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[PMID]:29231006
[Au] Autor:Sun ZW; Shi TT; Fu PX
[Ad] Endereço:Beijing Ankang Hospital, Beijing 101300, China.
[Ti] Título:[Characteristics of Schizophrenia Patients' Homicide Behaviors and Their Correlations with Criminal Capacity].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(1):32-35, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics of schizophrenia patients' homicide behaviors and the influences of the assessments of criminal capacity. METHODS: Indicators such as demographic and clinical data, characteristics of criminal behaviors and criminal capacity from the suspects whom were diagnosed by forensic psychiatry as schizophrenia ( =110) and normal mental ( =70) with homicide behavior, were collected by self-made investigation form and compared. The influences of the assessments of criminal capacity on the suspects diagnosed as schizophrenia were also analyzed using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: There were no significant statistical differences between the schizophrenic group and the normal mental group concerning age, gender, education and marital status ( >0.05). There were significant statistical differences between the two groups concerning thought disorder, emotion state and social function before crime ( <0.05) and there were significant statistical differences in some characteristics of the case such as aggressive history ( <0.05), cue, trigger, plan, criminal incentives, object of crime, circumstance cognition and self-protection ( <0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that thought disorder, emotion state, social function, criminal incentives, plan and self-protection before crime of the schizophrenic group were positively correlated with the criminal capacity ( <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The relevant influences of psychopathology and crime characteristics should be considered comprehensively for improving the accuracy of the criminal capacity evaluation on the suspects diagnosed as schizophrenia with homicide behavior.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Crime
Homicídio/psicologia
Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criminosos
Psiquiatria Legal
Seres Humanos
Motivação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.01.008


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[PMID]:28470156
[Au] Autor:Joung J; Kim S
[Ad] Endereço:College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
[Ti] Título:[Effects of a Relapse Prevention Program on Insight, Empowerment and Treatment Adherence in Patients with Schizophrenia].
[So] Source:J Korean Acad Nurs;47(2):188-198, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:2093-758X
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:kor
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a relapse prevention program (RPP) and examine the effects of the RPP on insight, empowerment, and treatment adherence in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were 54 inpatients who had a diagnosis of schizophrenia (experimental group: 26, control group: 28). The study was carried out from February 7, 2012 to February 6, 2013. Over a 10-day period prior to discharge each participant in the experimental group received three one-hour sessions of RPP a one-to-one patient-nurse interaction. Data were collected using Assess Unawareness of Mental Disorder (SUMD), Empowerment Scale, and Insight and Treatment Attitude Questionnaire (ITAQ) and analyzed using PASW 18.0 with chi-square test, independent t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, and ANCOVA. RESULTS: The experimental group had a significant increase in insight and treatment adherence compared to the control group. However, there was no significant difference in empowerment between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Findings indicate that the RPP for patients with schizophrenia was effective in improving insight and treatment adherence. A longitudinal study is needed to confirm the persistence of these effects of RPP in patients with schizophrenia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poder (Psicologia)
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Esquizofrenia/prevenção & controle
Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Recidiva
Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4040/jkan.2017.47.2.188


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[PMID]:28463847
[Au] Autor:Benítez-Burraco A; Di Pietro L; Barba M; Lattanzi W
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Philology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Huelva, Huelva, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Schizophrenia and Human Self-Domestication: An Evolutionary Linguistics Approach.
[So] Source:Brain Behav Evol;89(3):162-184, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1421-9743
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Schizophrenia (SZ) is a pervasive neurodevelopmental disorder that entails social and cognitive deficits, including marked language problems. Its complex multifactorial etiopathogenesis, including genetic and environmental factors, is still widely uncertain. SZ incidence has always been high and quite stable in human populations, across time and regardless of cultural implications, for unclear reasons. It has been hypothesized that SZ pathophysiology may involve the biological components that changed during the recent human evolutionary history, and led to our distinctive mode of cognition, which includes language skills. In this paper we explore this hypothesis, focusing on the self-domestication of the human species. This has been claimed to account for many human-specific distinctive traits, including aspects of our behavior and cognition, and to favor the emergence of complex languages through cultural evolution. The "domestication syndrome" in mammals comprises the constellation of traits exhibited by domesticated strains, seemingly resulting from the hypofunction of the neural crest. It is our intention to show that people with SZ exhibit more marked domesticated traits at the morphological, physiological, and behavioral levels. We also show that genes involved in domestication and neural crest development and function comprise nearly 20% of SZ candidates, most of which exhibit altered expression profiles in the brain of SZ patients, specifically in areas involved in language processing. Based on these observations, we conclude that SZ may represent an abnormal ontogenetic itinerary for the human faculty of language, resulting, at least in part, from changes in genes important for the domestication syndrome and primarily involving the neural crest.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Esquizofrenia/genética
Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Evolução Biológica
Encéfalo/patologia
Cognição/fisiologia
Transtornos Cognitivos/fisiopatologia
Bases de Dados Genéticas
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética
Seres Humanos
Linguagem
Linguística/métodos
Crista Neural/fisiologia
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1159/000468506


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[PMID]:28448827
[Au] Autor:Broyd A; Balzan RP; Woodward TS; Allen P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN), King's College, London, UK.
[Ti] Título:Dopamine, cognitive biases and assessment of certainty: A neurocognitive model of delusions.
[So] Source:Clin Psychol Rev;54:96-106, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1873-7811
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper examines the evidence that delusions can be explained within the framework of a neurocognitive model of how the brain assesses certainty. Here, 'certainty' refers to both low-level interpretations of one's environment and high-level (conscious) appraisals of one's beliefs and experiences. A model is proposed explaining how the brain systems responsible for assigning certainty might dysfunction, contributing to the cause and maintenance of delusional beliefs. It is suggested that delusions arise through a combination of perturbed striatal dopamine and aberrant salience as well as cognitive biases such as the tendency to jump to conclusions (JTC) and hypersalience of evidence-hypothesis matches. The role of emotion, stress, trauma and sociocultural factors in forming and modifying delusions is also considered. Understanding the mechanisms involved in forming and maintaining delusions has important clinical implications, as interventions that improve cognitive flexibility (e.g. cognitive remediation therapy and mindfulness training) could potentially attenuate neurocognitive processes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cognição/fisiologia
Delusões/psicologia
Dopamina/metabolismo
Modelos Psicológicos
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Delusões/metabolismo
Seres Humanos
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Incerteza
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
VTD58H1Z2X (Dopamine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29465570
[Au] Autor:Kim SY; Lee BD; Park JM; Lee YM; Moon E; Jeong HJ; Chung YI
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry.
[Ti] Título:Transmissibility and familiality of NEO personality dimensions in a sample of Korean families with schizophrenia.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(8):e9858, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Categorical syndromes such as schizophrenia may represent complexes of many continuous psychological structural phenotypes along several dimensions of personality development/degeneration. The present study investigated the heritability and familiality of Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness to experience (NEO) personality dimensions in Korean families with schizophrenic linkage disequilibrium (LD).We have recruited 204 probands (with schizophrenia) with their parents and siblings whenever possible. We have used NEO questionnaires for measuring personality and symptomatic dimensions. Heritabilities of personality dimensions in total 543 family members were estimated using Sequential Oligogenic Linkage Analysis Routines (SOLAR). Personality dimensions in total family members were compared with those in 307 healthy unrelated controls for measuring the familialities using ANOVA analysis.Four of the 5 NEO variables were significantly heritable and were included in the subsequent analyses. The 3 groups (control, unaffected first-degree relative, case) were found to be significantly different and with the expected order of average group scores for all heritable dimensions.Our results show that the aberrations in several personality dimensions could form the complexity of schizophrenic syndrome as a result of genetic-environment coactions or interactions in spite of some limitations (recruited family, phenotyping).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Família/psicologia
Personalidade
Esquizofrenia/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estado de Consciência
Meio Ambiente
Extroversão (Psicologia)
Seres Humanos
Desequilíbrio de Ligação
Neuroticismo
Fenótipo
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009858


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[PMID]:28463343
[Au] Autor:Correll CU; Yu X; Xiang Y; Kane JM; Masand P
[Ti] Título:Biological treatment of acute agitation or aggression with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder in the inpatient setting.
[So] Source:Ann Clin Psychiatry;29(2):92-107, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1547-3325
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia and bipolar disorders are chronic illnesses that commonly present with symptoms of acute agitation and aggression. These symptoms must be managed rapidly to prevent potential harm to the patient and others, including their caregivers, peers, and health care workers. A number of treatment options are available to clinicians to manage acute agitation and aggression, including non-pharmacologic behavioral and environmental de-escalation strategies, as well as biological treatment options such as pharmacologic agents and electroconvulsive therapy. We summarize the available biological treatment options for patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder presenting with acute agitation or aggression in the inpatient setting, focusing on antipsychotics. METHODS: The following searches were used in PubMed to obtain the most relevant advances in treating schizophrenia or bipolar disorder with acute agitation and aggression: (agitation, agitated, aggression, aggressive, hostile, hostility, violent, or violence) and (schizophr*, psychosis, psychot*, psychos*, mania, manic, or bipolar) and (*pharmacologic, antipsychotic*, neuroleptic*, antiepileptic*, anti-seizure*, mood stabilizer*, lithium, benzodiazepine*, beta blocker, beta-blocker, alpha2, alpha-2, *histamine*, electroconvulsive, ECT, shock, or transcranial). Individual searches were performed for each drug class. The studies were limited to peer-reviewed, English-language, and human studies. Most were placebo-controlled randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or meta-analyses. RESULTS: Among pharmacologic agents, antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, anticonvulsants, and lithium have been studied in randomized trials. Some typical and, more recently, atypical antipsychotics are available as both oral and short-acting intramuscular (IM) formulations, with 1 typical antipsychotic also available as an inhalable formulation. CONCLUSIONS: Among the pharmacologic agents studied in RCTs, atypical antipsychotics have the best evidence to support efficacy both in oral and short-acting IM formulations, as well as in one instance in an inhalable formulation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Bipolar
Agitação Psicomotora/terapia
Psicotrópicos/farmacologia
Esquizofrenia/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agressão/efeitos dos fármacos
Agressão/psicologia
Transtorno Bipolar/psicologia
Transtorno Bipolar/terapia
Eletroconvulsoterapia/métodos
Serviços de Emergência Psiquiátrica/métodos
Seres Humanos
Agitação Psicomotora/psicologia
Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Psychotropic Drugs)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29350504
[Au] Autor:Dordevic VV; Lazarevic D; Cosic V; Knezevic M; Dordevic VB
[Ti] Título:Age-related changes of superoxide dismutase activity in patients with schizophrenia.
[So] Source:Vojnosanit Pregl;74(1):31-7, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8450
[Cp] País de publicação:Serbia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background/Aim: Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is the critical enzyme in the detoxification of superoxide radicals because those are the first species produced in the majority of biological free radical producing reactions. Inconsistent data are present about SOD activity in patients with schizophrenia. Numerous studies have shown that SOD has been elevated in chronic schizophrenic patients. However, decreased SOD activity was found in neuroleptic naïve, first episode schizophrenic patients, in chronic-medicated patients and in chronic-unmedicated patients. The aim of this study was to examine which of the following factors including age, gender, the onset of the disease, the duration, the number of episodes, heredity, psychopathologic symptoms and drug treatment could affect erythrocyte SOD activity in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: This study included 68 consecutive patients with schizophrenia (29 males and 39 females) ranging in age from 18 to 61 years, divided into two age groups (<34 years and >34 years). SOD activity was measured in erythrocyte hemolyzates by Ransod commercially available test. Results: In the group of patients younger than 34 years SOD levels were significantly higher (1381±273 U/gHb, p=0.038) compared to the levels of the older group (1231±206 U/gHb). Gender and heredity did not induce any significant difference in SOD activity between younger and older subgroups. A significant difference in enzyme activity was found between the younger and older subgroups having the onset of the disease after 24 years of age (1408±217 U/gHb vs. 1252±213 U/gHb, p=0.031). The patients of the younger group who had more than one psychotic episode had significantly higher SOD activity (1492±298 U/gHb; p=0.009) than those who had only one episode (1256±177 U/gHb), as well as than the older subgroup with more than one episode (1253±231 U/gHb; p=0.014). Although the duration of the disease did not induce any significant difference in enzyme activity between younger and older subgroups, a significant negative correlation was obtained between SOD activity and the duration of the disease (r=-0.511, p<0.01). No significant differences were found in SOD activity between the subgroups with different PANSS scores. First generation antipsychotics were associated with elevated enzyme activity in both groups. Simultaneous treatment of patients with first generation antipsychotics and second generation antipsychotics induced a significant decrease in SOD activity in the younger group. Conclusion: Our results show that erythrocyte SOD activity is increased in the early phase of schizophrenia and that depends on age of onset of the disease, the number of psychotic episodes, the duration of the disease and medical treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento/sangue
Eritrócitos/enzimologia
Esquizofrenia/sangue
Superóxido Dismutase/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idade de Início
Envelhecimento/psicologia
Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico
Biomarcadores/sangue
Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico
Esquizofrenia/tratamento farmacológico
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
Fatores de Tempo
Resultado do Tratamento
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antipsychotic Agents); 0 (Biomarkers); EC 1.15.1.1 (Superoxide Dismutase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2298/VSP141202142D


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[PMID]:29341566
[Au] Autor:Dordevic V; Jovanovic M; Milicic B; Stefanovic V; Dukic-Dejanovic S
[Ti] Título:Prevalence of dental caries in hospitalized patients with schizophrenia.
[So] Source:Vojnosanit Pregl;73(12):1102-8, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8450
[Cp] País de publicação:Serbia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background/Aim: It is considered that over 450 million people worldwide suffer from some form of mental disorder. Previous studies in other countries have shown that schizophrenia is among the most frequent. Oral health is significant for general health and should not be separated from mental health. Studies in other countries have shown an increased incidence of carious and extracted teeth, and less incidence of filled teeth in this group of psychiatric patients. The aim of this study was to establish condition of the existing teeth, to determine the prevalence of caries and to consider possible risk factors that contribute to the current oral health status of hospitalized patients with schizophrenia. Methods: The study comprised 190 patients with schizophrenia, hospitalized at the Clinic for Psychiatric Disorders "Dr. Laza Lazarevic" in Belgrade, and 190 mentally healthy patients at the Clinic for Periodontology and Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine in Belgrade. The decayed, missing, filled (DMF) index, sociodemographic and economic characteristics were registered in both groups, as well as characteristics of the primary disease of hospitalized patients with schizophrenia. Results: The value of DMF index (representing the sum of carious, extracted and filled teeth), in the hospitalized patients with schizophrenia was 18.57 ± 7.07 and 12.47 ± 5.64 in the healthy group (p = 0.000). The structure of the DMF index in the study group showed that caries and extracted teeth dominated with 88.1%; in the control group, filled teeth dominated with 55.6%, which was a statistically significant difference for all the three observed variables Conclusion: Hospitalized patients with schizophrenia had twice as many caries and extracted teeth, and five time less filled teeth than healthy people. The patient's age and taking antiparkinsonics were established as predictors of the increased DMF index in hospitalized patients with schizophrenia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia
Pacientes Internados
Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Estudos Transversais
Índice CPO
Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico
Restauração Dentária Permanente
Feminino
Hospitalização
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Saúde Bucal
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
Sérvia/epidemiologia
Extração Dentária
Perda de Dente/diagnóstico
Perda de Dente/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2298/VSP150917111D


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[PMID]:27774734
[Au] Autor:Abram SV; Wisner KM; Fox JM; Barch DM; Wang L; Csernansky JG; MacDonald AW; Smith MJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, 75 East River Parkway, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
[Ti] Título:Fronto-temporal connectivity predicts cognitive empathy deficits and experiential negative symptoms in schizophrenia.
[So] Source:Hum Brain Mapp;38(3):1111-1124, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1097-0193
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Impaired cognitive empathy is a core social cognitive deficit in schizophrenia associated with negative symptoms and social functioning. Cognitive empathy and negative symptoms have also been linked to medial prefrontal and temporal brain networks. While shared behavioral and neural underpinnings are suspected for cognitive empathy and negative symptoms, research is needed to test these hypotheses. In two studies, we evaluated whether resting-state functional connectivity between data-driven networks, or components (referred to as, inter-component connectivity), predicted cognitive empathy and experiential and expressive negative symptoms in schizophrenia subjects. Study 1: We examined associations between cognitive empathy and medial prefrontal and temporal inter-component connectivity at rest using a group-matched schizophrenia and control sample. We then assessed whether inter-component connectivity metrics associated with cognitive empathy were also related to negative symptoms. Study 2: We sought to replicate the connectivity-symptom associations observed in Study 1 using an independent schizophrenia sample. Study 1 results revealed that while the groups did not differ in average inter-component connectivity, a medial-fronto-temporal metric and an orbito-fronto-temporal metric were related to cognitive empathy. Moreover, the medial-fronto-temporal metric was associated with experiential negative symptoms in both schizophrenia samples. These findings support recent models that link social cognition and negative symptoms in schizophrenia. Hum Brain Mapp 38:1111-1124, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia
Empatia/fisiologia
Lobo Frontal/patologia
Esquizofrenia/complicações
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
Lobo Temporal/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Análise de Variância
Mapeamento Encefálico
Transtornos Cognitivos/diagnóstico por imagem
Feminino
Lobo Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem
Seres Humanos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Rede Nervosa
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Oxigênio/sangue
Valor Preditivo dos Testes
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Lobo Temporal/diagnóstico por imagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
S88TT14065 (Oxygen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/hbm.23439


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[PMID]:29324773
[Au] Autor:Palacios-Ceña D; Martín-Tejedor EA; Elías-Elispuru A; Garate-Samaniego A; Pérez-Corrales J; García-García E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine, Rey Juan Carlos University, Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain.
[Ti] Título:The impact of a short-term cohousing initiative among schizophrenia patients, high school students, and their social context: A qualitative case study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190895, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: A number of programs have been developed to promote the contact between adolescents and mentally-ill patients, in order to break the stigma, improve understanding, promote mental health and prevent substance abuse. The aim of this study was to describe the experience of patients with schizophrenia, high school students, and their social context, participating in a short-term cohousing initiative. METHODS: A qualitative case-study approach was implemented. Patients with schizophrenia from the San Juan de Dios Psychiatric Hospital, female students from Almen High School, and participants from their social context (parents, hospital staff, and teachers) were included, using purposeful sampling. Data were collected from 51 participants (15 patients, nine students, 11 hospital staff, six teachers, 10 parents) via non-participant observation, focus groups, informal interviews, researchers' field notes and patients' personal diaries and letters. A thematic analysis was performed. RESULTS: The themes identified included a) learning to live together: students and patients participate and learn together; b) the perception of the illness and the mentally-ill: the barrier between health and disease is very slim, and society tends to avoid contact with those who are ill; c) change: a transformation takes place in students, in their self-perception, based on the real and intense nature of the experience; d) a trial and an opportunity: patients test their ability to live outside the hospital; e) discharge and readmission: discharge is experienced as both a liberation and a difficulty, whereas relapse and readmission are experienced as failures. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings can help us to better understand schizophrenia and encourage a more positive approach towards both the illness and those who suffer from it. These results may be used for the development of cohousing programs in controlled environments.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Habitação
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Atitude Frente à Saúde
Feminino
Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Aprendizagem
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Pais/psicologia
Percepção
Recursos Humanos em Hospital/psicologia
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Esquizofrenia/terapia
Professores Escolares/psicologia
Autoimagem
Meio Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190895



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