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[PMID]:29232072
[Au] Autor:Food and Nutrition Service, USDA.
[Ti] Título:Child Nutrition Programs: Flexibilities for Milk, Whole Grains, and Sodium Requirements. Interim final rule.
[So] Source:Fed Regist;82(229):56703-23, 2017 Nov 30.
[Is] ISSN:0097-6326
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This interim final rule extends through school year 2018-2019 three menu planning flexibilities currently available to many Child Nutrition Program operators, giving them near-term certainty about Program requirements and more local control to serve nutritious and appealing meals to millions of children nationwide. These flexibilities include: Providing operators the option to offer flavored, low-fat (1 percent fat) milk in the Child Nutrition Programs; extending the State agencies' option to allow individual school food authorities to include grains that are not whole grain-rich in the weekly menu offered under the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) and School Breakfast Program (SBP); and retaining Sodium Target 1 in the NSLP and SBP. This interim final rule addresses significant challenges faced by local operators regarding milk, whole grains and sodium requirements and their impact on food development and reformulation, menu planning, and school food service procurement and contract decisions. The comments from the public on the long-term availability of these three flexibilities will help inform the development of a final rule, which is expected to be published in fall 2018 and implemented in school year 2019-2020.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Infantil
Assistência Alimentar/legislação & jurisprudência
Programas Governamentais/legislação & jurisprudência
Instituições Acadêmicas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Animais
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Dieta Saudável
Seres Humanos
Leite
Sódio na Dieta
Grãos Integrais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Sodium, Dietary)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29185930
[Au] Autor:Zamaratskaia G; Johansson DP; Junqueira MA; Deissler L; Langton M; Hellström PM; Landberg R
[Ad] Endereço:1Department of Molecular Sciences,BioCenter,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU),750 07 Uppsala,Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Impact of sourdough fermentation on appetite and postprandial metabolic responses - a randomised cross-over trial with whole grain rye crispbread.
[So] Source:Br J Nutr;118(9):686-697, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1475-2662
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sourdough fermentation is considered to have beneficial effects on postprandial satiety and metabolic responses, but studies demonstrating effects at physiological conditions are lacking. The aim of this acute breakfast intervention study was to determine the effect of consumption of sourdough-fermented and unfermented rye crispbread on self-rated appetite, postprandial glucose and insulin response in healthy subjects. In all, twenty-four Swedish adults were included in a single-blinded, randomised cross-over trial. Three crispbreads (sourdough-fermented and unfermented whole grain rye and yeast-fermented refined wheat as control) were consumed as part of a standardised breakfast. Subjective appetite score, assessed using visual analogue scale, and plasma glucose and insulin concentrations were measured at baseline and postprandially until 360 and 240 min, respectively. Structural changes and viscosity during mastication and gastric digestion were investigated using in vitro methods. Hunger and desire to eat were lower (P<0·05) based on AUC measurements after intake of sourdough-fermented rye crispbread compared with after intake of yeast-fermented refined wheat crispbread. On the basis of AUC (0-230 min), insulin response was lowest after intake of unfermented rye crispbread compared with sourdough-fermented rye and yeast-fermented refined wheat crispbread. Degradation of viscous fibres and faster bolus disintegration for the sourdough-fermented bread may partly explain the less favourable metabolic responses compared with unfermented bread. Our results showed that food processing affects the composition and structural characteristics of rye bread, which has implications for appetite and metabolic responses.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Apetite
Glicemia/metabolismo
Pão
Alimentos Fermentados
Período Pós-Prandial
Secale/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Desjejum
Estudos Cross-Over
Fibras na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Digestão
Feminino
Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/sangue
Seres Humanos
Insulina/sangue
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Saciação
Método Simples-Cego
Suécia
Triticum/química
Grãos Integrais/química
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Blood Glucose); 0 (Dietary Fiber); 0 (Insulin); 89750-14-1 (Glucagon-Like Peptide 1)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171211
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171211
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S000711451700263X


  3 / 198 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29056105
[Au] Autor:Llopart EE; Cian RE; López-Oliva MME; Zuleta Á; Weisstaub A; Drago SR
[Ad] Endereço:1Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Facultad de Ingeniería Química,Instituto de Tecnología de Alimentos,Universidad Nacional del Litoral,Santiago del Estero 2829,Santa Fe,Argentina.
[Ti] Título:Colonic and systemic effects of extruded whole-grain sorghum consumption in growing Wistar rats.
[So] Source:Br J Nutr;118(8):589-597, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1475-2662
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Colonic effects of extruded whole-grain sorghum diets were evaluated using a model of growing rats. In all, twenty-four male Wistar rats were fed control (C), extruded white sorghum (EWS) or red sorghum (ERS). Consumption of sorghum diets showed satiety properties, with reduction of caecal pH, and lower activity of ß-glucosidase and ß-glucuronidase enzymes. Decreased copper zinc superoxide dismutase and manganese superoxide dismutase and increased catalase and glutathione peroxidase levels were observed in colonic mucosa. The induction of antioxidant enzymes occurred through the activation of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 protein and its subsequent translocation into the nucleus. ERS was able to decrease the proliferation of proximal mucosa of colon, demonstrating a possible effect against colorectal tumourigenesis. EWS increased proliferation and also apoptosis, ensuring the re-establishment of homoeostasis of the colonic mucosa. No antioxidant systemic effect (serum or hepatic level) was observed. It is likely that despite the extrusion the low bioavailability of the phenolic compounds of sorghum diets caused them to exert mainly acute effects at the colon level. Extruded whole-grain sorghum is a good functional ingredient that might be promising in dietary prevention of intestinal diseases.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Colo/metabolismo
Dieta
Sorghum/química
Grãos Integrais/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Catalase/metabolismo
Modelos Animais de Doenças
Glucuronidase/metabolismo
Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Enteropatias/prevenção & controle
Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo
Masculino
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo
Ratos
Ratos Wistar
Saciação
Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
beta-Glucosidase/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (NF-E2-Related Factor 2); 0 (Nfe2l2 protein, rat); EC 1.11.1.6 (Catalase); EC 1.11.1.9 (Glutathione Peroxidase); EC 1.15.1.1 (Superoxide Dismutase); EC 3.2.1.21 (beta-Glucosidase); EC 3.2.1.31 (Glucuronidase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171024
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0007114517002513


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[PMID]:28901886
[Au] Autor:Herber-Gast GM; Boersma M; Verschuren WMM; Stehouwer CDA; Gansevoort RT; Bakker SJL; Spijkerman AMW
[Ad] Endereço:1Centre for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services,National Institute of Public Health and the Environment,PO Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven,The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Consumption of whole grains, fruit and vegetables is not associated with indices of renal function in the population-based longitudinal Doetinchem study.
[So] Source:Br J Nutr;118(5):375-382, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1475-2662
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Emerging evidence suggests that diet and renal function are related. Little is known, however, about the association of consumption of whole grains, fruit and vegetables with urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (ACR) and changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). We investigated this in a population-based cohort aged 26-65 years. Data were from 3787 participants from the Doetinchem cohort study, who were examined ≥3 times, 5 years apart. Consumption of food groups was assessed at each round with a validated FFQ. GFR was estimated at each round from routinely measured cystatin C and creatinine using the Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology (CKD-EPI) equation. ACR was measured at the last round. Generalised estimated equation models were performed to examine associations with changes in eGFR. Linear regression was used to examine associations with ACR. Adjustments were made for covariates related to lifestyle, biological factors and diet. Mean baseline eGFR was 104·5 (sd 13·7) and mean annual decline was -0·95 (sd 0·67) ml/min per 1·73 m2 over a 15-year follow-up. A trend was observed towards slightly less annual decline in eGFR among those with higher consumption of whole grains (P=0·06). This association, however, was attenuated and no longer significant in multivariate models (P=0·29). Consumption of fruit and vegetables was not associated with changes in eGFR and urinary ACR. In conclusion, consumption of whole grains, fruit and vegetables is not associated with changes in eGFR and mean ACR. As this was the first longitudinal study into this association in the general population, and as results are only partially in line with related studies, further research is recommended.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta
Frutas
Rim/fisiologia
Verduras
Grãos Integrais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Albuminas/metabolismo
Creatinina/urina
Feminino
Seguimentos
Taxa de Filtração Glomerular
Seres Humanos
Testes de Função Renal
Estilo de Vida
Modelos Lineares
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Avaliação Nutricional
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Albumins); AYI8EX34EU (Creatinine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170921
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170921
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170914
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0007114517001726


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[PMID]:28814395
[Au] Autor:Karl JP; Meydani M; Barnett JB; Vanegas SM; Barger K; Fu X; Goldin B; Kane A; Rasmussen H; Vangay P; Knights D; Jonnalagadda SS; Saltzman E; Roberts SB; Meydani SN; Booth SL
[Ad] Endereço:Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA.
[Ti] Título:Fecal concentrations of bacterially derived vitamin K forms are associated with gut microbiota composition but not plasma or fecal cytokine concentrations in healthy adults.
[So] Source:Am J Clin Nutr;106(4):1052-1061, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1938-3207
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Emerging evidence suggests novel roles for bacterially derived vitamin K forms known as menaquinones in health and disease, which may be attributable in part to anti-inflammatory effects. However, the relevance of menaquinones produced by gut bacteria to vitamin K requirements and inflammation is undetermined. This study aimed to quantify fecal menaquinone concentrations and identify associations between fecal menaquinone concentrations and serum vitamin K concentrations, gut microbiota composition, and inflammation. Fecal and serum menaquinone concentrations, fecal microbiota composition, and plasma and fecal cytokine concentrations were measured in 80 men and postmenopausal women (48 men, 32 women, age 40-65 y) enrolled in a randomized, parallel-arm, provided-food trial. After consuming a run-in diet for 2 wk, participants were randomly assigned to consume a whole grain-rich (WG) or a refined grain-based (RG) diet for 6 wk. Outcomes were measured at weeks 2 and 8. The median total daily excretion of menaquinones in feces was 850 nmol/d but was highly variable (range: 64-5358 nmol/d). The total median (IQR) fecal concentrations of menaquinones decreased in the WG diet compared with the RG diet [-6.8 nmol/g (13.0 nmol/g) dry weight for WG compared with 1.8 nmol/g (12.3 nmol/g) dry weight for RG; < 0.01)]. However, interindividual variability in fecal menaquinone concentrations partitioned individuals into 2 distinct groups based on interindividual differences in concentrations of different menaquinone forms rather than the diet group or the time point. The relative abundances of several gut bacteria taxa, and in particular, differed between these groups, and 42% of identified genera were associated with ≥1 menaquinone form. Menaquinones were not detected in serum, and neither fecal concentrations of individual menaquinones nor the menaquinone group was associated with any marker of inflammation. Menaquinone concentrations in the human gut appear highly variable and are associated with gut microbiota composition. However, the health implications remain unclear. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01902394.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Citocinas/sangue
Dieta
Fezes/química
Microbioma Gastrointestinal
Intestinos/metabolismo
Vitamina K 2/metabolismo
Grãos Integrais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Bactérias/metabolismo
Citocinas/metabolismo
Fezes/microbiologia
Comportamento Alimentar
Feminino
Manipulação de Alimentos
Seres Humanos
Inflamação/sangue
Intestinos/microbiologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Necessidades Nutricionais
Vitamina K/metabolismo
Vitamina K 2/sangue
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Cytokines); 11032-49-8 (Vitamin K 2); 12001-79-5 (Vitamin K)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170818
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3945/ajcn.117.155424


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[PMID]:28681602
[Au] Autor:Li M; Koecher K; Hansen L; Ferruzzi MG
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Food Science, Purdue University , West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, United States.
[Ti] Título:Phenolics from Whole Grain Oat Products as Modifiers of Starch Digestion and Intestinal Glucose Transport.
[So] Source:J Agric Food Chem;65(32):6831-6839, 2017 Aug 16.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5118
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Four oat varieties and three product forms (porridge, cereal, and snack bar) were assessed to determine the impact of oat phenolics on starch digestibility and intestinal glucose transport. α-Amylase activity was enhanced by 20 GAE µM (gallic acid equivalent) of phenolics extracted from oat (96.7-118%, p < 0.05), while it was modestly inhibited at 500 GAE µM (83.0-95.4%). Maltose hydrolysis was reduced (49.6-82.4%, p < 0.05), albeit with high IC values (500-940 GAE µM). Free and bound oat phenolic extracts dose-dependently attenuated transport of d-glucose-1,2,3,4,5,6,6-d by Caco-2 monolayers over 60 min. Oat foods were then subjected to a coupled in vitro digestion/Caco-2 intestinal cell model to determine relevance to whole food systems. Digestive release of glucose was similar among products; however, glucose transport was significantly reduced from digesta of GMI 423 porridge and puffed cereal by 34% ± 12% and 20% ± 10% (p < 0.05) at 60 min. Results suggest phenolics might be a factor modulating glycemic response of oat products.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Avena/metabolismo
Glucose/metabolismo
Intestinos/metabolismo
Fenóis/metabolismo
Amido/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transporte Biológico
Células CACO-2
Digestão
Seres Humanos
Grãos Integrais/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Phenols); 9005-25-8 (Starch); IY9XDZ35W2 (Glucose)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170825
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170825
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170707
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.7b02171


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[PMID]:28679551
[Au] Autor:Hjorth MF; Ritz C; Blaak EE; Saris WH; Langin D; Poulsen SK; Larsen TM; Sørensen TI; Zohar Y; Astrup A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Sciences, madsfiil@nexs.ku.dk.
[Ti] Título:Pretreatment fasting plasma glucose and insulin modify dietary weight loss success: results from 3 randomized clinical trials.
[So] Source:Am J Clin Nutr;106(2):499-505, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1938-3207
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Which diet is optimal for weight loss and maintenance remains controversial and implies that no diet fits all patients. We studied concentrations of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and fasting insulin (FI) as prognostic markers for successful weight loss and maintenance through diets with different glycemic loads or different fiber and whole-grain content, assessed in 3 randomized trials of overweight participants. After an 8-wk weight loss, participants in the DiOGenes (Diet, Obesity, and Genes) trial consumed ad libitum for 26 wk a diet with either a high or a low glycemic load. Participants in the Optimal well-being, development and health for Danish children through a healthy New Nordic Diet (OPUS) Supermarket intervention (SHOPUS) trial consumed ad libitum for 26 wk the New Nordic Diet, which is high in fiber and whole grains, or a control diet. Participants in the NUGENOB (Nutrient-Gene Interactions in Human Obesity) trial consumed a hypocaloric low-fat and high-carbohydrate or a high-fat and low-carbohydrate diet for 10 wk. On the basis of FPG before treatment, participants were categorized as normoglycemic (FPG <5.6 mmol/L), prediabetic (FPG 5.6-6.9 mmol/L), or diabetic (FPG ≥7.0 mmol/L). Modifications of the dietary effects of FPG and FI before treatment were examined with linear mixed models. In the DiOGenes trial, prediabetic individuals regained a mean of 5.83 kg (95% CI: 3.34, 8.32 kg; < 0.001) more on the high- than on the low-glycemic load diet, whereas normoglycemic individuals regained a mean of 1.44 kg (95% CI: 0.48, 2.41 kg; = 0.003) more [mean group difference: 4.39 kg (95% CI: 1.76, 7.02 kg); = 0.001]. In SHOPUS, prediabetic individuals lost a mean of 6.04 kg (95% CI: 4.05, 8.02 kg; < 0.001) more on the New Nordic Diet than on the control diet, whereas normoglycemic individuals lost a mean of 2.20 kg (95% CI: 1.21, 3.18 kg; < 0.001) more [mean group difference: 3.84 kg (95% CI: 1.62, 6.06 kg); = 0.001]. In NUGENOB, diabetic individuals lost a mean of 2.04 kg (95% CI: -0.20, 4.28 kg; = 0.07) more on the high-fat and low-carbohydrate diet than on the low-fat and high-carbohydrate diet, whereas normoglycemic individuals lost a mean of 0.43 kg (95% CI: 0.03, 0.83 kg; = 0.03) more on the low-fat and high-carbohydrate diet [mean group difference: 2.47 kg (95% CI: 0.20, 4.75 kg); = 0.03]. The addition of FI strengthened these associations. Elevated FPG before treatment indicates success with dietary weight loss and maintenance among overweight patients consuming diets with a low glycemic load or with large amounts of fiber and whole grains. These trials were registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00390637 (DiOGenes) and NCT01195610 (SHOPUS), and at ISRNCT.com as ISRCTN25867281 (NUGENOB).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Glicemia/metabolismo
Manutenção do Peso Corporal/fisiologia
Diabetes Mellitus/sangue
Comportamento Alimentar
Insulina/sangue
Obesidade/dietoterapia
Perda de Peso/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Dieta Redutora
Fibras na Dieta
Ingestão de Energia
Feminino
Carga Glicêmica
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Obesidade/sangue
Obesidade/complicações
Grãos Integrais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Blood Glucose); 0 (Dietary Fiber); 0 (Insulin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170707
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3945/ajcn.117.155200


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[PMID]:28592607
[Au] Autor:Zhu Y; Olsen SF; Mendola P; Halldorsson TI; Yeung EH; Granström C; Bjerregaard AA; Wu J; Rawal S; Chavarro JE; Hu FB; Zhang C
[Ad] Endereço:Epidemiology Branch, Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD.
[Ti] Título:Maternal dietary intakes of refined grains during pregnancy and growth through the first 7 y of life among children born to women with gestational diabetes.
[So] Source:Am J Clin Nutr;106(1):96-104, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1938-3207
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Refined grains, a major source of dietary carbohydrates, have been related to impaired glucose homeostasis and obesity. Emerging animal data suggest that in utero exposure to dietary refined carbohydrates may predispose offspring to an obese phenotype, indicating a potential role for nutritional programming in the early origins of obesity, but intergenerational human data are lacking. We prospectively investigated refined-grain intake during pregnancy in association with offspring growth through age 7 y among high-risk children born to women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The analysis included 918 mother-singleton child dyads from the Danish National Birth Cohort. Offspring body mass index scores (BMIZs) were calculated by using weight and length or height measured at birth, 5 and 12 mo, and 7 y. Overweight or obesity was defined by WHO cutoffs. Linear and Poisson regressions were used, with adjustment for maternal demographic, lifestyle, and dietary factors. Refined-grain intake during pregnancy was positively associated with offspring BMIZ (adjusted ß per serving increase per day: 0.09; 95% CI: 0.02, 0.15) and risk of overweight or obesity at age 7 y [adjusted RR (aRR) comparing the highest with the lowest quartile: 1.80; 95% CI: 1.09, 2.98; -trend = 0.032]. The association appeared to be more pronounced among children who were breastfed <6 mo. The substitution of 1 serving refined grains/d with an equal serving of whole grains during pregnancy was related to a 10% reduced risk of offspring overweight or obesity at 7 y of age (aRR: 0.90; 95% CI: 0.82, 0.98). No associations were observed between refined-grain intake and infant growth. Higher maternal refined-grain intake during pregnancy was significantly related to a greater BMIZ and a higher risk of overweight or obesity at age 7 y among children born after pregnancies complicated by GDM. The findings highlight pregnancy as a potential window of susceptibility associated with offspring growth and obesity risk among this high-risk population. Data with longer follow-up are warranted.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Índice de Massa Corporal
Diabetes Gestacional
Dieta
Carboidratos da Dieta/efeitos adversos
Grãos Comestíveis/efeitos adversos
Obesidade Pediátrica/etiologia
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Pré-Natal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Aleitamento Materno
Criança
Dinamarca
Comportamento Alimentar
Feminino
Manipulação de Alimentos
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Obesidade Pediátrica/prevenção & controle
Gravidez
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal
Estudos Prospectivos
Grãos Integrais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Carbohydrates)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170731
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170731
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170609
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3945/ajcn.116.136291


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[PMID]:28530552
[Au] Autor:Srichuwong S; Curti D; Austin S; King R; Lamothe L; Gloria-Hernandez H
[Ad] Endereço:Nestlé Research Center, PO Box 44, Vers-chez-les-Blanc, CH-1026 Lausanne, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Physicochemical properties and starch digestibility of whole grain sorghums, millet, quinoa and amaranth flours, as affected by starch and non-starch constituents.
[So] Source:Food Chem;233:1-10, 2017 Oct 15.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Minor grains such as sorghum, millet, quinoa and amaranth can be alternatives to wheat and corn as ingredients for whole grain and gluten-free products. In this study, influences of starch structures and other grain constituents on physicochemical properties and starch digestibility of whole flours made from these grains were investigated. Starches were classified into two groups according to their amylopectin branch chain-length: (i) quinoa, amaranth, wheat (shorter chains); and (ii) sorghum, millet, corn (longer chains). Such amylopectin features and amylose content contributed to the differences in thermal and pasting properties as well as starch digestibility of the flours. Non-starch constituents had additional impacts; proteins delayed starch gelatinization and pasting, especially in sorghum flours, and high levels of soluble fibre retarded starch retrogradation in wheat, quinoa and amaranth flours. Enzymatic hydrolysis of starch was restricted by the presence of associated protein matrix and enzyme inhibitors, but accelerated by endogenous amylolytic enzymes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Farinha
Amido
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Chenopodium quinoa
Milhetes
Sorghum
Grãos Integrais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
9005-25-8 (Starch)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170523
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28397752
[Au] Autor:Neo JE; Brownlee IA
[Ad] Endereço:Human Nutrition Research Centre, School of Agriculture, Food & Rural Development, Newcastle University, 172A Ang Mo Kio Ave 8, Singapore 567739, Singapore. jiaennje@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Wholegrain Food Acceptance in Young Singaporean Adults.
[So] Source:Nutrients;9(4), 2017 Apr 08.
[Is] ISSN:2072-6643
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Previous epidemiological evidence suggests that habitual consumption of whole grains is associated with reduction of disease risk. While wholegrain food consumption appears to be increasing in Singapore, it is still low, with more infrequent consumption noted in younger Singaporeans. Therefore, the primary objective of this study is to determine the knowledge of whole grains and barriers to consumption of wholegrain foods. Thirty participants (age range 21-26 year, 19 females) took part in two focus groups separated by a 2-week period in which participants trialled a range of wholegrain foods. Barriers towards whole grain consumption and experiences of products during this familiarization period were discussed during the focus groups and knowledge of whole grains was assessed by questionnaire. Potential barriers such as personal factors, product-specific factors and external factors were identified with sensory and habitual being stronger barriers. The whole grain familiarization period did not alter the taste expectations of the consumers but it did manage to increase acceptance for four of the wholegrain products tested (muesli, cookies, granola bars and wholewheat pasta). These findings suggest existing barriers to wholegrain food consumption should be considered by public health agencies and manufacturing companies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Consumidor
Preferências Alimentares
Alimento Funcional
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Dieta Saudável
Cooperação do Paciente
Grãos Integrais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Doença Crônica/epidemiologia
Doença Crônica/etnologia
Doença Crônica/prevenção & controle
Comportamento Alimentar/etnologia
Feminino
Grupos Focais
Preferências Alimentares/etnologia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia
Dieta Saudável/etnologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Cooperação do Paciente/etnologia
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Recognição (Psicologia)
Risco
Autorrelato
Sensação
Singapura/epidemiologia
Paladar
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170908
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170908
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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