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  1 / 1308 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28449750
[Au] Autor:Brignardello-Petersen R
[Ti] Título:Low incidence and slow progression of caries in children consuming polyol-containing candies, but no differences important to patients consuming polyols.
[So] Source:J Am Dent Assoc;148(5):e46, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1943-4723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doces
Cárie Dentária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Polímeros
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Polymers); 0 (polyol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28467924
[Au] Autor:Søberg S; Sandholt CH; Jespersen NZ; Toft U; Madsen AL; von Holstein-Rathlou S; Grevengoed TJ; Christensen KB; Bredie WLP; Potthoff MJ; Solomon TPJ; Scheele C; Linneberg A; Jørgensen T; Pedersen O; Hansen T; Gillum MP; Grarup N
[Ad] Endereço:Section for Metabolic Imaging and Liver Metabolism, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 2200 Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 2200 Copenhagen, Denmark; Centre o
[Ti] Título:FGF21 Is a Sugar-Induced Hormone Associated with Sweet Intake and Preference in Humans.
[So] Source:Cell Metab;25(5):1045-1053.e6, 2017 May 02.
[Is] ISSN:1932-7420
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The liking and selective ingestion of palatable foods-including sweets-is biologically controlled, and dysfunction of this regulation may promote unhealthy eating, obesity, and disease. The hepatokine fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) reduces sweet consumption in rodents and primates, whereas knockout of Fgf21 increases sugar consumption in mice. To investigate the relevance of these findings in humans, we genotyped variants in the FGF21 locus in participants from the Danish Inter99 cohort (n = 6,514) and examined their relationship with a detailed range of food and ingestive behaviors. This revealed statistically significant associations between FGF21 rs838133 and increased consumption of candy, as well as nominal associations with increased alcohol intake and daily smoking. Moreover, in a separate clinical study, plasma FGF21 levels increased acutely after oral sucrose ingestion and were elevated in fasted sweet-disliking individuals. These data suggest the liver may secrete hormones that influence eating behavior.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doces
Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética
Preferências Alimentares
Polimorfismo Genético
Açúcares/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Apetite
Regulação do Apetite
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/sangue
Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo
Genótipo
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Obesidade/genética
Obesidade/metabolismo
Paladar
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Sugars); 0 (fibroblast growth factor 21); 62031-54-3 (Fibroblast Growth Factors)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 1308 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28459616
[Au] Autor:Acosta O; Usaga J; Churey JJ; Worobo RW; Padilla-Zakour OI
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Food Science, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Cornell University, 630 West North Street, Geneva, New York 14456, USA.
[Ti] Título:Effect of Water Activity on the Thermal Tolerance and Survival of Salmonella enterica Serovars Tennessee and Senftenberg in Goat's Milk Caramel.
[So] Source:J Food Prot;80(6):922-927, 2017 06.
[Is] ISSN:1944-9097
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The low thermal tolerance of Salmonella enterica in foods with intermediate moisture levels, such as caramel sauces, ensures that mild heat treatment is sufficient to achieve 5-log reductions of this pathogen. This treatment mitigates the risk posed by salmonellae in raw materials; however, recontamination might occur because of survival of the pathogen in products that are not heated before consumption. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of water activity (a ) on the thermal tolerance and survival of S. enterica serovars Tennessee and Senftenberg. The D-values at 76, 78, and 80°C, z-values, and survival at 20.0 ± 0.5°C for 32 weeks of these two serovars were determined in goat's milk caramel at three a values (0.85, 0.90, and 0.93). The highest thermal tolerance was observed at a = 0.85 for Salmonella Senftenberg (D = 2.9 ± 0.3 min), and the lowest was at a = 0.93 for Salmonella Tennessee (D = 0.131 ± 0.007 min). After a logarithmic transformation of the z-values, a significant interaction between serovar and a was found (P < 0.0001), but no consistent trends were observed at the three evaluated a levels for either serovar. Survival response was modeled using two sigmoidal three-parameter models. A significant interaction was found between nominal variables a and serovar when comparing inflection points of the resulting curves: P < 0.0016 for the logistic model (R = 0.91) and P < 0.0014 for the Gompertz model (R = 0.92). Although a >8-log reduction was observed at week 20 of storage, regardless of the product's a and the serovar, low levels of salmonellae were found in the product up to week 32 of storage. Our findings may assist the food industry with the establishment of critical limits for the safe thermal treatment of milk- and sugar-based foods with intermediate moisture levels. The survival data presented here highlight the relevance of implementing and effectively maintaining good sanitation and hygiene practices during the production of goat's milk caramel and similar food products.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Salmonella enterica/efeitos dos fármacos
Sorogrupo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doces
Microbiologia de Alimentos
Cabras
Leite/química
Salmonella
Tennessee
Água
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
059QF0KO0R (Water); T9D99G2B1R (caramel)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180202
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180202
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-16-191


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[PMID]:28832911
[Au] Autor:Farrar D; Duley L; Dowswell T; Lawlor DA
[Ad] Endereço:Maternal and Child Health, Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Duckworth Lane, Bradford, UK, BD9 6RJ.
[Ti] Título:Different strategies for diagnosing gestational diabetes to improve maternal and infant health.
[So] Source:Cochrane Database Syst Rev;8:CD007122, 2017 08 23.
[Is] ISSN:1469-493X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is carbohydrate intolerance resulting in hyperglycaemia with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. If untreated, perinatal morbidity and mortality may be increased. Accurate diagnosis allows appropriate treatment. Use of different tests and different criteria will influence which women are diagnosed with GDM. This is an update of a review published in 2011 and 2015. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare different testing strategies for diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus to improve maternal and infant health while assessing their impact on healthcare service costs. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register, ClinicalTrials.gov, WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) (9 January 2017) and reference lists of retrieved studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised trials if they evaluated tests carried out to diagnose GDM. We excluded studies that used a quasi-random model, cluster-randomised or cross-over trials. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently assessed trials for inclusion and risk of bias, extracted data and checked them for accuracy. The quality of the evidence was assessed using the GRADE approach. MAIN RESULTS: We included a total of seven small trials, with 1420 women. One trial including 726 women was identified by this update and examined the two step versus one step approach. These trials were assessed as having varying risk of bias, with few outcomes reported. We prespecified six outcomes to be assessed for quality using the GRADE approach for one comparison: 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) versus 100 g OGTT; data for only one outcome (diagnosis of gestational diabetes) were available for assessment. One trial compared three different methods of delivering glucose: a candy bar (39 women), a 50 g glucose polymer drink (40 women) and a 50 g glucose monomer drink (43 women). We have included the results reported by this trial as separate comparisons. No trial reported on measures of costs of health services.We examined six main comparisons. 75 g OGTT versus 100 g OGTT (1 trial, 248 women): women who received 75 g OGTT had a higher relative risk of being diagnosed with GDM (risk ratio (RR) 2.55, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.96 to 6.75; very-low quality evidence). No data were reported for the following additional outcomes prespecified for GRADE assessment: caesarean section, macrosomia > 4.5 kg or however defined in the trial, long-term type 2 diabetes maternal, long-term type 2 diabetes infant and economic costs. Candy bar versus 50 g glucose monomer drink (1 trial, 60 women): more women receiving the candy bar, rather than glucose monomer, preferred the taste of the candy bar (RR 0.60, 95% CI 0.42 to 0.86) and 1-hour glucose was less with the candy bar. There were no differences in the other outcomes reported (maternal side effects). No infant outcomes were reported or any review primary outcomes. 50 g glucose polymer drink versus 50 g glucose monomer drink (3 trials, 239 women): mean difference (MD) in gestation at birth was -0.80 weeks (1 trial, 100 women; 95% CI -1.69 to 0.09). Total side effects were less common with the glucose polymer drink (1 trial, 63 women; RR 0.21, 95% CI 0.07 to 0.59), and no clear difference in taste acceptability was reported (1 trial, 63 women; RR 0.99, 95% CI 0.76 to 1.29). Fewer women reported nausea following the 50 g glucose polymer drink compared with the 50 g glucose monomer drink (1 trial, 66 women; RR 0.29, 95% CI 0.11 to 0.78). No other measures of maternal morbidity or outcomes for the infant were reported. 50 g glucose food versus 50 g glucose drink (1 trial, 30 women): women receiving glucose in their food, rather than as a drink, reported fewer side effects (RR 0.08, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.56). No clear difference was noted in the number of women requiring further testing (RR 0.14, 95% CI 0.01 to 2.55). No other measures of maternal morbidity or outcome were reported for the infant or review primary outcomes. 75 g OGTT World Health Organization (WHO) criteria versus 75 g OGTT American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria (1 trial, 116 women): no clear differences in included outcomes were observed between women who received the 75 g OGTT and were diagnosed using criteria based on WHO (1999) recommendations and women who received the 75 g OGTT and were diagnosed using criteria recommended by the ADA (1979). Outcomes measured included diagnosis of gestational diabetes (RR 1.47, 95% CI 0.66 to 3.25), caesarean section (RR 1.07, 95% CI 0.85 to 1.35), macrosomia defined as > 90th percentile by ultrasound or birthweight equal to or exceeding 4000 g (RR 0.73, 95% CI 0.19 to 2.79), stillbirth (RR 0.49, 95% CI 0.02 to 11.68) and instrumental birth (RR 0.21, 95% CI 0.01 to 3.94). No other secondary outcomes were reported. Two-step approach (50 g oral glucose challenge test followed by selective 100 g OGTT Carpenter and Coustan criteria) versus one-step approach (universal 75 g OGTT ADA criteria) (1 trial, 726 women): women allocated the two-step approach had a lower risk of being diagnosed with GDM at 11 to 14 weeks' gestation compared to women allocated the one-step approach (RR 0.51, 95% CI 0.28 to 0.95). No other primary or secondary outcomes were reported. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence to suggest which strategy is best for diagnosing GDM. Large randomised trials are required to establish the best strategy for correctly identifying women with GDM.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diabetes Gestacional/diagnóstico
Bem-Estar do Lactente
Bem-Estar Materno
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bebidas
Doces
Feminino
Glucose/administração & dosagem
Teste de Tolerância a Glucose/métodos
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Gravidez
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/prevenção & controle
Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
IY9XDZ35W2 (Glucose)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170920
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170920
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170824
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD007122.pub4


  5 / 1308 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28557424
[Au] Autor:Audemar M; Atencio-Genes L; Ortiz Mellet C; Jérôme F; Garcia Fernandez JM; De Oliveira Vigier K
[Ad] Endereço:IC2MP UMR CNRS 7285, Université de Poitiers, ENSIP, B1 , 1 rue Marcel Doré TSA 41105, 86073 Poitiers, Cedex 9, France.
[Ti] Título:Carbon Dioxide as a Traceless Caramelization Promotor: Preparation of Prebiotic Difructose Dianhydrides (DFAs)-Enriched Caramels from d-Fructose.
[So] Source:J Agric Food Chem;65(30):6093-6099, 2017 Aug 02.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5118
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Activation of a concentrated solution of d-fructose with carbonic acid, generated from carbon dioxide, induces the formation of difructose dianhydrides (DFAs) and their glycosylated derivatives (glycosyl-DFAs), a family of prebiotic oligosaccharides. Under optimized conditions, up to 70% of the active DFA species were obtained from a highly concentrated solution of fructose, avoiding the filtration step and contamination risk associated with the current procedures that employ heterogeneous catalysis with acid ion-exchange resins. The optimized CO -promoted preparation of DFA-enriched caramel described here has been already successfully scaled up to 150 kg of d-fructose for nutritional studies, showing that implementation of this process is possible at a larger scale.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doces/análise
Dióxido de Carbono/química
Dissacarídeos/química
Frutose/química
Prebióticos/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Glicosilação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Disaccharides); 0 (Prebiotics); 142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide); 30237-26-4 (Fructose); T9D99G2B1R (caramel)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170811
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170811
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170531
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.7b01601


  6 / 1308 MEDLINE  
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Castro, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
[PMID]:28380139
[Au] Autor:Gomes FD; Silva GA; Castro IR
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto Nacional de Câncer José Alencar Gomes da Silva, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:[Household purchase of sodas and cookies reduces the effect of an intervention to promote the consumption of fruits and vegetables].
[Ti] Título:Aquisição domiciliar de refrigerantes e de biscoitos reduz o efeito de uma intervenção de promoção de frutas e hortaliças..
[So] Source:Cad Saude Publica;33(3):e00023316, 2017 Apr 03.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4464
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por
[Ab] Resumo:This study examines the influence of increasing household availability of sodas and cookies on the effects of an intervention to promote the consumption of fruits and vegetables. The study analyzed data from 70 families living in low-income communities in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, selected in a stratified probabilistic sample, and who completed a 30-day food record before and after the intervention. The intervention contributed to a significant increase in the household availability of fruit and vegetables (+2.7 p.p.; 95%CI: 1.5; 4.0), contrary to the trend towards stagnation of such availability in the general population in Brazil. Meanwhile, the purchase of sodas and cookies, which was not the intervention's target, mirrored the upward trend in the consumption of these products (+5.8 p.p.; 95%CI: 3.3; 8.4). Families that increased their purchase of sodas and cookies showed lower increases, or even decreases, in the purchase of fruits and vegetables (p < 0.05), and had nearly fourfold lower odds of experiencing any increase in the household availability of fruits and vegetables.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bebidas/estatística & dados numéricos
Doces/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento Alimentar
Frutas
Promoção da Saúde
Verduras
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Inquéritos sobre Dietas
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170608
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170608
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170406
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1308 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28355346
[Au] Autor:Paskulin JTA; Drehmer M; Olinto MT; Hoffmann JF; Pinheiro AP; Schmidt MI; Nunes MA
[Ad] Endereço:Programa de Pós-Graduação em Epidemiologia, Departamento de Medicina Social, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Association between dietary patterns and mental disorders in pregnant women in Southern Brazil.
[So] Source:Rev Bras Psiquiatr;39(3):208-215, 2017 Jul-Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1809-452X
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Objective:: To evaluate the association between dietary patterns and mental disorders among pregnant women in southern Brazil. Methods:: Cross-sectional study with 712 pregnant women recruited from the Study of Food Intake and Eating Behaviors in Pregnancy (ECCAGe). Food intake assessment was performed using the Food Frequency Questionnaire. Dietary patterns were identified by cluster analysis. The Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD) was used to evaluate participants' mental health. Poisson regression models with robust variance were fitted to estimate prevalence ratios (PR). Results:: In the adjusted models, there was a high prevalence of major depressive disorder among women with low fruit intake (43%, PR 1.43, 95%CI 1.04-1.95) and high sweets and sugars intake (91%, PR 1.91, 95%CI 1.19-3.07). Women with a common-Brazilian dietary pattern had higher prevalence of major depressive disorder compared to those with a varied consumption pattern (PR 1.43, 95%CI 1.01-2.02). Low intake of beans was significantly associated with generalized anxiety disorder (PR 1.40, 95%CI 1.01-1.93). Conclusions:: Low consumption of fruits and beans and intake of the common-Brazilian dietary pattern during pregnancy were associated with higher prevalence of mental disorders. These results reinforce the importance of an adequate dietary intake to ensure better mental health in pregnancy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Inquéritos sobre Dietas/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento Alimentar
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia
Brasil/epidemiologia
Doces/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudos Transversais
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/epidemiologia
Feminino
Preferências Alimentares
Frutas
Seres Humanos
Phaseolus
Gravidez
Prevalência
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170330
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28259725
[Au] Autor:Krpan D; Schnall S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London WC2A 2AE, United Kingdom. Electronic address: d.krpan@lse.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:A dual systems account of visual perception: Predicting candy consumption from distance estimates.
[So] Source:Acta Psychol (Amst);175:1-12, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6297
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A substantial amount of evidence shows that visual perception is influenced by forces that control human actions, ranging from motivation to physiological potential. However, studies have not yet provided convincing evidence that perception itself is directly involved in everyday behaviors such as eating. We suggest that this issue can be resolved by employing the dual systems account of human behavior. We tested the link between perceived distance to candies and their consumption for participants who were tired or depleted (impulsive system), versus those who were not (reflective system). Perception predicted eating only when participants were tired (Experiment 1) or depleted (Experiments 2 and 3). In contrast, a rational determinant of behavior-eating restraint towards candies-predicted eating for non-depleted individuals (Experiment 2). Finally, Experiment 3 established that perceived distance was correlated with participants' self-reported motivation to consume candies. Overall, these findings suggest that the dynamics between perception and behavior depend on the interplay of the two behavioral systems.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doces
Percepção de Distância/fisiologia
Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia
Percepção Visual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Comportamento Impulsivo
Masculino
Motivação
Autorrelato
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170608
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170608
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170306
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 1308 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28244704
[Au] Autor:Osawa Y; Arai Y; Takayama M; Hirata T; Kawasaki M; Abe Y; Iinuma T; Sasaki S; Hirose N
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Supercentenarian Medical Research, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. Email: yosawa1028@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Identification of dietary patterns and their relationships with general and oral health in the very old.
[So] Source:Asia Pac J Clin Nutr;26(2):262-270, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0964-7058
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Little is known about the dietary patterns of Asian populations aged >=85 years and their associated factors. Thus, we aimed to (1) identify these dietary patterns and (2) clarify the relationships between the dietary pattern and health outcomes in a community-dwelling very old population. The Tokyo Oldest Old Survey on Total Health study is an observational cohort study comprising 512 Japanese subjects (women, n=288; men, n=224; age, 87.8±2.2 years). Dietary patterns were assessed by principal component analysis using a brief self-administered diet history questionnaire. Barthel index, Mini-Mental State Examination, and oral health status [maximum occlusal force (MOF), denture use, and dentulous / edentulous state] were also measured. Two dietary patterns were identified. The first factor component "traditional Japanese" was characterized by a high consumption of vegetables, seaweed, legumes, and fish. The second factor component "noodles and confectioneries" was characterized by a high consumption of noodles, confectioneries, and non-alcoholic beverages. Multivariable analysis showed that the "traditional Japanese" dietary pattern was inversely associated with dentulous state (OR: 0.53; 95% CI: 0.34-0.82), the lowest tertile of MOF (OR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.42-0.99), and denture use (OR: 2.42; 95% CI: 1.26- 4.63) even after adjustment for potential confounders. Furthermore, the "noodles and confectioneries" dietary pattern was inversely associated with the lowest tertile of MOF (OR: 0.62; 95% CI: 0.40-0.94). However, there were no significant associations between these dietary patterns and disability or cognitive function. We identified two dietary patterns in the very old population, which were associated with oral health status.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta
Nível de Saúde
Saúde Bucal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Animais
Doces
Inquéritos sobre Dietas
Carboidratos da Dieta
Fabaceae
Feminino
Peixes
Preferências Alimentares
Seres Humanos
Japão
Masculino
Alga Marinha
Verduras
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Carbohydrates)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170629
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170629
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170301
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.6133/apjcn.022016.02


  10 / 1308 MEDLINE  
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Luccas, Valdecir
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[PMID]:28181242
[Au] Autor:Morais Ferreira JM; Azevedo BM; Luccas V; Bolini HM
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Food Engineering (FEA), Univ. of Campinas (UNICAMP), Monteiro Lobato, 80, 13083-862, Campinas, SP, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Sensory Profile and Consumer Acceptability of Prebiotic White Chocolate with Sucrose Substitutes and the Addition of Goji Berry (Lycium barbarum).
[So] Source:J Food Sci;82(3):818-824, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1750-3841
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Functional food is a product containing nutrients that provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the descriptive sensory profile and consumers' acceptance of functional (prebiotic) white chocolates with and without the addition of an antioxidant source (goji berry [GB]) and sucrose replacement. The descriptive sensory profile was determined by quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) with trained assessors (n = 12), and the acceptance test was performed with 120 consumers. The correlation of descriptive and hedonic data was determined by partial least squares (PLS). The results of QDA indicated that GB reduces the perception of most aroma and flavor attributes, and enhances the bitter taste, bitter aftertaste, astringency, and most of the texture attributes. The consumers' acceptance of the chocolates was positive for all sensory characteristics, with acceptance scores above 6 on a 9-point scale. According to the PLS regression analysis, the descriptors cream color and cocoa butter flavor contributed positively to the acceptance of functional white chocolates. Therefore, prebiotic white chocolate with or without the addition of GB is innovative and can attract consumers, due to its functional properties, being a promising alternative for the food industry.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cacau
Chocolate/análise
Comportamento do Consumidor
Lycium
Prebióticos
Edulcorantes
Paladar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antioxidantes
Doces/análise
Cor
Laticínios
Gorduras na Dieta
Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos
Frutas
Alimento Funcional
Seres Humanos
Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados
Odorantes
Sacarose
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Dietary Fats); 0 (Prebiotics); 0 (Sweetening Agents); 512OYT1CRR (cocoa butter); 57-50-1 (Sucrose)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170522
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170522
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170210
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1750-3841.13632



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