, anxiety, but also eating disorders and the antisocial personality disorder may benefit from a stronger focus on autonomy strengthening.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Mentais/fisiopatologia
Caracteres Sexuais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Psicopatologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170828
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170828
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170804
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181626


  6 / 5113 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28692653
[Au] Autor:van de Beek MH; van der Krieke L; Schoevers RA; Veling W
[Ad] Endereço:Dimence Institute for Mental Health, Dimence Group, Zwolle, the Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Social exclusion and psychopathology in an online cohort of Moroccan-Dutch migrants: Results of the MEDINA-study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0179827, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Migration is seen as a risk factor for developing psychiatric symptoms and experiencing social exclusion. In the Netherlands, the Moroccan-Dutch population is the second largest migrant group. 70% of all young Moroccan-Dutch people meet each other in the online community www.marokko.nl. Within this community, we investigated the association between experiences of social exclusion and self-reported depressive symptoms and psychotic experiences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited via the website www.marokko.nl. They completed an online survey, with screening instruments for depressive symptoms (K10) and psychotic experiences (PQ-16), measures of social exclusion (perceived discrimination, social defeat and social support), and questions about demographical information. With regression analysis the association between social exclusion and psychiatric symptoms was investigated. RESULTS: We included 267 participants; 87% were female. 27% of the sample has received mental healthcare in the past. Over 50% of these people screened positive for depressive symptoms and psychotic experiences. Perceived discrimination and social defeat were significantly associated with psychotic experiences and social defeat was associated with depressive symptoms. Social support and higher education were associated with less depressive symptoms and psychotic experiences. DISCUSSION: Our findings suggest that the online environment allows for epidemiological research and early symptom detection. Levels of psychopathology were high in our sample. This suggests that a part of this young ethnic minority population might not get adequate mental healthcare. Since this population can be reached through Internet, the online environment may therefore also offer an appropriate setting for intervention, to increase resilience towards social exclusion.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Internet
Distância Social
Migrantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aculturação
Adolescente
Adulto
Estudos de Coortes
Demografia
Depressão/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Marrocos
Países Baixos
Psicopatologia
Análise de Regressão
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170711
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179827


  7 / 5113 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28687638
[Au] Autor:Rodrigues M; Binnoon-Erez N; Plamondon A; Jenkins JM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and.
[Ti] Título:Behavioral Risk Assessment From Newborn to Preschool: The Value of Older Siblings.
[So] Source:Pediatrics;140(2), 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1098-4275
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the plausibility of a risk prediction tool in infancy for school-entry emotional and behavioral problems. Familial aggregation has been operationalized previously as maternal psychopathology. The hypothesis was tested that older sibling (OS) psychopathology, as an indicator of familial aggregation, would enable a fair level of risk prediction compared with previous research, when combined with traditional risk factors. METHODS: By using a longitudinal design, data on child and family risk factors were collected on 323 infants ( = 2.00 months), all of whom had OSs. Infants were followed up 4.5 years later when both parents provided ratings of emotional and behavioral problems. Multiple regression and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were conducted for emotional, conduct, and attention problems separately. RESULTS: The emotional and behavioral problems of OSs at infancy were the strongest predictors of the same problems in target children 4.5 years later. Other risk factors, including maternal depression and socioeconomic status provided extra, but weak, significant prediction. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for emotional and conduct problems yielded a fair prediction. CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to offer a fair degree of prediction from risk factors at birth to school-entry emotional and behavioral problems. This degree of prediction was achieved with the inclusion of the emotional and behavioral problems of OSs (thus limiting generalizability to children with OSs). The inclusion of OS psychopathology raises risk prediction to a fair level.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico
Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia
Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/diagnóstico
Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Medição de Risco
Irmãos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Filho de Pais Incapacitados/psicologia
Pré-Escolar
Transtorno Depressivo/diagnóstico
Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Ontário
Psicopatologia
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170828
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170828
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170709
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 5113 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28644856
[Au] Autor:Epskamp S; Kruis J; Marsman M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychological Methods, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Estimating psychopathological networks: Be careful what you wish for.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0179891, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Network models, in which psychopathological disorders are conceptualized as a complex interplay of psychological and biological components, have become increasingly popular in the recent psychopathological literature (Borsboom, et. al., 2011). These network models often contain significant numbers of unknown parameters, yet the sample sizes available in psychological research are limited. As such, general assumptions about the true network are introduced to reduce the number of free parameters. Incorporating these assumptions, however, means that the resulting network will lead to reflect the particular structure assumed by the estimation method-a crucial and often ignored aspect of psychopathological networks. For example, observing a sparse structure and simultaneously assuming a sparse structure does not imply that the true model is, in fact, sparse. To illustrate this point, we discuss recent literature and show the effect of the assumption of sparsity in three simulation studies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Redes Neurais (Computação)
Psicopatologia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Análise Multivariada
Projetos de Pesquisa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170624
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179891


  9 / 5113 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28542328
[Au] Autor:Pezzoli P; Antfolk J; Santtila P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland.
[Ti] Título:Phenotypic factor analysis of psychopathology reveals a new body-related transdiagnostic factor.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0177674, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Comorbidity challenges the notion of mental disorders as discrete categories. An increasing body of literature shows that symptoms cut across traditional diagnostic boundaries and interact in shaping the latent structure of psychopathology. Using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, we reveal the latent sources of covariation among nine measures of psychopathological functioning in a population-based sample of 13024 Finnish twins and their siblings. By implementing unidimensional, multidimensional, second-order, and bifactor models, we illustrate the relationships between observed variables, specific, and general latent factors. We also provide the first investigation to date of measurement invariance of the bifactor model of psychopathology across gender and age groups. Our main result is the identification of a distinct "Body" factor, alongside the previously identified Internalizing and Externalizing factors. We also report relevant cross-disorder associations, especially between body-related psychopathology and trait anger, as well as substantial sex and age differences in observed and latent means. The findings expand the meta-structure of psychopathology, with implications for empirical and clinical practice, and demonstrate shared mechanisms underlying attitudes towards nutrition, self-image, sexuality and anger, with gender- and age-specific features.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biologia Computacional/métodos
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
Fenótipo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Comorbidade
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
Meia-Idade
Psicopatologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170912
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170912
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0177674


  10 / 5113 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28488538
[Au] Autor:Maier T
[Ad] Endereço:1 Psychiatrie St. Gallen Nord, Wil.
[Ti] Título:Hoarding: Symptom oder Syndrom?.
[So] Source:Praxis (Bern 1994);106(10):539-544, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1661-8157
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Colecionismo/diagnóstico
Colecionismo/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cultura
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais
Seres Humanos
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/diagnóstico
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/psicologia
Psicopatologia
Síndrome
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170707
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170707
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170511
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a002679



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