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Pesquisa : F04.096.939 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28468687
[Au] Autor:De Cocker K; De Bourdeaudhuij I; Cardon G; Vandelanotte C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Watersportlaan 2, B-9000, Ghent, Belgium.
[Ti] Título:What are the working mechanisms of a web-based workplace sitting intervention targeting psychosocial factors and action planning?
[So] Source:BMC Public Health;17(1):382, 2017 05 03.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2458
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Office workers demonstrate high levels of sitting on workdays. As sitting is positively associated with adverse health risks in adults, a theory-driven web-based computer-tailored intervention to influence workplace sitting, named 'Start to Stand,' was developed. The intervention was found to be effective in reducing self-reported workplace sitting among Flemish employees. The aim of this study was to investigate through which mechanisms the web-based computer-tailored intervention influenced self-reported workplace sitting. METHODS: Employees (n = 155) participated in a clustered randomised controlled trial and reported socio-demographics (age, gender, education), work-related (hours at work, employment duration), health-related (weight and height, workplace sitting and physical activity) and psychosocial (knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, social support, intention regarding (changing) sitting behaviours) variables at baseline and 1-month follow-up. The product-of-coefficients test of MacKinnon based on multiple linear regression analyses was conducted to examine the mediating role of five psychosocial factors (knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, social support, intention). The influence of one self-regulation skill (action planning) in the association between the intervention and self-reported workplace sitting time was investigated via moderation analyses. RESULTS: The intervention had a positive influence on knowledge (p = 0.040), but none of the psychosocial variables did mediate the intervention effect on self-reported workplace sitting. Action planning was found to be a significant moderator (p < 0.001) as the decrease in self-reported workplace sitting only occurred in the group completing an action plan. CONCLUSIONS: Future interventions aimed at reducing employees' workplace sitting are suggested to focus on self-regulatory skills and promote action planning when using web-based computer-tailored advice. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT02672215 ; (Archived by WebCite at https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02672215 ).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exercício
Promoção da Saúde/métodos
Postura
Estilo de Vida Sedentário
Local de Trabalho/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fatores Etários
Pesos e Medidas Corporais
Computadores
Feminino
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Internet
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Saúde do Trabalhador
Autoeficácia
Autorrelato
Fatores Sexuais
Apoio Social
Sociobiologia
Local de Trabalho/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180121
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180121
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[Cl] Clinical Trial:ClinicalTrial
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12889-017-4325-5


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[PMID]:27865127
[Au] Autor:Zakowska-Biemans S; Pieniak Z; Gutkowska K; Wierzbicki J; Cieszynska K; Sajdakowska M; Kosicka-Gebska M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Organization and Consumption Economics, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences WULS-SGGW, ul. Nowoursynowska 159C, 02-776 Warsaw Poland.
[Ti] Título:Beef consumer segment profiles based on information source usage in Poland.
[So] Source:Meat Sci;124:105-113, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1873-4138
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The main aim of this study was to identify market segments based on consumers' usage of information sources about beef and to investigate whether the use of information sources was associated with the type of information consumers were searching for, factors guiding their decision processes to buy beef and motives related to beef consumption. Data were collected in 2014 through a self-administered survey of 501 regular beef consumers. Three distinct clusters were identified: Enthusiast (38.5%), Conservative (43.1%) and Ultra Conservative (18.4%). This study revealed that culinary and personal sources of information on beef were the most frequently used. Taste, perceived healthiness and suitability to prepare many dishes were reported as primary motives to eat beef. These results show that communication channels such as culinary programs and opportunities provided by the development of labelling systems to guarantee beef quality should be considered when developing policies and strategies to increase beef consumption in Poland.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Consumidor
Carne Vermelha
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Animais
Bovinos
Comportamento de Escolha
Análise por Conglomerados
Segurança de Produtos ao Consumidor
Bases de Dados Factuais
Feminino
Preferências Alimentares
Qualidade dos Alimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Polônia
Sociobiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Paladar
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170518
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170518
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161120
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27668970
[Au] Autor:Dawkins-Moultin L; McDonald A; McKyer L
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Health & Kinesiology , Texas A&M University , College Station , Texas , USA.
[Ti] Título:Integrating the Principles of Socioecology and Critical Pedagogy for Health Promotion Health Literacy Interventions.
[So] Source:J Health Commun;21(sup2):30-35, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1087-0415
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:While health literacy research has experienced tremendous growth in the last two decades, the field still struggles to devise interventions that lead to lasting change. Most health literacy interventions are at the individual level and focus on resolving clinician-patient communication difficulties. As a result, the interventions use a deficit model that treats health literacy as a patient problem that needs to be fixed or circumvented. We propose that public health health literacy interventions integrate the principles of socioecology and critical pedagogy to develop interventions that build capacity and empower individuals and communities. Socioecology operates on the premise that health outcome is hinged on the interplay between individuals and their environment. Critical pedagogy assumes education is inherently political, and the ultimate goal of education is social change. Integrating these two approaches will provide a useful frame in which to develop interventions that move beyond the individual level.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ecologia
Alfabetização em Saúde
Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração
Sociobiologia
Ensino
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160927
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27391955
[Au] Autor:Freeman J
[Ad] Endereço:Anthropology Program, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:The Socioecology of Territory Size and a "Work-Around" Hypothesis for the Adoption of Farming.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(7):e0158743, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper combines theory from ecology and anthropology to investigate variation in the territory sizes of subsistence oriented agricultural societies. The results indicate that population and the dependence of individuals within a society on "wild" foods partly determine the territory sizes of agricultural societies. In contrast, the productivity of an agroecosystem is not an important determinant of territory size. A comparison of the population-territory size scaling dynamics of agricultural societies and human foragers indicates that foragers and farmers face the same constraints on their ability to expand their territory and intensify their use of resources within a territory. However, the higher density of food in an agroecosystem allows farmers, on average, to live at much higher population densities than human foragers. These macroecological patterns are consistent with a "work-around hypothesis" for the adoption of farming. This hypothesis is that as residential groups of foragers increase in size, farming can sometimes better reduce the tension between an individual's autonomy over resources and the need for social groups to function to provide public goods like defense and information.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura
Ecologia/métodos
Sociobiologia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Economia
Modelos Teóricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170818
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170818
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160709
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0158743


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[PMID]:26915581
[Au] Autor:Tan S; Lü J
[Ad] Endereço:College of Electrical and Information Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China.
[Ti] Título:An evolutionary game approach for determination of the structural conflicts in signed networks.
[So] Source:Sci Rep;6:22022, 2016 Feb 26.
[Is] ISSN:2045-2322
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Social or biochemical networks can often divide into two opposite alliances in response to structural conflicts between positive (friendly, activating) and negative (hostile, inhibiting) interactions. Yet, the underlying dynamics on how the opposite alliances are spontaneously formed to minimize the structural conflicts is still unclear. Here, we demonstrate that evolutionary game dynamics provides a felicitous possible tool to characterize the evolution and formation of alliances in signed networks. Indeed, an evolutionary game dynamics on signed networks is proposed such that each node can adaptively adjust its choice of alliances to maximize its own fitness, which yet leads to a minimization of the structural conflicts in the entire network. Numerical experiments show that the evolutionary game approach is universally efficient in quality and speed to find optimal solutions for all undirected or directed, unweighted or weighted signed networks. Moreover, the evolutionary game approach is inherently distributed. These characteristics thus suggest the evolutionary game dynamic approach as a feasible and effective tool for determining the structural conflicts in large-scale on-line signed networks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Teoria do Jogo
Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética
Rede Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Evolução Biológica
Escherichia coli/metabolismo
Seres Humanos
Sociobiologia
Leveduras/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160227
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/srep22022


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[PMID]:26482045
[Au] Autor:Turcotte LM; Verneris MR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
[Ti] Título:Is It Better to Be Rich or Relaxed? Sociobiology Meets Bone Marrow Transplant.
[So] Source:Clin Cancer Res;22(1):6-8, 2016 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1078-0432
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Low socioeconomic status in hematopoietic cell transplant recipients is associated with increased treatment-related mortality and relapse, resulting in reduced survival. No biologic mechanism has been identified for these associations. The stress-related gene expression profile, termed the "conserved transcriptional response to adversity," may be a predictor of these negative outcomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transplante de Medula Óssea
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença Crônica
Seres Humanos
Recidiva
Sociobiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMMENT; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170101
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170101
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151021
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-15-2112


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[PMID]:26530161
[Au] Autor:Swenson SA
[Ad] Endereço:*University of Minnesota Medical School,420 Delaware Street SE,Minneapolis,MN 55455,USA. Email:swens825@umn.edu.
[Ti] Título:'Morals can not be drawn from facts but guidance may be': the early life of W.D. Hamilton's theory of inclusive fitness.
[So] Source:Br J Hist Sci;48(4):543-63, 2015 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1474-001X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:W.D. Hamilton's theory of inclusive fitness saw the evolution of altruism from the point of view of the gene. It was at heart a theory of limits, redefining altruistic behaviours as ultimately selfish. This theory inspired two controversial texts published almost in tandem, E.O. Wilson's Sociobiology: The New Synthesis (1975) and Richard Dawkins's The Selfish Gene (1976). When Wilson and Dawkins were attacked for their evolutionary interpretations of human societies, they claimed a distinction between reporting what is and declaring what ought to be. Can the history of sociobiological theories be so easily separated from its sociopolitical context? This paper draws upon unpublished materials from the 1960s and early 1970s and documents some of the ways in which Hamilton saw his research as contributing to contemporary concerns. It pays special attention to the 1969 Man and Beast Smithsonian Institution symposium in order to explore the extent to which Hamilton intended his theory to be merely descriptive versus prescriptive. From this, we may see that Hamilton was deeply concerned about the political chaos he perceived in the world around him, and hoped to arrive at a level of self-understanding through science that could inform a new social order.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altruísmo
Evolução Biológica
Aptidão Genética
Princípios Morais
Sociobiologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151105
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0007087415000643


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[PMID]:25823704
[Au] Autor:Montoya LA; Montoya I; Sánchez González OD
[Ad] Endereço:Facultad de Minas, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Núcleo Robledo, Medellin, Colombia. Electronic address: lamontoyar@unal.edu.co.
[Ti] Título:Lessons from collaborative governance and sociobiology theories for reinforcing sustained cooperation: a government food security case study.
[So] Source:Public Health;129(7):916-31, 2015 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5616
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to understand how cooperation and collaboration work in interagency arrangements using a case study of the public management of food security and nutrition in Bogotá, Colombia. STUDY DESIGN: This study explored the available scientific literature on Collaborative Governance within the Public Management body of knowledge and the literature on Cooperation from the Sociobiology field. Then, proposals were developed for testing on the ground through an action-research effort that was documented as a case study. Finally, observations were used to test the proposals and some analytical generalizations were developed. METHODS: To document the case study, several personal interviews, file reviews and normative reviews were conducted to generate a case study database. RESULTS: Collaboration and cooperation concepts within the framework of interagency public management can be understood as a shared desirable outcome that unites different agencies in committing efforts and resources to the accomplishment of a common goal for society, as seen in obtaining food and nutrition security for a specific territory. Collaboration emerges when the following conditions exist and decreases when they are absent: (1) a strong sponsorship that may come from a central government policy or from a distributed interagency consensus; (2) a clear definition of the participating agencies; (3) stability of the staff assigned to the coordination system; and (4) a fitness function for the staff, some mechanism to reward or punish the collaboration level of each individual in the interagency effort. CONCLUSIONS: As this research investigated only one case study, the findings must be taken with care and any generalization made from this study needs to be analytical in nature. Additionally, research must be done to accept these results universally. Food security and nutrition efforts are interagency in nature. For collaboration between agencies to emerge, a minimum set of characteristics that were established during the merging of the public management and sociobiology fields of knowledge and validated by means of a case study must be accomplished.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Cooperativo
Abastecimento de Alimentos
Órgãos Governamentais/organização & administração
Relações Interinstitucionais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Colômbia
Governo Federal
Governo
Seres Humanos
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Pesquisa
Sociobiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1512
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150401
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25752925
[Au] Autor:Ellison PT
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
[Ti] Título:Obituary: Irven DeVore 1934-2014.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;156(4):493-4, 2015 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropologia
Sociobiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1511
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150319
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150319
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150311
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.22737


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[PMID]:25703804
[Au] Autor:Taylor PD
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Women׳s Health, King׳s College London, Women׳s Health Academic Centre, King׳s Health Partners, 10th Floor, North Wing, St Thomas׳ Hospital, 1 Westminster Bridge, London SE1 7EH, UK. Electronic address: paul.taylor@kcl.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Bugs and stress 'on top of genetics': can the way we are born affect our health?
[So] Source:Midwifery;31(3):341-4, 2015 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1532-3099
[Cp] País de publicação:Scotland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anormalidades Induzidas por Medicamentos/epidemiologia
Parto Obstétrico
Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa
Troca Materno-Fetal/fisiologia
Parto Normal
Sociobiologia/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Gravidez
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMMENT; EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1510
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150224
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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