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[PMID]:28873633
[Au] Autor:Cubero-Leon E; De Rudder O; Maquet A
[Ad] Endereço:European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Retieseweg 111, 2440 Geel, Belgium. Electronic address: Elena.Cubero-Leon@ec.europa.eu.
[Ti] Título:Metabolomics for organic food authentication: Results from a long-term field study in carrots.
[So] Source:Food Chem;239:760-770, 2018 Jan 15.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Increasing demand for organic products and their premium prices make them an attractive target for fraudulent malpractices. In this study, a large-scale comparative metabolomics approach was applied to investigate the effect of the agronomic production system on the metabolite composition of carrots and to build statistical models for prediction purposes. Orthogonal projections to latent structures-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) was applied successfully to predict the origin of the agricultural system of the harvested carrots on the basis of features determined by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. When the training set used to build the OPLS-DA models contained samples representative of each harvest year, the models were able to classify unknown samples correctly (100% correct classification). If a harvest year was left out of the training sets and used for predictions, the correct classification rates achieved ranged from 76% to 100%. The results therefore highlight the potential of metabolomic fingerprinting for organic food authentication purposes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Daucus carota
Alimentos Orgânicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise Discriminante
Espectrometria de Massas
Metabolômica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170907
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28873551
[Au] Autor:Cirlini M; Demuth TM; Biancardi A; Rychlik M; Dall'Asta C; Bruni R
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Food and Drug - LS9 Interlab Group, University of Parma, Via G.P. Usberti 95/a, 43134 Parma, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Are tropane alkaloids present in organic foods? Detection of scopolamine and atropine in organic buckwheat (Fagopyron esculentum L.) products by UHPLC-MS/MS.
[So] Source:Food Chem;239:141-147, 2018 Jan 15.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A closer monitoring of tropane alkaloids (TA) in foods is now recommended by the European Commission, following a series of alerts related to the contamination of buckwheat with weeds of the genus Datura. A novel, accurate UHPLC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for the rapid detection of scopolamine and atropine in buckwheat foods. A suitable extraction protocol was set up to maximize recoveries and detection limits in different raw, processed and baked foods. The method offers good performances in terms of sensitivity, accuracy and precision, with LOQs at 0.04 and 0.10µg/kg. The established method is suitable for routine determination of trace levels of TA and was applied to 26 different buckwheat-derived organic foods, detecting TA in 3 samples (13.9-83.9µg/kg for atropine and 5.7-10.4µg/kg for scopolamine). Only in one case the level of contamination was relevant in terms of food safety.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alimentos Orgânicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alcaloides
Atropina
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
Fagopyrum
Seres Humanos
Hidrobrometo de Escopolamina
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
Tropanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Alkaloids); 0 (Tropanes); 451IFR0GXB (Scopolamine Hydrobromide); 7C0697DR9I (Atropine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170907
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28946925
[Au] Autor:Bath SC; Hill S; Infante HG; Elghul S; Nezianya CJ; Rayman MP
[Ad] Endereço:1Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences,University of Surrey,Guildford,Surrey GU2 7XH,UK.
[Ti] Título:Iodine concentration of milk-alternative drinks available in the UK in comparison with cows' milk.
[So] Source:Br J Nutr;118(7):525-532, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1475-2662
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Iodine deficiency is present in certain groups of the UK population, notably in pregnant women; this is of concern as iodine is required for fetal brain development. UK milk is rich in iodine and is the principal dietary iodine source. UK sales of milk-alternative drinks are increasing but data are lacking on their iodine content. As consumers may replace iodine-rich milk with milk-alternative drinks, we aimed to measure the iodine concentration of those available in the UK. Using inductively coupled plasma-MS, we determined the iodine concentration of seven types of milk-alternative drink (soya, almond, coconut, oat, rice, hazelnut and hemp) by analysing forty-seven products purchased in November/December 2015. For comparison, winter samples of conventional (n 5) and organic (n 5) cows' milk were included. The median iodine concentration of all of the unfortified milk-alternative drinks (n 44) was low, at 7·3 µg/kg, just 1·7 % of our value for winter conventional cows' milk (median 438 µg/kg). One brand (not the market leader), fortified its soya, oat and rice drinks with iodine and those drinks had a higher iodine concentration than unfortified drinks, at 280, 287 and 266 µg/kg, respectively. The iodine concentration of organic milk (median 324 µg/kg) was lower than that of conventional milk. Although many milk-alternative drinks are fortified with Ca, at the time of this study, just three of forty-seven drinks were fortified with iodine. Individuals who consume milk-alternative drinks that are not fortified with iodine in place of cows' milk may be at risk of iodine deficiency unless they consume alternative dietary iodine sources.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Iodo/análise
Substitutos do Leite/química
Leite/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Alimentos Fortificados/análise
Alimentos Orgânicos
Adoçantes Calóricos/análise
Tamanho da Amostra
Estações do Ano
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Nutritive Sweeteners); 9679TC07X4 (Iodine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171022
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171022
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170927
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0007114517002136


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[PMID]:28671066
[Au] Autor:Kongsted H; Sørensen JT
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Animal Science, Aarhus University, Blichers Allé 20, DK-8830 Tjele, Denmark. Electronic address: Hanne.Kongsted@anis.au.dk.
[Ti] Título:Lesions found at routine meat inspection on finishing pigs are associated with production system.
[So] Source:Vet J;223:21-26, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2971
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Pigs raised under free-range conditions are expected to experience a higher level of animal welfare than conventionally raised pigs. However, free-range conditions may challenge prevention and treatment of diseases. In order to identify disease problems associated with raising conditions, this study compared slaughter lesions in pigs from conventional indoor, conventional free-range and organic free-range production systems. The study used data from 1,096,756 pigs slaughtered at one Danish abattoir from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2015. Associations between production system and lesions at slaughter were tested in statistical models taking year, season and herd of origin into account. Both conventional free-range and organic free-range production systems were associated with increased population averaged odd ratios (OR ) for several lesions compared with conventional indoor systems. Pigs raised in conventional free-range and organic free-range production systems had higher odds for white liver-spots (OR , 5-7), tail lesions (OR , 3-4), arthritis (OR , 3), skin lesions (OR , 3), bone fractures (OR , 2), septicaemia (OR , 1.1-1.5) and abscesses (OR , 1.1-1.3) at slaughter. Pairwise comparisons of the two free-range production systems did not reveal statistically significant differences (P>0.05). In all three production systems, airway infection was the most prevalent disease complex. In contrast to previous studies, this study did not find any association between airway infection and type of production (P>0.05). Three lesions (leg swellings (OR , 0.4-0.5), hernia (OR , 0.7-0.8) and hoof abscess (OR , 0.7-0.9)) had lower ORs in conventional free-range and organic free-range production compared with conventional indoor production. There was a marked herd effect (intraclass correlation coefficients 21-35%) on the occurrence of white liver-spots, tail lesions, skin lesions and airway infections. These results suggest possibilities for herd-level management interventions of the problems studied.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos
Alimentos Orgânicos
Carne
Doenças dos Suínos/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Matadouros
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias
Bem-Estar do Animal
Animais
Artrite/epidemiologia
Artrite/veterinária
Dinamarca/epidemiologia
Artropatias/epidemiologia
Artropatias/veterinária
Hepatopatias/epidemiologia
Hepatopatias/veterinária
Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia
Infecções Respiratórias/veterinária
Sus scrofa/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Suínos
Doenças dos Suínos/epidemiologia
Doenças dos Suínos/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170704
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 2130 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28490068
[Au] Autor:Dervilly-Pinel G; Guérin T; Minvielle B; Travel A; Normand J; Bourin M; Royer E; Dubreil E; Mompelat S; Hommet F; Nicolas M; Hort V; Inthavong C; Saint-Hilaire M; Chafey C; Parinet J; Cariou R; Marchand P; Le Bizec B; Verdon E; Engel E
[Ad] Endereço:LUNAM Université, ONIRIS, Laboratoire d'Etude des Résidus et Contaminants dans les Aliments (LABERCA), Nantes F-44307, France. Electronic address: laberca@oniris-nantes.fr.
[Ti] Título:Micropollutants and chemical residues in organic and conventional meat.
[So] Source:Food Chem;232:218-228, 2017 Oct 01.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The chemical contamination levels of both conventional and organic meats were assessed. The objective was to provide occurrence data in a context of chronic exposure. Environmental contaminants (17 polychlorinated dibenzodioxins/dibenzofurans, 18 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 3 hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) isomers, 6 mycotoxins, 6 inorganic compounds) together with chemical residues arising from production inputs (75 antimicrobials, 10 coccidiostats and 121 pesticides) have been selected as relevant compounds. A dedicated sampling strategy, representative of the French production allowed quantification of a large sample set (n=266) including both conventional (n=139) and organic (n=127) raw meat from three animal species (bovine, porcine, poultry). While contamination levels below regulatory limits were measured in all the samples, significant differences were observed between both species and types of farming. Several environmental contaminants (Dioxins, PCBs, HBCD, Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb, As) were measured at significantly higher levels in organic samples.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carne
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Dioxinas
Contaminação de Alimentos
Alimentos Orgânicos
Praguicidas
Bifenilos Policlorados
Dibenzodioxinas Policloradas
Suínos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dioxins); 0 (Pesticides); 0 (Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins); DFC2HB4I0K (Polychlorinated Biphenyls)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170816
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170816
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170512
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28476114
[Au] Autor:Tarro L; Aceves-Martins M; Tiñena Y; Parisi JL; Blasi X; Giralt M; Llauradó E; Solà R
[Ad] Endereço:Education and health promotion, Functional Nutrition, Oxidation and Cardiovascular Disease Research Group, Medicine and Surgery Department Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, C/Sant Llorenç 21, 43201, Reus, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Restaurant-based intervention to facilitate healthy eating choices and the identification of allergenic foods at a family-oriented resort and a campground.
[So] Source:BMC Public Health;17(1):393, 2017 May 05.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2458
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Restaurant-based interventions can be an enjoyable way to encourage healthier eating choices by all members of a family. Thus, the principal aims of this study were a) to promote healthy diets by increasing healthy food offerings and b) to increase the number of foods offered specifically as gluten-free and lactose-free and to inform patrons by including nutritional and allergen information that complies with Regulation 1169/2011 regarding the food served in restaurants, takeaways and snack bars. METHODS: A restaurant-based intervention was implemented at 16 food establishments at 2 resorts (the Cambrils Park Resort and Camping Sangulí, Spain, from 2014 to 2015) based on the following 4 components: 1) providing nutritional and allergen analyses of the offered dishes, 2) increasing the number of healthy food choices, 3) identifying menu items associated with allergies and intolerance, and 4) training staff on healthy eating and allergens. Customer satisfaction regarding food aspects was assessed using surveys (10-point scale). RESULTS: Both resorts significantly increased their offerings of healthy dishes (28.6% to 44.7%; P = 0.003) and desserts with fruit (20% to 51.3%; P = 0.013), thus obtaining the Spanish Government's Mediterranean Diet certification. Additionally, both resorts obtained Catalan Celiac Association certification. Moreover, both resorts significantly increased their percentages of gluten-free dishes (2.1% to 50.5%; P < 0.001) and lactose-free dishes (5.5% to 37.5%; P < 0.001) after the intervention. Customer satisfaction increased (mean ± standard deviation) from 6.9 ± 1.6 to 8.5 ± 1.5 (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This restaurant-based intervention expanded the number of healthy and allergen-free foods offered in a family-oriented holiday resort environment to encourage healthy food choices, resulting in increased customer satisfaction.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento de Escolha
Preferências Alimentares
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Dieta Saudável
Restaurantes/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comportamento do Consumidor
Abastecimento de Alimentos
Alimentos Orgânicos
Frutas
Seres Humanos
Espanha
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170507
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12889-017-4333-5


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[PMID]:28372247
[Au] Autor:Schwendel BH; Wester TJ; Morel PC; Fong B; Tavendale MH; Deadman C; Shadbolt NM; Otter DE
[Ad] Endereço:Food and Bio-based Products Group, AgResearch Grasslands, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand; Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North 4474, New Zealand. Electronic address: Heike.Schwendel@agresearch.co.nz.
[Ti] Título:Pasture feeding conventional cows removes differences between organic and conventionally produced milk.
[So] Source:Food Chem;229:805-813, 2017 Aug 15.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Perceptions of production methods for organic and conventional milk are changing, with consumers prepared to pay premium prices for milk from either certified organic or conventional grass-fed cows. Our study investigated whether chemical composition differed between milk produced by these two farming systems. Sampling was conducted on two farms sets, each comprised of one organic and one conventional farm. All farms applied year-round pasture grazing. Milk samples were collected throughout the milking season and analysed for free oligosaccharides, fatty acids, major casein and whey proteins, and milk fat volatiles. Fatty acids were influenced by breed and fertilizer application. Oligosaccharides differed between farming systems, with causes presently unknown, while farm set was the dominant influence factor on protein composition. Factors identified in this study influencing milk composition are not exclusive to either farming system, and pasture feeding conventional cows will remove differences previously reported for organic and conventionally produced milk.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ração Animal/análise
Alimentos Orgânicos/análise
Leite/química
Poaceae/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Caseínas/análise
Bovinos
Ácidos Graxos/análise
Feminino
Estações do Ano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Caseins); 0 (Fatty Acids)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170523
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170523
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170405
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 2130 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28298152
[Au] Autor:Gwira Baumblatt JA; Carpenter LR; Wiedeman C; Dunn JR; Schaffner W; Jones TF
[Ad] Endereço:1 Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Tennessee Department of Health, Nashville, TN, USA.
[Ti] Título:Population survey of attitudes and beliefs regarding organic, genetically modified, and irradiated foods.
[So] Source:Nutr Health;23(1):7-11, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0260-1060
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Sales of organic foods are increasing due to public demand, while genetically modified (GM) and irradiated foods are often viewed with suspicion. AIM: The aim of this research was to examine consumer attitudes toward organic, GM and irradiated foods to direct educational efforts regarding their consumption Methods: A telephone survey of 1838 residents in Tennessee, USA was conducted regarding organic, GM, and irradiated foods. RESULTS: Approximately half of respondents (50.4%) purchased organic food during the previous 6 months ('consumers'). The most common beliefs about organic foods by consumers were higher cost (92%), and fewer pesticides (89%). Consumers were more likely than non-consumers to believe organic food tasted better (prevalence ratio 3.6; 95% confidence interval 3.02-4.23). A minority of respondents were familiar with GM foods (33%) and irradiated foods (22%). CONCLUSION: Organic food consumption is common in Tennessee, but knowledge about GM and irradiated foods is less common. Consumer health education should emphasize the benefits of these food options, and the safety of GM and irradiated foods.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude
Irradiação de Alimentos
Preferências Alimentares
Alimentos Geneticamente Modificados
Alimentos Orgânicos
Opinião Pública
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Comércio
Custos e Análise de Custo
Feminino
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Praguicidas
Inquéritos e Questionários
Paladar
Tennessee
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Pesticides)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170807
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170807
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170317
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0260106017690739


  9 / 2130 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28177232
[Au] Autor:Gadea R; Glibota N; Pérez Pulido R; Gálvez A; Ortega E
[Ad] Endereço:Área de Microbiología, Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud, Facultad de Ciencias Experimentales, Universidad de Jaén , 23071-Jaén, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Adaptation to Biocides Cetrimide and Chlorhexidine in Bacteria from Organic Foods: Association with Tolerance to Other Antimicrobials and Physical Stresses.
[So] Source:J Agric Food Chem;65(8):1758-1770, 2017 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5118
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Chlorhexidine (CH) and quaternary ammonium compounds (QAC), such as cetrimide (CE), are widely used as disinfectants because of their broad antimicrobial spectrum. However, their frequent use for disinfection in different settings may promote bacterial drug resistance against both biocides and clinically relevant antibiotics. This study analyzes the effects of stepwise exposure to cetrimide (CE) and chlorhexidine (CH) of bacteria from organic foods and previously classified as biocide-sensitive. Gradual exposure of these strains to biocides resulted in mainly transient decreased antimicrobial susceptibility to other antibiotics and to biocides. Biocide-adapted bacteria also exhibit alterations in physiological characteristics, mainly decreased heat tolerance, or gastric acid tolerance in CE-adapted strains, while bile resistance does not seem to be influenced by biocide adaptation. Results from this study suggest that changes in membrane fluidity may be the main mechanism responsible for the acquisition of stable tolerance to biocides.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos
Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos
Compostos de Cetrimônio/farmacologia
Clorexidina/farmacologia
Desinfetantes/farmacologia
Alimentos Orgânicos/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos/efeitos dos fármacos
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Cetrimonium Compounds); 0 (Disinfectants); R4KO0DY52L (Chlorhexidine); Z7FF1XKL7A (cetrimonium)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170529
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170529
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.6b04650


  10 / 2130 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28166859
[Au] Autor:Kesse-Guyot E; Baudry J; Assmann KE; Galan P; Hercberg S; Lairon D
[Ad] Endereço:1Sorbonne Paris Cité Epidemiology and Statistics Research Center (CRESS),National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM, U1153),National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA, U1125),National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts (CNAM),Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (EREN),Paris 1
[Ti] Título:Prospective association between consumption frequency of organic food and body weight change, risk of overweight or obesity: results from the NutriNet-Santé Study.
[So] Source:Br J Nutr;117(2):325-334, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1475-2662
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A lower BMI has been reported among consumers of organic foods, but this relationship has never been examined in a prospective design study. Our aim was to prospectively investigate the association between frequency of organic food consumption and weight change. We analysed data from 62 224 participants of the NutriNet-Santé cohort (78 % women, mean age=45 years) with information on consumption frequency of organic foods, dietary intake and repeated anthropometric data. For sixteen products, participants reported their consumption frequency of labelled organic foods (never, occasionally, most of the time). An organic score (OS) with a maximum of thirty-two points was computed. The associations of the OS (modeled as quartiles (Q)) with change in BMI during follow-up (on average 3·1 years) and with the risk of overweight and obesity were estimated by ANCOVA and multivariable logistic regression. A lower BMI increase was observed across quartiles of the OS (mean difference Q4 v. Q1=-0·16 (95 % CI -0·32, -0·01). An increase in the OS was associated with a lower risk of overweight and obesity (among non-overweight and non-obese participants at inclusion): OR for Q4 v. Q1 were 0·77 (95 % CI 0·68, 0·86) and 0·69 (95 % CI 0·58, 0·82), respectively. Concerning obesity risk, the association was stronger among participants with higher adherence to nutritional guidelines. This study supports a strong protective role of consumption frequency of organic foods with regard to the risk of overweight and obesity that depends on overall dietary quality. Upon confirmation, these results may contribute to fine-tune nutritional guidelines by accounting for farming practices in food production.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Índice de Massa Corporal
Dieta
Comportamento Alimentar
Alimentos Orgânicos
Obesidade/prevenção & controle
Ganho de Peso
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Análise de Variância
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Política Nutricional
Inquéritos Nutricionais
Razão de Chances
Sobrepeso
Estudos Prospectivos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170522
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170522
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0007114517000058



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