Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : G05.380 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 186381 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 18639 ir para página                         

  1 / 186381 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28463753
[Au] Autor:Walker A; Bergmann M; Camdereli J; Kaiser R; Lübke N; Timm J
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Virology, Heinrich-Heine-University, University Hospital, Düsseldorf, Germany.
[Ti] Título:A genotype independent, full-genome reverse-transcription protocol for HCV genotyping and resistance testing.
[So] Source:J Clin Virol;91:42-48, 2017 06.
[Is] ISSN:1873-5967
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: HCV treatment options and cure rates have tremendously increased in the last decade. Although a pan-genotype HCV treatment has recently been approved, most DAA therapies are still genotype specific. Resistance-associated variants (RAVs) can limit the efficacy of DAA therapy and are associated with increased risk for therapy failure. With the approval of DAA regimens that recommend resistance testing prior to therapy, correct assessment of the genotype and testing for viruses with RAVs is clinically relevant. However, genotyping and resistance testing is generally done in costly and laborious separate reactions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to establish a genotype-independent full-genome reverse transcription protocol to generate a template for both genotyping and resistance testing and to implement it into our routine diagnostic setup. STUDY DESIGN: The complete HCV genome was reverse transcribed with a pan-genotype primer binding at the 3'end of the viral RNA. This cDNA served as template for transcription of the genotyping amplicon in the core region as well as for the resistance testing of NS3, NS5A, and NS5B. RESULTS: With the established RT-protocol the HCV core region was successfully amplified and genotyped from 124 out of 125 (99.2%) HCV-positive samples. The amplification efficiency of RAV containing regions in NS3, NS5A, NS5B was 96.2%, 96.6% and 94.4%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a method for HCV full-genome cDNA synthesis and implemented it into a routine diagnostic setup. This cDNA can be used as template for genotyping amplicons covering the core or NS5B region as well as for resistance testing amplicons in NS3, NS5A and NS5B.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Farmacorresistência Viral/genética
Genoma Viral/genética
Técnicas de Genotipagem
Hepacivirus/efeitos dos fármacos
Hepacivirus/genética
Transcrição Reversa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antivirais/farmacologia
Antivirais/uso terapêutico
DNA Complementar
Genoma Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
Genótipo
Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação
Hepatite C Crônica/sangue
Hepatite C Crônica/diagnóstico
Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico
Seres Humanos
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
RNA Viral/sangue
RNA Viral/genética
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antiviral Agents); 0 (DNA, Complementary); 0 (RNA, Viral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180311
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180311
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 186381 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29391274
[Au] Autor:Chen YL; Li TJ; Hao Y; Wu BG; Li H; Geng N; Sun ZQ; Zheng LQ; Sun YX
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Cardiology, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, PR China.
[Ti] Título:Association of rs2271037 and rs3749585 polymorphisms in CORIN with susceptibility to hypertension in a Chinese Han population: A case-control study.
[So] Source:Gene;651:79-85, 2018 Apr 20.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0038
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Corins are membrane-bound protease that regulates blood pressure by activating the natriuretic peptides. These pro-atrial natriuretic peptide convertases are essential for sodium homeostasis and normal blood pressure. CORIN variants have been identified in humans and other animals, but no studies of CORIN polymorphisms have been conducted in northeastern China. This study aims to investigate the association of 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CORIN (rs2271037 and rs3749585) with hypertension, as well as their potential interactions with some risk factors of hypertension in a Han population of northeastern China. A case-control study, including 402 patients with hypertension and 406 participants with normal blood pressure, was conducted in Liaoning province. SNP genotyping was carried out by high resolution melting (HRM) after polymerase chain reaction amplifications. Since rs3749585 is located in 3' untranslated region (UTR) of CORIN, in silico analysis was used to predict target micro RNAs on TargetScan, miRanda, and DIANA-microT. As a result, mutant T allele in rs2271037 (odds ratio [OR], 1.693; 95% confidence [CI], 1.528-1.877; p < 0.001) and C allele in rs3749585 (OR, 1.114; 95% CI 1.011-1.227; p = 0.029) increased the risk of hypertension, comparing with wild G allele and T allele, respectively. Patients with genotype TT (OR, 10.209; 95% CI, 6.414-16.250; p < 0.001) and GT (OR, 1.730; 95% CI, 1.226-2.443; p = 0.002) have higher risk of hypertension than those with genotype GG. SNP rs2271037 was significantly associated with susceptibility to hypertension in all genetic models (dominant model: OR, 2.879; 95% CI, 2.080-3.986; p < 0.001; recessive model: OR, 7.159; 95% CI, 4.779-10.724; p < 0.001; additive model: OR, 1.535; 95% CI, 1.163-2.027; p = 0.002). SNP rs3749585 was significantly correlated with hypertension susceptibility only in dominant model (OR, 1.533; 95% CI, 1.073-2.189; p = 0.019), but not in recessive model (OR, 1.220; 95% CI, 0.906-1.644; p = 0.191) or additive model (OR, 0.915; 95% CI, 0.694-1.205; p = 0.527). After adjusting for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), smoking, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and serum sodium level in logistic models, the same statistical results were obtained. Interaction study showed the association between CORIN polymorphisms and hypertension could be changed by overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m ). In silico analyses implicated hsa-miR-495 as a target miRNA that potentially interacts with the 3' UTR of CORIN. In conclusion, polymorphisms of rs2271037 and rs3749585 in CORIN were significantly associated with hypertension in a Han population of northeastern China. The mutant-type T allele of rs2271037 and C allele of rs3749585 might increase the susceptibility to hypertension in this population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética
Hipertensão/genética
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
Serina Endopeptidases/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alelos
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Feminino
Interação Gene-Ambiente
Estudos de Associação Genética
Predisposição Genética para Doença
Genótipo
Seres Humanos
Masculino
MicroRNAs/metabolismo
Meia-Idade
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (MicroRNAs); 0 (RNA, Messenger); EC 3.4.21.- (CORIN protein, human); EC 3.4.21.- (Serine Endopeptidases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180203
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 186381 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29377949
[Au] Autor:Hibino A; Saito R; Taniguchi K; Zaraket H; Shobugawa Y; Matsui T; Suzuki H; Japanese HRSV Collaborative Study Group
[Ad] Endereço:Division of International Health (Public Health), Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Molecular epidemiology of human respiratory syncytial virus among children in Japan during three seasons and hospitalization risk of genotype ON1.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0192085, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We investigated the genetic diversity, the circulation patterns, and risk for hospital admission of human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) strains in Japan between 2012 through 2015. During the study period, 744 HRSV-positive cases were identified by rapid diagnostic test. Of these, 572 samples were positive by real-time PCR; 400 (69.9%) were HRSV-A, and 172 (30.1%) were HRSV-B. HRSV-A and -B alternated as the dominant strain in the subsequent seasons. Phylogenetic tree analysis of the second hyper-variable region of the G protein classified the HRSV-A specimens into NA1 (n = 242) and ON1 (n = 114) genotypes and the HRSV-B specimens into BA9 (n = 60), and BA10 (n = 27). The ON1 genotype, containing a 72-nucleotide duplication in the G protein's second hyper-variable region, was first detected in the 2012-2013 season but it predominated and replaced the older NA1 HRSV-A in the 2014-2015 season, which also coincided with a record number of HRSV cases reported to the National Infectious Disease Surveillance in Japan. The risk of hospitalization was 6.9 times higher for the ON1 genotype compared to NA1. In conclusion, our data showed that the emergence and predominance of the relatively new ON1 genotype in Japan was associated with a record high number of cases and increased risk for hospitalization.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hospitalização
Epidemiologia Molecular
Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Genótipo
Seres Humanos
Japão
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0192085


  4 / 186381 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29372577
[Au] Autor:Mansouri F; Heydarzadeh R; Yousefi S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Genetics and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
[Ti] Título:The association of interferon-gamma, interleukin-4 and interleukin-17 single-nucleotide polymorphisms with susceptibility to tuberculosis.
[So] Source:APMIS;126(3):227-233, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1600-0463
[Cp] País de publicação:Denmark
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Susceptibility to tuberculosis and progression of the disease depend on interactions between the bacterial agent, host immune system, and environmental and genetic factors. In this case-controlled study, we aimed to determine the role of single-nucleotide polymorphisms of interferon-gamma, interleukin-4 and interleukin-17 in susceptibility to tuberculosis. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of patients and controls. The association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in interleukin-4 (-590C/T), interleukin-17 (-152A/G) and interferon-gamma (+874T/A) was investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism and amplification refractory mutation system-PCR. A total of 76 tuberculosis patients and 119 healthy individuals were included in this study. The interferon-gamma (+874T/A) TA genotype was significantly associated with susceptibility to tuberculosis in patients compared to controls (OR = 1.76; 95%CI = 0.84-3.71; p = 0.007), while the interferon-gamma (+874T/A) TT genotype (OR = 0.51; 95%CI = 0.19-1.36; p = 0.007) had protective effects against tuberculosis and was related to a low risk of tuberculosis development. The difference between allelic and genotypic frequencies of interleukin-4 (-590C/T) between patients and controls was not significant (p = 0.46). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the interleukin-17 (-152A/G) AG genotype (OR = 2.27; 95%CI = 1.19-4.34; p = 0.03) and AA genotype (OR = 1.03; 95%CI = 0.43-2.44; p = 0.03) were significantly different between patients and controls. In conclusion, single-nucleotide mutations in different cytokine genes may have protective effects or increase the risk of tuberculosis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Predisposição Genética para Doença
Interferon gama/genética
Interleucina-17/genética
Interleucina-4/genética
Tuberculose Pulmonar/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Alelos
Estudos de Casos e Controles
DNA/genética
Feminino
Frequência do Gene/genética
Genótipo
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Mycobacterium tuberculosis/imunologia
Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico
Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
Tuberculose Pulmonar/microbiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (IL17A protein, human); 0 (IL4 protein, human); 0 (Interleukin-17); 207137-56-2 (Interleukin-4); 82115-62-6 (Interferon-gamma); 9007-49-2 (DNA)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180127
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/apm.12810


  5 / 186381 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29320825
[Au] Autor:Kim HJ; Yong TS; Shin MH; Lee KJ; Park GM; Suvonkulov U; Kovalenko D; Yu HS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan 50612, Korea.
[Ti] Título:Practical Algorisms for PCR-RFLP-Based Genotyping of Echinococcus granulosus Sensu Lato.
[So] Source:Korean J Parasitol;55(6):679-684, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1738-0006
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) is a causative agent of cystic echinococcosis or cystic hydatid disease in humans and domestic and wild animals. The disease is a serious health problem in countries associated with poverty and poor hygiene practices, particularly in livestock raising. We introduced a practical algorism for genotyping the parasite, which may be useful to many developing countries. To evaluate the efficiency of the algorism, we genotyped 3 unknown strains isolated from human patients. We found that unknowns 1 and 3 were included in G1, G2, and G3 genotypes group and unknown 2 was included in G4 genotype (Echinococcus equinus) according to the algorisms. We confirmed these results by sequencing the 3 unknown isolates cox1 and nad1 PCR products. In conclusion, these new algorisms are very fast genotype identification tools that are suitable for evaluating E. granulosus s.l. isolated from livestock or livestock holders, particularly in developing countries.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Algoritmos
Equinococose/parasitologia
Equinococose/veterinária
Echinococcus granulosus/genética
Genótipo
Técnicas de Genotipagem/métodos
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Domésticos
Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/genética
Echinococcus granulosus/isolamento & purificação
Complexo I de Transporte de Elétrons/genética
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
EC 1.14.99.1 (Cyclooxygenase 1); EC 1.6.5.3 (Electron Transport Complex I)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3347/kjp.2017.55.6.679


  6 / 186381 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29320814
[Au] Autor:Basyoni MMA; Elghobary HAF
[Ad] Endereço:Parasitology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.
[Ti] Título:Genotypic Identification of Cystoisospora in Immunocompromised Patients Using Tm-Variation Analysis.
[So] Source:Korean J Parasitol;55(6):601-606, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1738-0006
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cystoisospora is responsible for morbidity in immunocompromised patients. PCR is sensitive for diagnosing Cystoisospora; however, it needs reevaluation for differential molecular diagnosis of cystoisosporiasis. We aimed at evaluating melting curve analysis (MCA) after real-time PCR (qPCR) in diagnosis and genotyping of Cystoisospora as an alternative to conventional PCR. We included 293 diarrheic stool samples of patients attending the Department of Clinical Oncology and Nuclear Medicine of Cairo University Hospitals, Egypt. Samples were subjected to microscopy, nested PCR (nPCR), and qPCR targeting the internal transcribed spacer 2 region (ITS2) of the ribosomal RNA (r RNA) gene followed by melting temperatures (Tms) analysis and comparing the results to PCR-RFLP banding patterns. Using microscopy and ITS2-nPCR, 3.1% and 5.8% of cases were Cystoisospora positive, respectively, while 10.9% were positive using qPCR. Genotyping of Cystoisospora by qPCR-MCA revealed 2 genotypes. These genotypes matched with 2 distinct melting peaks with specified Tms at 85.8°C and 88.6°C, which indicated genetic variation among Cystoisospora isolates in Egypt. Genotype II proved to be more prevalent (65.6%). HIV-related Kaposi sarcoma and leukemic patients harbored both genotypes with a tendency to genotype II. Genotype I was more prevalent in lymphomas and mammary gland tumors while colorectal and hepatocellular tumors harbored genotype II suggesting that this genotype might be responsible for the development of cystoisosporiasis in immunocompromised patients. Direct reliable identification and differentiation of Cystoisospora species could be established using qPCR-Tms analysis which is useful for rapid detection and screening of Cystoisospora genotypes principally in high risk groups.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Coccidiose/diagnóstico
Coccidiose/parasitologia
Genótipo
Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido
Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos
Sarcocystidae/genética
Sarcocystidae/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3347/kjp.2017.55.6.601


  7 / 186381 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29287879
[Au] Autor:Niu Z; Yan D; Bressler S; Mei L; Feng Y; Liu X
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, China; Department of Otolaryngology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA.
[Ti] Título:A novel splicing mutation in SMPX is linked to nonsyndromic progressive hearing loss.
[So] Source:Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol;104:47-50, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8464
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: X-linked nonsyndromic hearing impairment is the rarest form of genetic hearing loss and represents only a minor fraction of all cases. The aim of this study was to investigate the cause of X-linked nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss in a three-generation American family. METHODS: Whole-exome sequencing and co-segregation analysis were used to identify disease-causing genes. RESULTS: In this study, we described in detail the clinical characteristics of the family and identified a novel frameshift mutation creating a premature stop codon (c.133-1 G > A, p.(Gly45fs*36)) of SMPX. The loss-of-function mutation was co-segregated with the progressive hearing loss phenotype and was absent in 200 normal controls. CONCLUSIONS: We report the first SMPX (DFNX4) mutation in a North American family. Our findings contribute to the existing genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of SMPX associated hearing loss. Furthermore, our data suggest that exome sequencing is promising in the genetic diagnosis of hearing loss.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Surdez/genética
Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/genética
Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética
Proteínas Musculares/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Criança
Códon sem Sentido
Feminino
Mutação da Fase de Leitura
Genótipo
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Linhagem
Processamento de RNA
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Codon, Nonsense); 0 (Muscle Proteins); 0 (SMPX protein, human)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171231
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 186381 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28461205
[Au] Autor:Supadej K; Khamrin P; Kumthip K; Kochjan P; Yodmeeklin A; Ushijima H; Maneekarn N
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
[Ti] Título:Wide variety of recombinant strains of norovirus GII in pediatric patients hospitalized with acute gastroenteritis in Thailand during 2005 to 2015.
[So] Source:Infect Genet Evol;52:44-51, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1567-7257
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Norovirus (NoV) has been reported as being a common cause of acute gastroenteritis both in children and adults worldwide. Of the many variants, NoV GII.4 is the most predominant genotype. One of the mechanisms that drives the evolution and emergence of new variants of NoV is homologous recombination. This study describes the genetic recombination involved in cases of NoV GII detected in pediatric patients with acute gastroenteritis in Chiang Mai, Thailand during 2005 to 2015. From a total of 1938 stool samples, 3 (0.15%) were positive for NoV GI and 298 (15.38%) were identified as NoV GII. The genotypes detected in this study were GI.6, GI.14, GII.1, GII.2, GII.3, GII.4, GII.6, GII.7, GII.12, GII.13, GII.14, GII.15, GII.16, GII.17, GII.20, and GII.21. The NoV recombinant strains were verified by analysis of the partial sequence of ORF1 (RdRp)/ORF2 (capsid) junction. Phylogenetic analyses of partial ORF1 and ORF2 regions resulted in the identification of 21 (6.98%) NoV recombinant strains. Among these, 9 recombination patterns were detected in this study; GII.Pe/GII.4, GII.Pg/GII.1, GII.Pg/GII.12, GII.P7/GII.6, GII.P7/GII.14, GII.P12/GII.4, GII.P16/GII.2, GII.P16/GII.13, and GII.P21/GII.3. The findings demonstrated the wide variety of recombinant strains of NoV GII strains detected in pediatric patients admitted to the hospitals with acute gastroenteritis in Chiang Mai, Thailand during the past decade.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por Caliciviridae/diagnóstico
Gastroenterite/virologia
Norovirus/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Evolução Molecular
Genótipo
Hospitalização
Seres Humanos
Norovirus/classificação
Filogenia
Recombinação Genética
Tailândia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 186381 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28458032
[Au] Autor:Khan A; Al Balwi M; AlAyyar L; AlAbdulkareem I; Albekairy A; Aljumah A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medical Genomics Research, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia.
[Ti] Título:Tracing the epidemic history of hepatitis C virus genotypes in Saudi Arabia.
[So] Source:Infect Genet Evol;52:82-88, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1567-7257
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:HCV genotype 4 is highly prevalent in many Middle Eastern countries, yet little is known about the genotype's epidemic history at the subtype-level in this region. To address the dearth of data from Saudi Arabia (SA) we genotyped 230 HCV isolates in the core/E- and NS5B-region and analyzed using Bayesian phylogenetic approaches. HCV genotype 4 (HCV/4) was positive in 61.7% (142/230) of isolates belonging to 7 different subtypes with the predominance of 4d (73/142; 51.4%) followed by 4a (51/142; 35.9%). Phylogenetic analysis also revealed a distinct epidemiological cluster of HCV/4d for Saudi Arabia. HCV/1 appeared as the second most prevalent genotype positive in 31.3% (72/230) of isolates with the predominance of 1b (53/72; 73.6%) followed by 1a (16/72; 22.2%), and 1g (3/72; 4.1%). A small proportion of isolates belonged to HCV/3a (12/230; 5.2%), and HCV/2a (4/230; 1.7%). We estimate that the genotype 4 common ancestor existed around 1935 (1850-1985). Genotype 4 originated plausibly in Central Africa and multiple subtypes disseminated across African borders since ~1970, including subtype 4d which dominates current HCV infections in Saudi Arabia. The Bayesian skyline plot (BSP) analysis showed that genotype 4d entered the Saudi population in 1900. The effective number of HCV infections grew gradually until the second half of the 1950s and more rapidly until the early-80s through the use of imported blood units and blood products. Subsequently, the rate of HCV infection in the Saudi Arabian population was stabilized through effective screening of blood and infection control measures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hepacivirus/classificação
Hepatite C/virologia
Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Teorema de Bayes
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Genoma Viral
Genótipo
Hepacivirus/genética
Hepatite C/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Filogenia
Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 186381 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28456662
[Au] Autor:Kinkar L; Laurimäe T; Sharbatkhori M; Mirhendi H; Kia EB; Ponce-Gordo F; Andresiuk V; Simsek S; Lavikainen A; Irshadullah M; Umhang G; Oudni-M'rad M; Acosta-Jamett G; Rehbein S; Saarma U
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Zoology, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, 50410 Tartu, Estonia.
[Ti] Título:New mitogenome and nuclear evidence on the phylogeny and taxonomy of the highly zoonotic tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto.
[So] Source:Infect Genet Evol;52:52-58, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1567-7257
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cystic echinococcosis, a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s. l.), is a significant global public health concern. Echinococcus granulosus s. l. is currently divided into numerous genotypes (G1-G8 and G10) of which G1-G3 are the most frequently implicated genotypes in human infections. Although it has been suggested that G1-G3 could be regarded as a distinct species E. granulosus sensu stricto (s. s.), the evidence to support this is inconclusive. Most importantly, data from nuclear DNA that provide means to investigate the exchange of genetic material between G1-G3 is lacking as none of the published nuclear DNA studies have explicitly included G2 or G3. Moreover, the commonly used relatively short mtDNA sequences, including the complete cox1 gene, have not allowed unequivocal differentiation of genotypes G1-G3. Therefore, significantly longer mtDNA sequences are required to distinguish these genotypes with confidence. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the phylogenetic relations and taxonomy of genotypes G1-G3 using sequences of nearly complete mitogenomes (11,443bp) and three nuclear loci (2984bp). A total of 23 G1-G3 samples were analysed, originating from 5 intermediate host species in 10 countries. The mtDNA data demonstrate that genotypes G1 and G3 are distinct mitochondrial genotypes (separated by 37 mutations), whereas G2 is not a separate genotype or even a monophyletic cluster, but belongs to G3. Nuclear data revealed no genetic separation of G1 and G3, suggesting that these genotypes form a single species due to ongoing gene flow. We conclude that: (a) in the taxonomic sense, genotypes G1 and G3 can be treated as a single species E. granulosus s. s.; (b) genotypes G1 and G3 should be regarded as distinct genotypes only in the context of mitochondrial data; (c) we recommend excluding G2 from the genotype list.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Núcleo Celular/genética
DNA de Helmintos/genética
Echinococcus granulosus/classificação
Mitocôndrias/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África do Norte
Animais
Ásia
Echinococcus granulosus/genética
Echinococcus granulosus/isolamento & purificação
Echinococcus granulosus/metabolismo
Europa (Continente)
Genoma Mitocondrial
Genótipo
Seres Humanos
Filogenia
Filogeografia
América do Sul
Zoonoses/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Helminth)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170501
[St] Status:MEDLINE



página 1 de 18639 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde