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[PMID]:28963243
[Au] Autor:Chown SL
[Ad] Endereço:School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. steven.chown@monash.edu.
[Ti] Título:Tsunami debris spells trouble.
[So] Source:Science;357(6358):1356, 2017 09 29.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tsunamis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171001
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.aao5677


  2 / 735 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28854254
[Au] Autor:Seike K; Shirai K; Murakami-Sugihara N
[Ad] Endereço:Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Using tsunami deposits to determine the maximum depth of benthic burrowing.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182753, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The maximum depth of sediment biomixing is directly related to the vertical extent of post-depositional environmental alteration in the sediment; consequently, it is important to determine the maximum burrowing depth. This study examined the maximum depth of bioturbation in a natural marine environment in Funakoshi Bay, northeastern Japan, using observations of bioturbation structures developed in an event layer (tsunami deposits of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake) and measurements of the radioactive cesium concentrations in this layer. The observations revealed that the depth of bioturbation (i.e., the thickness of the biomixing layer) ranged between 11 and 22 cm, and varied among the sampling sites. In contrast, the radioactive cesium concentrations showed that the processing of radioactive cesium in coastal environments may include other pathways in addition to bioturbation. The data also revealed the nature of the bioturbation by the heart urchin Echinocardium cordatum (Echinoidea: Loveniidae), which is one of the important ecosystem engineers in seafloor environments. The maximum burrowing depth of E. cordatum in Funakoshi Bay was 22 cm from the seafloor surface.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Terremotos
Sedimentos Geológicos/análise
Ouriços-do-Mar/fisiologia
Tsunamis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ecossistema
Japão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170831
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182753


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[PMID]:28640284
[Au] Autor:Witze A
[Ad] Endereço:Nature from landlocked Boulder, Colorado.
[Ti] Título:The fight to save thousands of lives with sea-floor sensors.
[So] Source:Nature;546(7659):466-468, 2017 06 21.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desastres/prevenção & controle
Terremotos/mortalidade
Monitoramento Ambiental/instrumentação
Previsões/métodos
Sedimentos Geológicos/análise
Movimento (Física)
Oceanos e Mares
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: California
Chile
Sistemas de Informação Geográfica
Seres Humanos
Japão
Nova Zelândia
Oceanografia
Oceano Pacífico
Som
Tsunamis
Washington
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170623
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/546466a


  4 / 735 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28599803
[Au] Autor:Nakamura M; Tanaka K; Tanaka F; Matsuura Y; Komi R; Niiyama M; Kawakami M; Koeda Y; Sakai T; Onoda T; Itoh T; Northern Iwate Heart Registry Consortium
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Internal Medicine, Iwate Medical University, Morioka, Iwate, Japan. Electronic address: nkmrmoto@iwate-med.ac.jp.
[Ti] Título:Long-Term Effects of the 2011 Japan Earthquake and Tsunami on Incidence of Fatal and Nonfatal Myocardial Infarction.
[So] Source:Am J Cardiol;120(3):352-358, 2017 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1913
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study aimed to examine the long-term effects of the 2011 Japan earthquake and tsunami on the incidence of fatal and nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI). In the present study, the incidence of 2 types of cardiac events was comprehensively recorded. The study area was divided into 2 zones based on the severity of tsunami damage, which was determined by the percentage of the inundated area within the residential area (<10%, low-impact zone and ≥10%, high-impact zone). The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) and 95% CI for both types of cardiac events during the disaster year and the postdisaster years were determined in each zone. During the 4-year period after the disaster, the SIRs for nonfatal MI did not change to a statistically significant extent in either zones. For fatal MI, the SIR was stable during the study period in the low-impact zone. However, in the high-impact zone, the SIR was significantly elevated in the disaster year of 2011 (1.80 [95% CI 1.32 to 2.28]), and this increase was sustained for the following 3 years (2012, 2.06 [1.55 to 2.57]; 2013, 1.99 [1.49 to 2.48]; 2014, 2.12 [1.62 to 2.63]). The SIRs for fatal MI for the 4 postdisaster years in the municipal areas were significantly correlated with the percentage of the inundated area (r = 0.83; p <0.001) and the number of deaths due to the tsunami (r = 0.77; p <0.005) but not with the maximum seismic intensity (r = 0.43; p = 0.12). In conclusion, these results suggest that the devastating tsunami was associated with a continual increase in the incidence of fatal MI among disaster survivors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Terremotos
Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia
Tsunamis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Japão/epidemiologia
Masculino
Prognóstico
Estudos Retrospectivos
Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; MULTICENTER STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170816
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170816
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170611
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28542461
[Au] Autor:Kashima S; Inoue K; Matsumoto M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Public Health and Health Policy, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Have the tsunami and nuclear accident following the Great East Japan Earthquake affected the local distribution of hospital physicians?
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0178020, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred on 11 March 2011 near the northeast coast of the main island, 'Honshu', of Japan. It wreaked enormous damage in two main ways: a giant tsunami and an accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP). This disaster may have affected the distribution of physicians in the region. Here, we evaluate the effect of the disaster on the distribution of hospital physicians in the three most severely affected prefectures (Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima). METHODS: We obtained individual information about physicians from the Physician Census in 2010 (pre-disaster) and 2012 (post-disaster). We examined geographical distributions of physicians in two ways: (1) municipality-based analysis for demographic evaluation; and (2) hospital-based analysis for geographic evaluation. In each analysis, we calculated the rate of change in physician distributions between pre- and post-disaster years at various distances from the tsunami-affected coast, and from the restricted area due to the FDNPP accident. RESULTS: The change in all, hospital, and clinic physicians were 0.2%, 0.7%, and -0.7%, respectively. In the municipality-based analysis, after taking account of the decreased population, physician numbers only decreased within the restricted area. In the hospital-based analysis, hospital physician numbers did not decrease at any distance from the tsunami-affected coast. In contrast, there was a 3.3% and 2.3% decrease in hospital physicians 0-25 km and 25-50 km from the restricted area surrounding the FDNPP, respectively. Additionally, decreases were larger and increases were smaller in areas close to the FDNPP than in areas further away. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the tsunami did not affect the distribution of physicians in the affected regions. However, the FDNPP accident changed physician distribution in areas close to the power plant.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Terremotos/estatística & dados numéricos
Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos
Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos
Tsunamis/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Desastres/estatística & dados numéricos
Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima
Seres Humanos
Japão
Centrais Nucleares/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0178020


  6 / 735 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28528418
[Au] Autor:Mizukawa K; Hirai Y; Sakakibara H; Endo S; Okuda K; Takada H; Murakami-Sugihara N; Shirai K; Ogawa H
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-5-8 Saiwaicho, Fuchu, Tokyo, 183-8509, Japan. mzkako@cc.tuat.ac.jp.
[Ti] Título:Spatial Distribution and Temporal Trend of Anthropogenic Organic Compounds Derived from the 2011 East Japan Earthquake.
[So] Source:Arch Environ Contam Toxicol;73(2):185-195, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1432-0703
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The tsunami caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011 disturbed coastal environments in the eastern Tohoku region in Japan. Numerous terrestrial materials, including anthropogenic organic compounds, were deposited in the coastal zone. To evaluate the impacts of the disaster, we analyzed PCBs, LABs, PAHs, and hopanes in mussels collected from 12 locations in the east of Tohoku during 2011-2015 (series A) by GC-ECD or GC-MS and compared them with results from mussels collected from 22 locations around Japan during 2001-2004 (series B). Early LAB concentrations in series A at some locations were higher than the maximum concentrations in series B but decreased during the 5 years. Because LABs are molecular markers for sewage, these decreases are consistent with the recovery of sewage treatment plants in these areas. Early PAH concentrations at several locations were higher than the maximum concentrations in series B but also decreased. These high concentrations would have been derived from oil spills. The decreases of both LABs and PAHs indicate that these locations were affected by the tsunami but recovered. In contrast, later high concentrations of target compounds were detected sporadically at several locations. This pattern suggests that environmental pollution was caused by human activities, such as reconstruction. To understand the long-term trend of environmental pollution induced by the disaster, continuous monitoring along the Tohoku coast is required.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Terremotos
Monitoramento Ambiental
Poluentes Ambientais/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Japão
Bifenilos Policlorados/análise
Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos Policíclicos/análise
Análise Espaço-Temporal
Tsunamis
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Environmental Pollutants); 0 (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons); DFC2HB4I0K (Polychlorinated Biphenyls)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170816
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170816
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170522
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00244-017-0389-6


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[PMID]:28472254
[Au] Autor:Matsuyama Y; Aida J; Tsuboya T; Hikichi H; Kondo K; Kawachi I; Osaka K
[Ti] Título:Are Lowered Socioeconomic Circumstances Causally Related to Tooth Loss? A Natural Experiment Involving the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake.
[So] Source:Am J Epidemiol;186(1):54-62, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1476-6256
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Oral health status is correlated with socioeconomic status. However, the causal nature of the relationship is not established. Here we describe a natural experiment involving deteriorating socioeconomic circumstances following exposure to the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. We investigated the relationship between subjective economic deterioration and housing damage due to the disaster and tooth loss in a cohort of community-dwelling residents (n = 3,039), from whom we obtained information about socioeconomic status and health status in 2010 (i.e., predating the disaster). A follow-up survey was performed in 2013 (postdisaster), and 82.1% of the 4,380 eligible survivors responded. We estimated the impact of subjective economic deterioration and housing damage due to the disaster on tooth loss by fitting an instrumental variable probit model. Subjective economic deterioration and housing damage due to the disaster were significantly associated with 8.1% and 1.7% increases in the probability of tooth loss (probit coefficients were 0.469 (95% confidence interval: 0.065, 0.872) and 0.103 (95% confidence interval: 0.011, 0.196), respectively). In this natural experiment, we confirmed the causal relationship between deteriorating socioeconomic circumstances and tooth loss.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Terremotos
Habitação/estatística & dados numéricos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Perda de Dente/epidemiologia
Tsunamis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Causalidade
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Japão/epidemiologia
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/aje/kwx059


  8 / 735 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28419899
[Au] Autor:Kozak L; Niedzielski P
[Ad] Endereço:Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Analytical Chemistry, 89B Umultowska Street, 61-614, Poznan, Poland.
[Ti] Título:The long term tsunami impact: Evolution of iron speciation and major elements concentration in tsunami deposits from Thailand.
[So] Source:Chemosphere;181:37-43, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1298
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The article describes the unique studies of the chemical composition changes of new geological object (tsunami deposits in south Thailand - Andaman Sea Coast) during four years (2005-2008) from the beginning of formation of it (deposition of tsunami transported material, 26 December 2004). The chemical composition of the acid leachable fraction of the tsunami deposits has been studied in the scope of concentration macrocompounds - concentration of calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese and iron speciation - the occurrence of Fe(II), Fe(III) and non-ionic iron species described as complexed iron (Fe complex). The changes of chemical composition and iron speciation in the acid leachable fraction of tsunami deposits have been observed with not clear tendencies of changes direction. For iron speciation changes the transformation of the Fe complex to Fe(III) has been recorded with no significant changes of the level of Fe(II).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ferro/química
Tsunamis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cálcio/química
Compostos Férricos/química
Compostos Ferrosos/química
Magnésio/química
Manganês/química
Tailândia
Poluentes Químicos da Água
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Ferric Compounds); 0 (Ferrous Compounds); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); 42Z2K6ZL8P (Manganese); E1UOL152H7 (Iron); I38ZP9992A (Magnesium); SY7Q814VUP (Calcium)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170727
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170727
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170419
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28381196
[Au] Autor:Cerasuolo JO; Montero-Odasso M; Ibañez A; Doocy S; Lip GY; Sposato LA
[Ad] Endereço:1 Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, London, ON, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Decision-making interventions to stop the global atrial fibrillation-related stroke tsunami.
[So] Source:Int J Stroke;12(3):222-228, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1747-4949
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Atrial fibrillation affects 33.5 million people worldwide and its prevalence is expected to double by 2050 because of the aging population. Atrial fibrillation confers a 5-fold higher risk of ischemic stroke compared to sinus rhythm. We present our view of the role of shared medical decision-making to combat global underutilization of oral anticoagulation for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation patients. Oral anticoagulation underuse is widespread as it is present within atrial fibrillation patients of all risk strata and in countries across all income levels. Reasons for oral anticoagulation underuse include but are probably not limited to poor risk stratification, over-interpretation of contraindications, and discordance between physician prescription preferences and actual administration. By comparing a catastrophic event to the consequences of atrial fibrillation related strokes, it may help physicians and patients understand the negative outcomes associated with oral anticoagulation under-utilization and the magnitude to which oral anticoagulations neutralize atrial fibrillation burden.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico
Fibrilação Atrial/complicações
Fibrilação Atrial/prevenção & controle
Tomada de Decisão Clínica
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia
Recursos Audiovisuais
Pessoas com Deficiência
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Internacionalidade
Educação de Pacientes como Assunto
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
Tsunamis
Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia
Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anticoagulants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171010
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171010
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170407
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1747493016687579


  10 / 735 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28376117
[Au] Autor:Uekusa Y; Takatsuki S; Tsutsumi T; Akiyama H; Matsuda R; Teshima R; Hachisuka A; Watanabe T
[Ad] Endereço:National Institute of Health Sciences, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Determination of polychlorinated biphenyls in marine fish obtained from tsunami-stricken areas of Japan.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(4):e0174961, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We determined the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners in 101 marine fish obtained from tsunami-stricken areas following the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. In particular, to determine the degree of PCB contamination in the fish, we investigated the concentration of total PCB (∑PCB) and the proportions of 209 individual PCB congeners by high-resolution gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry. The ∑PCB concentration was 1.7-33 ng/g in fat greenling (n = 29), 0.44-25 ng/g in flounder (n = 36), and 1.6-86 ng/g in mackerel (n = 36), all values being much lower than the provisional regulatory limit in Japan. In the congener analysis, tetra-, penta-, hexa-, and hepta-chlorinated PCB congeners dominated in all samples (comprising over 86% of the ∑PCB). The proportions of the chlorinated PCB congeners were similar to the contamination patterns derived from Kanechlor in the environment, implying that the marine fish were not contaminated with fresh PCBs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Peixes/metabolismo
Contaminação de Alimentos/análise
Bifenilos Policlorados/análise
Tsunamis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Organismos Aquáticos/metabolismo
Desastres
Monitoramento Ambiental
Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas
Análise de Perigos e Pontos Críticos de Controle
Japão
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); DFC2HB4I0K (Polychlorinated Biphenyls)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170828
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170828
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170405
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0174961



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