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Pesquisa : G07.203.100.712 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28946925
[Au] Autor:Bath SC; Hill S; Infante HG; Elghul S; Nezianya CJ; Rayman MP
[Ad] Endereço:1Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences,University of Surrey,Guildford,Surrey GU2 7XH,UK.
[Ti] Título:Iodine concentration of milk-alternative drinks available in the UK in comparison with cows' milk.
[So] Source:Br J Nutr;118(7):525-532, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1475-2662
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Iodine deficiency is present in certain groups of the UK population, notably in pregnant women; this is of concern as iodine is required for fetal brain development. UK milk is rich in iodine and is the principal dietary iodine source. UK sales of milk-alternative drinks are increasing but data are lacking on their iodine content. As consumers may replace iodine-rich milk with milk-alternative drinks, we aimed to measure the iodine concentration of those available in the UK. Using inductively coupled plasma-MS, we determined the iodine concentration of seven types of milk-alternative drink (soya, almond, coconut, oat, rice, hazelnut and hemp) by analysing forty-seven products purchased in November/December 2015. For comparison, winter samples of conventional (n 5) and organic (n 5) cows' milk were included. The median iodine concentration of all of the unfortified milk-alternative drinks (n 44) was low, at 7·3 µg/kg, just 1·7 % of our value for winter conventional cows' milk (median 438 µg/kg). One brand (not the market leader), fortified its soya, oat and rice drinks with iodine and those drinks had a higher iodine concentration than unfortified drinks, at 280, 287 and 266 µg/kg, respectively. The iodine concentration of organic milk (median 324 µg/kg) was lower than that of conventional milk. Although many milk-alternative drinks are fortified with Ca, at the time of this study, just three of forty-seven drinks were fortified with iodine. Individuals who consume milk-alternative drinks that are not fortified with iodine in place of cows' milk may be at risk of iodine deficiency unless they consume alternative dietary iodine sources.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Iodo/análise
Substitutos do Leite/química
Leite/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Alimentos Fortificados/análise
Alimentos Orgânicos
Adoçantes Calóricos/análise
Tamanho da Amostra
Estações do Ano
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Nutritive Sweeteners); 9679TC07X4 (Iodine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171022
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171022
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170927
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0007114517002136

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