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Pesquisa : G07.203.300.195 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 105 [refinar]
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  1 / 105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29269538
[Au] Autor:Jarvis S
[Ti] Título:No chocolate for Fido.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;181(25):665, 2017 12 23.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Chocolate/toxicidade
Doenças do Cão/induzido quimicamente
Doenças do Cão/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cães
Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde
Férias e Feriados
Seres Humanos
Reino Unido
Medicina Veterinária/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.j5890


  2 / 105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29263290
[Au] Autor:Noble PM; Newman J; Wyatt AM; Radford AD; Jones PH
[Ad] Endereço:Small Animal Teaching Hospital, University of Liverpool, Institute of Veterinary Science, Neston, UK.
[Ti] Título:Heightened risk of canine chocolate exposure at Christmas and Easter.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;181(25):684, 2017 12 23.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Chocolate/toxicidade
Doenças do Cão/induzido quimicamente
Doenças do Cão/terapia
Férias e Feriados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cães
Seres Humanos
Risco
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.104762


  3 / 105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27775628
[Au] Autor:Valdez LF; Gutiérrez JM
[Ad] Endereço:Bioelectronics Section, Department of Electrical Engineering, CINVESTAV, Mexico City 07360, Mexico. fvaldez@cinvestav.mx.
[Ti] Título:Chocolate Classification by an Electronic Nose with Pressure Controlled Generated Stimulation.
[So] Source:Sensors (Basel);16(10), 2016 Oct 20.
[Is] ISSN:1424-8220
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this work, we will analyze the response of a Metal Oxide Gas Sensor (MOGS) array to a flow controlled stimulus generated in a pressure controlled canister produced by a homemade olfactometer to build an E-nose. The built E-nose is capable of chocolate identification between the 26 analyzed chocolate bar samples and four features recognition (chocolate type, extra ingredient, sweetener and expiration date status). The data analysis tools used were Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs). The chocolate identification E-nose average classification rate was of 81.3% with 0.99 accuracy (Acc), 0.86 precision (Prc), 0.84 sensitivity (Sen) and 0.99 specificity (Spe) for test. The chocolate feature recognition E-nose gives a classification rate of 85.36% with 0.96 Acc, 0.86 Prc, 0.85 Sen and 0.96 Spe. In addition, a preliminary sample aging analysis was made. The results prove the pressure controlled generated stimulus is reliable for this type of studies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Chocolate/classificação
Nariz Eletrônico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Redes Neurais (Computação)
Olfatometria
Óxidos/química
Análise de Componente Principal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Oxides)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28461607
[Au] Autor:Beale DJ
[Ad] Endereço:From Clinical Services, CVS Health, Solon, OH (DJB; e-mail: dbeale01@gmail.com).
[Ti] Título:Inappropriate Inclusion of 3 Trials Leads to Misleading Results in Meta-Analysis of Cocoa Flavanol Intake and Cardiometabolic Health.
[So] Source:J Nutr;147(5):976, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1541-6100
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cacau
Chocolate
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Flavonoides
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Flavonoids)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171218
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171218
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3945/jn.116.243709


  5 / 105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29224650
[Au] Autor:Larsson SC; Drca N; Jensen-Urstad M; Wolk A
[Ad] Endereço:Unit of Nutritional Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: susanna.larsson@ki.se.
[Ti] Título:Chocolate consumption and risk of atrial fibrillation: Two cohort studies and a meta-analysis.
[So] Source:Am Heart J;195:86-90, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6744
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Chocolate consumption has been inconsistently associated with risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). We investigated the association between chocolate consumption and risk of AF in Swedish adults from two cohort studies and conducted a meta-analysis to summarize available evidence from cohort studies on this topic. METHODS: Our study population comprised 40,009 men from the Cohort of Swedish Men and 32,486 women from the Swedish Mammography Cohort. Incident AF cases were ascertained through linkage with the Swedish National Patient Register. Published cohort studies of chocolate consumption in relation to risk of AF were identified by a PubMed search through September 14, 2017. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 14.6 years, AF was diagnosed in 9978 Swedish men and women. Compared with non-consumers, the multivariable hazard ratio of AF for those in the highest category of chocolate consumption (≥3-4 servings/week) was 0.96 (95% CI 0.88-1.04). In a random-effects meta-analysis of 5 cohort studies, including 180,454 participants and 16,356 AF cases, the hazard ratios of AF were 0.97 (95% CI 0.94-1.01) per 2 servings/week increase in chocolate consumption and 0.96 (95% CI 0.90-1.03) for the highest versus lowest category of chocolate consumption. CONCLUSION: Available data provide no evidence of an association of chocolate consumption with risk of AF.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia
Chocolate/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia
Saúde Global
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171212
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28935809
[Au] Autor:Yazdekhasti N; Brandsch C; Hirche F; Kühn J; Schloesser A; Esatbeyoglu T; Huebbe P; Wolffram S; Rimbach G; Stangl GI
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Impact of chocolate liquor on vascular lesions in apoE-knockout mice.
[So] Source:Clin Sci (Lond);131(20):2549-2560, 2017 10 15.
[Is] ISSN:1470-8736
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cocoa polyphenols are thought to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Thus, cocoa-containing foods may have significant health benefits. Here, we studied the impact of chocolate liquor on vascular lesion development and plaque composition in a mouse model of atherosclerosis. Apolipoprotein E (apoE)-knockout mice were assigned to two groups and fed a Western diet that contained 250 g/kg of either chocolate liquor or a polyphenol-free isoenergetic control paste for 16 weeks. In addition to fat, protein, and fibers, the chocolate liquor contained 2 g/kg of polyphenols. Compared with the control group, mice fed the chocolate liquor had larger plaque areas in the descending aorta and aortic root, which were attributed to a higher mass of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and collagen. Vascular lipid deposits and calcification areas did not differ between the two groups. The aortic tissue level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA was 5-fold higher in the mice fed chocolate liquor than in the control mice. Chocolate-fed mice exhibited an increased hepatic saturated to polyunsaturated fatty acid ratio than the controls. Although the chocolate liquor contained 14 µg/kg of vitamin D , the chocolate liquor-fed mice did not have measurable 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the serum. These mice even showed a 25% reduction in the level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D compared with the control mice. Overall, present data may contribute to our understanding how chocolate constituents can impact vascular lesion development.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aterosclerose/terapia
Chocolate
Dieta Hiperlipídica
Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Apolipoproteínas E/deficiência
Apolipoproteínas E/metabolismo
Aterosclerose/genética
Ergocalciferóis/administração & dosagem
Ergocalciferóis/farmacologia
Masculino
Camundongos Knockout
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Apolipoproteins E); 0 (Ergocalciferols)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170923
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1042/CS20170279


  7 / 105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28797048
[Au] Autor:Langlet B; Fagerberg P; Glossner A; Ioakimidis I
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Applied Neuroendocrinology, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Objective quantification of the food proximity effect on grapes, chocolate and cracker consumption in a Swedish high school. A temporal analysis.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182172, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Close food proximity leads to increased short-term energy intake, potentially contributing to the long-term development of obesity. However, its precise effects on eating behaviour are still unclear, especially with food available for extended periods of time. This study involved two similar high school student groups (15-17 years old), which had ad libitum access to grapes, chocolates and crackers during an hour-long experimental session. In the distal condition the foods were placed 6 meters away from the students (n = 24), in contrast to the proximal condition (n = 17) were the food was placed near the students. The identification of the type and the quantification of the amount of each food selected, for each individual serving, was facilitated through use of food scales and video recording. In the proximal condition individuals served themselves grapes and crackers more often and consumed more chocolate than in the distal condition. In total, participants in the proximal condition ingested significantly more energy (726 kcal vs. 504 kcal; p = 0.029), without reporting higher fullness. Food proximity also affected the temporal distribution of servings, with the first five minutes of the sessions corresponding to 53.1% and 45.6% of the total energy intake for the distal and proximal conditions, respectively. After the first five minutes, the servings in the distal condition were strongly clustered in time, with many students getting food together. In the proximal condition however, students displayed an unstructured pattern of servings over time. In conclusion, this study strengthens past evidence regarding the important role of food proximity on individual energy intake and, for the first time, it associates continuous food proximity to the emergence of unstructured eating over time. These conclusions, expanded upon by future studies, could support the creation of meaningful intervention strategies based on spatially and temporally controlled food availability.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Chocolate
Comportamento de Escolha/fisiologia
Ingestão de Energia/fisiologia
Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia
Preferências Alimentares/psicologia
Vitis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Ingestão de Alimentos/fisiologia
Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia
Feminino
Preferências Alimentares/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Instituições Acadêmicas
Suécia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171009
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171009
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170811
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182172


  8 / 105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28794213
[Au] Autor:Marsh CE; Carter HH; Guelfi KJ; Smith KJ; Pike KE; Naylor LH; Green DJ
[Ad] Endereço:School of Sport Science, Exercise and Health, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Brachial and Cerebrovascular Functions Are Enhanced in Postmenopausal Women after Ingestion of Chocolate with a High Concentration of Cocoa.
[So] Source:J Nutr;147(9):1686-1692, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1541-6100
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cocoa contains polyphenols that are thought to be beneficial for vascular health. We assessed the impact of chocolate containing distinct concentrations of cocoa on cerebrovascular function and cognition. Using a counterbalanced within-subject design, we compared the acute impact of consumption of energy-matched chocolate containing 80%, 35%, and 0% single-origin cacao on vascular endothelial function, cognition, and cerebrovascular function in 12 healthy postmenopausal women (mean ± SD age: 57.3 ± 5.3 y). Participants attended a familiarization session, followed by 3 experimental trials, each separated by 1 wk. Outcome measures included cerebral blood flow velocity (CBF ) responses, recorded before and during completion of a computerized cognitive assessment battery (CogState); brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD); and hemodynamic responses (heart rate and blood pressure). When CBF data before and after chocolate intake were compared between conditions through the use of 2-factor ANOVA, an interaction effect ( = 0.003) and main effects for chocolate ( = 0.043) and time ( = 0.001) were evident. Post hoc analysis revealed that both milk chocolate (MC; 35% cocoa; = 0.02) and dark chocolate (DC; 80% cocoa; = 0.003) induced significantly lower cerebral blood flow responses during the cognitive tasks, after normalizing for changes in arterial pressure. DC consumption also increased brachial FMD compared with the baseline value before chocolate consumption ( = 0.002), whereas MC and white chocolate (0% cocoa) caused no change ( interaction between conditions = 0.034). Consumption of chocolate containing high concentrations of cocoa enhanced vascular endothelial function, which was reflected by improvements in FMD. Cognitive function outcomes did not differ between conditions; however, cerebral blood flow responses during these cognitive tasks were lower in those consuming MC and DC. These findings suggest that chocolate containing high concentrations of cocoa may modify the relation between cerebral metabolism and blood flow responses in postmenopausal women. This trial was registered at www.ANZCTR.orgau as ACTRN12616000990426.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Artéria Braquial/efeitos dos fármacos
Cacau/química
Circulação Cerebrovascular/efeitos dos fármacos
Chocolate
Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos
Polifenóis/farmacologia
Vasodilatação/efeitos dos fármacos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise de Variância
Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos
Artéria Braquial/fisiologia
Chocolate/análise
Chocolate/classificação
Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos
Endotélio Vascular/fisiologia
Feminino
Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Preparações de Plantas/química
Preparações de Plantas/farmacologia
Pós-Menopausa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Preparations); 0 (Polyphenols)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170919
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170919
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170811
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3945/jn.117.250225


  9 / 105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28723930
[Au] Autor:Hormes JM; Niemiec MA
[Ad] Endereço:University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, New York, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Does culture create craving? Evidence from the case of menstrual chocolate craving.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0181445, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Craving is considered a key characteristic of diverse pathologies, but evidence suggests it may be a culture-bound construct. Almost 50% of American women crave chocolate specifically around the onset of menstruation. Research does not support popular accounts implicating physiological factors in menstrual chocolate craving etiology. We tested the novel hypothesis that greater menstrual craving prevalence in the U.S. is the product of internalized cultural norms. Women of diverse backgrounds (n = 275) reported on craving frequency and triggers and completed validated measures of acculturation. Foreign-born women were significantly less likely to endorse menstrual chocolate craving (17.3%), compared to women born to U.S.-born parents (32.7%, p = .03) and second generation immigrants (40.9%, p = .001). Second generation immigrant and foreign-born women endorsing menstrual chocolate craving reported significantly greater U.S. acculturation and lower identification with their native culture than non-menstrual cravers (all p < .001). Findings inform our understanding of food cravings, with important implications for the study of cravings in other domains.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Chocolate
Fissura
Cultura
Preferências Alimentares/psicologia
Menstruação/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aculturação
Adolescente
Feminino
Preferências Alimentares/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Menstruação/fisiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170721
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181445


  10 / 105 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28610307
[Au] Autor:Carvalho AN; Oliveira AR; Argolo PS; Ferragut F
[Ad] Endereço:Programa de Pós-Graduação em Produção Vegetal, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, BA, Brazil.. user@example.com.
[Ti] Título:Three new species of phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) from Bahia State, Brazil.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4272(1):142-150, 2017 05 26.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:During a survey of predatory mites on cocoa cropping areas in Bahia State, north-eastern Brazil, three undescribed species of Phytoseiidae were collected on natural vegetation associated with crops. Typhlodromips baculiductus n. sp., Graminaseius bahiensis n. sp. and Typhlodromalus annulatus n. sp. are described and diagnosed. Comments on the boundary between the genera Amblydromalus Chant & McMurtry and Typhlodromalus Muma are also included.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ácaros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Animais
Asteraceae
Brasil
Chocolate
Produtos Agrícolas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4272.1.8



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