Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : F04.096.795.600 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 2156 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 216 ir para página                         

  1 / 2156 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27779445
[Au] Autor:Hirst RB; Teague AM; Sodos LM; Wickham RE; Whittington LT; Mills BM; Earleywine M
[Ad] Endereço:a Palo Alto University , Palo Alto , California , USA.
[Ti] Título:Determining Cannabis Use Status From a Photograph: An Assessment of the "Jay-dar" in Neuropsychologists.
[So] Source:Subst Use Misuse;52(3):401-410, 2017 Feb 23.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2491
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Few studies examining the cognitive effects of chronic cannabis use utilize research designs where examiners are blind to user status. Even in those that do, researchers may be able to guess the user status of participants, leaving these studies vulnerable to the expectancy effect confound. OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the ability of neuropsychologists (those who would conduct research on the cognitive effects of cannabis) to differentiate cannabis users and nonusers based on physical appearance from photographs. METHOD: We recruited 84 participants from an international neuropsychology listserv. The sample was 59.5% female and 95.2% Caucasian, with a mean age of 41.39 years (range 26-65). Each neuropsychologist rated 25 target faces (12 cannabis users, 13 nonusers) on a Marijuana Use Likelihood Index based upon individuals' photographs. RESULTS: Results indicate a main effect of user group, as neuropsychologists ascribed higher ratings to cannabis users on the Marijuana Use Likelihood Index, suggesting they perceive them as more likely to be users, relative to nonusers. Results also demonstrated a main effect of gender, as males received higher user ratings than females, and a significant main effect of rater gender, as female raters were more likely to rate individuals as cannabis users relative to male raters. Conclusions/Importance: The results demonstrate the importance of assessing researchers' expectations when studying the effects of chronic cannabis use, as even those designs that keep examiners blind to participant user status may be vulnerable to expectancy effects if examiners are able to guess user status based upon appearance alone.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abuso de Maconha/diagnóstico
Neuropsicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Abuso de Maconha/psicologia
Meia-Idade
Fotografia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10826084.2016.1233564


  2 / 2156 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28618454
[Au] Autor:Ginot E
[Ad] Endereço:Private Practice, New York, New York.
[Ti] Título:The enacted unconscious: a neuropsychological model of unconscious processes.
[So] Source:Ann N Y Acad Sci;1406(1):71-76, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1749-6632
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Integrating neuropsychology with psychoanalytic thinking and experience, this paper offers a new view of the unconscious that veers away from more traditional conceptualizations. Rather, it emphasizes the ever-present influence of ongoing unconscious processes on much of our behaviors and mental states. Importantly, this new understanding is based on the functional unity of the brain/mind.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Encéfalo/fisiologia
Processos Mentais/fisiologia
Neuropsicologia/métodos
Inconsciente (Psicologia)
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Terapia Cognitiva/métodos
Terapia Cognitiva/tendências
Seres Humanos
Neuropsicologia/tendências
Pensamento/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170616
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/nyas.13404


  3 / 2156 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
[PMID]:28355326
[Au] Autor:Antonakou EI; Triarhou LC
[Ad] Endereço:University of Macedonia, Graduate Program in Neuroscience and Education, Thessalonica, Greece.
[Ti] Título:Soul, butterfly, mythological nymph: psyche in philosophy and neuroscience.
[So] Source:Arq Neuropsiquiatr;75(3):176-179, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4227
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The term "psyche" and its derivatives - including "Psychology" and "Psychiatry" - are rooted in classical philosophy and in mythology. Over the centuries, psyche has been the subject of discourse and contemplation, and of fable; it has also come to signify, in entomology, the order of Lepidoptera. In the current surge of research on brain and mind, there is a gradual transition from the psyche (or the "soul") to the specified descriptors defined by the fields of Behavioral, Cognitive and Integrative Neuroscience.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mitologia
Neuropsicologia
Neurociências
Filosofia
Semântica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170705
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170705
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170330
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 2156 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28291039
[Au] Autor:Greher MR; Wodushek TR
[Ad] Endereço:GREHER and WODUSHEK: Guest columnists, Departments of Neurosurgery and Neurology, School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO.
[Ti] Título:Performance Validity Testing in Neuropsychology: Scientific Basis and Clinical Application-A Brief Review.
[So] Source:J Psychiatr Pract;23(2):134-140, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1538-1145
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Performance validity testing refers to neuropsychologists' methodology for determining whether neuropsychological test performances completed in the course of an evaluation are valid (ie, the results of true neurocognitive function) or invalid (ie, overly impacted by the patient's effort/engagement in testing). This determination relies upon the use of either standalone tests designed for this sole purpose, or specific scores/indicators embedded within traditional neuropsychological measures that have demonstrated this utility. In response to a greater appreciation for the critical role that performance validity issues play in neuropsychological testing and the need to measure this variable to the best of our ability, the scientific base for performance validity testing has expanded greatly over the last 20 to 30 years. As such, the majority of current day neuropsychologists in the United States use a variety of measures for the purpose of performance validity testing as part of everyday forensic and clinical practice and address this issue directly in their evaluations. The following is the first article of a 2-part series that will address the evolution of performance validity testing in the field of neuropsychology, both in terms of the science as well as the clinical application of this measurement technique. The second article of this series will review performance validity tests in terms of methods for development of these measures, and maximizing of diagnostic accuracy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Testes Neuropsicológicos/normas
Neuropsicologia/normas
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170315
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/PRA.0000000000000218


  5 / 2156 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28267796
[Au] Autor:Agelink van Rentergem JA; Murre JM; Huizenga HM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Multivariate normative comparisons using an aggregated database.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(3):e0173218, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In multivariate normative comparisons, a patient's profile of test scores is compared to those in a normative sample. Recently, it has been shown that these multivariate normative comparisons enhance the sensitivity of neuropsychological assessment. However, multivariate normative comparisons require multivariate normative data, which are often unavailable. In this paper, we show how a multivariate normative database can be constructed by combining healthy control group data from published neuropsychological studies. We show that three issues should be addressed to construct a multivariate normative database. First, the database may have a multilevel structure, with participants nested within studies. Second, not all tests are administered in every study, so many data may be missing. Third, a patient should be compared to controls of similar age, gender and educational background rather than to the entire normative sample. To address these issues, we propose a multilevel approach for multivariate normative comparisons that accounts for missing data and includes covariates for age, gender and educational background. Simulations show that this approach controls the number of false positives and has high sensitivity to detect genuine deviations from the norm. An empirical example is provided. Implications for other domains than neuropsychology are also discussed. To facilitate broader adoption of these methods, we provide code implementing the entire analysis in the open source software package R.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bases de Dados Factuais
Modelos Teóricos
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Neuropsicologia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Algoritmos
Simulação por Computador
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170825
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170825
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170308
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0173218


  6 / 2156 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28257420
[Au] Autor:Triviño M; Ródenas E; Lupiáñez J; Arnedo M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Neuropsychology. San Rafael University Hospital, Granada, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Effectiveness of a neuropsychological treatment for confabulations after brain injury: A clinical trial with theoretical implications.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(3):e0173166, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Confabulators consistently generate false memories without intention to deceive and with great feelings of rightness. However, to our knowledge, there is currently no known effective treatment for them. In order to fill this gap, our aim was to design a neuropsychological treatment based on current theoretical models and test it experimentally in 20 confabulators sequentially allocated to two groups: an experimental and a control group. The experimental group received nine sessions of treatment for three weeks (three sessions per week). The sessions consisted of some brief material that participants had to learn and recall at both immediate and delayed time points. After this, patients were given feedback about their performance (errors and correct responses). Pre- and post-treatment measurements were recorded. Confabulators in the control group were included in a waiting list for three weeks, performed the pre- and post- measurements without treatment, and only then received the treatment, after which a post-treatment measurement was recorded. This applied to only half of the participants; the other half quit the study prematurely. Results showed a significant decrease in confabulations and a significant increase in correct responses in the experimental group; by contrast, patients in the control group did not improve during the waiting list period. Only control group patients who subsequently received the treatment after serving as controls improved. The effects of the treatment were generalized to patients' everyday lives, as reported by relatives, and persisted over time. This treatment seems to be effective and easy to implement and consequently of clinical interest. Moreover, it also has theoretical implications regarding the processes related to the genesis and/or maintenance of confabulations. In particular, results point to a deficit in early stages of memory retrieval with the preservation of later strategic monitoring processes. Specifically, some of the processes involved may include selective attention or early conflict detection deficits. Future research should test these hypotheses.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lesões Encefálicas/fisiopatologia
Lesões Encefálicas/terapia
Memória/fisiologia
Rememoração Mental/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Atenção/fisiologia
Lesões Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Aprendizagem/fisiologia
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Neuropsicologia/métodos
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia
Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170829
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170829
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170304
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0173166


  7 / 2156 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28255843
[Au] Autor:Milner AD
[Ad] Endereço:Durham University, Durham, UK. a.d.milner@durham.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:How do the two visual streams interact with each other?
[So] Source:Exp Brain Res;235(5):1297-1308, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1106
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The current consensus divides primate cortical visual processing into two broad networks or "streams" composed of highly interconnected areas (Milner and Goodale 2006, 2008; Goodale 2014). The ventral stream, passing from primary visual cortex (V1) through to inferior parts of the temporal lobe, is considered to mediate the transformation of the contents of the visual signal into the mental furniture that guides memory, recognition and conscious perception. In contrast the dorsal stream, passing from V1 through to various areas in the posterior parietal lobe, is generally considered to mediate the visual guidance of action, primarily in real time. The brain, however, does not work through mutually insulated subsystems, and indeed there are well-documented interconnections between the two streams. Evidence for contributions from ventral stream systems to the dorsal stream comes from human neuropsychological and neuroimaging research, and indicates a crucial role in mediating complex and flexible visuomotor skills. Complementary evidence points to a role for posterior dorsal-stream visual analysis in certain aspects of 3-D perceptual function in the ventral stream. A series of studies of a patient with visual form agnosia has been instrumental in shaping our knowledge of what each stream can achieve in isolation; but it has also helped us to tease apart the relative dependence of parietal visuomotor systems on direct bottom-up visual inputs versus inputs redirected via perceptual systems within the ventral stream.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Córtex Visual/fisiologia
Vias Visuais/fisiologia
Percepção Visual/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Neuroimagem
Neuropsicologia
Córtex Visual/diagnóstico por imagem
Vias Visuais/diagnóstico por imagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170830
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170830
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170304
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00221-017-4917-4


  8 / 2156 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28121073
[Au] Autor:Baum KT; Powell SK; Jacobson LA; Gragert MN; Janzen LA; Paltin I; Rey-Casserly CM; Wilkening GN
[Ad] Endereço:Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology and University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati, Ohio.
[Ti] Título:Implementing guidelines: Proposed definitions of neuropsychology services in pediatric oncology.
[So] Source:Pediatr Blood Cancer;64(8), 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1545-5017
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Several organizations have published guidelines for the neuropsychological care of survivors of childhood cancer. However, there is limited consensus in how these guidelines are applied. The model of neuropsychology service delivery is further complicated by the variable terminology used to describe recommended services. In an important first step to translate published guidelines into clinical practice, this paper proposes definitions for specific neuropsychological processes and services, with the goal of facilitating consistency across sites to foster future clinical program development and to clarify clinical practice guidelines.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Oncologia/normas
Neuropsicologia/normas
Pediatria/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Neoplasias Encefálicas/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Sobreviventes/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170914
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170914
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/pbc.26446


  9 / 2156 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28067545
[Au] Autor:Pimental P
[Ti] Título:The Brave New World of Positive Neuropsychology.
[So] Source:Appl Neuropsychol Adult;24(2):99, 2017 Mar-Apr.
[Is] ISSN:2327-9109
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atenção Plena/tendências
Neuropsicologia/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170110
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/23279095.2016.1269489


  10 / 2156 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28067106
[Au] Autor:Muller AJ; O'Callaghan C; Walton CC; Shine JM; Lewis SJ
[Ad] Endereço:1 Parkinson's Disease Research Clinic, Brain and Mind Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Retrospective Neuropsychological Profile of Patients With Parkinson Disease Prior to Developing Visual Hallucinations.
[So] Source:J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol;30(2):90-95, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0891-9887
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Visual hallucinations (VH) are a common feature of Parkinson disease (PD); however, the cognitive profile preceding the onset of VH has not yet been established. The present study investigated longitudinal neuropsychological performance of patients with PD who developed VH during follow-up compared to a group who did not develop VH. The patient groups were matched for demographic and disease severity variables at their baseline assessments. Patients who developed VH displayed impaired performance at baseline on measures of psychomotor speed, executive functioning, reaction time, and attention compared to patients who did not develop VH. These results demonstrate a profile of cognitive deficits specific to patients with PD at risk of developing VH and implicate attentional dysfunction in the early pathogenesis of VH.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia
Cognição/fisiologia
Alucinações/psicologia
Testes Neuropsicológicos/estatística & dados numéricos
Doença de Parkinson/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Atenção/fisiologia
Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia
Função Executiva
Feminino
Alucinações/diagnóstico
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Neuropsicologia
Doença de Parkinson/psicologia
Estudos Retrospectivos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170502
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170502
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170110
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0891988716686830



página 1 de 216 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde