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Pesquisa : G05.360.340.024.340.393 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29425824
[Au] Autor:Wang L; Zhu J; Li X; Wang S; Wu J
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China.
[Ti] Título:Salt and drought stress and ABA responses related to bZIP genes from V. radiata and V. angularis.
[So] Source:Gene;651:152-160, 2018 Apr 20.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0038
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Mung bean and adzuki bean are warm-season legumes widely cultivated in China. However, bean production in major producing regions is limited by biotic and abiotic stress, such as drought and salt stress. Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) genes play key roles in responses to various biotic and abiotic stresses. However, only several bZIP genes involved in drought and salt stress in legumes, especially Vigna radiata and Vigna angularis, have been identified. In this study, we identified 54 and 50 bZIP proteins from whole-genome sequences of V. radiata and V. angularis, respectively. First, we comprehensively surveyed the characteristics of all bZIP genes, including their gene structure, chromosome distribution and motif composition. Phylogenetic trees showed that VrbZIP and VabZIP proteins were divided into ten clades comprising nine known and one unknown subgroup. The results of the nucleotide substitution rate of the orthologous gene pairs showed that bZIP proteins have undergone strong purifying selection: V. radiata and V. angularis diverged 1.25 million years ago (mya) to 9.20 mya (average of 4.95 mya). We also found that many cis-acting regulatory elements (CAREs) involved in abiotic stress and plant hormone responses were detected in the putative promoter regions of the bZIP genes. Finally, using the quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) method, we performed expression profiling of the bZIP genes in response to drought, salt and abscisic acid (ABA). We identified several bZIP genes that may be involved in drought and salt responses. Generally, our results provided useful and rich resources of VrbZIP and VabZIP genes for the functional characterization and understanding of bZIP transcription factors (TFs) in warm-season legumes. In addition, our results revealed important and interesting data - a subset of VrbZIP and VabZIP gene expression profiles in response to drought, salt and ABA stress. These results provide gene expression evidence for the selection of candidate genes under drought and salt stress for future study.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina Básica/genética
Genes de Plantas
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Vigna/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ácido Abscísico/farmacologia
Secas
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
Genoma de Planta
Filogenia
Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia
Estresse Fisiológico/genética
Vigna/classificação
Vigna/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors); 0 (Plant Proteins); 451W47IQ8X (Sodium Chloride); 72S9A8J5GW (Abscisic Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29409851
[Au] Autor:Tan M; Li G; Qi S; Liu X; Chen X; Ma J; Zhang D; Han M
[Ad] Endereço:College of Horticulture, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.
[Ti] Título:Identification and expression analysis of the IPT and CKX gene families during axillary bud outgrowth in apple (Malus domestica Borkh.).
[So] Source:Gene;651:106-117, 2018 Apr 20.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0038
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cytokinins (CKs) play a crucial role in promoting axillary bud outgrowth and targeting the control of CK metabolism can be used to enhance branching in plants. CK levels are maintained mainly by CK biosynthesis (isopentenyl transferase, IPT) and degradation (dehydrogenase, CKX) genes in plants. A systematic study of the IPT and CKX gene families in apple, however, has not been conducted. In the present study, 12 MdIPTs and 12 MdCKXs were identified in the apple genome. Systematic phylogenetic, structural, and synteny analyses were performed. Expression analysis of these genes in different tissues was also assessed. MdIPT and MdCKX genes exhibit distinct expression patterns in different tissues. The response of MdIPT, MdCKX, and MdPIN1 genes to various treatments (6-BA, decapitation and Lovastatin, an inhibitor of CKs synthesis) that impact branching were also investigated. Results indicated that most of the MdIPT and MdCKX, and MdPIN1 genes were upregulated by 6-BA and decapitation treatment, but inhibited by Lovastatin, a compound that effectively suppresses axillary bud outgrowth induced by decapitation. These findings suggest that cytokinin biosynthesis is required for the activation of bud break and the export of auxin from buds in apple tree with intact primary shoot apex or decapitated apple tree. MdCKX8 and MdCKX10, however, exhibited little response to decapitation, but were significantly up-regulated by 6-BA and Lovastatin, a finding that warrants further investigation in order to understand their function in bud-outgrowth.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alquil e Aril Transferases/genética
Genes de Plantas
Malus/genética
Oxirredutases/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arabidopsis/genética
Compostos de Benzil/farmacologia
Mapeamento Cromossômico
Cromossomos de Plantas
Evolução Molecular
Flores/genética
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Genoma de Planta
Lovastatina/farmacologia
Malus/enzimologia
Malus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Família Multigênica
Filogenia
Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta
Purinas/farmacologia
Sintenia
Regulação para Cima
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Benzyl Compounds); 0 (Plant Growth Regulators); 0 (Purines); 9LHU78OQFD (Lovastatin); EC 1.- (Oxidoreductases); EC 1.5.99.12 (cytokinin oxidase); EC 2.5.- (Alkyl and Aryl Transferases); EC 2.5.1.27 (adenylate isopentenyltransferase); KXG6A989PS (benzylaminopurine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29381775
[Au] Autor:Sundaramoorthy J; Park GT; Mukaiyama K; Tsukamoto C; Chang JH; Lee JD; Kim JH; Seo HS; Song JT
[Ad] Endereço:School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Molecular elucidation of a new allelic variation at the Sg-5 gene associated with the absence of group A saponins in wild soybean.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0192150, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In soybean, triterpenoid saponin is one of the major secondary metabolites and is further classified into group A and DDMP saponins. Although they have known health benefits for humans and animals, acetylation of group A saponins causes bitterness and gives an astringent taste to soy products. Therefore, several studies are being conducted to eliminate acetylated group A saponins. Previous studies have isolated and characterized the Sg-5 (Glyma.15g243300) gene, which encodes the cytochrome P450 72A69 enzyme and is responsible for soyasapogenol A biosynthesis. In this study, we elucidated the molecular identity of a novel mutant of Glycine soja, 'CWS5095'. Phenotypic analysis using TLC and LC-PDA/MS/MS showed that the mutant 'CWS5095' did not produce any group A saponins. Segregation analysis showed that the absence of group A saponins is controlled by a single recessive allele. The locus was mapped on chromosome 15 (4.3 Mb) between Affx-89193969 and Affx-89134397 where the previously identified Glyma.15g243300 gene is positioned. Sequence analysis of the coding region for the Glyma.15g243300 gene revealed the presence of four SNPs in 'CWS5095' compared to the control lines. One of these four SNPs (G1127A) leads to the amino acid change Arg376Lys in the EXXR motif, which is invariably conserved among the CYP450 superfamily proteins. Co-segregation analysis showed that the missense mutation (Arg376Lys) was tightly linked with the absence of group A saponins in 'CWS5095'. Even though Arg and Lys have similar chemical features, the 3D modelled protein structure indicates that the replacement of Arg with Lys may cause a loss-of-function of the Sg-5 protein by inhibiting the stable binding of a heme cofactor to the CYP72A69 apoenzyme.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alelos
Genes de Plantas
Saponinas/genética
Feijão de Soja/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Saponins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0192150


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[PMID]:29381741
[Au] Autor:Ettaki H; Troncoso-Ponce MA; To A; Barthole G; Lepiniec L; Baud S
[Ad] Endereço:Institut Jean-Pierre Bourgin, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, AgroParisTech, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Paris-Saclay, Versailles, France.
[Ti] Título:Overexpression of MYB115, AAD2, or AAD3 in Arabidopsis thaliana seeds yields contrasting omega-7 contents.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0192156, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Omega-7 monoenoic fatty acids (ω-7 FAs) are increasingly exploited both for their positive effects on health and for their industrial potential. Some plant species produce fruits or seeds with high amounts of ω-7 FAs. However, the low yields and poor agronomic properties of these plants preclude their commercial use. As an alternative, the metabolic engineering of oilseed crops for sustainable ω-7 FA production has been proposed. Two palmitoyl-ACP desaturases (PADs) catalyzing ω-7 FA biosynthesis were recently identified and characterized in Arabidopsis thaliana, together with MYB115 and MYB118, two transcription factors that positively control the expression of the corresponding PAD genes. In the present research, we examine the biotechnological potential of these new actors of ω-7 metabolism for the metabolic engineering of plant-based production of ω-7 FAs. We placed the PAD and MYB115 coding sequences under the control of a promoter strongly induced in seeds and evaluated these different constructs in A. thaliana. Seeds were obtained that exhibit ω-7 FA contents ranging from 10 to >50% of the total FAs, and these major compositional changes have no detrimental effect on seed germination.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arabidopsis/genética
Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo
Genes de Plantas
Sementes/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arabidopsis/embriologia
Arabidopsis/metabolismo
Germinação
Regiões Promotoras Genéticas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fatty Acids)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0192156


  5 / 28696 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29381737
[Au] Autor:Wang Y; Zhang T; Song X; Zhang J; Dang Z; Pei X; Long Y
[Ad] Endereço:MOA Key Laboratory on Safety Assessment (Molecular) of Agri-GMO, Institute of Biotechnology, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China.
[Ti] Título:Identification and functional analysis of two alternatively spliced transcripts of ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE3 (ABI3) in linseed flax (Linum usitatissimum L.).
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191910, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Alternative splicing is a popular phenomenon in different types of plants. It can produce alternative spliced transcripts that encode proteins with altered functions. Previous studies have shown that one transcription factor, ABSCISIC ACID INSENSITIVE3 (ABI3), which encodes an important component in abscisic acid (ABA) signaling, is subjected to alternative splicing in both mono- and dicotyledons. In the current study, we identified two homologs of ABI3 in the genome of linseed flax. We screened two alternatively spliced flax LuABI3 transcripts, LuABI3-2 and LuABI3-3, and one normal flax LuABI3 transcript, LuABI3-1. Sequence analysis revealed that one of the alternatively spliced transcripts, LuABI3-3, retained a 6 bp intron. RNA accumulation analysis showed that all three transcripts were expressed during seed development, while subcellular localization and transgene experiments showed that LuABI3-3 had no biological function. The two normal transcripts, LuABI3-1 and LuABI3-2, are the important functional isoforms in flax and play significant roles in the ABA regulatory pathway during seed development, germination, and maturation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Processamento Alternativo
Linho/genética
Genes de Plantas
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
RNA Mensageiro/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Sequência de Aminoácidos
Arabidopsis/genética
Germinação/genética
Proteínas de Plantas/química
Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas
Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos
Frações Subcelulares/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (RNA, Messenger)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191910


  6 / 28696 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29342185
[Au] Autor:Deshpande P; Dapkekar A; Oak M; Paknikar K; Rajwade J
[Ad] Endereço:Nanobioscience group, Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, India.
[Ti] Título:Nanocarrier-mediated foliar zinc fertilization influences expression of metal homeostasis related genes in flag leaves and enhances gluten content in durum wheat.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191035, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Wheat is the staple food for most of the world's population; however, it is a poor source of zinc. Foliar fertilization of zinc via zinc loaded chitosan nanocarriers (Zn-CNP) post-anthesis has proved to be a promising approach for grain zinc enhancement in durum wheat as evidenced in our earlier study. However, the molecular mechanism of uptake of zinc via Zn-CNP remains unclear. METHODS/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: Foliar application of Zn-CNP was performed at post anthesis stages in two durum wheat cultivars (MACS 3125 and UC1114, containing the Gpc-B1 gene), and expression levels of several metal-related genes were analyzed during early senescence. Zn-CNP application indeed caused changes in gene expression as revealed by qPCR data on representative genes involved in metal homeostasis, phloem transporters, and leaf senescence. Furthermore, zinc-regulated transporters and iron (Fe)-regulated transporter-like protein (ZIP) family [ZIP1, ZIP7, ZIP15], CA (carbonic anhydrase), and DMAS (2'-deoxymugineic acid synthase) in flag leaves exhibited significant correlation with zinc content in the seeds. The analysis of grain endosperm proteins showed enhancement of gamma gliadins while other gluten subunits decreased. Gene expression within ZIP family members varied with the type of cultivar mostly attributed to the Gpc-B1, concentration of external zinc ions as well as the type of tissue analyzed. Correlation analysis revealed the involvement of the selected genes in zinc enhancement. CONCLUSION: At the molecular level, uptake of zinc via Zn-CNP nanocarrier was comparable to the uptake of zinc via common zinc fertilizers i.e. ZnSO4.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genes de Plantas
Homeostase
Metais/metabolismo
Nanopartículas
Triticum/genética
Zinco/administração & dosagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Glutens/metabolismo
Folhas de Planta/genética
Folhas de Planta/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Metals); 8002-80-0 (Glutens); J41CSQ7QDS (Zinc)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191035


  7 / 28696 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29331375
[Au] Autor:Ma L; Wang Q; Yuan M; Zou T; Yin P; Wang S
[Ad] Endereço:National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, National Center of Plant Gene Research (Wuhan), Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China.
[Ti] Título:Xanthomonas TAL effectors hijack host basal transcription factor IIA α and γ subunits for invasion.
[So] Source:Biochem Biophys Res Commun;496(2):608-613, 2018 02 05.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2104
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Xanthomonas genus includes Gram-negative plant-pathogenic bacteria, which infect a broad range of crops and wild plant species, cause symptoms with leaf blights, streaks, spots, stripes, necrosis, wilt, cankers and gummosis on leaves, stems and fruits in a wide variety of plants via injecting their effector proteins into the host cell during infection. Among these virulent effectors, transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs) interact with the γ subunit of host transcription factor IIA (TFIIAγ) to activate the transcription of host disease susceptibility genes. Functional TFIIA is a ternary complex comprising α, ß and γ subunits. However, whether TALEs recruit TFIIAα, TFIIAß, or both remains unknown. The underlying molecular mechanisms by which TALEs mediate host susceptibility gene activation require full elucidation. Here, we show that TALEs interact with the α+γ binary subcomplex but not the α+ß+γ ternary complex of rice TFIIA (holo-OsTFIIA). The transcription factor binding (TFB) regions of TALEs, which are highly conserved in Xanthomonas species, have a dominant role in these interactions. Furthermore, the interaction between TALEs and the α+γ complex exhibits robust DNA binding activity in vitro. These results collectively demonstrate that TALE-carrying pathogens hijack the host basal transcription factors TFIIAα and TFIIAγ, but not TFIIAß, to enhance host susceptibility during pathogen infection. The uncovered mechanism widens new insights on host-microbe interaction and provide an applicable strategy to breed high-resistance crop varieties.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno
Oryza/microbiologia
Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Efetores Semelhantes a Ativadores de Transcrição/metabolismo
Fator de Transcrição TFIIA/metabolismo
Xanthomonas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Resistência à Doença
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Genes de Plantas
Oryza/genética
Oryza/metabolismo
Doenças das Plantas/genética
Ligação Proteica
Subunidades Proteicas/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (Protein Subunits); 0 (Transcription Activator-Like Effectors); 0 (Transcription Factor TFIIA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180115
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 28696 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29309428
[Au] Autor:Sarika K; Hossain F; Muthusamy V; Zunjare RU; Baveja A; Goswami R; Thirunavukkarasu N; Jha SK; Gupta HS
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Genetics, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India.
[Ti] Título:Opaque16, a high lysine and tryptophan mutant, does not influence the key physico-biochemical characteristics in maize kernel.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190945, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The enhancement of lysine and tryptophan in maize is so far basedon opaque2(o2) mutant, that along with the endosperm-modifiersled to development of Quality Protein Maize[QPM]. Though many mutants improving the endospermic protein quality were discovered, they could not be successfully deployed. Recently discovered opaque16 (o16)mutant enhances the lysine and tryptophan content in maize endosperm. In the present study, the influence of o16 on the endosperm modification was analyzed in four F2 populations, two each segregating for o16 allele alone and in combination with o2. The recessive o16o16 seed endosperm was found to be vitreousphenotypically similar to wild-O16O16. The mutant did not influence the degree of kernel opaqueness in o2o2 genetic background as opaqueness in o2o2/O16O16 and o2o2/o16o16 was similar. Grain hardness of o16o16 was comparable with the normal and QPM maize. The pattern of microscopic organization of proteinaceous matrix and starch granules, and zein profiling of the storage protein in o16o16 were found to be similar with normal maize endosperm, but distinct from the o2o2-soft genotype. The pattern in o2o2/o16o16 was unique and different from o2o2 and o16o16 as well. Here we demonstrated the effects of o16 on physico-biochemical characteristics of endosperm and report of o16 possessing negligible influence on kernel modification and hardness, which holds a great significance in maize quality breeding programme.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lisina/metabolismo
Mutação
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Triptofano/metabolismo
Zea mays/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Genes de Plantas
Marcadores Genéticos
Proteínas de Plantas/química
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Zea mays/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Genetic Markers); 0 (Plant Proteins); 8DUH1N11BX (Tryptophan); K3Z4F929H6 (Lysine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180109
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190945


  9 / 28696 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29202710
[Au] Autor:Parvathaneni RK; DeLeo VL; Spiekerman JJ; Chakraborty D; Devos KM
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Plant Breeding, Genetics and Genomics, University of Georgia, 30602, Athens, Georgia, United States.
[Ti] Título:Parallel loss of introns in the ABCB1 gene in angiosperms.
[So] Source:BMC Evol Biol;17(1):238, 2017 Dec 04.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2148
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The presence of non-coding introns is a characteristic feature of most eukaryotic genes. While the size of the introns, number of introns per gene and the number of intron-containing genes can vary greatly between sequenced eukaryotic genomes, the structure of a gene with reference to intron presence and positions is typically conserved in closely related species. Unexpectedly, the ABCB1 (ATP-Binding Cassette Subfamily B Member 1) gene which encodes a P-glycoprotein and underlies dwarfing traits in maize (br2), sorghum (dw3) and pearl millet (d2) displayed considerable variation in intron composition. RESULTS: An analysis of the ABCB1 gene structure in 80 angiosperms revealed that the number of introns ranged from one to nine. All introns in ABCB1 underwent either a one-time loss (single loss in one lineage/species) or multiple independent losses (parallel loss in two or more lineages/species) with the majority of losses occurring within the grass family. In contrast, the structure of the closest homolog to ABCB1, ABCB19, remained constant in the majority of angiosperms analyzed. Using known phylogenetic relationships within the grasses, we determined the ancestral branch-points where the losses occurred. Intron 7, the longest intron, was lost in only a single species, Mimulus guttatus, following duplication of ABCB1. Semiquantitative PCR showed that the M. guttatus ABCB1 gene copy without intron 7 had significantly lower transcript levels than the gene copy with intron 7. We further demonstrated that intron 7 carried two motifs that were highly conserved across the monocot-dicot divide. CONCLUSIONS: The ABCB1 gene structure is highly dynamic, while the structure of ABCB19 remained largely conserved through evolution. Precise removal of introns, preferential removal of smaller introns and presence of at least 2 bp of microhomology flanking most introns indicated that intron loss may have predominantly occurred through non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) repair of double strand breaks. Lack of microhomology in the exon upstream of lost phase I introns was likely due to release of the selective constraint on the penultimate base (3rd base in codon) of the terminal codon by the splicing machinery. In addition to size, the presence of regulatory motifs will make introns recalcitrant to loss.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genes de Plantas
Íntrons/genética
Magnoliopsida/genética
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arabidopsis/genética
Sequência de Bases
Sequência Conservada/genética
DNA Complementar/genética
Evolução Molecular
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Mimulus/genética
Motivos de Nucleotídeos/genética
Oryza/genética
Filogenia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Polimorfismo Genético
RNA Mensageiro/genética
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Complementary); 0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (RNA, Messenger)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12862-017-1077-x


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[PMID]:28987404
[Au] Autor:Xu H; Yu C; Xia X; Li M; Li H; Wang Y; Wang S; Wang C; Ma Y; Zhou G
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Energy Genetics, Qingdao Engineering Research Center of Biomass Resources and Environment, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101, China.
[Ti] Título:Comparative transcriptome analysis of duckweed (Landoltia punctata) in response to cadmium provides insights into molecular mechanisms underlying hyperaccumulation.
[So] Source:Chemosphere;190:154-165, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1298
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cadmium (Cd) is a detrimental environmental pollutant. Duckweeds have been considered promising candidates for Cd phytoremediation. Although many physiological studies have been conducted, the molecular mechanisms underlying Cd hyperaccumulation in duckweeds are largely unknown. In this study, clone 6001 of Landoltia punctata, which showed high Cd tolerance, was obtained by large-scale screening of over 200 duckweed clones. Subsequently, its growth, Cd flux, Cd accumulation, and Cd distribution characteristics were investigated. To further explore the global molecular mechanism, a comprehensive transcriptome analysis was performed. For RNA-Seq, samples were treated with 20 µM CdCl for 0, 1, 3, and 6 days. In total, 9,461, 9,847, and 9615 differentially expressed unigenes (DEGs) were discovered between Cd-treated and control (0 day) samples. DEG clustering and enrichment analysis identified several biological processes for coping with Cd stress. Genes involved in DNA repair acted as an early response to Cd, while RNA and protein metabolism would be likely to respond as well. Furthermore, the carbohydrate metabolic flux tended to be modulated in response to Cd stress, and upregulated genes involved in sulfur and ROS metabolism might cause high Cd tolerance. Vacuolar sequestration most likely played an important role in Cd detoxification in L. punctata 6001. These novel findings provided important clues for molecular assisted screening and breeding of Cd hyperaccumulating cultivars for phytoremediation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Araceae/efeitos dos fármacos
Araceae/genética
Biodegradação Ambiental
Cádmio/farmacocinética
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Araceae/metabolismo
Cádmio/metabolismo
Tolerância a Medicamentos/genética
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos
Genes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos
Genes de Plantas/genética
Análise de Sequência de RNA
Estresse Fisiológico/genética
Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
00BH33GNGH (Cadmium)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171009
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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