Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : G01.536 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 1266 [refinar]
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[PMID]:29176852
[Au] Autor:Xiao Q; Liu H; Feldman MW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Management Engineering, Engineering University of CAPF, Xi'an, China.
[Ti] Título:How does trust affect acceptance of a nuclear power plant (NPP): A survey among people living with Qinshan NPP in China.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(11):e0187941, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It is difficult to know whether different dimensions of trust have different effects on local residents' acceptance of nuclear power plants (NPPs). In previous research such trust has been considered as a single dimensional concept. This paper divides trust into goodwill trust and competence trust, and we explore the ways in which trust affects acceptance of NPPs through structural equation modeling. A survey of 491 people was conducted in Haiyan County, China, where the Qinshan nuclear power plant is located. We find that goodwill trust is significantly correlated with competence trust, and each can indirectly promote residents' acceptance of NPPs but by different paths. Goodwill trust improves acceptance of NPPs by decreasing risk perception, while competence trust improves acceptance of NPPs by increasing benefit perception. However, the associations between goodwill trust and benefit perception, competence trust and risk perception, are not significant.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Centrais Nucleares
Inquéritos e Questionários
Confiança
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
China
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Modelos Teóricos
Energia Nuclear
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0187941


  2 / 1266 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29016642
[Au] Autor:Seidl R; Moser C; Blumer Y
[Ad] Endereço:ETH Zurich, D-USYS Transdisciplinarity Lab, Zurich, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Navigating behavioral energy sufficiency. Results from a survey in Swiss cities on potential behavior change.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0185963, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Many countries have some kind of energy-system transformation either planned or ongoing for various reasons, such as to curb carbon emissions or to compensate for the phasing out of nuclear energy. One important component of these transformations is the overall reduction in energy demand. It is generally acknowledged that the domestic sector represents a large share of total energy consumption in many countries. Increased energy efficiency is one factor that reduces energy demand, but behavioral approaches (known as "sufficiency") and their respective interventions also play important roles. In this paper, we address citizens' heterogeneity regarding both their current behaviors and their willingness to realize their sufficiency potentials-that is, to reduce their energy consumption through behavioral change. We collaborated with three Swiss cities for this study. A survey conducted in the three cities yielded thematic sets of energy-consumption behavior that various groups of participants rated differently. Using this data, we identified four groups of participants with different patterns of both current behaviors and sufficiency potentials. The paper discusses intervention types and addresses citizens' heterogeneity and behaviors from a city-based perspective.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento
Dióxido de Carbono/toxicidade
Mudança Climática
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cidades
Combustíveis Fósseis/toxicidade
Seres Humanos
Energia Nuclear
Inquéritos e Questionários
Suíça
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fossil Fuels); 142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171011
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185963


  3 / 1266 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28971825
[Au] Autor:Abdel-Wahab M; Lahoupe B; Polo A; Zubizarreta E; Adnan RR; Johnston P; Juric A; Haffar FE; Andre M; Meghzifene A
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Human Health, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: wahabmay@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Assessment of cancer control capacity and readiness: the role of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
[So] Source:Lancet Oncol;18(10):e587-e594, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1474-5488
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:During the past six decades, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has helped to address the growing cancer burden, by delivering substantial cancer-related assistance to low-income and middle-income member states. IAEA assistance has primarily been facilitated through sustainable radiotherapy and nuclear medicine programmes to establish safe and effective diagnostic imaging, nuclear medicine, and radiotherapy capacity to safely treat patients with cancer. Planning of a National Cancer Control Programme starts with a needs assessment of all aspects of cancer control in the country to ensure evidence-based strategies are adapted to the country's specific needs. The IAEA offers its member states a tool, known as an integrated mission of Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy Review, to assess the status of national capacities for implementation and delivery of cancer control plans and activities and the readiness to develop and implement a long-term radiation medicine infrastructure and plan to improve capacity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agências Internacionais/organização & administração
Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem
Neoplasias/radioterapia
Energia Nuclear
Radioterapia (Especialidade)/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Países em Desenvolvimento
Feminino
Planejamento em Saúde/organização & administração
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde
Medicina Nuclear
Peru
Medição de Risco
Papel (Figurativo)
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171004
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 1266 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28749952
[Au] Autor:Merk B; Litskevich D; Bankhead M; Taylor RJ
[Ad] Endereço:University of Liverpool, School of Engineering, Liverpool, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:An innovative way of thinking nuclear waste management - Neutron physics of a reactor directly operating on SNF.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0180703, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A solution for the nuclear waste problem is the key challenge for an extensive use of nuclear reactors as a major carbon free, sustainable, and applied highly reliable energy source. Partitioning and Transmutation (P&T) promises a solution for improved waste management. Current strategies rely on systems designed in the 60's for the massive production of plutonium. We propose an innovative strategic development plan based on invention and innovation described with the concept of developments in s-curves identifying the current boundary conditions, and the evolvable objectives. This leads to the ultimate, universal vision for energy production characterized by minimal use of resources and production of waste, while being economically affordable and safe, secure and reliable in operation. This vision is transformed into a mission for a disruptive development of the future nuclear energy system operated by burning of existing spent nuclear fuel (SNF) without prior reprocessing. This highly innovative approach fulfils the sustainability goals and creates new options for P&T. A proof on the feasibility from neutronic point of view is given demonstrating sufficient breeding of fissile material from the inserted SNF. The system does neither require new resources nor produce additional waste, thus it provides a highly sustainable option for a future nuclear system fulfilling the requests of P&T as side effect. In addition, this nuclear system provides enhanced resistance against misuse of Pu and a significantly reduced fuel cycle. However, the new system requires a demand driven rethinking of the separation process to be efficient.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Invenções
Nêutrons
Energia Nuclear
Reatores Nucleares
Resíduos Radioativos
Gerenciamento de Resíduos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Simulação por Computador
Temperatura Alta
Radioisótopos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Radioactive Waste); 0 (Radioisotopes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171009
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171009
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180703


  5 / 1266 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28358107
[Au] Autor:Wilsdon J
[Ti] Título:Brexit must preserve advisory networks.
[So] Source:Nature;543(7647):591, 2017 03 29.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comitês Consultivos/legislação & jurisprudência
Comitês Consultivos/organização & administração
União Europeia/organização & administração
Governo Federal
Cooperação Internacional/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comitês Consultivos/tendências
Animais
Indústria Farmacêutica/economia
Indústria Farmacêutica/organização & administração
Política Ambiental/legislação & jurisprudência
Regulamentação Governamental
Seres Humanos
Energia Nuclear/legislação & jurisprudência
Formulação de Políticas
Reino Unido
Medicina Veterinária/organização & administração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170810
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170810
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170331
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/543591a


  6 / 1266 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28197650
[Au] Autor:Bicer Y; Dincer I; Vezina G; Raso F
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, ON, Canada, L1H 7K4. yusuf.bicer@uoit.ca.
[Ti] Título:Impact Assessment and Environmental Evaluation of Various Ammonia Production Processes.
[So] Source:Environ Manage;59(5):842-855, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1009
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the current study, conventional resources-based ammonia generation routes are comparatively studied through a comprehensive life cycle assessment. The selected ammonia generation options range from mostly used steam methane reforming to partial oxidation of heavy oil. The chosen ammonia synthesis process is the most common commercially available Haber-Bosch process. The essential energy input for the methods are used from various conventional resources such as coal, nuclear, natural gas and heavy oil. Using the life cycle assessment methodology, the environmental impacts of selected methods are identified and quantified from cradle to gate. The life cycle assessment outcomes of the conventional resources based ammonia production routes show that nuclear electrolysis-based ammonia generation method yields the lowest global warming and climate change impacts while the coal-based electrolysis options bring higher environmental problems. The calculated greenhouse gas emission from nuclear-based electrolysis is 0.48 kg CO equivalent while it is 13.6 kg CO per kg of ammonia for coal-based electrolysis method.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Amônia
Meio Ambiente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dióxido de Carbono/análise
Indústria Química
Mudança Climática
Carvão Mineral
Metano
Energia Nuclear
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Coal); 142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide); 7664-41-7 (Ammonia); OP0UW79H66 (Methane)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00267-017-0831-6


  7 / 1266 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27906856
[Au] Autor:Deas SD; Huprikar N; Skabelund A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas, USA.
[Ti] Título:Radiation exposure and lung disease in today's nuclear world.
[So] Source:Curr Opin Pulm Med;23(2):167-172, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1531-6971
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ionizing radiation poses important health risks. The per capita annual dose rate has increased in the United States and there is increasing concern for the risks posed by low-dose occupational exposure among workers in nuclear industries and healthcare. Recent nuclear accidents and concern for terrorism have heightened concern for catastrophic, high-dose ionizing radiation exposure. This review will highlight recent research into the risks to lung health posed by ionizing radiation exposure and into potential treatments. RECENT FINDINGS: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and some antioxidants have shown promise as mitigators, to decrease pneumonitis and fibrosis when given after exposure. Studies of survivors of nuclear catastrophes have shown increased risk for lung cancer, especially in nonsmokers. There is evidence for increased lung cancer risk in industrial radiation workers, especially those who process plutonium and may inhale radioactive particles. There does not seem to be an increased risk of lung cancer in healthcare workers who perform fluoroscopic procedures. SUMMARY: High-dose ionizing radiation exposure causes pneumonitis and fibrosis, and more research is needed to develop mitigators to improve outcomes in nuclear catastrophes. Long-term, low-dose occupational radiation may increase lung cancer risk. More research to better define this risk could lead to improved safety protocols and screening programs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pneumopatias/epidemiologia
Centrais Nucleares
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
Exposição à Radiação/efeitos adversos
Radiação Ionizante
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pessoal de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Pneumopatias/etiologia
Masculino
Energia Nuclear/estatística & dados numéricos
Centrais Nucleares/estatística & dados numéricos
Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos
Exposição à Radiação/estatística & dados numéricos
Risco
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MCP.0000000000000349


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[PMID]:27906780
[Au] Autor:Basu S; Banerjee S
[Ad] Endereço:aRadiation Medicine Centre, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tata Memorial Hospital Annexe, Parel, Mumbai bHomi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, India.
[Ti] Título:Developing a dedicated comprehensive α-radionuclide therapy program: should this be the vision of the atomic energy programs in the next decade?
[So] Source:Nucl Med Commun;38(2):103-105, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1473-5628
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Partículas alfa/uso terapêutico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Energia Nuclear
Medicina Nuclear/tendências
Radioisótopos/uso terapêutico
Geradores de Radionuclídeos
Pesquisa Médica Translacional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Radioisotopes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MNM.0000000000000626


  9 / 1266 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27846757
[Au] Autor:van der Merwe D; Van Dyk J; Healy B; Zubizarreta E; Izewska J; Mijnheer B; Meghzifene A
[Ad] Endereço:a Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, University of the Witwatersrand , Johannesburg , South Africa.
[Ti] Título:Accuracy requirements and uncertainties in radiotherapy: a report of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
[So] Source:Acta Oncol;56(1):1-6, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1651-226X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Radiotherapy technology continues to advance and the expectation of improved outcomes requires greater accuracy in various radiotherapy steps. Different factors affect the overall accuracy of dose delivery. Institutional comprehensive quality assurance (QA) programs should ensure that uncertainties are maintained at acceptable levels. The International Atomic Energy Agency has recently developed a report summarizing the accuracy achievable and the suggested action levels, for each step in the radiotherapy process. Overview of the report: The report seeks to promote awareness and encourage quantification of uncertainties in order to promote safer and more effective patient treatments. The radiotherapy process and the radiobiological and clinical frameworks that define the need for accuracy are depicted. Factors that influence uncertainty are described for a range of techniques, technologies and systems. Methodologies for determining and combining uncertainties are presented, and strategies for reducing uncertainties through QA programs are suggested. The role of quality audits in providing international benchmarking of achievable accuracy and realistic action levels is also discussed. RECOMMENDATIONS: The report concludes with nine general recommendations: (1) Radiotherapy should be applied as accurately as reasonably achievable, technical and biological factors being taken into account. (2) For consistency in prescribing, reporting and recording, recommendations of the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements should be implemented. (3) Each institution should determine uncertainties for their treatment procedures. Sample data are tabulated for typical clinical scenarios with estimates of the levels of accuracy that are practically achievable and suggested action levels. (4) Independent dosimetry audits should be performed regularly. (5) Comprehensive quality assurance programs should be in place. (6) Professional staff should be appropriately educated and adequate staffing levels should be maintained. (7) For reporting purposes, uncertainties should be presented. (8) Manufacturers should provide training on all equipment. (9) Research should aid in improving the accuracy of radiotherapy. Some example research projects are suggested.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Benchmarking
Neoplasias/radioterapia
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas
Controle de Qualidade
Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Agências Internacionais
Energia Nuclear
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161117
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/0284186X.2016.1246801


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[PMID]:27882951
[Au] Autor:Long JC
[Ti] Título:Trump: keep climate plans to boost jobs.
[So] Source:Nature;539(7630):495, 2016 11 24.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emprego/tendências
Governo Federal
Aquecimento Global/legislação & jurisprudência
Aquecimento Global/prevenção & controle
Cooperação Internacional
Gás Natural/economia
Política
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dióxido de Carbono/análise
Dióxido de Carbono/isolamento & purificação
Sequestro de Carbono
Emprego/economia
Aquecimento Global/economia
Gás Natural/provisão & distribuição
Energia Nuclear/legislação & jurisprudência
Centrais Elétricas/legislação & jurisprudência
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Natural Gas); 142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170314
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170314
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/539495b



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