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  1 / 1932 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28196082
[Au] Autor:Taylor RP; Martin TP; Montgomery RD; Smith JH; Micolich AP; Boydston C; Scannell BC; Fairbanks MS; Spehar B
[Ad] Endereço:Physics Department, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Seeing shapes in seemingly random spatial patterns: Fractal analysis of Rorschach inkblots.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(2):e0171289, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Rorschach inkblots have had a striking impact on the worlds of art and science because of the remarkable variety of associations with recognizable and namable objects they induce. Originally adopted as a projective psychological tool to probe mental health, psychologists and artists have more recently interpreted the variety of induced images simply as a signature of the observers' creativity. Here we analyze the relationship between the spatial scaling parameters of the inkblot patterns and the number of induced associations, and suggest that the perceived images are induced by the fractal characteristics of the blot edges. We discuss how this relationship explains the frequent observation of images in natural scenery.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fractais
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
Teste de Rorschach
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0171289


  2 / 1932 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27767341
[Au] Autor:Viglione DJ; Meyer GJ; Resende AC; Pignolo C
[Ad] Endereço:a California School of Professional Psychology , Alliant International University.
[Ti] Título:A Survey of Challenges Experienced by New Learners Coding the Rorschach.
[So] Source:J Pers Assess;99(3):315-323, 2017 May-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7752
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Learning to code the imagery, communication, and behavior associated with Rorschach responding is challenging. Although there is some survey research on graduate students' impressions of their Rorschach training, research has not identified which coding decisions students find to be the most problematic and time-consuming. We surveyed students to identify what they struggled with most when learning coding and to quantify how difficult it is to learn how to code. Participants (n = 191) from the United States, Brazil, Denmark, Israel, and Italy rated 57 aspects of coding using a 4-point scale that encompassed both the time required to code and the subjective difficulty of doing so. Mean ratings for coding in general indicated that students considered the overall task challenging. Ratings also revealed that students struggled most with Cognitive Special Scores, Determinants, and extrapolating from the tables to code Form Quality for objects that were not specifically listed. The findings offer suggestions about how to improve the guidelines for some of the more difficult variables and where it is most necessary to focus teaching time. Taking these steps might help new students in learning the Rorschach.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação de Pós-Graduação
Psicologia Clínica/educação
Teste de Rorschach
Estudantes de Medicina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Israel
Itália
Masculino
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161022
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00223891.2016.1233559


  3 / 1932 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27294585
[Au] Autor:Charles M; Durham-Fowler J; Malone JC
[Ad] Endereço:Austen Riggs Center, Stockbridge, Massachusetts.
[Ti] Título:Factors discriminating creative engagement on an unstructured task: Creativity and the Rorschach.
[So] Source:Bull Menninger Clin;80(2):97-130, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1943-2828
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In an attempt to find variables that would discriminate between creativity and psychopathology on the Rorschach, Rorschach data from two groups were compared. The first group was an inpatient sample of creative individuals who also carried a diagnosis of psychosis. The second was a group of creative writers. Both groups were engaged in intensive psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Comparing the most creative versus the least creative of the protocols in each group showed that more creative engagement was characterized by a higher response rate and greater and more idisosyncratic elaboration. Differences also emerged between groups: Whereas the inpatient sample relied more heavily on ideational coping, the writers relied more heavily on affective resources.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criatividade
Transtornos Psicóticos/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Afeto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia
Teste de Rorschach
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170209
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170209
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160614
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1521/bumc.2016.80.2.97


  4 / 1932 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27153465
[Au] Autor:Tibon Czopp S; Zeligman R
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Psychology , Goldsmiths, University of London , United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:The Rorschach Comprehensive System (CS) Psychometric Validity of Individual Variables.
[So] Source:J Pers Assess;98(4):335-42, 2016 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7752
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Since the publication of the Rorschach Inkblot Method (Rorschach, 1921/1942 ), theorists, researchers, and practitioners have been debating the nature of the task, its conceptual foundation, and most important its psychometric properties. The validity of the Rorschach Comprehensive System (CS; Exner, 1974 , 2003; Exner & Weiner, 1995 ) has been supported by several meta-analyses that used different types of nontest external criterion for validating individual variables. In a recent meta-analysis, Mihura, Meyer, Dumitrascu, and Bombel ( 2013 ) found coefficients ranging from modest to excellent for most of the selected CS variables, with 13 of them reported as showing "little to no support." This article focuses on these variables. Although endorsing Mihura et al.'s mainly validating findings, we also suggest that the evidence presented for the little or no validity of these 13 variables is not quite compelling enough to warrant changing their definition or coding, or removing them from the system. We point to some issues concerning the description and interpretation of these variables and the appropriateness of the external criteria used for exploring their validity, and suggest considering these issues in further CS research. Implications of Mihura et al.'s meta-analysis for clinical and forensic practice are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
Teste de Rorschach/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Psicometria
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Projetos de Pesquisa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160507
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00223891.2015.1131162


  5 / 1932 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27107389
[Au] Autor:Slavin-Mulford J; Clements A; Hilsenroth M; Charnas J; Zodan J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychological Sciences, Augusta University, 2500 Walton Way, Augusta, GA 30904, USA. Electronic address: jslavinm@augusta.edu.
[Ti] Título:An examination of generalized anxiety disorder and dysthymia utilizing the Rorschach inkblot method.
[So] Source:Psychiatry Res;240:137-143, 2016 Jun 30.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7123
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study examined transdiagnostic features of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and dysthymia in an outpatient clinical sample. Fifteen patients who met DSM-IV criteria for GAD and twenty-one patients who met DSM-IV criteria for dysthymia but who did not have comorbid anxiety disorder were evaluated utilizing the Rorschach. Salient clinical variables were then compared. Results showed that patients with GAD scored significantly higher on variables related to cognitive agitation and a desire/need for external soothing. In addition, there was a trend for patients with GAD to produce higher scores on a measure of ruminative focus on negative aspects of the self. Thus, not surprisingly, GAD patients' experienced more distress than the dysthymic patients. The implications of these findings are discussed with regards to better understanding the shared and distinct features of GAD and dysthymia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Transtorno Distímico/psicologia
Teste de Rorschach
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Ansiedade/psicologia
Comorbidade
Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Pacientes Ambulatoriais
Transtornos de Estresse Traumático Agudo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170801
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170801
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160424
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 1932 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27003633
[Au] Autor:Pianowski G; Meyer GJ; Villemor-Amaral AE
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Psychology , University of San Francisco , Itatiba , Brazil.
[Ti] Título:The Impact of R-Optimized Administration Modeling Procedures on Brazilian Normative Reference Values for Rorschach Scores.
[So] Source:J Pers Assess;98(4):408-18, 2016 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7752
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To generate normative reference data for the Rorschach Performance Assessment System (R-PAS), modeling procedures were developed to convert the distribution of responses (R) in protocols obtained using Comprehensive System (CS; Exner 2003 ) administration guidelines to match the distribution of R in protocols obtained using R-Optimized Administration (Meyer, Viglione, Mihura, Erard, & Erdberg, 2011 ). This study replicates the R-PAS study, examining the impact of modeling R-Optimized Administration on Brazilian normative reference values by comparing a sample of 746 CS administered protocols to its counterpart sample of 343 records modeled to match R-Optimized Administration. The results were strongly consistent with the R-PAS findings, showing the modeled records had a slightly higher mean R and, secondarily, slightly higher means for Complexity and V-Comp, as well as smaller standard deviations for R, Complexity, and R8910%. We also observed 5 other small differences not observed in the R-PAS study. However, when comparing effect sizes for the differences in means and standard deviations observed in this study to the differences found in the R-PAS study, the results were virtually identical. These findings suggest that using R-Optimized Administration in Brazil might produce normative results that are similar to traditional CS norms for Brazil and similar to the international norms used in R-PAS.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Determinação da Personalidade/normas
Projetos de Pesquisa/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Brasil
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
Análise Multivariada
Psicometria
Valores de Referência
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Teste de Rorschach/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160323
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00223891.2016.1148701


  7 / 1932 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26963932
[Au] Autor:Pianowski G; Meyer GJ; Villemor-Amaral AE
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Psychology , University of San Francisco , Itatiba , Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Potential Projective Material on the Rorschach: Comparing Comprehensive System Protocols to Their Modeled R-Optimized Administration Counterparts.
[So] Source:J Pers Assess;98(4):398-407, 2016 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7752
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Exner ( 1989 ) and Weiner ( 2003 ) identified 3 types of Rorschach codes that are most likely to contain personally relevant projective material: Distortions, Movement, and Embellishments. We examine how often these types of codes occur in normative data and whether their frequency changes for the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, or last response to a card. We also examine the impact on these variables of the Rorschach Performance Assessment System's (R-PAS) statistical modeling procedures that convert the distribution of responses (R) from Comprehensive System (CS) administered protocols to match the distribution of R found in protocols obtained using R-optimized administration guidelines. In 2 normative reference databases, the results indicated that about 40% of responses (M = 39.25) have 1 type of code, 15% have 2 types, and 1.5% have all 3 types, with frequencies not changing by response number. In addition, there were no mean differences in the original CS and R-optimized modeled records (M Cohen's d = -0.04 in both databases). When considered alongside findings showing minimal differences between the protocols of people randomly assigned to CS or R-optimized administration, the data suggest R-optimized administration should not alter the extent to which potential projective material is present in a Rorschach protocol.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Determinação da Personalidade/normas
Personalidade
Teste de Rorschach/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
Psicometria
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160311
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00223891.2016.1147451


  8 / 1932 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26924673
[Au] Autor:Hubbard K; Hegarty P
[Ti] Título:BLOTS AND ALL: A HISTORY OF THE RORSCHACH INK BLOT TEST IN BRITAIN.
[So] Source:J Hist Behav Sci;52(2):146-66, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6696
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Despite the easily recognizable nature of the Rorschach ink blot test very little is known about the history of the test in Britain. We attend to the oft-ignored history of the Rorschach test in Britain and compare it to its history in the US. Prior to the Second World War, Rorschach testing in Britain had attracted advocates and critiques. Afterward, the British Rorschach Forum, a network with a high proportion of women, developed around the Tavistock Institute in London and The Rorschach Newsletter. In 1968, the International Rorschach Congress was held in London but soon after the group became less exclusive, and fell into decline. A comparative account of the Rorschach in Britain demonstrates how different national institutions invested in the 'projective hypothesis' according to the influence of psychoanalysis, the adoption of a nationalized health system, and the social positioning of 'others' throughout the twentieth century. In comparing and contrasting the history of the Rorschach in Britain and the US, we decentralize and particularize the history of North American Psychology.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Teste de Rorschach/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Londres
Masculino
Psiquiatria/história
Reino Unido
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160301
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jhbs.21776


  9 / 1932 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26829463
[Au] Autor:Viglione DJ; Giromini L
[Ad] Endereço:a California School of Professional Psychology, Alliant International University.
[Ti] Título:The Effects of Using the International Versus Comprehensive System Rorschach Norms For Children, Adolescents, and Adults.
[So] Source:J Pers Assess;98(4):391-7, 2016 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7752
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Currently, there is some debate about whether to use Comprehensive System norms (CS; Exner, 2003 ) or the Composite International Reference Values (CIRV; Meyer, Erdberg, & Shaffer, 2007 ) when interpreting Rorschach Inkblot Method (RIM; Rorschach, 1921 ) protocols administered with the CS method. The goal of this study is to assist clinicians in making this decision by providing information about the effects of choosing one option or the other. Accordingly, this research evaluates the effects of using the CS versus CIRV norms with children, adolescents, and adults. First, we identified 43 variables for which the CS and the CIRV for children and adolescents differ from each other by at least a Cohen's d value of .50. Next, we evaluated whether these divergent variables are the same as those previously identified as divergent for the adult population. Results showed that for both children and adolescents, as well as for adults, relying on CS norms versus CIRV would result in interpretations that are more pathological in terms of (a) perception and thinking, (b) psychological resources and cognitive and emotional abilities, and (c) representations of human relationships. A discussion on the clinical effects of using one versus the other set of norms follows.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Características Culturais
Personalidade
Teste de Rorschach/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Emoções
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais
Percepção
Psicometria
Valores de Referência
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00223891.2015.1136313


  10 / 1932 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26820397
[Au] Autor:Nørbech PC; Fodstad L; Kuisma I; Lunde KB; Hartmann E
[Ad] Endereço:a Clinic of Prison Psychiatric Services, Oslo University Hospital , Norway.
[Ti] Título:Incarcerated Violent Offenders' Ability to Avoid Revealing Their Potential for Violence on the Rorschach and the MMPI-2.
[So] Source:J Pers Assess;98(4):419-29, 2016 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7752
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Recently, Hartmann and Hartmann (2014) found that psychiatric outpatients, both with and without access to Internet-based information about the Rorschach Inkblot Method (RIM; Weiner, 2003 ) and the MMPI-2 (Butcher, Dahlstrom, Graham, Tellegen, & Kaemmer, 1989 ), were unable to imitate healthy test performance on these tests. We replicated the study by administering the RIM and the MMPI-2 to 63 incarcerated violent offenders using similar testing conditions. As in the previous study, comparisons were made not only among the 3 subgroups of incarcerated offenders, but also between these offender groups and the group of nonpatients examined in the previous study. On the RIM, Internet-coached and uncoached "faking good" offenders produced records with significantly higher F% and X-% and significantly lower M, m, SumC, X+%, P, AG, and COP than nonoffenders under standard instructions (effect sizes between d = 0.24 and d = 2.39). For AgC, AgPot, AgPast, and TCI% there were no significant differences between the faking offenders and the nonoffenders under standard instructions. On the MMPI-2 clinical scales, there were no significant differences between the faking good groups and the nonoffenders under standard instructions, except on Hs, Pd, and Sc. Both faking groups were identifiable by their high L scale scores. Although both faking groups managed to avoid giving responses with aggressive and generally psychopathological content on the RIM, they were unable to produce test profiles demonstrating healthy test performance on any of the tests; nevertheless, Internet-based test information might weaken test validity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Decepção
MMPI/normas
Determinação da Personalidade/normas
Teste de Rorschach/normas
Violência/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criminosos
Seres Humanos
Internet
Masculino
Psicopatologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00223891.2015.1129613



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