Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : F04.711.647.513 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 27876 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 2788 ir para página                         

  1 / 27876 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29231022
[Au] Autor:Li CH; Huang LN; Zhang MC; He M
[Ad] Endereço:Shanghai Xuhui Mental Health Center, Shanghai 200232, China.
[Ti] Título:[Forensic Psychiatric Assessment for Organic Personality Disorders after Craniocerebral Trauma].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(2):158-161, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To explore the occurrence and the differences of clinical manifestations of organic personality disorder with varying degrees of craniocerebral trauma. METHODS: According to the International Classification of Diseases-10, 396 subjects with craniocerebral trauma caused by traffic accidents were diagnosed, and the degrees of craniocerebral trauma were graded. The personality characteristics of all patients were evaluated using the simplified Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). RESULTS: The occurrence rate of organic personality disorder was 34.6% while it was 34.9% and 49.5% in the patients with moderate and severe craniocerebral trauma, respectively, which significantly higher than that in the patients (18.7%) of mild craniocerebral trauma ( <0.05). Compared with the patients without personality disorder, the neuroticism, extraversion and agreeableness scores all showed significantly differences ( <0.05) in the patients of mild craniocerebral trauma with personality disorder; the neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness scores showed significantly differences ( >0.05) in the patients of moderate and severe craniocerebral trauma with personality disorder. The agreeableness and conscientiousness scores in the patients of moderate and severe craniocerebral trauma with personality disorder were significantly lower than that of mild craniocerebral trauma, and the patients of severe craniocerebral trauma had a lower score in extraversion than in the patients of mild craniocerebral trauma. CONCLUSIONS: The severity of craniocerebral trauma is closely related to the incidence of organic personality disorder, and it also affects the clinical features of the latter, which provides a certain significance and help for forensic psychiatric assessment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/patologia
Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia
Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Personalidade
Transtornos da Personalidade/fisiopatologia
Inventário de Personalidade
Transtornos Psicóticos/fisiopatologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.02.010


  2 / 27876 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29385157
[Au] Autor:Ng R; Levy B
[Ad] Endereço:Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
[Ti] Título:Pettiness: Conceptualization, measurement and cross-cultural differences.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191252, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although pettiness, defined as the tendency to get agitated over trivial matters, is a facet of neuroticism which has negative health implications, no measure exists. The goal of the current study was to develop, and validate a short pettiness scale. In Study 1 (N = 2136), Exploratory Factor Analysis distilled a one-factor model with five items. Convergent validity was established using the Big Five Inventory, DASS, Satisfaction with Life Scale, and Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale. As predicted, pettiness was positively associated with neuroticism, depression, anxiety and stress but negatively related to extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness, life satisfaction and resilience. Also, as predicted, pettiness was not significantly related to physical functioning, or blind and constructive patriotism, indicating discriminant validity. Confirmatory Factor Analysis in Study 2 (N = 734) revealed a stable one-factor model of pettiness. In Study 3 (N = 532), the scale, which showed a similar factor structure in the USA and Singapore, also reflected predicted cross-cultural patterns: Pettiness was found to be significantly lower in the United States, a culture categorized as "looser" than in Singapore, a culture classified as "tighter" in terms of Gelfand and colleagues' framework of national tendencies to oppose social deviance. Results suggest that this brief 5-item tool is a reliable and valid measure of pettiness, and its use in health research is encouraged.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Negativismo
Neuroticismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Ansiedade/epidemiologia
Comparação Transcultural
Depressão/epidemiologia
Análise Fatorial
Feminino
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Modelos Psicológicos
Inventário de Personalidade/estatística & dados numéricos
Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos
Singapura/epidemiologia
Estresse Psicológico
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191252


  3 / 27876 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29308863
[Au] Autor:Dukanac V; Dzamonja-Ignjatovic T; Milanovic M; Popovic-Citic B
[Ti] Título:Differences in temperament and character dimensions in adolescents with various conduct disorders.
[So] Source:Vojnosanit Pregl;73(4):353-9, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8450
[Cp] País de publicação:Serbia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background/Aim: Adolescence is characterized both by a large developmental potential and by an increased risk for emergence of different forms of psychopathology. International classifications of mental disorders recognize the psychopathology of adolescence at the age of 15−18 through the categories of conduct disorders and some forms of addiction: chemical and non-chemical. The aim of this research was to analyse the personality structure among four groups of adolescents manifesting different types of conduct disorder based on Cloninger's Psychobiological theory of personality. Methods: The research sample consisted of 140 respondents at the age of 16−18, divided into five groups: 30 respondents manifesting socialized conduct disorder, 20 adolescents in conflict with the law, 30 respondents manifesting abuse of psychoactive substances, 30 respondents with the problem of the Internet addiction and 30 from general population. The Belgrade Adolescent Personality Inventory (BAPI) questionnaire was used for the purpose of assessment of personality. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), followed by univariate analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to examine differences between the given groups of adolescents. Results: The results of MANOVA show differences in the personality structure among the groups, both in the dimensions of temperament, F (20,418.84) = 2.71, p < 0.001, Wilks's lambda 0.67, and in the dimensions of character, F (12,344.24) = 3.27, p < 0.001, Wilks's lambda is 0.75. Socialized conduct disorder is characterized by low selfdirectedness and average cooperativeness. Adolescents in conflict with the law have the lowest persistence, together with low self-directedness and cooperativeness. Adolescents abusing psychoactive substances have low harm avoidance and self-transcendence. Adolescents with Internet addiction are characterized by high novelty seeking (impulsivity and curiosity), low self-directedness and the lowest cooperativeness. Conclusion: The results show that the dimensions of personality can play an important role in etiopathogenesis of various disorders in adolescents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Caráter
Transtorno da Conduta/psicologia
Temperamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Inventário de Personalidade
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180109
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2298/VSP141007022D


  4 / 27876 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28460287
[Au] Autor:Evren C; Dalbudak E; Ozen S; Evren B
[Ad] Endereço:Research, Treatment and Training Center for Alcohol and Substance Dependence (AMATEM), Bakirkoy Training and Research Hospital for Psychiatry Neurology and Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: cuneytevren@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:The relationship of social anxiety disorder symptoms with probable attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Turkish university students; impact of negative affect and personality traits of neuroticism and extraversion.
[So] Source:Psychiatry Res;254:158-163, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7123
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of the present study was to evaluate relationship of social anxiety disorder symptoms with probable attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) while controlling the personality traits of neuroticism and extraversion, anxiety and depression symptoms in a sample of Turkish university students (n=455). Participants were evaluated with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised-Abbreviated Form (EPQR-A), the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS-v1.1) and the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS). Severity of social anxiety, depression, anxiety and neuroticism were higher among those with probable ADHD, whereas extraversion score did not differ between the groups. The severity of ADHD score, particularly hyperactivity/impulsivity score, was related with the "fear or anxiety" together with low extraversion (introversion) and high neuroticism dimensions of personality, whereas the severity of ADHD score, both inatentiveness and hyperactivity/impulsivity scores, was related with "avoidence" together with low extraversion (introversion) dimension of personality. These findings suggest that probable ADHD and severity of ADHD symptoms are related with both "fear or anxiety" and "avoidance" of social anxiety, while personality dimensions of low extraversion (introversion) and high neuroticism may have an effect on this relationships among young adults.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia
Extroversão (Psicologia)
Neuroticismo
Fobia Social/psicologia
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/diagnóstico
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/epidemiologia
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Neuroticismo/fisiologia
Personalidade/fisiologia
Transtornos da Personalidade/diagnóstico
Transtornos da Personalidade/epidemiologia
Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia
Inventário de Personalidade
Fobia Social/diagnóstico
Fobia Social/epidemiologia
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Turquia/epidemiologia
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 27876 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28468681
[Au] Autor:Sparding T; Pålsson E; Joas E; Hansen S; Landén M
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. timea.sparding@neuro.gu.se.
[Ti] Título:Personality traits in bipolar disorder and influence on outcome.
[So] Source:BMC Psychiatry;17(1):159, 2017 05 03.
[Is] ISSN:1471-244X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the personality profile of bipolar disorder I and II, and healthy controls, and to study whether personality influences the course of bipolar disorder. METHODS: One hundred ten patients with bipolar disorder I, 85 patients with bipolar disorder II, and 86 healthy individuals had their personality profile assessed using the Swedish universities Scales of Personality (SSP), an instrument developed to explore personality-related vulnerabilities and correlates of psychiatric disorders. Patients were followed prospectively for 2 years. To assess the impact of Neuroticism, Aggressiveness, and Disinhibition on illness course, we performed logistic regressions with the outcome variables mood episodes (depressive, hypo/manic, mixed), suicide attempts, violence, and the number of sick leave days. RESULTS: Bipolar disorder I and II demonstrated higher global measures of Neuroticism, Aggressiveness, and Disinhibition as compared with healthy controls. A third of the patients scored ≥1 SD above the population-based normative mean on the global neuroticism measure. The two subtypes of bipolar disorder were, however, undistinguishable on all of the personality traits. In the unadjusted model, higher neuroticism at baseline predicted future depressive episodes and suicide attempts/violent behavior, but this association disappeared when adjusting for baseline depressive symptoms as assessed with MADRS. CONCLUSIONS: A significant minority of the patients scored ≥1 SD above the population mean on the global measures of Neuroticism, Aggressiveness and Disinhibition; scores this high are usually evident clinically. Yet, the personality profile does not seem to have prognostic value over a 2-year period.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Bipolar/psicologia
Inventário de Personalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Progressão da Doença
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Prognóstico
Estudos Prospectivos
Psicometria
Suécia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12888-017-1332-0


  6 / 27876 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28456073
[Au] Autor:Marzola E; Fassino S; Amianto F; Abbate-Daga G
[Ad] Endereço:Eating Disorders Center for Treatment and Research, Department of Neuroscience, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Affective temperaments in anorexia nervosa: The relevance of depressive and anxious traits.
[So] Source:J Affect Disord;218:23-29, 2017 Aug 15.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2517
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Affective temperaments have been so far understudied in anorexia nervosa (AN) despite the relevance of personality and both affective and anxious comorbidity with regard to vulnerability, course, and outcome of this deadly disorder. METHODS: Ninety-eight female inpatients diagnosed with AN and 131 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled in this study and completed the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) in addition to assessments of eating psychopathology, depression, and anxiety. RESULTS: AN patients and HCs differed in all affective temperaments. The diagnostic subtypes of AN differed as well with binge-purging individuals being more cyclothymic and anxious than those with restricting-type AN. TEMPS-A scores correlated with body mass index and eating psychopathology but not with duration of illness. Concerning comorbidity, grater scores on the depressive and lower scores on the hyperthymic temperaments were found in depressed patients. Those who had either an anxious or irritable temperament were significantly more diagnosed with an anxious disorder than those who did not show this temperament. When logistic regression was performed, high depressive/low hyperthymic and high irritable/anxious traits resulted to be associated with depressive and anxious comorbidity, respectively, independently of confounding factors. LIMITATIONS: Cross-sectional design, some patients on medications, few baseline clinical differences between diagnostic subtypes, no other personality assessments. CONCLUSIONS: An affective continuum strongly associated with mood and anxious comorbidity emerged in AN. Such an evaluation could have several research and clinical implications given the need of improving treatment individualization and early interventions for such a complex disorder.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anorexia Nervosa/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Transtorno Depressivo/diagnóstico
Temperamento/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Depressão/diagnóstico
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Humor Irritável/classificação
Meia-Idade
Determinação da Personalidade
Inventário de Personalidade/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180115
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180115
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 27876 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29040277
[Au] Autor:Lourinho I; Ferreira MA; Severo M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medical Education and Simulation, University of Porto, Faculty of Medicine, Porto, Portugal.
[Ti] Título:Personality and achievement along medical training: Evidence from a cross-lagged analysis.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0185860, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Evidence on personality traits change implies it should be studied as an outcome and not only as an explanatory effect. Therefore, we aimed to assess how personality and academic achievement sway each other. Three cohorts of medical students (n = 181) comprised of school leavers and graduates, completed NEO-FFI when admitted (baseline) and later on medical training (follow-up). Previous achievement was measured as mean scores on national school examinations, and academic achievement as medical course average. Causal relations were studied by cross-lagged analysis. RESULTS: Cross-sectional analysis at baseline showed differences between graduates and school leavers on personality, with graduates scoring lower on neuroticism (ß = -12.344, p<0.001), and higher on openness to experience (ß = 5.257, p<0.001), conscientiousness (ß = 2.345, p = 0.004,) and agreeableness (ß = 6.993, p<0.001). Longitudinal analyses indicated that personality traits and achievement tracked over time. Cross-lagged analysis found a positive significant association between academic achievement and neuroticism at baseline (ß = 0.031, p = 0.014) and with being a graduate student (ß = 0.766, p = 0.006). After adjusting, no association was found between previous achievement and personality at follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Some neuroticism may enhance medical academic achievement. The blurring of the initial differences between graduates and school leavers suggests a reasonable possibility of personality traits change along the medical course. Future research on medical selection processes cannot afford to ignore the influence of the medical school environment on personality traits change.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Escolaridade
Inventário de Personalidade
Psicometria/métodos
Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estado de Consciência/fisiologia
Comportamento Cooperativo
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Neuroticismo
Personalidade
Portugal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171018
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185860


  8 / 27876 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28926359
[Au] Autor:Zugliani MM; Martin-Santos R; Nardi AE; Freire RC
[Ad] Endereço:*Laboratory of Panic and Respiration, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; †Psychiatry Department, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, CIBERSAM; and ‡Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, Carrer de Villarroel, Barcelona, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Personality Traits in Panic Disorder Patients With and Without Comorbidities.
[So] Source:J Nerv Ment Dis;205(11):855-858, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1539-736X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Panic disorder (PD) is often correlated with high neuroticism and low extraversion. This study aims to ascertain whether PD patients differ from healthy controls in regard to personality traits and determine if these traits are correlated with comorbid disorders, anxiety, and depression symptoms. Personality traits of 69 PD patients and 42 controls were compared using the Maudsley Personality Inventory. In PD patients, comorbidities, anxiety, and depression symptoms were also evaluated. PD patients showed higher neuroticism and lower extraversion compared with healthy controls. Patients without comorbidities presented similar results to controls, whereas those with comorbidities presented higher neuroticism and lower extraversion scores. PD per se may be unrelated to deviant personality traits, although comorbidities with major depressive disorder and agoraphobia are probably associated with high neuroticism and low extraversion. These traits show a strong correlation with the accumulation and severity of these disorders.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno de Pânico/psicologia
Personalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Agorafobia/complicações
Agorafobia/psicologia
Ansiedade/complicações
Ansiedade/psicologia
Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Estudos Transversais
Depressão/complicações
Depressão/psicologia
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/complicações
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia
Extroversão (Psicologia)
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Neuroticismo
Transtorno de Pânico/complicações
Inventário de Personalidade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170920
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/NMD.0000000000000745


  9 / 27876 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28800630
[Au] Autor:Konstabel K; Lönnqvist JE; Leikas S; García Velázquez R; Qin H; Verkasalo M; Walkowitz G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Chronic Diseases, National Institute for Health Development, Hiiu, Tallinn, Estonia.
[Ti] Título:Measuring single constructs by single items: Constructing an even shorter version of the "Short Five" personality inventory.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182714, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was to construct a short, 30-item personality questionnaire that would be, in terms of content and meaning of the scores, as comparable as possible with longer, well-established inventories such as NEO PI-R and its clones. To do this, we shortened the formerly constructed 60-item "Short Five" (S5) by half so that each subscale would be represented by a single item. We compared all possibilities of selecting 30 items (preserving balanced keying within each domain of the five-factor model) in terms of correlations with well-established scales, self-peer correlations, and clarity of meaning, and selected an optimal combination for each domain. The resulting shortened questionnaire, XS5, was compared to the original S5 using data from student samples in 6 different countries (Estonia, Finland, UK, Germany, Spain, and China), and a representative Finnish sample. The correlations between XS5 domain scales and their longer counterparts from well-established scales ranged from 0.74 to 0.84; the difference from the equivalent correlations for full version of S5 or from meta-analytic short-term dependability coefficients of NEO PI-R was not large. In terms of prediction of external criteria (emotional experience and self-reported behaviours), there were no important differences between XS5, S5, and the longer well-established scales. Controlling for acquiescence did not improve the prediction of criteria, self-peer correlations, or correlations with longer scales, but it did improve internal reliability and, in some analyses, comparability of the principal component structure. XS5 can be recommended as an economic measure of the five-factor model of personality at the level of domain scales; it has reasonable psychometric properties, fair correlations with longer well-established scales, and it can predict emotional experience and self-reported behaviours no worse than S5. When subscales are essential, we would still recommend using the full version of S5.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emoções/fisiologia
Inventário de Personalidade
Personalidade
Psicometria/métodos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
China
Europa (Continente)
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Linguagem
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170812
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182714


  10 / 27876 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28759635
[Au] Autor:Garami J; Haber P; Myers CE; Allen MT; Misiak B; Frydecka D; Moustafa AA
[Ad] Endereço:School of Social Sciences and Psychology, Western Sydney University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Intolerance of uncertainty in opioid dependency - Relationship with trait anxiety and impulsivity.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0181955, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is the tendency to interpret ambiguous situations as threatening and having negative consequences, resulting in feelings of distress and anxiety. IU has been linked to a number of anxiety disorders, and anxiety felt in the face of uncertainty may result in maladaptive behaviors such as impulsive decision making. Although there is strong evidence that anxiety and impulsivity are risk factors for addiction, there is a paucity of research examining the role of IU in this disorder. The rate of opioid addiction, in particular, has been rising steadily in recent years, which necessitates deeper understanding of risk factors in order to develop effective prevention and treatment methods. The current study tested for the first time whether opioid-dependent adults are less tolerant of uncertainty compared to a healthy comparison group. Opioid dependent patients undergoing methadone maintenance therapy (n = 114) and healthy comparisons (n = 69) completed the following scales: Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale, the Barrett Impulsivity Scale, and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory. Analysis revealed that these measures were positively correlated with each other and that opioid-dependent patients had significantly higher IU scores. Regression analysis revealed that anxiety mediated the relationship between IU and impulsivity. Hierarchical moderation regression found an interaction between addiction status and impulsivity on IU scores in that the relationship between these variables was only observed in the patient group. Findings suggest that IU is a feature of addiction but does not necessarily play a unique role. Further research is needed to explore the complex relationship between traits and how they may contribute to the development and maintenance of addiction.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade/psicologia
Comportamento Impulsivo
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos
Ansiedade/complicações
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Tomada de Decisões
Feminino
Heroína/efeitos adversos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Metadona/uso terapêutico
Meia-Idade
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/complicações
Inventário de Personalidade
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Análise de Regressão
Fatores de Risco
Incerteza
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Analgesics, Opioid); 70D95007SX (Heroin); UC6VBE7V1Z (Methadone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171010
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171010
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170801
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181955



página 1 de 2788 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde