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Pesquisa : G05.308.375 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29409851
[Au] Autor:Tan M; Li G; Qi S; Liu X; Chen X; Ma J; Zhang D; Han M
[Ad] Endereço:College of Horticulture, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.
[Ti] Título:Identification and expression analysis of the IPT and CKX gene families during axillary bud outgrowth in apple (Malus domestica Borkh.).
[So] Source:Gene;651:106-117, 2018 Apr 20.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0038
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cytokinins (CKs) play a crucial role in promoting axillary bud outgrowth and targeting the control of CK metabolism can be used to enhance branching in plants. CK levels are maintained mainly by CK biosynthesis (isopentenyl transferase, IPT) and degradation (dehydrogenase, CKX) genes in plants. A systematic study of the IPT and CKX gene families in apple, however, has not been conducted. In the present study, 12 MdIPTs and 12 MdCKXs were identified in the apple genome. Systematic phylogenetic, structural, and synteny analyses were performed. Expression analysis of these genes in different tissues was also assessed. MdIPT and MdCKX genes exhibit distinct expression patterns in different tissues. The response of MdIPT, MdCKX, and MdPIN1 genes to various treatments (6-BA, decapitation and Lovastatin, an inhibitor of CKs synthesis) that impact branching were also investigated. Results indicated that most of the MdIPT and MdCKX, and MdPIN1 genes were upregulated by 6-BA and decapitation treatment, but inhibited by Lovastatin, a compound that effectively suppresses axillary bud outgrowth induced by decapitation. These findings suggest that cytokinin biosynthesis is required for the activation of bud break and the export of auxin from buds in apple tree with intact primary shoot apex or decapitated apple tree. MdCKX8 and MdCKX10, however, exhibited little response to decapitation, but were significantly up-regulated by 6-BA and Lovastatin, a finding that warrants further investigation in order to understand their function in bud-outgrowth.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alquil e Aril Transferases/genética
Genes de Plantas
Malus/genética
Oxirredutases/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arabidopsis/genética
Compostos de Benzil/farmacologia
Mapeamento Cromossômico
Cromossomos de Plantas
Evolução Molecular
Flores/genética
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Genoma de Planta
Lovastatina/farmacologia
Malus/enzimologia
Malus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Família Multigênica
Filogenia
Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta
Purinas/farmacologia
Sintenia
Regulação para Cima
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Benzyl Compounds); 0 (Plant Growth Regulators); 0 (Purines); 9LHU78OQFD (Lovastatin); EC 1.- (Oxidoreductases); EC 1.5.99.12 (cytokinin oxidase); EC 2.5.- (Alkyl and Aryl Transferases); EC 2.5.1.27 (adenylate isopentenyltransferase); KXG6A989PS (benzylaminopurine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29331375
[Au] Autor:Ma L; Wang Q; Yuan M; Zou T; Yin P; Wang S
[Ad] Endereço:National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, National Center of Plant Gene Research (Wuhan), Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.
[Ti] Título:Xanthomonas TAL effectors hijack host basal transcription factor IIA α and γ subunits for invasion.
[So] Source:Biochem Biophys Res Commun;496(2):608-613, 2018 02 05.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2104
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Xanthomonas genus includes Gram-negative plant-pathogenic bacteria, which infect a broad range of crops and wild plant species, cause symptoms with leaf blights, streaks, spots, stripes, necrosis, wilt, cankers and gummosis on leaves, stems and fruits in a wide variety of plants via injecting their effector proteins into the host cell during infection. Among these virulent effectors, transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs) interact with the γ subunit of host transcription factor IIA (TFIIAγ) to activate the transcription of host disease susceptibility genes. Functional TFIIA is a ternary complex comprising α, ß and γ subunits. However, whether TALEs recruit TFIIAα, TFIIAß, or both remains unknown. The underlying molecular mechanisms by which TALEs mediate host susceptibility gene activation require full elucidation. Here, we show that TALEs interact with the α+γ binary subcomplex but not the α+ß+γ ternary complex of rice TFIIA (holo-OsTFIIA). The transcription factor binding (TFB) regions of TALEs, which are highly conserved in Xanthomonas species, have a dominant role in these interactions. Furthermore, the interaction between TALEs and the α+γ complex exhibits robust DNA binding activity in vitro. These results collectively demonstrate that TALE-carrying pathogens hijack the host basal transcription factors TFIIAα and TFIIAγ, but not TFIIAß, to enhance host susceptibility during pathogen infection. The uncovered mechanism widens new insights on host-microbe interaction and provide an applicable strategy to breed high-resistance crop varieties.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno
Oryza/microbiologia
Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Efetores Semelhantes a Ativadores de Transcrição/metabolismo
Fator de Transcrição TFIIA/metabolismo
Xanthomonas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Resistência à Doença
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Genes de Plantas
Oryza/genética
Oryza/metabolismo
Doenças das Plantas/genética
Ligação Proteica
Subunidades Proteicas/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (Protein Subunits); 0 (Transcription Activator-Like Effectors); 0 (Transcription Factor TFIIA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180115
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29202710
[Au] Autor:Parvathaneni RK; DeLeo VL; Spiekerman JJ; Chakraborty D; Devos KM
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Plant Breeding, Genetics and Genomics, University of Georgia, 30602, Athens, Georgia, United States.
[Ti] Título:Parallel loss of introns in the ABCB1 gene in angiosperms.
[So] Source:BMC Evol Biol;17(1):238, 2017 Dec 04.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2148
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The presence of non-coding introns is a characteristic feature of most eukaryotic genes. While the size of the introns, number of introns per gene and the number of intron-containing genes can vary greatly between sequenced eukaryotic genomes, the structure of a gene with reference to intron presence and positions is typically conserved in closely related species. Unexpectedly, the ABCB1 (ATP-Binding Cassette Subfamily B Member 1) gene which encodes a P-glycoprotein and underlies dwarfing traits in maize (br2), sorghum (dw3) and pearl millet (d2) displayed considerable variation in intron composition. RESULTS: An analysis of the ABCB1 gene structure in 80 angiosperms revealed that the number of introns ranged from one to nine. All introns in ABCB1 underwent either a one-time loss (single loss in one lineage/species) or multiple independent losses (parallel loss in two or more lineages/species) with the majority of losses occurring within the grass family. In contrast, the structure of the closest homolog to ABCB1, ABCB19, remained constant in the majority of angiosperms analyzed. Using known phylogenetic relationships within the grasses, we determined the ancestral branch-points where the losses occurred. Intron 7, the longest intron, was lost in only a single species, Mimulus guttatus, following duplication of ABCB1. Semiquantitative PCR showed that the M. guttatus ABCB1 gene copy without intron 7 had significantly lower transcript levels than the gene copy with intron 7. We further demonstrated that intron 7 carried two motifs that were highly conserved across the monocot-dicot divide. CONCLUSIONS: The ABCB1 gene structure is highly dynamic, while the structure of ABCB19 remained largely conserved through evolution. Precise removal of introns, preferential removal of smaller introns and presence of at least 2 bp of microhomology flanking most introns indicated that intron loss may have predominantly occurred through non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) repair of double strand breaks. Lack of microhomology in the exon upstream of lost phase I introns was likely due to release of the selective constraint on the penultimate base (3rd base in codon) of the terminal codon by the splicing machinery. In addition to size, the presence of regulatory motifs will make introns recalcitrant to loss.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genes de Plantas
Íntrons/genética
Magnoliopsida/genética
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arabidopsis/genética
Sequência de Bases
Sequência Conservada/genética
DNA Complementar/genética
Evolução Molecular
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Mimulus/genética
Motivos de Nucleotídeos/genética
Oryza/genética
Filogenia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Polimorfismo Genético
RNA Mensageiro/genética
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Complementary); 0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (RNA, Messenger)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12862-017-1077-x


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[PMID]:28461401
[Au] Autor:Hughes J; Hepworth C; Dutton C; Dunn JA; Hunt L; Stephens J; Waugh R; Cameron DD; Gray JE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, United Kingdom (J.H., C.D., J.A.D., L.H., J.E.G.).
[Ti] Título:Reducing Stomatal Density in Barley Improves Drought Tolerance without Impacting on Yield.
[So] Source:Plant Physiol;174(2):776-787, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2548
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The epidermal patterning factor (EPF) family of secreted signaling peptides regulate the frequency of stomatal development in model dicot and basal land plant species. Here, we identify and manipulate the expression of a barley ( ) ortholog and demonstrate that when overexpressed HvEPF1 limits entry to, and progression through, the stomatal development pathway. Despite substantial reductions in leaf gas exchange, barley plants with significantly reduced stomatal density show no reductions in grain yield. In addition, HvEPF1OE barley lines exhibit significantly enhanced water use efficiency, drought tolerance, and soil water conservation properties. Our results demonstrate the potential of manipulating stomatal frequency for the protection and optimization of cereal crop yields under future drier environments.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Secas
Hordeum/fisiologia
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Estômatos de Plantas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Desidratação
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Hordeum/genética
Hordeum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1104/pp.16.01844


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[PMID]:28457165
[Au] Autor:de Simone A; Hubbard R; de la Torre NV; Velappan Y; Wilson M; Considine MJ; Soppe WJJ; Foyer CH
[Ad] Endereço:1 Centre for Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds , Leeds, United Kingdom .
[Ti] Título:Redox Changes During the Cell Cycle in the Embryonic Root Meristem of Arabidopsis thaliana.
[So] Source:Antioxid Redox Signal;27(18):1505-1519, 2017 Dec 20.
[Is] ISSN:1557-7716
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS: The aim of this study was to characterize redox changes in the nuclei and cytosol occurring during the mitotic cell cycle in the embryonic roots of germinating Arabidopsis seedlings, and to determine how redox cycling was modified in mutants with a decreased capacity for ascorbate synthesis. RESULTS: Using an in vivo reduction-oxidation (redox) reporter (roGFP2), we show that transient oxidation of the cytosol and the nuclei occurred at G1 in the synchronized dividing cells of the Arabidopsis root apical meristem, with reduction at G2 and mitosis. This redox cycle was absent from low ascorbate mutants in which nuclei were significantly more oxidized than controls. The cell cycle-dependent increase in nuclear size was impaired in the ascorbate-deficient mutants, which had fewer cells per unit area in the root proliferation zone. The transcript profile of the dry seeds and size of the imbibed seeds was strongly influenced by low ascorbate but germination, dormancy release and seed aging characteristics were unaffected. INNOVATION: These data demonstrate the presence of a redox cycle within the plant cell cycle and that the redox state of the nuclei is an important factor in cell cycle progression. CONCLUSIONS: Controlled oxidation is a key feature of the early stages of the plant cell cycle. However, sustained mild oxidation restricts nuclear functions and impairs progression through the cell cycle leading to fewer cells in the root apical meristem. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 27, 1505-1519.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Meristema/embriologia
Oxirredução
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arabidopsis/embriologia
Arabidopsis/genética
Ciclo Celular
Núcleo Celular/genética
Núcleo Celular/metabolismo
Citosol/metabolismo
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Germinação
Meristema/genética
Raízes de Plantas/embriologia
Raízes de Plantas/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1089/ars.2016.6959


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[PMID]:28968924
[Au] Autor:Zvobgo G; LwalabaWaLwalaba J; Sagonda T; Mutemachani Mapodzeke J; Muhammad N; Haider Shamsi I; Zhang G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Key Laboratory of Crop Germplasm Resource, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, PR China.
[Ti] Título:Phosphate alleviates arsenate toxicity by altering expression of phosphate transporters in the tolerant barley genotypes.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:832-839, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The contribution of the phosphate transporters (PHTs) in uptake of arsenate (As ) and phosphate (P) is a widely recognized mechanism. Here we investigated how P regulates the uptake of As and the subsequent effects on growth and relative expression of PHTs. The study was conducted on 3 barley genotypes differing in As tolerance (ZDB160, As-tolerant; ZDB115, moderately tolerant; ZDB475, As-sensitive) using a hydroponic experiment. There were 3 As (0, 10 and 100µM) and 3P (0, 50 and 500µM) levels. The results showed that the negative effect of As stress on plant growth, photosynthesis and cell ultra-structure is As dose and barley genotype dependent, confirming the distinctly genotypic difference in As tolerance. As uptake and accumulation in plant tissues are closely associated with inhibited extent of growth and photosynthesis, with the tolerant genotype ZDB160 having lower As content than other two genotypes. The toxic effect caused by As stress could be alleviated by P addition, mainly due to reduced As uptake. Moreover, the tolerant genotype showed relatively lower expression PHTs than sensitive ones upon exposure to both As stress and P addition, suggesting regulation of PHTs expression is a major mechanism for relative uptake of As and P, in subsequence affecting As tolerance. Moreover, among 6 PHTs examined in this study, the expressions of PHT1.3, PHT1.4 and PHT1.6 showed the marked difference among the three barley genotypes in responses to As stress and P addition, indicating further research on the contribution of phosphate transporters to As and P uptake should be focused on these PHTs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Biológica
Arseniatos/toxicidade
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos
Hordeum/metabolismo
Proteínas de Transporte de Fosfato/genética
Fosfatos/farmacologia
Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Biológica/genética
Arseniatos/metabolismo
Biomassa
Genótipo
Hordeum/genética
Hordeum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Modelos Teóricos
Fosfatos/metabolismo
Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos
Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Arsenates); 0 (Phosphate Transport Proteins); 0 (Phosphates); 0 (Soil Pollutants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171004
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28822946
[Au] Autor:Xu ZR; Cai SW; Huang WX; Liu RX; Xiong ZT
[Ad] Endereço:School of Resource and Environmental Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:Differential expression of vacuolar and defective cell wall invertase genes in roots and seeds of metalliferous and non-metalliferous populations of Rumex dentatus under copper stress.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:17-25, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Acid invertase activities in roots and young seeds of a metalliferous population (MP) of Rumex dentatus were previously observed to be significantly higher than those of a non-metalliferous population (NMP) under Cu stress. To date, no acid invertase gene has been cloned from R. dentatus. Here, we isolated four full-length cDNAs from the two populations of R. dentatus, presumably encoding cell wall (RdnCIN1 and RdmCIN1 from the NMP and MP, respectively) and vacuolar invertases (RdnVIN1 and RdmVIN1 from the NMP and MP, respectively). Unexpectedly, RdnCIN1 and RdmCIN1 most likely encode special defective invertases with highly attenuated sucrose-hydrolyzing capacity. The transcript levels of RdmCIN1 were significantly higher than those of RdnCIN1 in roots and young seeds under Cu stress, whereas under control conditions, the former was initially lower than the latter. Unexpected high correlations were observed between the transcript levels of RdnCIN1 and RdmCIN1 and the activity of cell wall invertase, even though RdnCIN1 and RdmCIN1 do not encode catalytically active invertases. Similarly, the transcript levels of RdmVIN1 in roots and young seeds were increased under Cu stress, whereas those of RdnVIN1 were decreased. The high correlations between the transcript levels of RdnVIN1 and RdmVIN1 and the activity of vacuolar invertase indicate that RdnVIN1 and RdmVIN1 might control distinct vacuolar invertase activities in the two populations. Moreover, a possible indirect role for acid invertases in Cu tolerance, mediated by generating a range of sugars used as nutrients and signaling molecules, is discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Parede Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Cobre/toxicidade
Rumex/efeitos dos fármacos
Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
Vacúolos/efeitos dos fármacos
beta-Frutofuranosidase/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Parede Celular/enzimologia
Parede Celular/genética
Cobre/metabolismo
Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos
Genes de Plantas
Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos
Raízes de Plantas/enzimologia
Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo
Rumex/genética
Rumex/metabolismo
Sementes/efeitos dos fármacos
Sementes/enzimologia
Sementes/genética
Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
Vacúolos/enzimologia
Vacúolos/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Soil Pollutants); 789U1901C5 (Copper); EC 3.2.1.26 (beta-Fructofuranosidase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170821
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29422671
[Au] Autor:Li C; Zhang B; Chen B; Ji L; Yu H
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, Singapore, 117543, Singapore.
[Ti] Título:Site-specific phosphorylation of TRANSPARENT TESTA GLABRA1 mediates carbon partitioning in Arabidopsis seeds.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;9(1):571, 2018 02 08.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Seed development is dependent on nutrients, such as a source of carbon, supplied by the parent plant. It remains largely unknown how these nutrients are distributed to zygotic and maternal tissues to coordinate storage of reserve compounds and development of protective tissues like seed coat. Here we show that phosphorylation of TRANSPARENT TESTA GLABRA1 (TTG1) is regulated by SHAGGY-like kinases 11/12 (SK11/12) and that this mediates carbon flow to fatty acid synthesis and seed coat traits in Arabidopsis seeds. SK11/12 phosphorylate TTG1 at serine 215, thus preventing TTG1 interaction with TRANSPARENT TESTA2. This compromises recruitment of TTG1 to the GLABRA2 locus and downregulates GLABRA2 expression, which enhances biosynthesis of fatty acids in the embryo, but reduces production of mucilage and flavonoid pigments in the seed coat. Therefore, site-specific phosphorylation of TTG1 by SK11/SK12 regulates carbon partitioning between zygotic and maternal sinks in seeds.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética
Arabidopsis/genética
Carbono/metabolismo
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Sementes/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Arabidopsis/metabolismo
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo
Ácidos Graxos/biossíntese
Flavonoides/biossíntese
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento
Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase/genética
Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase/metabolismo
Isoenzimas/genética
Isoenzimas/metabolismo
Mutação
Fenótipo
Fosforilação
Mucilagem Vegetal/biossíntese
Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Sementes/metabolismo
Fatores de Transcrição/genética
Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Arabidopsis Proteins); 0 (Fatty Acids); 0 (Flavonoids); 0 (Isoenzymes); 0 (Plant Mucilage); 0 (TTG1 protein, Arabidopsis); 0 (TTG2 protein, Arabidopsis); 0 (Transcription Factors); 7440-44-0 (Carbon); EC 2.7.11.26 (ATSK11 protein, Arabidopsis); EC 2.7.11.26 (Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-018-03013-5


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[PMID]:29371663
[Au] Autor:Shinozaki Y; Nicolas P; Fernandez-Pozo N; Ma Q; Evanich DJ; Shi Y; Xu Y; Zheng Y; Snyder SI; Martin LBB; Ruiz-May E; Thannhauser TW; Chen K; Domozych DS; Catalá C; Fei Z; Mueller LA; Giovannoni JJ; Rose JKC
[Ad] Endereço:Plant Biology Section, School of Integrative Plant Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14853, USA.
[Ti] Título:High-resolution spatiotemporal transcriptome mapping of tomato fruit development and ripening.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;9(1):364, 2018 01 25.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is an established model for studying fruit biology; however, most studies of tomato fruit growth and ripening are based on homogenized pericarp, and do not consider the internal tissues, or the expression signatures of individual cell and tissue types. We present a spatiotemporally resolved transcriptome analysis of tomato fruit ontogeny, using laser microdissection (LM) or hand dissection coupled with RNA-Seq analysis. Regulatory and structural gene networks, including families of transcription factors and hormone synthesis and signaling pathways, are defined across tissue and developmental spectra. The ripening program is revealed as comprising gradients of gene expression, initiating in internal tissues then radiating outward, and basipetally along a latitudinal axis. We also identify spatial variations in the patterns of epigenetic control superimposed on ripening gradients. Functional studies elucidate previously masked regulatory phenomena and relationships, including those associated with fruit quality traits, such as texture, color, aroma, and metabolite profiles.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Frutas/genética
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Lycopersicon esculentum/genética
Transcriptoma
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Frutas/ultraestrutura
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos
Redes Reguladoras de Genes
Lycopersicon esculentum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180127
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-017-02782-9


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[PMID]:29351555
[Au] Autor:Xue Y; Chen B; Win AN; Fu C; Lian J; Liu X; Wang R; Zhang X; Chai Y
[Ad] Endereço:College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.
[Ti] Título:Omega-3 fatty acid desaturase gene family from two ω-3 sources, Salvia hispanica and Perilla frutescens: Cloning, characterization and expression.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191432, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Omega-3 fatty acid desaturase (ω-3 FAD, D15D) is a key enzyme for α-linolenic acid (ALA) biosynthesis. Both chia (Salvia hispanica) and perilla (Perilla frutescens) contain high levels of ALA in seeds. In this study, the ω-3 FAD gene family was systematically and comparatively cloned from chia and perilla. Perilla FAD3, FAD7, FAD8 and chia FAD7 are encoded by single-copy (but heterozygous) genes, while chia FAD3 is encoded by 2 distinct genes. Only 1 chia FAD8 sequence was isolated. In these genes, there are 1 to 6 transcription start sites, 1 to 8 poly(A) tailing sites, and 7 introns. The 5'UTRs of PfFAD8a/b contain 1 to 2 purine-stretches and 2 pyrimidine-stretches. An alternative splice variant of ShFAD7a/b comprises a 5'UTR intron. Their encoded proteins harbor an FA_desaturase conserved domain together with 4 trans-membrane helices and 3 histidine boxes. Phylogenetic analysis validated their identity of dicot microsomal or plastidial ω-3 FAD proteins, and revealed some important evolutionary features of plant ω-3 FAD genes such as convergent evolution across different phylums, single-copy status in algae, and duplication events in certain taxa. The qRT-PCR assay showed that the ω-3 FAD genes of two species were expressed at different levels in various organs, and they also responded to multiple stress treatments. The functionality of the ShFAD3 and PfFAD3 enzymes was confirmed by yeast expression. The systemic molecular and functional features of the ω-3 FAD gene family from chia and perilla revealed in this study will facilitate their use in future studies on genetic improvement of ALA traits in oilseed crops.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ácidos Graxos Dessaturases/genética
Genes de Plantas
Perilla frutescens/enzimologia
Perilla frutescens/genética
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Salvia/enzimologia
Salvia/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Regiões 5' não Traduzidas
Processamento Alternativo
Sequência de Aminoácidos
Clonagem Molecular
Sequência Conservada
Evolução Molecular
Ácidos Graxos Dessaturases/química
Ácidos Graxos Dessaturases/metabolismo
Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Família Multigênica
Especificidade de Órgãos
Filogenia
Proteínas de Plantas/química
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
RNA Mensageiro/genética
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
RNA de Plantas/genética
RNA de Plantas/metabolismo
Proteínas Recombinantes/química
Proteínas Recombinantes/genética
Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos
Estresse Fisiológico
Transcriptoma
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (5' Untranslated Regions); 0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (RNA, Messenger); 0 (RNA, Plant); 0 (Recombinant Proteins); EC 1.14.19.- (Fatty Acid Desaturases); EC 1.14.99.- (omega-3 fatty acid desaturase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191432



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