Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : G03.295.154 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 6531 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 654 ir para página                         

  1 / 6531 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29295982
[Au] Autor:Auer SK; Dick CA; Metcalfe NB; Reznick DN
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK. sonya.auer@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Metabolic rate evolves rapidly and in parallel with the pace of life history.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;9(1):14, 2018 01 02.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Metabolic rates and life history strategies are both thought to set the "pace of life", but whether they evolve in tandem is not well understood. Here, using a common garden experiment that compares replicate paired populations, we show that Trinidadian guppy (Poecilia reticulata) populations that evolved a fast-paced life history in high-predation environments have consistently higher metabolic rates than guppies that evolved a slow-paced life history in low-predation environments. Furthermore, by transplanting guppies from high- to low-predation environments, we show that metabolic rate evolves in parallel with the pace of life history, at a rapid rate, and in the same direction as found for naturally occurring populations. Together, these multiple lines of inference provide evidence for a tight evolutionary coupling between metabolism and the pace of life history.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Metabolismo Basal/genética
Traços de História de Vida
Poecilia/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Masculino
Poecilia/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Poecilia/metabolismo
Gravidez
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180104
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-017-02514-z


  2 / 6531 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28743284
[Au] Autor:Ali N; Mahmood S; Manirujjaman M; Perveen R; Al Nahid A; Ahmed S; Khanum FA; Rahman M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, 3114, Bangladesh. nur_rubd@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:Hypertension prevalence and influence of basal metabolic rate on blood pressure among adult students in Bangladesh.
[So] Source:BMC Public Health;18(1):58, 2017 07 25.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2458
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a global health issue and is currently increasing at rapid pace in South Asian countries including Bangladesh. Although, some studies on hypertension have been conducted in Bangladesh, there is a lack of scientific evidence in the adult student population that was missing from the previous and recent national cross-sectional studies. Moreover, the specific risk factors of hypertension in the Bangladeshi adults still need to be investigated. This study was conducted to estimate hypertension prevalence among adult students in Bangladesh and to test the hypothesis of Luke et al. (Hypertension 43:555-560, 2004) that basal metabolic rate (BMR) and blood pressure are positively associated independent of body size. METHOD: The data was collected on 184 adult university students (118 female and 66 male) in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Anthropometric, BMR details and an average of at least two blood pressure measurements were obtained. Hypertension was defined by a systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg and/or, diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg. RESULTS: Overall, 6.5% of participants had hypertension with significantly (p < 0.001) higher prevalence in male (12.1%) than in the female (3.4%) students. Age and BMI showed positive and significant correlation with hypertension among the students. When adjusted for body mass index (BMI), as well as other potentially confounding variables such as age, sex, smoking status and degree of urbanization, BMR was positively correlated with SBP and DBP (p < 0.001). Thus, higher BMR is associated with SBP and DBP; this is opposite the well documented inverse relationship between physical activity and blood pressure. If the influence of BMR on blood pressure is confirmed, the systematically elevated BMR might be an important predictor that can explain relatively high blood pressure and hypertension in humans. CONCLUSION: This study reports the prevalence and associated risk factors of hypertension in the Bangladeshi adult students. The study also showed a positive association between BMR and blood pressure among the participants. A large scale longitudinal study across the country is needed to find out the underlying causes of hypertension in the Bangladeshi adults. In addition, comprehensive and integrated intervention programs focusing on modifiable risk factors are recommended to make awareness and prevent hypertension.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Metabolismo Basal/fisiologia
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia
Hipertensão/epidemiologia
Hipertensão/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Bangladesh/epidemiologia
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Índia
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Estudantes
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180210
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180210
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170727
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12889-017-4617-9


  3 / 6531 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28465219
[Au] Autor:Sung KH; Chung CY; Lee KM; Cho BC; Moon SJ; Kim J; Park MS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Sungnam, Korea.
[Ti] Título:Differences in Body Composition According to Gross Motor Function in Children With Cerebral Palsy.
[So] Source:Arch Phys Med Rehabil;98(11):2295-2300, 2017 11.
[Is] ISSN:1532-821X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in body composition according to gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy (CP) compared with healthy controls. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center for CP. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N=146) comprised consecutive patients with CP (n=100; mean age, 11.5±4.2y) who were admitted for orthopedic surgery between May 2014 and March 2016 and typically developing children (TDC, n=46; control group). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) was used to assess body composition, including body fat, soft lean mass (SLM), fat-free mass (FFM), skeletal muscle mass (SMM), body cell mass (BCM), bone mineral content (BMC), and basal metabolic rate. Body composition measures were compared according to Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level, as well as between children with CP and TDC. RESULTS: Children with CP with GMFCS levels IV and V had a lower height, weight, and body mass index than those with GMFCS levels I to III. Children with CP with GMFCS levels IV and V had a significantly lower SLM, SLM index, FFM, FFM index, SMM, SMM index, BCM, BCM index, BMC, and BMC index than those with GMFCS levels I to III and TDC. GMFCS level significantly affected SLM and BMC. CONCLUSIONS: Body composition analysis using BIA showed that nonambulatory children with CP had significantly lower FFM, SLM, SMM, BCM, and BMC than ambulatory children with CP and TDC. However, further study is required to allow the use of BIA as a valid nutritional assessment tool in patients with CP.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Composição Corporal/fisiologia
Paralisia Cerebral/fisiopatologia
Destreza Motora/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Metabolismo Basal
Densidade Óssea
Criança
Impedância Elétrica
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estudos Retrospectivos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 6531 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27771344
[Au] Autor:Ramos FM; Rossato LT; Ramires BR; Pimentel GD; Venâncio LS; Orsatti FL; de Oliveira EP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Public Health, Nutrition and Metabolism Center (CeMENutri), São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Comparison of predictive equations of resting energy expenditure in older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
[So] Source:Rev Port Pneumol (2006);23(1):40-42, 2017 Jan - Feb.
[Is] ISSN:2173-5115
[Cp] País de publicação:Spain
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Metabolismo Basal
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Metabolismo Energético
Feminino
Previsões
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Conceitos Matemáticos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 6531 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29267271
[Au] Autor:Westbrook RM; Yang HL; Langdon JM; Roy CN; Kim JA; Choudhury PP; Xue QL; di Francesco A; de Cabo R; Walston J
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Aged interleukin-10tm1Cgn chronically inflamed mice have substantially reduced fat mass, metabolic rate, and adipokines.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0186811, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Interleukin 10tm1Cgn (IL 10tm) mice have been utilized as a model of chronic inflammation and declining health span because of their propensity to develop chronic activation in NFkB pathways, skeletal muscle and cardiac changes, and mitochondrial dysfunction. We hypothesized that older IL 10tm frail mice would have alterations similar to frail, older humans in measured parameters of glucose metabolism, oxygen consumption (VO2), respiratory quotient (RQ), spontaneous locomotor activity, body composition and plasma adipokine levels. To test this hypothesis, we investigated these metabolic parameters in cohorts of 3, 10, and 20 month old IL 10tm female mice and age and gender matched C57Bl/6 mice. Insulin sensitivity, glucose homeostasis, locomotor activity and RQ were not significantly altered between the two strains of mice. Interestingly, old IL 10tm mice had significantly decreased VO2 when normalized by lean mass, but not when normalized by fat mass or the lean/fat mass ratio. NMR based body composition analysis and dissection weights show that fat mass is decreased with age in IL 10tm mice compared to controls. Further, plasma adiponectin and leptin were also decreased in IL 10tm.These findings suggest that frailty observed in this mouse model of chronic inflammation may in part be driven by alterations in fat mass, hormone secretion and energy metabolism.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adipocinas/metabolismo
Envelhecimento/metabolismo
Metabolismo Basal
Peso Corporal
Inflamação/metabolismo
Interleucina-10/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Glicemia/metabolismo
Composição Corporal
Calorimetria
Doença Crônica
Feminino
Homeostase
Inflamação/patologia
Resistência à Insulina
Camundongos
Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Adipokines); 0 (Blood Glucose); 130068-27-8 (Interleukin-10)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0186811


  6 / 6531 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29176819
[Au] Autor:White RSA; McHugh PA; Glover CN; McIntosh AR
[Ad] Endereço:School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.
[Ti] Título:Metabolism drives distribution and abundance in extremophile fish.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(11):e0187597, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Differences in population density between species of varying size are frequently attributed to metabolic rates which are assumed to scale with body size with a slope of 0.75. This assumption is often criticised on the grounds that 0.75 scaling of metabolic rate with body size is not universal and can vary significantly depending on species and life-history. However, few studies have investigated how interspecific variation in metabolic scaling relationships affects population density in different sized species. Here we predict inter-specific differences in metabolism from niche requirements, thereby allowing metabolic predictions of species distribution and abundance at fine spatial scales. Due to the differences in energetic efficiency required along harsh-benign gradients, an extremophile fish (brown mudfish, Neochanna apoda) living in harsh environments had slower metabolism, and thus higher population densities, compared to a fish species (banded kokopu, Galaxias fasciatus) in physiologically more benign habitats. Interspecific differences in the intercepts for the relationship between body and density disappeared when species mass-specific metabolic rates, rather than body sizes, were used to predict density, implying population energy use was equivalent between mudfish and kokopu. Nevertheless, despite significant interspecific differences in the slope of the metabolic scaling relationships, mudfish and kokopu had a common slope for the relationship between body size and population density. These results support underlying logic of energetic equivalence between different size species implicit in metabolic theory. However, the precise slope of metabolic scaling relationships, which is the subject of much debate, may not be a reliable indicator of population density as expected under metabolic theory.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Extremófilos/metabolismo
Peixes/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aerobiose
Animais
Metabolismo Basal
Peso Corporal
Modelos Biológicos
Densidade Demográfica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0187597


  7 / 6531 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29040301
[Au] Autor:Valiani V; Sourdet S; Schoeller DA; Mackey DC; Bauer DC; Glynn NW; Yamada Y; Harris TB; Manini TM; Health, Aging and Body Composition Study
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Aging and Geriatric Research, University of Florida, Gainesville, Forida, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Surveying predictors of late-life longitudinal change in daily activity energy expenditure.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0186289, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Total daily energy expenditure (TEE) is composed of resting metabolic rate (RMR), post-prandial thermogenesis and activity energy expenditure (AEE). Higher AEE is strongly associated with lower mortality and physical limitations among older adults, but factors that predict changes in AEE in septu and octogenarians are not clearly understood. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with late-life longitudinal change in AEE. DESIGN: Energy expenditure was re-assessed in 83 participants (average age at baseline, 74.4±3.2 years)-an average of 7.5±0.54 years since the baseline measure. RMR was measured using indirect calorimetry and the thermic effect of meals was estimated at 10% of TEE. AEE was calculated as: TEE(0.9)-RMR. Participants were categorized into two groups according to the estimated day-to-day precision of the doubly-labeled water technique. Those who were within 10% or increased relative to their initial AEE measurement were categorized as having preserved AEE. Participants who declined greater than 10% of their initial measurement were categorized as having reduced AEE. A variety of socio-demographic, functional and mental factors, body composition, community and personal behaviors, blood measurements and health conditions were evaluated between groups at baseline and changes during follow-up. RESULTS: Daily AEE declined 106.61±293.25 kcal, which equated to a 14.63±40.57 kcal/d decrease per year. Fifty-nine percent (n = 49) preserved their AEE and 41% (n = 34) declined. Those who demonstrated a decline in AEE were older, had lower walking speed at baseline and showed a higher lean mass loss during follow up. Otherwise, groups were similar for socio-demographic characteristics, body composition, mental and physical function, health conditions and community and personal behaviors at baseline and change in these factors during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that AEE declines through the 8th decade of life and is associated with age, lower walking speed at baseline and lean mass loss. Additionally, there are a significant number of individuals who appear to be resilient to these declines despite having health events that are expected to have a negative impact on their physical activity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Metabolismo Basal/fisiologia
Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia
Exercício/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Composição Corporal/fisiologia
Calorimetria Indireta
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171018
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0186289


  8 / 6531 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28874461
[Au] Autor:Shinohara K; Nakagawa P; Gomez J; Morgan DA; Littlejohn NK; Folchert MD; Weidemann BJ; Liu X; Walsh SA; Ponto LL; Rahmouni K; Grobe JL; Sigmund CD
[Ad] Endereço:From the Departments of Pharmacology (K.S., P.N., J.G., D.A.M., N.K.L., M.D.F., B.J.W., X.L., K.R., J.L.G., C.D.S.), Radiology (S.A.W., L.L.P.), and UIHC Center for Hypertension Research, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City (K.R., J.L.G., C.D.S.).
[Ti] Título:Selective Deletion of Renin-b in the Brain Alters Drinking and Metabolism.
[So] Source:Hypertension;70(5):990-997, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1524-4563
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The brain-specific isoform of renin (Ren-b) has been proposed as a negative regulator of the brain renin-angiotensin system (RAS). We analyzed mice with a selective deletion of Ren-b which preserved expression of the classical renin (Ren-a) isoform. We reported that Ren-b mice exhibited central RAS activation and hypertension through increased expression of Ren-a, but the dipsogenic and metabolic effects in Ren-b mice are unknown. Fluid intake was similar in control and Ren-b mice at baseline and both exhibited an equivalent dipsogenic response to deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt. Dehydration promoted increased water intake in Ren-b mice, particularly after deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt. Ren-b and control mice exhibited similar body weight when fed a chow diet. However, when fed a high-fat diet, male Ren-b mice gained significantly less weight than control mice, an effect blunted in females. This difference was not because of changes in food intake, energy absorption, or physical activity. Ren-b mice exhibited increased resting metabolic rate concomitant with increased uncoupled protein 1 expression and sympathetic nerve activity to the interscapular brown adipose tissue, suggesting increased thermogenesis. Ren-b mice were modestly intolerant to glucose and had normal insulin sensitivity. Another mouse model with markedly enhanced brain RAS activity (sRA mice) exhibited pronounced insulin sensitivity concomitant with increased brown adipose tissue glucose uptake. Altogether, these data support the hypothesis that the brain RAS regulates energy homeostasis by controlling resting metabolic rate, and that Ren-b deficiency increases brain RAS activity. Thus, the relative level of expression of Ren-b and Ren-a may control activity of the brain RAS.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Metabolismo Basal/fisiologia
Encéfalo/metabolismo
Hipertensão/metabolismo
Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/fisiologia
Renina/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ingestão de Líquidos/fisiologia
Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia
Camundongos
Isoformas de Proteínas
Sistema Nervoso Simpático/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Protein Isoforms); EC 3.4.23.15 (Renin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170907
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.117.09923


  9 / 6531 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28867306
[Au] Autor:Gibbs KE
[Ad] Endereço:Staten Island University Hospital Northwell Health, Staten Island, New York.
[Ti] Título:Comment on: Fat mass, fat-free mass, and resting metabolic rate in weight-stable sleeve gastrectomy patients compared with weight-stable nonoperated subjects.
[So] Source:Surg Obes Relat Dis;13(10):1699-1700, 2017 10.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7533
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Metabolismo Basal
Gastrectomia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia
Perda de Peso
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170905
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 6531 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28768655
[Au] Autor:Prahm AP; Brandt CF; Askov-Hansen C; Mortensen PB; Jeppesen PB
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medical Gastroenterology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark august.pilegaard.prahm.01@regionh.dk.
[Ti] Título:The use of metabolic balance studies in the objective discrimination between intestinal insufficiency and intestinal failure.
[So] Source:Am J Clin Nutr;106(3):831-838, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1938-3207
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:: In research settings that use metabolic balance studies (MBSs) of stable adult patients with short bowel syndrome, intestinal failure (IF) and dependence on parenteral support (PS) have been defined objectively as energy absorption <84% of calculated basal metabolic rate (BMR), wet weight (WW) absorption <23 g · kg body weight · d , or both. This study aimed to explore and validate these borderlines in the clinical setting. Intestinal absorption was measured from April 2003 to March 2015 in 175 consecutive patients with intestinal insufficiency (INS) in 96-h MBSs. They had not received PS 3 mo before referral. To avoid the need for PS, the minimum absorptive requirements were energy absorption of ≥81% of BMR and WW absorption of ≥21 g · kg body weight · d , which were equivalent to findings in research settings (differences of 3.6% and 8.7%; = 0.65 and 0.60, respectively). Oral failure defined as energy intake <130% of calculated BMR or WW intake <40 g · kg body weight · d was seen in 71% and 82% of the 10% of patients with the lowest energy absorption and WW absorption, respectively. In clinical settings, the borderlines between INS and IF were not significantly different from those in research settings, even in an unselected patient population in which oral failure was also a predominant cause of nutritional dyshomeostasis. MBSs may be recommended to identify the individual patient in the spectrum from INS to IF, to objectivize the cause of nutritional dyshomeostasis (oral failure, malabsorption, or both), and to quantify the effects of treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Metabolismo Basal
Ingestão de Energia
Homeostase
Absorção Intestinal
Enteropatias/diagnóstico
Intestinos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Gorduras na Dieta/metabolismo
Progressão da Doença
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Enteropatias/etiologia
Enteropatias/metabolismo
Enteropatias/terapia
Intestinos/metabolismo
Intestinos/patologia
Síndromes de Malabsorção/etiologia
Síndromes de Malabsorção/metabolismo
Síndromes de Malabsorção/terapia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Nutrição Parenteral
Estudos Retrospectivos
Síndrome do Intestino Curto/complicações
Síndrome do Intestino Curto/metabolismo
Síndrome do Intestino Curto/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Fats)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170913
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170913
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170804
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3945/ajcn.117.158386



página 1 de 654 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde