Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : G05.045.513 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 108 [refinar]
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  1 / 108 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29295982
[Au] Autor:Auer SK; Dick CA; Metcalfe NB; Reznick DN
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, UK. sonya.auer@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Metabolic rate evolves rapidly and in parallel with the pace of life history.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;9(1):14, 2018 01 02.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Metabolic rates and life history strategies are both thought to set the "pace of life", but whether they evolve in tandem is not well understood. Here, using a common garden experiment that compares replicate paired populations, we show that Trinidadian guppy (Poecilia reticulata) populations that evolved a fast-paced life history in high-predation environments have consistently higher metabolic rates than guppies that evolved a slow-paced life history in low-predation environments. Furthermore, by transplanting guppies from high- to low-predation environments, we show that metabolic rate evolves in parallel with the pace of life history, at a rapid rate, and in the same direction as found for naturally occurring populations. Together, these multiple lines of inference provide evidence for a tight evolutionary coupling between metabolism and the pace of life history.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Metabolismo Basal/genética
Traços de História de Vida
Poecilia/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Masculino
Poecilia/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Poecilia/metabolismo
Gravidez
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180104
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-017-02514-z


  2 / 108 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28899752
[Au] Autor:Zheng J; Cheng X; Hoffmann AA; Zhang B; Ma CS
[Ad] Endereço:Group of Climate Change Biology, State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address: martin1207@126.com.
[Ti] Título:Are adult life history traits in oriental fruit moth affected by a mild pupal heat stress?
[So] Source:J Insect Physiol;102:36-41, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1611
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Thermal stress at one life stage can affect fitness at a later stage in ectotherms with complex life cycles. Most relevant studies have focused on extreme stress levels, but here we also show substantial fitness effects in a moth when pupae are exposed to a relatively mild and sublethal heat stress. We consider the impact of a 35°C heat stress of 2h in three geographically separate populations of the oriental fruit moth (OFM, Grapholita molesta) from northern, middle and southern China. Heat stress negatively affected fecundity but increased adult heat resistance and adult longevity. Fitness effects were mostly consistent across populations but there were also some population differences. In the Shenyang population from northern China, there was a hormetic effect of heat on female longevity not evident in the other populations. Adults from all populations had higher LT s due to heat stress after pupal exposure to the sublethal stress. These results highlight that the pupal stage is a particularly sensitive window for development and they have implications for seasonal adaptation in uncertain environments as well as changes in pest dynamics under climate warming.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traços de História de Vida
Mariposas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
China
Feminino
Fertilidade
Temperatura Alta/efeitos adversos
Longevidade
Masculino
Mariposas/genética
Mariposas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Pupa/genética
Pupa/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Pupa/fisiologia
Reprodução
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171025
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171025
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170914
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 108 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28881950
[Au] Autor:Bernardi D; Lazzari JC; Andreazza F; Mayer NA; Botton M; Nava DE
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Entomology, Embrapa Clima Temperado, BR 392?Km 78, Caixa Postal 403, Pelotas, RS 96010-971, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Susceptibility, Oviposition Preference, and Biology of Grapholita molesta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Prunus Spp. Rootstock Genotypes.
[So] Source:Environ Entomol;46(4):871-877, 2017 08 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2936
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Studying the susceptibility of peach trees to Grapholita molesta (Busck) is one of the major steps in the development of pest-resistant peach varieties. This work evaluated the susceptibility of 55 genotypes of the "Prunus Rootstock Collection" ("Coleção Porta-enxerto de Prunus") of Embrapa Temperate Climate (Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil) to the natural infestation of G. molesta, assessed the oviposition preference of G. molesta in choice and no-choice bioassays, and estimated the biological parameters and the fertility life table on different Prunus spp. genotypes in the laboratory. Genotypes Prunus kansuensis (Rehder), I-67-52-9, and I-67-52-4 were the most susceptible to G. molesta infestation in the field (>60% of branches infested), while 'Sharpe' (Prunus angustifolia x Prunus spp.) and Prunus sellowii (Koehne) were the least infested (0% of branches infested). In choice and no-choice bioassays, G. molesta preferred to oviposit on P. kansuensis when compared with Sharpe. The Sharpe genotype also showed an antibiosis effect, resulting in negative effects on the fertility life table parameters when compared with the genotypes P. kansuensis and 'Capdeboscq.' The results found in the present study can provide information to initiate a long-term breeding program moving desired G. molesta resistance traits from the rootstock into the Prunus spp. cultivars.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Herbivoria
Mariposas/fisiologia
Oviposição
Prunus/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Brasil
Genótipo
Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Larva/fisiologia
Traços de História de Vida
Mariposas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Raízes de Plantas/fisiologia
Prunus/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170909
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/ee/nvx114


  4 / 108 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28881948
[Au] Autor:Gall CA; Rose RK; Hurd LE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biological Sciences, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529.
[Ti] Título:Cohabiting With the Enemy: Comparative Population Ecology of Two Mantid Species in a Successional Old Field.
[So] Source:Environ Entomol;46(4):766-770, 2017 08 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2936
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Two praying mantids, Tenodera aridifolia sinensis Saussure and Tenodera angustipennis Saussure, are commonly found in the same old-field habitats in the eastern United States and in much of temperate zone Asia. Naturally established populations of these two species were studied intensively over two consecutive years (2010 and 2011) in an old field in southeastern Virginia, to compare life history features relevant to how they coexist, or whether one or the other of them is likely to be more successful in the same habitat. Populations of both species declined about 50% from 2010 to 2011 (adults from 47 to 21 for T. a. sinensis; 37 to 20 for T. angustipennis), but T. a. sinensis oviposited 10 oothecae and T. angustipennis only one in 2011. Tenodera a. sinensis was more abundant in the study site in both years, hatched earlier, and matured and oviposited earlier than T. angustipennis. Fewer females of both species survived to maturity in 2011 than in 2010, possibly indicating a reduction in prey or habitat suitability in 2011. We suggest that T. angustipennis will always be at a disadvantage as a result of its smaller body size, because of interspecific predation (and potentially competition) from its congener, lower clutch size, and susceptibility to egg parasitism. Further, environmental variability across field habitats and years profoundly affects populations of both species in successional old fields.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traços de História de Vida
Mantódeos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Pradaria
Espécies Introduzidas
Mantódeos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Dinâmica Populacional
Virginia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170909
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/ee/nvx110


  5 / 108 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28854665
[Au] Autor:Majd-Marani S; Naseri B; Nouri-Ganbalani G; Borzoui E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
[Ti] Título:The Effect of Maize Hybrid on Biology and Life Table Parameters of the Trogoderma granarium (Coleoptera: Dermestidae).
[So] Source:J Econ Entomol;110(4):1916-1922, 2017 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-291X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The khapra beetle, Trogoderma granarium Everts (Coleoptera: Dermestidae), is a polyphagous pest that infests many stored grains and products. The effect of nine maize hybrids including 704, AR 89, AS 71, AS 77, BC 678, KSC 703, PL 472, SC 704, and Simax was studied on biology and life table parameters of T. granarium at controlled conditions (33 ± 1 °C, 65 ± 5% RH, and a photoperiod of 14:10 [L:D] h). According to the results of this study, the immature period was the longest on BC 678 (56.79 ± SE: 1.51 d) and the shortest on PL 472 (39.90 ± 0.48 d). The highest values of fecundity and fertility were observed on PL 472 (67.95 ± 1.23 eggs and 74.81 ± 0.68%, respectively) and the lowest values were on BC 678 (40.00 ± 1.63 and 48.24 ± 1.35, respectively). The net reproductive rate (R0) of T. granarium ranged from 10.40 ± 0.11 offsprings on BC 678 to 30.43 ± 0.20 offsprings on KSC 703. The highest intrinsic rate of increase (rm) was for T. granarium reared on KSC 703 (0.0773 ± 0.0001 d-1), and the lowest was on BC 678 (0.0390 ± 0.0002 d-1). According to the obtained results, BC 678 is an unfavorable hybrid for population increase of T. granarium, which can be recommended to be grown in regions where the damage of T. granarium is considerable to minimize maize infestations by this pest.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Coleópteros/fisiologia
Zea mays/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Coleópteros/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Feminino
Cadeia Alimentar
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Larva/fisiologia
Traços de História de Vida
Tábuas de Vida
Masculino
Óvulo/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Pupa/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Pupa/fisiologia
Reprodução
Zea mays/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170901
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jee/tox182


  6 / 108 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28854655
[Au] Autor:Camacho ER; Chong JH; Braman SK; Frank SD; Schultz PB
[Ad] Endereço:Clemson University, Pee Dee Research and Education Center, 2200 Pocket Rd., Florence, SC 29506.
[Ti] Título:Life History of Parthenolecanium spp. (Hemiptera: Coccidae) in Urban Landscapes of the Southeastern United States.
[So] Source:J Econ Entomol;110(4):1668-1675, 2017 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-291X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study was conducted to better understand the life history of Parthenolecanium corni (Bouché) and Parthenolecanium quercifex (Fitch) (Hemiptera: Coccidae), and to develop degree-day models for crawler emergence of the two soft scale species in Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia. Both species were univoltine in the southeastern United States. In South Carolina, eggs hatched from mid-April to early June; second instars began to appear in September and migrated to twigs to overwinter in October; and third instars and adults appeared in mid-March to early April. Each parthenogenetic female produced on average 1,026 ± 52 eggs. Fecundity was positively correlated to the fresh weight, length, width, and height of gravid females. Gross reproductive rate (GRR) was 695.98 ± 79.34 ♀/♀, net reproductive rate (Rº) was 126.36 ± 19.03 ♀/♀, mean generation time (TG) was 52.61 ± 0.05 wk, intrinsic rate of increase (rm) was 0.04 ♀/♀/wk, and finite rate of increase (λ) was 1.04 times per week. Crawlers first occurred across Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia in 2011-2013 when 524-596 Celsius-degree-days (DDC) had been accumulated with the single sine estimation method, or 411-479 DDC with the simple average method, at the base temperature of 12.8 °C and the start date of 1 January. These regional models accurately predicted the date of crawler emergence within 1 wk of the actual emergence in 2014.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hemípteros/fisiologia
Traços de História de Vida
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Tamanho Corporal
Feminino
Fertilidade
Longevidade
Modelos Biológicos
Estações do Ano
Sudeste dos Estados Unidos
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170901
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jee/tox170


  7 / 108 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28735010
[Au] Autor:Muller D; Giron D; Desouhant E; Rey B; Casas J; Lefrique N; Visser B
[Ad] Endereço:Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte (IRBI), UMR 7261 CNRS/Université François-Rabelais de Tours, Avenue Monge, 37200 Tours, France.
[Ti] Título:Maternal age affects offspring nutrient dynamics.
[So] Source:J Insect Physiol;101:123-131, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1611
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The internal physiological state of a mother can have major effects on her fitness and that of her offspring. We show that maternal effects in the parasitic wasp Eupelmus vuilleti become apparent when old mothers provision their eggs with less protein, sugar and lipid. Feeding from a host after hatching allows the offspring of old mothers to overcome initial shortages in sugars and lipids, but adult offspring of old mothers still emerged with lower protein and glycogen quantities. Reduced egg provisioning by old mothers had adverse consequences for the nutrient composition of adult female offspring, despite larval feeding from a high-quality host. Lower resource availability in adult offspring of old mothers can affect behavioural decisions, life histories and performance. Maternal effects on egg nutrient provisioning may thus affect nutrient availability and fitness of future generations in oviparous animals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento
Aptidão Genética
Vespas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal
Animais
Coleópteros/parasitologia
Feminino
Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Larva/parasitologia
Larva/fisiologia
Traços de História de Vida
Óvulo/fisiologia
Vespas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170724
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 108 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28704402
[Au] Autor:Plourde BT; Burgess TL; Eskew EA; Roth TM; Stephenson N; Foley JE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Are disease reservoirs special? Taxonomic and life history characteristics.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0180716, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Pathogens that spill over between species cause a significant human and animal health burden. Here, we describe characteristics of animal reservoirs that are required for pathogen spillover. We assembled and analyzed a database of 330 disease systems in which a pathogen spills over from a reservoir of one or more species. Three-quarters of reservoirs included wildlife, and 84% included mammals. Further, 65% of pathogens depended on a community of reservoir hosts, rather than a single species, for persistence. Among mammals, the most frequently identified reservoir hosts were rodents, artiodactyls, and carnivores. The distribution among orders of mammalian species identified as reservoirs did not differ from that expected by chance. Among disease systems with high priority pathogens and epidemic potential, we found birds, primates, and bats to be overrepresented. We also analyzed the life history traits of mammalian reservoir hosts and compared them to mammals as a whole. Reservoir species had faster life history characteristics than mammals overall, exhibiting traits associated with greater reproductive output rather than long-term survival. Thus, we find that in many respects, reservoirs of spillover pathogens are indeed special. The described patterns provide a useful resource for studying and managing emerging infectious diseases.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Reservatórios de Doenças/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Aves/classificação
Quirópteros/classificação
Bases de Dados Factuais
Seres Humanos
Traços de História de Vida
Mamíferos/classificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170714
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180716


  9 / 108 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28689349
[Au] Autor:Durkin A; Fisher CR; Cordes EE
[Ad] Endereço:Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA. alanna.durkin@temple.edu.
[Ti] Título:Extreme longevity in a deep-sea vestimentiferan tubeworm and its implications for the evolution of life history strategies.
[So] Source:Naturwissenschaften;104(7-8):63, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1904
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The deep sea is home to many species that have longer life spans than their shallow-water counterparts. This trend is primarily related to the decline in metabolic rates with temperature as depth increases. However, at bathyal depths, the cold-seep vestimentiferan tubeworm species Lamellibrachia luymesi and Seepiophila jonesi reach extremely old ages beyond what is predicted by the simple scaling of life span with body size and temperature. Here, we use individual-based models based on in situ growth rates to show that another species of cold-seep tubeworm found in the Gulf of Mexico, Escarpia laminata, also has an extraordinarily long life span, regularly achieving ages of 100-200 years with some individuals older than 300 years. The distribution of results from individual simulations as well as whole population simulations involving mortality and recruitment rates support these age estimates. The low 0.67% mortality rate measurements from collected populations of E. laminata are similar to mortality rates in L. luymesi and S. jonesi and play a role in evolution of the long life span of cold-seep tubeworms. These results support longevity theory, which states that in the absence of extrinsic mortality threats, natural selection will select for individuals that senesce slower and reproduce continually into their old age.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traços de História de Vida
Longevidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Anelídeos
Temperatura Baixa
Poliquetos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170710
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00114-017-1479-z


  10 / 108 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28654929
[Au] Autor:Huang WP; Chou LS
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
[Ti] Título:Temperature effects on life history traits of two sympatric branchiopods from an ephemeral wetland.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0179449, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Temperature effects on organisms are of multiple scientific interests, such as for their life history performance and for the study of evolutionary strategies. We have cultured two sympatric branchiopod species from an ephemeral pond in northern Taiwan, Branchinella kugenumaensis and Eulimnadia braueriana, and compared their hatching rate, maturation time, sex ratio, growth of body length, survivorship, clutch size, net reproductive rate R0, generation time TG, and intrinsic rate of natural increase r in relation to temperature (15, 20, 25 and 30°C). We found that E. braueriana had a significantly higher temperature-dependent fecundity and intrinsic population growth pattern (R0 and r). In contrast, B. kugenumaensis reproduced much slower than E. braueriana with much lower R0 (90-100 folds less) and r (about 10 folds less) at 15, 20 and 25°C and with a double as long TG at 20 and 25°C. In addition, E. braueriana increased its chance of hermaphroditic sexual reproductive mode at higher temperature because of a significantly delayed maturation of males from hermaphrodites. In contrast, B. kugenumaensis showed no significant change in reproductive mode with temperature. This is the first study indicating a significant differentiation in life history parameters of two sympatric branchiopods mediated by temperature.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Crustáceos/fisiologia
Traços de História de Vida
Reprodução/fisiologia
Simpatria/fisiologia
Temperatura Ambiente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Anostraca/fisiologia
Fertilidade/fisiologia
Zonas Úmidas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170920
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170920
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170628
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179449



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