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[PMID]:28733357
[Au] Autor:Thakral PP; Madore KP; Schacter DL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts 02138 prestonthakral@fas.harvard.edu.
[Ti] Título:A Role for the Left Angular Gyrus in Episodic Simulation and Memory.
[So] Source:J Neurosci;37(34):8142-8149, 2017 Aug 23.
[Is] ISSN:1529-2401
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies indicate that episodic simulation (i.e., imagining specific future experiences) and episodic memory (i.e., remembering specific past experiences) are associated with enhanced activity in a common set of neural regions referred to as the core network. This network comprises the hippocampus, medial prefrontal cortex, and left angular gyrus, among other regions. Because fMRI data are correlational, it is unknown whether activity increases in core network regions are critical for episodic simulation and episodic memory. In the current study, we used MRI-guided transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to assess whether temporary disruption of the left angular gyrus would impair both episodic simulation and memory (16 participants, 10 females). Relative to TMS to a control site (vertex), disruption of the left angular gyrus significantly reduced the number of internal (i.e., episodic) details produced during the simulation and memory tasks, with a concomitant increase in external detail production (i.e., semantic, repetitive, or off-topic information), reflected by a significant detail by TMS site interaction. Difficulty in the simulation and memory tasks also increased after TMS to the left angular gyrus relative to the vertex. In contrast, performance in a nonepisodic control task did not differ statistically as a function of TMS site (i.e., number of free associates produced or difficulty in performing the free associate task). Together, these results are the first to demonstrate that the left angular gyrus is critical for both episodic simulation and episodic memory. Humans have the ability to imagine future episodes (i.e., episodic simulation) and remember episodes from the past (i.e., episodic memory). A wealth of neuroimaging studies have revealed that these abilities are associated with enhanced activity in a core network of neural regions, including the hippocampus, medial prefrontal cortex, and left angular gyrus. However, neuroimaging data are correlational and do not tell us whether core regions support critical processes for simulation and memory. In the current study, we used transcranial magnetic stimulation and demonstrated that temporary disruption of the left angular gyrus leads to impairments in simulation and memory. The present study provides the first causal evidence to indicate that this region is critical for these fundamental abilities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Associação Livre
Lateralidade Funcional/fisiologia
Memória Episódica
Rememoração Mental/fisiologia
Lobo Parietal/fisiologia
Estimulação Luminosa/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
Masculino
Lobo Parietal/diagnóstico por imagem
Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana/métodos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170914
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170914
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170723
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1319-17.2017


  2 / 414 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27469203
[Au] Autor:Barratt BB
[Ad] Endereço:Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Witwatersrand, The Heritage Stone House, 122 Virginia Avenue, Parkmore, Johannesburg, 2196, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:Opening to the otherwise: The discipline of listening and the necessity of free-association for psychoanalytic praxis.
[So] Source:Int J Psychoanal;98(1):39-53, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1745-8315
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It is argued that only free-association methodically opens the discourse of self-consciousness (the representations available to reflective awareness) to the voicing of the repressed. The method is key to Freud's originality and the sine qua non of any genuinely psychoanalytic process. Clinical procedures which do not prioritize a steadfast and ongoing commitment to this method (instead emphasizing either interpretative formulations, as decisive acts that appear to fix and finalize the meaning of a particular lived experience, or the vicissitudes of transference-countertransference in the immediate treatment situation) all too readily entrap the treatment, limiting its capacity to divulge the power of unconscious processes. Influenced by Laplanche, Freud's 1920 principles of lifefulness and deathfulness (the binding and unbinding of psychic energy in representations) facilitate an understanding of the unique significance of free-associative discourse in opening the representational textuality of self-consciousness to the voicing of that which is otherwise than representationality and reason. The 'otherwise' is intimated as the returning force of the repressed, as the 'unfathomable navel' of 'thing-presentations,' experienced and expressed within the text of awareness, yet not translatable into the law and order of its logical and rhetorical reflections. Free-associative discourse thus affects self-consciousness in a way that is radically different from other creative procedures ('psychosynthetic' or integratively interpretive). In this respect, the status of free-associative praxis as necessary for a genuinely psychoanalytic process is justified.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Associação Livre
Teoria Freudiana
Interpretação Psicanalítica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170630
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170630
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160730
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1745-8315.12563


  3 / 414 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27126076
[Au] Autor:Schwind J; Neng JM; Weck F
[Ad] Endereço:Goethe University Frankfurt,Germany.
[Ti] Título:Changes in Free Symptom Attributions in Hypochondriasis after Cognitive Therapy and Exposure Therapy.
[So] Source:Behav Cogn Psychother;44(5):601-14, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1469-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Cognitive-behavioural therapy can change dysfunctional symptom attributions in patients with hypochondriasis. Past research has used forced-choice answer formats, such as questionnaires, to assess these misattributions; however, with this approach, idiosyncratic attributions cannot be assessed. Free associations are an important complement to existing approaches that assess symptom attributions. AIMS: With this study, we contribute to the current literature by using an open-response instrument to investigate changes in freely associated attributions after exposure therapy (ET) and cognitive therapy (CT) compared with a wait list (WL). METHOD: The current study is a re-examination of a formerly published randomized controlled trial (Weck, Neng, Richtberg, Jakob and Stangier, 2015) that investigated the effectiveness of CT and ET. Seventy-three patients with hypochondriasis were randomly assigned to CT, ET or a WL, and completed a 12-week treatment (or waiting period). Before and after the treatment or waiting period, patients completed an Attribution task in which they had to spontaneously attribute nine common bodily sensations to possible causes in an open-response format. RESULTS: Compared with the WL, both CT and ET reduced the frequency of somatic attributions regarding severe diseases (CT: Hedges's g = 1.12; ET: Hedges's g = 1.03) and increased the frequency of normalizing attributions (CT: Hedges's g = 1.17; ET: Hedges's g = 1.24). Only CT changed the attributions regarding moderate diseases (Hedges's g = 0.69). Changes in somatic attributions regarding mild diseases and psychological attributions were not observed. CONCLUSIONS: Both CT and ET are effective for treating freely associated misattributions in patients with hypochondriasis. This study supplements research that used a forced-choice assessment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hipocondríase/terapia
Entrevista Psicológica/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Terapia Cognitiva/métodos
Feminino
Associação Livre
Seres Humanos
Hipocondríase/psicologia
Terapia Implosiva/métodos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inquéritos e Questionários
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160430
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S1352465816000163


  4 / 414 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26946479
[Au] Autor:de Andrade JC; de Aguiar Sobral L; Ares G; Deliza R
[Ad] Endereço:Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Avenida Athos da Silveira Ramos, 149 - bloco A, CEP 21.941-909, Cidade Universitária, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil. Electronic address: jucunhadeandrade@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Understanding consumers' perception of lamb meat using free word association.
[So] Source:Meat Sci;117:68-74, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1873-4138
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aims of the present study were to gather information about Brazilian consumers' perception of lamb meat and to study whether the perception is affected by the consumption frequency of this type of meat. A total of 1025 Brazilian consumers completed word association task with lamb meat. The elicited words were analyzed using inductive coding. Participants' associations with lamb meat were mainly related to sensory characteristics and hedonic attitudes and feelings, indicating that they might be the main motivations for consuming this product. Participants strongly associated lamb meat with special consumption occasions, which suggests that lack of perceived appropriateness for everyday consumption situations might be a barrier for increasing lamb meat consumption. Conceptualization of lamb meat was strongly affected by frequency of consumption of this product. Results from the present work provide a comprehensive insight on Brazilian consumers' perception of lamb meat, which can be used to develop strategies to increase its consumption and improve profitability.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento de Escolha
Comportamento do Consumidor
Associação Livre
Carne/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Coleta de Dados
Seres Humanos
Ovinos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160307
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 414 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26198603
[Au] Autor:Kernberg OF
[Ad] Endereço:Director of the Personality Disorders Institute, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Westchester Division; a Professor of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University; and a Training and Supervising Analyst at Columbia University Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research.
[Ti] Título:NARCISSISTIC DEFENSES IN THE DISTORTION OF FREE ASSOCIATION AND THEIR UNDERLYING ANXIETIES.
[So] Source:Psychoanal Q;84(3):625-42, 2015 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:2167-4086
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper examines particular distortions in the process of free association characteristics of patients with narcissistic personality disorders. The author proposes that the dominant narcissistic transference developments typical of the early and middle phases of the analytic treatment of these patients are reflected in these distortions of free association. This paper gathers the various patterns that these defensive distortions present, along with technical interventions geared to deal with them.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade/psicologia
Associação Livre
Narcisismo
Terapia Psicanalítica
Transferência (Psicologia)
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Contratransferência (Psicologia)
Mecanismos de Defesa
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150722
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150722
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150723
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/psaq.12022


  6 / 414 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26198602
[Au] Autor:Gentile J
[Ad] Endereço:Co-chair of the Independent Track and faculty member at New York University Postdoctoral Program in Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis and a faculty member and supervisor at the Institute for the Psychoanalytic Study of Subjectivity in New York.
[Ti] Título:PARRHESIA, PHAEDRA, AND THE POLIS: ANTICIPATING PSYCHOANALYTIC FREE ASSOCIATION AS DEMOCRATIC PRACTICE.
[So] Source:Psychoanal Q;84(3):589-624, 2015 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:2167-4086
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This essay explores the mostly unexamined analogy of psychoanalytic free association to democratic free speech. The author turns back to a time when free speech was a matter of considerable discussion: the classical period of the Athenian constitution and its experiment with parrhesia. Ordinarily translated into English as "free speech," parrhesia is startlingly relevant to psychoanalysis. The Athenian stage-in particular, Hippolytus (Euripides, 5th century BCE)-illustrates this point. Euripides's tragic tale anticipates Freud's inquiries, exploring the fundamental link between free speech and female embodiment. The author suggests that psychoanalysis should claim its own conception of a polis as a mediated and ethical space between private and public spheres, between body and mind, and between speaking and listening communities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Associação Livre
Teoria Freudiana
Psicanálise
Terapia Psicanalítica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150722
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150722
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150723
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/psaq.12021


  7 / 414 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25871692
[Au] Autor:Solano P; Quagelli L
[Ti] Título:On "free associative activities".
[So] Source:Psychoanal Rev;102(2):237-64, 2015 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1943-3301
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Free association has been at the heart of the analytic process for decades, though nowadays the work with borderline and psychotic mental functioning has become more common. We discuss and compare contributions from the Kleinian and the French psychoanalytic models regarding the role of free association and the analyst when working with these disorders. Drawing on case material, we suggest a broader conceptualization of free association--free associative activities--which encompasses communications that cannot be expressed through verbal modes because of their primitiveness. Their working through in the analytic couple could allow a first representation of unsymbolized early psychic traumas.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Associação Livre
Teoria Psicanalítica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Modelos Psicológicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1601
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150415
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150415
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150415
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1521/prev.2015.102.2.237


  8 / 414 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25312499
[Au] Autor:Arndt J
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Psychology , Middlebury College , Middlebury , VT , USA.
[Ti] Título:The influence of forward and backward associative strength on false memories for encoding context.
[So] Source:Memory;23(7):1093-111, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1464-0686
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Two experiments examined the effects of forward associative strength (FAS) and backward associative strength (BAS) on false recollection of unstudied lure items. Themes were constructed such that four associates were strongly related to a lure item in terms of FAS or BAS and four associates were weakly related to a lure item in terms of FAS or BAS. Further, when FAS was manipulated, BAS was controlled across strong and weak associates, while FAS was controlled across strong and weak associates when BAS was manipulated. Strong associates were presented in one font while weak associates were presented in a second font. At test, lure items were disproportionately attributed to the source used to present lures' strong associates compared to lures' weak associates, both when BAS was manipulated and when FAS was manipulated. This outcome demonstrates that both BAS and FAS influence lure item false recollection, which favours global-matching models' explanation of false recollection over the explanation offered by spreading activation theories.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Associação Livre
Reconhecimento Visual de Modelos
Leitura
Priming de Repetição
Repressão Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Depressão Alastrante da Atividade Elétrica Cortical/fisiologia
Sinais (Psicologia)
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Julgamento
Masculino
Memória de Curto Prazo
Aprendizagem por Associação de Pares/fisiologia
Probabilidade
Distribuição Aleatória
Priming de Repetição/fisiologia
Aprendizagem Verbal
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:141015
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/09658211.2014.959527


  9 / 414 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25448377
[Au] Autor:Van Petten C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Binghamton University, 4400 Vestal Parkway East, Binghamton, NY 13902, United States. Electronic address: cvanpett@binghamton.edu.
[Ti] Título:Examining the N400 semantic context effect item-by-item: relationship to corpus-based measures of word co-occurrence.
[So] Source:Int J Psychophysiol;94(3):407-19, 2014 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7697
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:With increasing availability of digital text, there has been an explosion of computational methods designed to turn patterns of word co-occurrence in large text corpora into numerical scores expressing the "semantic distance" between any two words. The success of such methods is typically evaluated by how well they predict human judgments of similarity. Here, I examine how well corpus-based methods predict amplitude of the N400 component of the event-related potential (ERP), an online measure of lexical processing in brain electrical activity. ERPs elicited by the second words of 303 word pairs were analyzed at the level of individual items. Three corpus-based measures (mutual information, distributional similarity, and latent semantic analysis) were compared to a traditional measure of free association strength. In a regression analysis, corpus-based and free association measures each explained some of the variance in N400 amplitude, suggesting that these may tap distinct aspects of word relationships. Lexical factors of concreteness of word meaning, word frequency, number of semantic associates, and orthographic similarity also explained variance in N400 amplitude at the single-item level.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Potenciais Evocados Visuais/fisiologia
Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia
Associação Livre
Estimulação Luminosa/métodos
Semântica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Testes de Associação de Palavras
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1508
[Cu] Atualização por classe:141210
[Lr] Data última revisão:
141210
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:141203
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 414 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24048979
[Au] Autor:Comesaña M; Fraga I; Moreira AJ; Frade CS; Soares AP
[Ad] Endereço:Human Cognition Lab, CIPsi, School of Psychology, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057, Braga, Portugal, mvila@psi.uminho.pt.
[Ti] Título:Free associate norms for 139 European Portuguese words for children from different age groups.
[So] Source:Behav Res Methods;46(2):564-74, 2014 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1554-3528
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the present study, we present normative ratings of free association for 139 European Portuguese (EP) words among 7- to 8-, 9- to 10-, and 11- to 12-year-old children attending the 3rd, 5th, and 7th grades of elementary and middle school in Portugal. For each word, five indices are presented: (a) the percentage of associates, (b) the strength of the first associate, (c) the strength of the second associate, (d) the distance between the first and second associates, and (e) the percentage of idiosyncratic responses. Additionally, grade-level frequency values for each word from the ESCOLEX database (Soares et al., in press) are also provided. As expected, the results revealed developmental changes in the knowledge organization of the children, which occurred at the ages of 9-10 (5th grade) and remained stable in the 11- to 12-year-old children (7th grade). Specifically, we observed a decrease in the percentages of associates and idiosyncratic responses, as well as an increase in the strengths of the first and second associates from the 3rd to the 5th grade. Moreover, a comparative analysis with the previous work of Carneiro, Albuquerque, Fernandez, and Esteves (2004) on EP and Macizo, Gómez-Ariza, and Bajo (2000) on Spanish, for the subsets of common words (16 and 58, respectively), showed that the present norms fit well with previous EP data, but differ from the Spanish data.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Associação Livre
Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
Vocabulário
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise de Variância
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Portugal
Leitura
Valores de Referência
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1409
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140522
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140522
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130920
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3758/s13428-013-0388-0



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