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Pesquisa : F04.754.137.365 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 57 [refinar]
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[PMID]:28463718
[Au] Autor:Garrido G; Penadés R; Barrios M; Aragay N; Ramos I; Vallès V; Faixa C; Vendrell JM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Mental Health, Consorci Sanitari de Terrassa (CST), Martí Díez 5, 08224 Terrassa, Barcelona, Spain; Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques Agustí Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, Spain; Cent
[Ti] Título:Computer-assisted cognitive remediation therapy in schizophrenia: Durability of the effects and cost-utility analysis.
[So] Source:Psychiatry Res;254:198-204, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7123
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The durability of computer-assisted cognitive remediation (CACR) therapy over time and the cost-effectiveness of treatment remains unclear. The aim of the current study is to investigate the effectiveness of CACR and to examine the use and cost of acute psychiatric admissions before and after of CACR. Sixty-seven participants were initially recruited. For the follow-up study a total of 33 participants were enrolled, 20 to the CACR condition group and 13 to the active control condition group. All participants were assessed at baseline, post-therapy and 12 months post-therapy on neuropsychology, QoL and self-esteem measurements. The use and cost of acute psychiatric admissions were collected retrospectively at four assessment points: baseline, 12 months post-therapy, 24 months post-therapy, and 36 months post-therapy. The results indicated that treatment effectiveness persisted in the CACR group one year post-therapy on neuropsychological and well-being outcomes. The CACR group showed a clear decrease in the use of acute psychiatric admissions at 12, 24 and 36 months post-therapy, which lowered the global costs the acute psychiatric admissions at 12, 24 and 36 months post-therapy. The CACR is durable over at least a 12-month period, and CACR may be helping to reduce health care costs for schizophrenia patients.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Remediação Cognitiva/métodos
Terapia Cognitiva/métodos
Análise Custo-Benefício/métodos
Esquizofrenia/terapia
Terapia Assistida por Computador/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Remediação Cognitiva/economia
Terapia Cognitiva/economia
Feminino
Seguimentos
Hospitalização/economia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Estudos Retrospectivos
Esquizofrenia/economia
Método Simples-Cego
Terapia Assistida por Computador/economia
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29287877
[Au] Autor:Kozou H; Azouz HG; Abdou RM; Shaltout A
[Ad] Endereço:Audiovestibular Unit, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation and remediation of central auditory processing disorders in children with autism spectrum disorders.
[So] Source:Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol;104:36-42, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8464
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to assess various skills of central auditory processing (CAP) in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and to evaluate the efficacy of auditory training in these children. METHODS: This study is a non-randomized clinical experiment. 30 high functioning ASD children aged from 7 to 12 years were included in the study. They underwent behavioral assessments of CAP skills with subsequent remediation by dichotic training therapy for the children who revealed dichotic deficits. RESULTS: Scores of CAP skills in ASD children are wide-ranging from completely normal to substantially defective and generally lower than those of typically developing children. By auditory training, ASD children improved their dichotic deficits as well as other untrained areas of auditory and language processing skills. CONCLUSIONS: A group of ASD children showed different degrees of abnormalities in CAP that could be measured behaviorally and achieved benefits from auditory training in improving their dichotic listening, auditory and language processing skills.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Percepção Auditiva/fisiologia
Transtornos da Percepção Auditiva/terapia
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/complicações
Remediação Cognitiva/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtornos da Percepção Auditiva/etiologia
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171231
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25711506
[Au] Autor:Menon M; Balzan RP; Harper K; Kumar D; Andersen D; Moritz S; Woodward TS
[Ti] Título:Psychosocial Approaches in the Treatment of Psychosis: Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Psychosis (CBTp) and Metacognitive Training (MCT).
[So] Source:Clin Schizophr Relat Psychoses;11(3):156-163, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1935-1232
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although antipsychotic medication has been the most widely used and efficacious treatment in ameliorating the symptoms of psychosis, there has been a growing realization that pharmacological treatment has limitations. A significant minority of individuals continue to show "treatment-resistant" symptoms and significant relapse risk, while others show symptom reduction without the corresponding improvement in social and role functioning. Psychotherapy, in combination with medication, can help with symptom reduction, as well as improve functioning and quality of life. In this paper, we focus on two modalities of psychotherapy which have been shown to improve symptomatology and functioning in individuals with psychosis: Cognitive Behavior Therapy for psychosis (CBTp) and Metacognitive Training (MCT). Both treatment approaches focus on increasing the individuals' understanding of the psychological mechanisms associated with delusions and hallucinations, and helping them develop strategies to improve reality testing and belief evaluation. We aim to provide an overview of both treatments, examining not only the theoretical mechanisms and efficacy of each approach, but also the common therapeutic components they share.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Remediação Cognitiva/métodos
Terapia Cognitiva/métodos
Metacognição/fisiologia
Transtornos Psicóticos/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150226
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3371/CSRP.MEBA.022015


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[PMID]:28809651
[Au] Autor:Smallfield S; Heckenlaible C
[Ad] Endereço:Stacy Smallfield, DrOT, OTR/L, BCG, FAOTA, is Assistant Director, Entry-Level Doctoral Program, and Associate Professor of Occupational Therapy and Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO; stacy.smallfield@wustl.edu.
[Ti] Título:Effectiveness of Occupational Therapy Interventions to Enhance Occupational Performance for Adults With Alzheimer's Disease and Related Major Neurocognitive Disorders: A Systematic Review.
[So] Source:Am J Occup Ther;71(5):7105180010p1-7105180010p9, 2017 Sep/Oct.
[Is] ISSN:0272-9490
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to describe the evidence for the effectiveness of interventions designed to establish, modify, and maintain occupations for adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related neurocognitive disorders. METHOD: Titles and abstracts of 2,597 articles were reviewed, of which 256 were retrieved for full review and 52 met inclusion criteria. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force levels of certainty and grade definitions were used to describe the strength of evidence. RESULTS: Articles were categorized into five themes: occupation-based, sleep, cognitive, physical exercise, and multicomponent interventions. Strong evidence supports the benefits of occupation-based interventions, physical exercise, and error-reduction learning. CONCLUSION: Occupational therapy practitioners should integrate daily occupations, physical exercise, and error-reduction techniques into the daily routine of adults with AD to enhance occupational performance and delay functional decline. Future research should focus on establishing consensus on types and dosage of exercise and cognitive interventions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atividades Cotidianas
Doença de Alzheimer/reabilitação
Terapia Ocupacional/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Remediação Cognitiva
Terapia Combinada
Terapia por Exercício
Seres Humanos
Memória
Transtornos Neurocognitivos/reabilitação
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170816
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5014/ajot.2017.024752


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[PMID]:28573705
[Au] Autor:Tchanturia K; Giombini L; Leppanen J; Kinnaird E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.
[Ti] Título:Evidence for Cognitive Remediation Therapy in Young People with Anorexia Nervosa: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Literature.
[So] Source:Eur Eat Disord Rev;25(4):227-236, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1099-0968
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) for eating disorders has demonstrated promising findings in adult age groups, with randomised treatment trials and systematic reviews demonstrating medium to large effect sizes in improved cognitive performance. In recent years, several case series have been conducted for young people with anorexia nervosa, but these findings have not been synthesised in the form of a systematic review. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the evidence for the efficacy of CRT in child and adolescent age groups. Nine studies were identified, with a subsequent meta-analysis suggesting improvements in cognitive performance with small effect sizes. Patient feedback was positive, with low dropout rates. These findings suggest that CRT has potential as a supplementary treatment for young people with anorexia nervosa, warranting further investigation using randomised treatment trials. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anorexia Nervosa/terapia
Remediação Cognitiva
Terapia Cognitiva/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Anorexia Nervosa/psicologia
Criança
Seres Humanos
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170603
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/erv.2522


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[PMID]:28533042
[Au] Autor:Auffret K; Jacolot C
[Ad] Endereço:Pôle de psychiatrie, Unité Lec'h an envor, centre hospitalier de Quimperlé, 20 bis avenue du Général Leclerc, BP 134, 29391 Quimperlé cedex, France. Electronic address: k.auffret@ch-quimperle.fr.
[Ti] Título:[Social and mood enhancement benefits of a cognitive remediation workshop].
[Ti] Título:Bénéfices sociaux et thymiques d'un atelier de remédiation cognitive..
[So] Source:Soins Gerontol;22(125):23-26, 2017 May - Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1268-6034
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:A workshop focused on memory aimed at people with degenerative diseases like Alzheimer's disease can evolve into a social-therapeutic group for people also suffering from mood disorders. Cognitive remediation is therefore orientated towards social-mood mediation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença de Alzheimer/reabilitação
Remediação Cognitiva
Apoio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Afeto
Idoso
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171010
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171010
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170524
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28262174
[Au] Autor:Hegde S
[Ad] Endereço:Neuropsychology Unit, Department of Clinical Psychology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru-560029, Karnataka, India. Electronic address: shantala.hegde@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:A review of Indian research on cognitive remediation for schizophrenia.
[So] Source:Asian J Psychiatr;25:54-59, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1876-2026
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cognitive deficits play a central role in recovery from Schizophrenia (SZ). Cognitive remediation (CR) is increasingly being examined to improve cognitive functions in SZ. It is becoming an inevitable component of treatment for this debilitating illness. This review article presents the current status of research on CR for SZ in India. In contrast to the numerous studies reported from across the globe, there are only five studies on CR for SZ published from India. Of the five, only two are randomized controlled trials, two are non-randomized studies and one is a series of case reports. With different strategies used for CR and a variety of tools and measurements as outcome measures, combined analysis of the data was not feasible. Improvement in cognitive functions and sustenance of the improvement observed at follow-up period ranging from 2 to 6 months duration was underscored by all the four studies. Indigenous methods such as home-based CR techniques and Yoga therapy as an adjunct CR technique have been researched upon. Established method of CR such as the Integrated Psychological Therapy (IPT) has been used with modifications made to suit the cultural scenario. Other treatment methods such as family therapy have been added along with CR for chronic patients. The limited number of research studies has tried to encompass various dimensions. However, there is a dire need for studies with larger sample size with stringent research methods. Culturally feasible CR technique and multi-centric studies with larger sample size can be the next way forward.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Disfunção Cognitiva/reabilitação
Remediação Cognitiva/métodos
Esquizofrenia/reabilitação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia
Seres Humanos
Índia
Esquizofrenia/complicações
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170313
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170313
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170307
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28262146
[Au] Autor:Schutt RK; Seidman LJ; Eack SM; Deck B; Keshavan MS
[Ad] Endereço:Massachusetts Mental Health Center, Department of Psychiatry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, United States; University of Massachusetts, Boston, United States. Electronic address: russell.schutt@umb.edu.
[Ti] Título:Adapting cognitive remediation to a group home: A brief report.
[So] Source:Asian J Psychiatr;25:184-187, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1876-2026
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: This pilot project was designed to develop procedures for and test the feasibility of implementing Cognitive Enhancement Therapy (CET) in a group home environment, with a goal of maximizing treatment efficacy by augmenting social engagement in group CET sessions with ongoing social interaction. METHODS: Six participants who met criteria including chronic schizophrenia were recruited in a group home with 30 residents. After two months of CET, pre-and posttest measures, including cognitive tests, were administered and qualitative interviews were conducted periodically. Interaction was observed in the house and staff members were interviewed in a focus group. RESULTS: Five of the initial six participants completed the intervention-which continued for a total of 45 weeks-engaging in weekly group CET sessions and computer exercises outside of the formal sessions. All participants liked the computer exercises, and all but one participated in and reported enjoying the group exercises. Observations and staff comments indicated increased social interaction and sustained impact for some residents. Some aspects of cognitive functioning improved for some participants during the initial two months. CONCLUSIONS: CET now needs to be tested more formally to determine if it can be delivered successfully in other group homes with a manualized procedure. The idea should be tested that feedback effects due to the sustained social contact may enhance the effectiveness of CET in group homes and lead to larger, sustained gains in community functioning. Clinicians who provide cognitive interventions should focus attention on the social context in which treatment is delivered and consider providing treatment to patient groups whose daily, ongoing social interaction can enhance its effects.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Remediação Cognitiva/métodos
Lares para Grupos
Relações Interpessoais
Transtornos Mentais/reabilitação
Terapia Assistida por Computador/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Remediação Cognitiva/normas
Estudos de Viabilidade
Seres Humanos
Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde
Projetos Piloto
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170314
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170314
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170307
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28262129
[Au] Autor:Lee WH; Lee WK
[Ad] Endereço:National Center for Mental Health, Korea. Electronic address: berbetlee@hanmail.net.
[Ti] Título:Cognitive rehabilitation for patients with schizophrenia in Korea.
[So] Source:Asian J Psychiatr;25:109-117, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1876-2026
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Psychosocial rehabilitation programs received mental health professional support in addition to traditional medication therapy. Many psychosocial programs were developed since the 1990s, including cognitive remediation therapy. In this review, we focus on cognitive remediation therapy in Korea since the 1990s. We review several cognitive rehabilitation programs developed in Korea and their outcome studies and suggest future research directions and prospects. We reviewed cognitive rehabilitation programs including social cognitive training as well as more recent forms of computerized cognitive rehabilitation. Although there are differences in cognitive domains by training targets, almost all neurocognitive remediation trainings in Korea have beneficial effects on early visual processing, various attention types, and executive function. Future studies need to investigate the mechanisms and various mediators underlying the relationships between cognitive functions and functional outcomes. With more comprehensive cognitive and social cognitive programs, we can enhance both cognition and functional outcomes of the patients with schizophrenia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Disfunção Cognitiva/reabilitação
Remediação Cognitiva/métodos
Avaliação de Processos e Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)
Esquizofrenia/reabilitação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia
Seres Humanos
República da Coreia
Esquizofrenia/complicações
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170313
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170313
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170307
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28217880
[Au] Autor:Herbrich L; van Noort B; Pfeiffer E; Lehmkuhl U; Winter S; Kappel V
[Ad] Endereço:Department for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Follow-up Assessment of Cognitive Remediation Therapy in Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa: A Pilot Study.
[So] Source:Eur Eat Disord Rev;25(2):104-113, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1099-0968
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) is a specialized treatment approach targeting cognitive weaknesses in anorexia nervosa (AN). Regarding follow-up effects of CRT, there are only few studies available; for adolescents, there are no data. METHODS: Forty-eight adolescents with AN were assigned to receive either CRT and treatment as usual (TAU) or TAU alone. Assessments were performed at baseline (n = 48) and compared with assessments at a 6-month follow-up (n = 33). Outcome measures were set-shifting, central coherence, eating disorder and general psychopathology. RESULTS: The completion rate was higher in CRT compared with TAU. There were no significant differences in neuropsychological and clinical variables. Changes in body mass index percentile showed a trend towards significance for CRT. Dropout analyses revealed no significant predictors. CONCLUSIONS: Results provide a first insight into follow-up-assessments of CRT in adolescent AN. More randomized controlled studies are needed to clarify the long-term effects of CRT. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anorexia Nervosa/terapia
Remediação Cognitiva
Terapia Cognitiva/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Anorexia Nervosa/psicologia
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Projetos Piloto
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/erv.2501



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