Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : G01.374 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28450249
[Au] Autor:Kurt A; Toker OS; Tornuk F
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Food Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Ondokuz Mayis University, 55139, Samsun, Turkey; Department of Food Engineering, Engineering and Architecture Faculty, Bitlis Eren University, 13000 Bitlis, Turkey. Electronic address: abdullahkurt48@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Effect of xanthan and locust bean gum synergistic interaction on characteristics of biodegradable edible film.
[So] Source:Int J Biol Macromol;102:1035-1044, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0003
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present study was aimed to use different combinations of xanthan (XG) and locust bean gum (LBG) in the biodegradable edible film preparation by benefitting from their synergistic interactions for the first time. Concentrations of LBG, XG and glycerol of the optimized film sample were found to be 89.6%, 10.4% and 20%, respectively. At the optimum point the WVP, TS, E% and EM values of film were found 0.22gmmh m kPa, 86.97MPa, 33.34% and 177.25MPa, respectively. The optimized film was characterized for its physical, thermal and structural behavior. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses exhibited miscibility and presence of interaction between polymers. In conclusion, XG and LBG interaction was used successfully to get biodegradable films and coatings with improved characteristics.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Materiais Biocompatíveis/química
Galactanos/química
Mananas/química
Gomas Vegetais/química
Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/química
Embalagem de Produtos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Materiais Biocompatíveis/metabolismo
Composição de Medicamentos
Glicerol/química
Fenômenos Mecânicos
Permeabilidade
Reologia
Vapor
Temperatura Ambiente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biocompatible Materials); 0 (Galactans); 0 (Mannans); 0 (Plant Gums); 0 (Polysaccharides, Bacterial); 0 (Steam); PDC6A3C0OX (Glycerol); TTV12P4NEE (xanthan gum); V4716MY704 (locust bean gum)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28450246
[Au] Autor:Günes S; Tihminlioglu F
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate Program of Biogineering, Izmir Institute of Technology, Izmir, 35430, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Hypericum perforatum incorporated chitosan films as potential bioactive wound dressing material.
[So] Source:Int J Biol Macromol;102:933-943, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0003
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Recent studies in wound dressing applications offer new therapies and promote wound healing process. The aim of this study was to develop Hypericum perforatum (St John's Wort) oil incorporated chitosan films for wound dressing applications. H. perforatum oil as a potential therapeutic agent was encapsulated in chitosan film to achieve a better wound dressing material. Oil incorporated chitosan films were successfully prepared by solvent casting method in different oil concentrations (0.25-1.5%v/v). Water vapor permeability (WVP), mechanical test, swelling behavior and surface hydrophobicity were performed in order to characterize the prepared films. Antimicrobial test was performed by disc diffusion method and the growth inhibition effects of the films including different amount of H. perforatum oil were investigated on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. WVP increased with oil incorporation and the highest value was obtained for 0.25% oil concentration.The highest strain value was obtained in 0.25% oil content films although tensile stress decreased with increasing oil content. H. perforatum oil incorporated films had antimicrobial effect on both microorganisms. Chitosan based films had no cytotoxic effects on NIH3T3fibroblast cells and provided a good surface for cell attachment and proliferation. The results showed that the H. perforatum incorporated chitosan films seems to be a potential and novel biomaterial for wound healing applications.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bandagens
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química
Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia
Quitosana/química
Hypericum/química
Óleos Vegetais/química
Cicatrização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Anti-Infecciosos/química
Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia
Bandagens/microbiologia
Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Proliferação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Fenômenos Mecânicos
Camundongos
Células NIH 3T3
Permeabilidade
Vapor
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Infective Agents); 0 (Biocompatible Materials); 0 (Plant Oils); 0 (Steam); 9012-76-4 (Chitosan)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27774855
[Au] Autor:Yin S; Xia Y; Jia Q; Hou ZS; Zhang N
[Ad] Endereço:a Collaborative Innovation Center of Functionalized Probes for Chemical Imaging in Universities of Shandong, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science , Shandong Normal University , Jinan , China.
[Ti] Título:Preparation and properties of biomedical segmented polyurethanes based on poly(ether ester) and uniform-size diurethane diisocyanates.
[So] Source:J Biomater Sci Polym Ed;28(1):119-138, 2017 01.
[Is] ISSN:1568-5624
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study describes the preparation and properties of a novel aliphatic cost-effective segmented polyurethanes (SPUs) based on poly(ether ester) (poly-(ε-caprolactone-co-l-lactide)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly-(ε-caprolactone-co-l-lactide), PECLA) and uniform-size diurethane diisocyanates (HDI-BDO-HDI). PECLA was synthesized via bulk ring-opening polymerization with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as an initiator and ε-caprolactone, l-lactide as monomers. By chain extension of PECLA diol with HDI-BDO-HDI, three SPUs with different hydrophilic segments content and hard segments content were obtained. The chemical structures of the chain extender, PECLA and SPUs were confirmed by H NMR, C NMR, FT-IR, HR-TOF-MS and GPC. The influences of PEG content and uniform-size hard segments on in vitro degradability and mechanical properties of SPU films were researched. Similar thermostability observed in TGA curves of SPU films indicated that the hard segments and PEG content had little influence on the thermostability. The formation of microsphase-separated morphologies, which were demonstrated by the results of DSC and XRD, and physical-linking (H-bonds) network structures led to better mechanical properties of SPU films (ultimate stress: 23.1-17.9 MPa; elongation at break: 840-1130%). The results of water absorption and water contact angle showed that the bulk and surface hydrophilicity were closely related with the hydrophilic PEG content in SPU backbone. And the water absorption being less than 10 wt% indicated that the SPU films had low swelling property. In vitro hydrolytic degradation studies showed that the time of the SPU films becoming fragments was 34-19 days and the degradation rate increased with the increasing content of hydrophilic segments in SPUs, indicating that the degradation rate of SPU films could be controlled by adjusting PEG content. Cytotoxicity test of film extracts were conducted using L929 cells, and the relative growth rate exceeded 90% after incubation for 24, 48 and 72 h, showing excellent cytocompatibility. The acceptable mechanical properties, controllable biodegradability and excellent cytocompatibility of the polyurethanes can make them good candidates for further biomedical applications.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Materiais Biocompatíveis/química
Éter/química
Poliésteres/química
Polietilenoglicóis/química
Poliuretanos/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adsorção
Animais
Materiais Biocompatíveis/toxicidade
Bovinos
Linhagem Celular
Estabilidade de Medicamentos
Fenômenos Mecânicos
Camundongos
Soroalbumina Bovina/química
Temperatura Ambiente
Água/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biocompatible Materials); 0 (Polyesters); 0 (Polyurethanes); 0 (poly(epsilon-caprolactone-co-lactide)-poly(ethylene glycol)); 059QF0KO0R (Water); 0F5N573A2Y (Ether); 27432CM55Q (Serum Albumin, Bovine); 30IQX730WE (Polyethylene Glycols)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161104
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28747396
[Au] Autor:Vernerey F; Shen T
[Ad] Endereço:Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado Boulder, 427 UCB, Boulder, CO, USA franck.vernerey@colorado.edu.
[Ti] Título:The mechanics of hydrogel crawlers in confined environment.
[So] Source:J R Soc Interface;14(132), 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1742-5662
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We present theoretical and experimental results regarding the development of temperature-sensitive hydrogel particles that can display self-motility in confined channels. Inspired by the motility of living organisms such as larva, the motion of the particle relies on the combination of two key mechanisms. The first, referred to as actuation, is enabled by the cyclic extension and retraction of the particle owing to oscillations of its temperature around the so-called lower critical solution temperature. The second, referred to as symmetry breaking, transforms the isotropic particle actuation into a directed motion owing to the asymmetric friction properties of the channel's surface. The role of particle confinement in these processes is, however, less intuitive and displays an optimal value at which the particle's step size is maximum. These observations are supported by a model that identifies the underlying locomotion mechanisms and predicts the dependency of the particle motion efficiency on the confinement condition, as well as frictional properties of the substrate. Our analysis suggests that the existence of a lubrication layer around the particle hinders its motion at low confinement, while an excessive degree of confinement is detrimental to the particle's overall deformation and, thus, to its locomotion efficiency.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hidrogéis
Fenômenos Mecânicos
Modelos Teóricos
Movimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Insetos/fisiologia
Larva/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hydrogels)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28464119
[Au] Autor:Cruz MA; McAnany S; Gupta N; Long RG; Nasser P; Eglin D; Hecht AC; Illien-Junger S; Iatridis JC
[Ad] Endereço:Leni and Peter W. May Department of Orthopaedics, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1188, New York, NY 10029.
[Ti] Título:Structural and Chemical Modification to Improve Adhesive and Material Properties of Fibrin-Genipin for Repair of Annulus Fibrosus Defects in Intervertebral Disks.
[So] Source:J Biomech Eng;139(8), 2017 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:1528-8951
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Annulus fibrosus (AF) defects from intervertebral disk (IVD) herniation and degeneration are commonly associated with back pain. Genipin-crosslinked fibrin hydrogel (FibGen) is an injectable, space-filling AF sealant that was optimized to match AF shear properties and partially restored IVD biomechanics. This study aimed to enhance mechanical behaviors of FibGen to more closely match AF compressive, tensile, and shear properties by adjusting genipin crosslink density and by creating a composite formulation by adding Poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PDLGA). This study also evaluated effects of thrombin concentration and injection technique on gelation kinetics and adhesive strength. Increasing FibGen genipin concentration from 1 to 36 mg/mL significantly increased adhesive strength (∼5 to 35 kPa), shear moduli (∼10 to 110 kPa), and compressive moduli (∼25 to 150 kPa) with concentration-dependent effects, and spanning native AF properties. Adding PDLGA to FibGen altered the material microstructure on electron microscopy and nearly tripled adhesive strength, but did not increase tensile moduli, which remained nearly 5× below native AF, and had a small increase in shear moduli and significantly decreased compressive moduli. Increased thrombin concentration decreased gelation rate to < 5 min and injection methods providing a structural FibGen cap increased pushout strength by ∼40%. We conclude that FibGen is highly modifiable with tunable mechanical properties that can be formulated to be compatible with human AF compressive and shear properties and gelation kinetics and injection techniques compatible with clinical discectomy procedures. However, further innovations, perhaps with more efficient fiber reinforcement, will be required to enable FibGen to match AF tensile properties.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anel Fibroso/efeitos dos fármacos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química
Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia
Fibrina/química
Iridoides/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adesividade
Teste de Materiais
Fenômenos Mecânicos
Poliglactina 910/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biocompatible Materials); 0 (Iridoids); 34346-01-5 (Polyglactin 910); 9001-31-4 (Fibrin); A3V2NE52YG (genipin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1115/1.4036623


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[PMID]:28462429
[Au] Autor:Brandão S; Parente M; Da Roza TH; Silva E; Ramos IM; Mascarenhas T; Natal Jorge RM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Radiology, Centro Hospitalar de São João-EPE (CHSJ-EPE)/Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Alameda Professor Hernâni Monteiro, Porto 4200-319, Portugal;Associated Laboratory for Energy, Transports and Aeronautics (LAETA), Institute of Science and Innovation in Mechanical and Ind
[Ti] Título:On the Stiffness of the Mesh and Urethral Mobility: A Finite Element Analysis.
[So] Source:J Biomech Eng;139(8), 2017 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:1528-8951
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Midurethral slings are used to correct urethral hypermobility in female stress urinary incontinence (SUI), defined as the complaint of involuntary urine leakage when the intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is increased. Structural and thermal features influence their mechanical properties, which may explain postoperative complications, e.g., erosion and urethral obstruction. We studied the effect of the mesh stiffness on urethral mobility at Valsalva maneuver, under impairment of the supporting structures (levator ani and/or ligaments), by using a numerical model. For that purpose, we modeled a sling with "lower" versus "higher" stiffness and evaluated the mobility of the bladder and urethra, that of the urethrovesical junction (the α-angle), and the force exerted at the fixation of the sling. The effect of impaired levator ani or pubourethral ligaments (PUL) alone on the organs displacement and α-angle opening was similar, showing their important role together on urethral stabilization. When the levator ani and all the ligaments were simulated as impaired, the descent of the bladder and urethra went up to 25.02 mm, that of the bladder neck was 14.57 mm, and the α-angle was 129.7 deg, in the range of what was found in women with SUI. Both meshes allowed returning to normal positioning, although at the cost of higher force exerted by the mesh with higher stiffness (3.4 N against 2.3 N), which can relate to tissue erosion. This finite element analysis allowed mimicking the biomechanical response of the pelvic structures in response to changing a material property of the midurethral synthetic mesh.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Análise de Elementos Finitos
Fenômenos Mecânicos
Movimento
Slings Suburetrais
Uretra/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Uretra/diagnóstico por imagem
Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/terapia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1115/1.4036606


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[PMID]:29381716
[Au] Autor:Paul CPL; Smit TH; de Graaf M; Holewijn RM; Bisschop A; van de Ven PM; Mullender MG; Helder MN; Strijkers GJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Quantitative MRI in early intervertebral disc degeneration: T1rho correlates better than T2 and ADC with biomechanics, histology and matrix content.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191442, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Low-back pain (LBP) has been correlated to the presence of intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration on T2-weighted (T2w) MRI. It remains challenging, however, to accurately stage degenerative disc disease (DDD) based on T2w MRI and measurements of IVD height, particularly for early DDD. Several quantitative MRI techniques have been introduced to detect changes in matrix composition signifying early DDD. In this study, we correlated quantitative T2, T1rho and Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) values to disc mechanical behavior and gold standard early DDD markers in a graded degenerated lumbar IVD caprine model, to assess their potential for early DDD detection. METHODS: Lumbar caprine IVDs were injected with either 0.25 U/ml or 0.5 U/ml Chondroïtinase ABC (Cabc) to trigger early DDD-like degeneration. Injection with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) served as control. IVDs were cultured in a bioreactor for 20 days under axial physiological loading. High-resolution 9.4 T MR images were obtained prior to intervention and after culture. Quantitative MR results were correlated to recovery behavior, histological degeneration grading, and the content of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and water. RESULTS: Cabc-injected IVDs showed aberrancies in biomechanics and loss of GAGs without changes in water-content. All MR sequences detected changes in matrix composition, with T1rho showing largest changes pre-to-post in the nucleus, and significantly more than T2 and ADC. Histologically, degeneration due to Cabc injection was mild. T1rho nucleus values correlated strongest with altered biomechanics, histological degeneration score, and loss of GAGs. CONCLUSIONS: T2- and T1rho quantitative MR-mapping detected early DDD changes. T1rho nucleus values correlated better than T2 and ADC with biomechanical, histological, and GAG changes. Clinical implementation of quantitative MRI, T1rho particularly, could aid in distinguishing DDD more reliably at an earlier stage in the degenerative process.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Fenômenos Mecânicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Progressão da Doença
Feminino
Glicosaminoglicanos/metabolismo
Cabras
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/fisiopatologia
Razão Sinal-Ruído
Fatores de Tempo
Água/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Glycosaminoglycans); 059QF0KO0R (Water)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191442


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[PMID]:29357386
[Au] Autor:Párraga Ros E; Correa-Martín L; Sánchez-Margallo FM; Candanosa-Aranda IE; Malbrain MLNG; Wise R; Latorre R; López Albors O; Castellanos G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anatomy and Comparative Pathology, Veterinary Faculty, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Time-course evaluation of intestinal structural disorders in a porcine model of intra-abdominal hypertension by mechanical intestinal obstruction.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191420, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: A mechanical intestinal obstruction (MIO) can generate intraabdominal hypertension (IAH) that is life threatening. The intestines are very sensitive to IAH since the low splanchnic perfusion causes intestinal hypoxia, local acidosis and bacterial translocations. This may lead to acute intestinal distress syndrome (AIDS). The identification of intestinal injuries during IAH and its correlation with clinical parameters as the abdominal perfusion pressure (APP), the gastric intramucosal pH (pHi) and lactic acid (Lc) are still unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the sequence of intestinal histopathological findings in an MIO model and to analyze potential relationships with parameters currently used in clinical practice (APP, pHi and Lc). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty pigs were divided into three groups: a control group (n = 5) and two experimental groups with 20 mmHg (G1, n = 10) and 30 mmHg (G2, n = 5) of IAH by MIO. The pressures were maintained for 3 hours, except in 5 animals in G1 where it was maintained for 5 hours. The APP, pHi and LA were recorded and biopsies of the terminal ileum were taken every 30 minutes in all groups. The intestinal damage was graded according to the Park Score. RESULTS: Intestinal injuries were found in 42.9% of pigs in the experimental groups. The lesions were independent of the level and duration of IAH. Although APP and pHi were slightly lower in injured animals (I +) of G1 and G2, there were no significant differences among those uninjured (I-). Lc was significantly increased in all I+ pigs from the onset of IAH. CONCLUSION: The IAH by MIO causes intestinal lesions from the first 30 minutes with concurrent decreases in APP and pHi and increases in Lc. Lc could be the best clinical parameter related to intestinal damages with a clear difference between I + and I- animals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Obstrução Intestinal/complicações
Intestinos/patologia
Hipertensão Intra-Abdominal/complicações
Hipertensão Intra-Abdominal/patologia
Fenômenos Mecânicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Modelos Animais de Doenças
Feminino
Suínos
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180123
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191420


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[PMID]:29339793
[Au] Autor:Hua Q; Sun J; Liu H; Bao R; Yu R; Zhai J; Pan C; Wang ZL
[Ad] Endereço:CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and Nanosystems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100083, China.
[Ti] Título:Skin-inspired highly stretchable and conformable matrix networks for multifunctional sensing.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;9(1):244, 2018 01 16.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Mechanosensation electronics (or Electronic skin, e-skin) consists of mechanically flexible and stretchable sensor networks that can detect and quantify various stimuli to mimic the human somatosensory system, with the sensations of touch, heat/cold, and pain in skin through various sensory receptors and neural pathways. Here we present a skin-inspired highly stretchable and conformable matrix network (SCMN) that successfully expands the e-skin sensing functionality including but not limited to temperature, in-plane strain, humidity, light, magnetic field, pressure, and proximity. The actualized specific expandable sensor units integrated on a structured polyimide network, potentially in three-dimensional (3D) integration scheme, can also fulfill simultaneous multi-stimulus sensing and achieve an adjustable sensing range and large-area expandability. We further construct a personalized intelligent prosthesis and demonstrate its use in real-time spatial pressure mapping and temperature estimation. Looking forward, this SCMN has broader applications in humanoid robotics, new prosthetics, human-machine interfaces, and health-monitoring technologies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fenômenos Mecânicos
Sensação/fisiologia
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Pele
Pele/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos
Seres Humanos
Umidade
Campos Magnéticos
Mecanotransdução Celular/fisiologia
Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
Pressão
Pele/citologia
Pele/ultraestrutura
Temperatura Ambiente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-017-02685-9


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[PMID]:28282753
[Au] Autor:Maier T; Müller B; Schmid L; Steiner T; Wehrlin JP
[Ad] Endereço:a Swiss Federal Institute of Sport, Section for Elite Sport , Magglingen , Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Reliability of the virtual elevation method to evaluate rolling resistance of different mountain bike cross-country tyres.
[So] Source:J Sports Sci;36(2):156-161, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1466-447X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although a low rolling resistance is advantageous in mountain bike cross-country racing, no studies have used the virtual elevation method to compare tyres from different manufacturers as used in international competitions so far. The aims of this study were to assess the reliability of this method, to compare the off-road rolling resistance between tyres and to calculate the influence on off-road speed. Nine 29-in. mountain bike cross-country tyres were tested on a course representing typical ground surface conditions 5 or 6 times. The coefficient of rolling resistance was estimated with the virtual elevation method by 3 investigators and corresponding off-road speeds were calculated. The virtual elevation method was highly reliable (typical error = 0.0006, 2.8%; limits of agreement <0.0005, r ≥ 0.98). The mean coefficient of rolling resistance was 0.0219 and differed from 0.0205 to 0.0237 (P < 0.001) between tyres. The calculated differences in off-road speed amounted to 2.9-3.2% (0% slope) and 2.3-2.4% (10% slope) between the slowest and the fastest tyre. The reliability of the method and the differences in rolling resistance between the tyres illustrate the value of testing tyres for important competitions on a representative ground surface using the virtual elevation method.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciclismo
Modelos Estatísticos
Equipamentos Esportivos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Meio Ambiente
Desenho de Equipamento
Seres Humanos
Fenômenos Mecânicos
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Propriedades de Superfície
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170312
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02640414.2017.1287935



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