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[PMID]:29265788
[Au] Autor:Jezewska-Zychowicz M; Guzek D
[Ad] Endereço:Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Department of Organization and Consumption Economics, Warsaw, Poland
[Ti] Título:Associations between adult perception of body weight, diet, preparing meals and dietary patterns
[So] Source:Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig;68(4):381-387, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0035-7715
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: The links between dietary patterns, the perception of one's body weight and diet as well preparing meals are poorly recognised in the literature. In order to develop effective nutritional education and focused interventions, more of such information is thereby required to improve the nation's health Objective: To identify dietary patterns based on declared food consumption rates and subject responses on whether dieting, perception of body weight and diet and preparing meals are linked to such dietary patterns Material and methods: The survey was conducted in 2016 on 344 consumers chosen for age (20-65 years) and their consent for study participation. Rates of eating the foods selected were measured using a 7-point scale. Cluster analysis was used to identify three dietary patterns of behaviour: 'potentially beneficial to health', 'potentially unfavourable for health; deficient' and 'potentially unfavourable for health; excessive'. The analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics version 23.0 Results: There were significantly more subjects showing 'potentially beneficial for health' behaviour, normal body weight, those dieting (whether now or in the past) and those who evaluated their diet as being very good or good compared to other groups. They were also more involved in preparing their meals at home. Differences were found between the 'unfavourable for health' dietary patterns concerning subject's involvement in meal preparation. The dietary pattern for 'deficient' behaviour found lower rates of those preparing their meals at home Conclusions: The pattern of potentially beneficial dietary habits was linked to weight control through a slimming diet and greater involvement in the preparation of food for consumption. The results show the need to develop food choice skills rather than just transferring knowledge in the nutrition education process
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta/psicologia
Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia
Preferências Alimentares/psicologia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Peso Corporal Ideal
Refeições/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Índice de Massa Corporal
Análise por Conglomerados
Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Percepção
Fatores Sexuais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28457982
[Au] Autor:Joki A; Mäkelä J; Fogelholm M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 66, Building: 2029, Helsingin Yliopisto, Finland. Electronic address: anu.joki@helsinki.fi.
[Ti] Título:Permissive flexibility in successful lifelong weight management: A qualitative study among Finnish men and women.
[So] Source:Appetite;116:157-163, 2017 09 01.
[Is] ISSN:1095-8304
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Maintaining normal weight in the current obesogenic environment is a challenge. However, some people can do it. More insight is needed to understand how and why some people succeed in long-term weight maintenance. This study uses a rare, qualitative approach by describing the thoughts of successful weight management and self-perceived requirements for success in weight maintenance. We interviewed 39 individuals who have maintained normal weight for their entire lives (men and women). The content analysis revealed a main theme: flexible, permissive and conscious self-regulation, which was divided into two subthemes (eating-related behavior and weight-related behavior). The informants reported certain routines that supported their weight management: regular eating, sufficient meal sizes, eating in response to hunger, healthy and vegetable-rich diet along with moderate feasting and flexible eating restriction. Flexibility in routines allowed freedom in their eating behavior. In addition, informants regarded themselves as physically active, and they enjoyed regular exercise. Regular weighing was generally considered unnecessary. Normal weight was regarded as a valuable and worthwhile issue, and most of the informants worked to keep their weight stable. Although the perceived workload varied among informants, the weight management strategies were similar. It was crucial to be conscious of the balance between eating and energy consumption. Further, flexibility characterized their behavior and was the basis of successful weight management. Women were more aware of weight control practices and knowledge than men, but otherwise, women and men reported similar weight management methods and attitudes. In conclusion, the interviewees who have maintained the normal weight had created a personal weight-management support environment where weight management was a lifestyle.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica
Manutenção do Peso Corporal
Exercício
Estilo de Vida Saudável
Modelos Psicológicos
Cooperação do Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Regulação do Apetite
Índice de Massa Corporal
Exercício/psicologia
Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia
Feminino
Finlândia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Refeições
Meia-Idade
Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Autorrelato
Autocontrole/psicologia
Fatores Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28740371
[Au] Autor:Buckinx F; Reginster JY; Morelle A; Paquot N; Labeye N; Locquet M; Adam S; Bruyère O
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Public Health, Epidemiology and Health Economics, University of Liège.
[Ti] Título:Influence of environmental factors on food intake among nursing home residents: a survey combined with a video approach.
[So] Source:Clin Interv Aging;12:1055-1064, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1178-1998
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In addition to the well-known physiological factors, dietary behavior that affects health seems to be influenced by a wide variety of environmental factors. The aim of this study was to assess, by means of an original video approach, the influence of the environment on food intake in nursing homes. METHODS: The perception of the environment during meals in nursing homes was evaluated by residents and by two groups of volunteers who either work in the field of geriatrics, or who do not work in the field of geriatrics. First, a random sample of residents answered a self-administered questionnaire related to different indicators (ie, noise, space, comfort, light, odors, perceived satisfaction of meals, taste of meals, presentation of meals, service and setting). Second, two separate panels, one including the people who work in the field of geriatrics (ie, experts) and one including the people who have no particular interest in geriatrics (ie, nonexperts), were asked to answer a questionnaire on their perception of the environment after having watched a video of the lunch in each nursing home. Then, the food intake of the residents was measured by a precise food-weighing method. RESULTS: A total of 88 residents from nine different nursing homes, 18 experts and 45 nonexperts answered the questionnaires. This study highlighted that, on the one hand, after adjustment on confounding variables, the perception of the quantity of food served by the residents is the only single factor associated with food consumption ( =0.003). On the other hand, experts and nonexperts did not perceive any environmental factor that seems to be significantly associated with residents' food intake. CONCLUSION: Our results highlighted that, in a nursing home setting, environmental factors have limited influence on the food intake of the residents, with the exception of their own perception of the quantity served. The relevance of this factor deserves further investigation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ingestão de Alimentos
Meio Ambiente
Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos/organização & administração
Refeições/psicologia
Casas de Saúde/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170726
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2147/CIA.S135937


  4 / 1521 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28743250
[Au] Autor:Shonkoff ET; Anzman-Frasca S; Lynskey VM; Chan G; Glenn ME; Economos CD
[Ad] Endereço:ChildObesity180, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA. eleanor.shonkoff@tufts.edu.
[Ti] Título:Child and parent perspectives on healthier side dishes and beverages in restaurant kids' meals: results from a national survey in the United States.
[So] Source:BMC Public Health;18(1):56, 2017 07 25.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2458
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Children frequently consume foods from restaurants; considering the quick-service sector alone, 1/3 of children eat food from these restaurants on a given day, and among these consumers, 1/3 of their daily calories come from fast food. Restaurant foods and beverages are second only to grocery store foods and beverages in their contribution to total energy intake of U.S. 4- to 11-year-olds. Shifting their restaurant consumption in healthier directions could have a positive impact on child health. In 2014 this study examined self-reported child receptivity and parent awareness of child receptivity to ordering a fruit or vegetable side dish instead of French fries; and milk, water, or flavored water instead of soda/pop with a kids' meal when eating out. Child receptivity to side dishes was compared between 2010 and 2014. METHODS: An online survey was administered by Nielsen via their Harris Poll Online to a national panel of 711 parents and their 8- to 12-year-old child, as part of a larger study. Frequencies, logistic regressions, t-tests, chi-square tests, and percent agreement were used to evaluate child likelihood of ordering certain side dishes; receptivity to healthier side dish and beverage alternatives; changes in receptivity to healthier sides across years; and parent awareness. RESULTS: A majority of children said they were likely to order a meal with a vegetable (60%), fruit (78%), or French fry (93%) side dish. They were receptive to receiving a fruit or vegetable (FV) side dish instead of French fries (68%); or milk, water, or flavored water instead of soda (81%) with their restaurant kids' meal. Liking/taste was the most common reason for children's feelings. Child receptivity to a FV side dish instead of French fries was high in both years and significantly higher in 2014 (t = -2.12, p = 0.034). The majority of parent and child reports of child receptivity were concordant (85%). CONCLUSIONS: These national survey results indicate that children are receptive to FV side dishes and healthier beverage options with their restaurant meals. Their receptivity has remained high in the recent past, and parents are aware of child receptivity. An opportunity exists for restaurants to leverage child receptivity to healthier sides and beverages by providing and promoting healthy options.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bebidas/normas
Fast Foods/análise
Fast Foods/normas
Refeições
Avaliação Nutricional
Pais/psicologia
Restaurantes/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Atitude Frente à Saúde
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Comportamento do Consumidor
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180210
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180210
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170727
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12889-017-4610-3


  5 / 1521 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28747328
[Au] Autor:Christensen P; Henriksen M; Bartels EM; Leeds AR; Meinert Larsen T; Gudbergsen H; Riecke BF; Astrup A; Heitmann BL; Boesen M; Christensen R; Bliddal H
[Ad] Endereço:The Parker Institute and Departments of.
[Ti] Título:Long-term weight-loss maintenance in obese patients with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized trial.
[So] Source:Am J Clin Nutr;106(3):755-763, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1938-3207
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A formula low-energy diet (LED) reduces weight effectively in obese patients with knee osteoarthritis, but the role of LED in long-term weight-loss maintenance is unclear. We aimed to determine the effect of intermittent LED compared with daily meal replacements on weight-loss maintenance and number of knee replacements over 3 y. The design was a randomized trial with participants aged >50 y who had knee osteoarthritis and a body mass index [BMI (in kg/m )] ≥30. Participants were recruited from the osteoarthritis outpatient clinic at Copenhagen University Hospital in Frederiksberg, Denmark; they had previously completed a 68-wk lifestyle intervention trial and achieved an average weight loss of 10.5 kg (10% of initial body weight). Participants were randomly assigned to either the intermittent treatment (IN) group with LED for 5 wk every 4 mo for 3 y or to daily meal replacements of 1-2 meals for 3 y [regular (RE) group]. Attention by dietitians and the amount of formula products were similar. Primary outcomes were changes in body weight and proportion of participants receiving knee replacements. Outcomes were analyzed on the intention-to-treat-population with the use of baseline-carried-forward imputation for missing data. A total of 153 participants (means ± SDs: BMI: 33.3 ± 4.6; age: 63.8 ± 6.3 y; 83% women) were recruited between June and December 2009 and randomly assigned to the IN ( = 76) or RE ( = 77) group. A total of 53 and 56 participants, respectively, completed the trial. Weight increased by 0.68 and 1.75 kg in the IN and RE groups, respectively (mean difference: -1.06 kg; 95% CI: -2.75, 0.63 kg; = 0.22). Alloplasty rates were low and did not differ (IN group: 8 of 76 participants; RE group: 12 of 77 participants; = 0.35). After a mean 10% weight-loss and 1-y maintenance, additional use of daily meal replacements or intermittent LED resulted in weight-loss maintenance for 3 y. These results challenge the commonly held assumption that weight regain in the long term is inevitable. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00938808.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Índice de Massa Corporal
Manutenção do Peso Corporal
Restrição Calórica
Dieta Redutora/métodos
Ingestão de Energia
Obesidade/dietoterapia
Osteoartrite do Joelho/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Artroplastia do Joelho
Feminino
Alimentos Formulados
Seres Humanos
Estilo de Vida
Masculino
Refeições
Meia-Idade
Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia
Ganho de Peso
Perda de Peso
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[Cl] Clinical Trial:ClinicalTrial
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3945/ajcn.117.158543


  6 / 1521 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28468891
[Au] Autor:Monnard A; Moretti D; Zeder C; Steingötter A; Zimmermann MB
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Laboratory of Human Nutrition, ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland; and.
[Ti] Título:The effect of lipids, a lipid-rich ready-to-use therapeutic food, or a phytase on iron absorption from maize-based meals fortified with micronutrient powders.
[So] Source:Am J Clin Nutr;105(6):1521-1527, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1938-3207
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Ready-to-use-therapeutic foods (RUTFs) high in lipid, protein, and iron are used to treat malnutrition. Lipids increase gastric residence time, which could increase iron absorption, particularly from poorly soluble iron compounds and in combination with phytase. The objectives were to ) assess the effect on iron absorption of a lipid emulsion given 20 min before or together with an iron-fortified maize meal and ) assess iron absorption from a micronutrient powder (MNP) given with a nutrient-dense RUTF and/or a microbial phytase. A total of 41 women participated in 3 studies. They consumed a maize meal fortified with isotopically labeled ferrous sulfate (FeSO ; study 1) or ferric pyrophosphate (FePP; study 2). In studies 1 and 2, a lipid emulsion was given with or 20 min before the meal. In study 3, with the use of a 2 × 2 factorial design, subjects consumed a maize meal fortified with an MNP containing labeled FeSO (MNP) given with an RUTF (MNP+RUTF), with a phytase (MNP+phytase), or both (MNP+RUTF+phytase). Iron absorption was assessed by isotope incorporation in erythrocytes 14 d after the test meals. The lipid emulsion given either before or with the meal significantly increased iron absorption from FePP by 2.55-fold (95% CI: 1.48-, 4.37-fold; = 0.001) but not from FeSO There was a trend to increase iron absorption with the MNP+RUTF meal, which did not reach significance (1.21-fold; 95% CI: 0.92-, 1.61-fold; = 0.060). The addition of phytase to MNP and MNP+RUTF significantly increased iron absorption by 1.85-fold (95% CI: 1.49-, 2.29-fold; < 0.001), with no interaction between phytase and RUTF. In iron-fortified maize-based meals, the addition of lipids more than doubles iron absorption from FePP. Our results suggest the possibility of an enhancing effect on iron absorption of lipid-rich RUTFs, but more research is needed to determine this. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01991626.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: 6-Fitase/farmacologia
Alimentos Fortificados
Absorção Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos
Ferro na Dieta/sangue
Ferro/sangue
Lipídeos/farmacologia
Micronutrientes/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Suplementos Nutricionais
Difosfatos/sangue
Eritrócitos/metabolismo
Feminino
Ferritinas/sangue
Seres Humanos
Refeições
Pós
Adulto Jovem
Zea mays
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Diphosphates); 0 (Iron, Dietary); 0 (Lipids); 0 (Micronutrients); 0 (Powders); 9007-73-2 (Ferritins); E1UOL152H7 (Iron); EC 3.1.3.26 (6-Phytase); QK8899250F (ferric pyrophosphate)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180121
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180121
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[Cl] Clinical Trial:ClinicalTrial
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3945/ajcn.116.142976


  7 / 1521 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28747486
[Au] Autor:Chalvon-Demersay T; Even PC; Chaumontet C; Piedcoq J; Viollet B; Gaudichon C; Tomé D; Foretz M; Azzout-Marniche D
[Ad] Endereço:UMR Nutrition Physiology and Ingestive Behavior, AgroParisTech, INRA, Paris-Saclay University, Paris, France.
[Ti] Título:Modifying the Dietary Carbohydrate-to-Protein Ratio Alters the Postprandial Macronutrient Oxidation Pattern in Liver of AMPK-Deficient Mice.
[So] Source:J Nutr;147(9):1669-1676, 2017 09.
[Is] ISSN:1541-6100
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hepatic AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) activity is sensitive to the dietary carbohydrate-to-protein ratio. However, the role of AMPK in metabolic adaptations to variations in dietary macronutrients remains poorly understood. The objective of this study was to determine the role of hepatic AMPK in the adaptation of energy metabolism in response to modulation of the dietary carbohydrate-to-protein ratio. Male 7-wk-old wild-type (WT) and liver AMPK-deficient (knockout) mice were fed either a normal-protein and normal-carbohydrate diet (NP-NC; 14% protein, 76% carbohydrate on an energy basis), a low-protein and high-carbohydrate diet (LP-HC; 5% protein, 85% carbohydrate), or a high-protein and low-carbohydrate diet (HP-LC; 55% protein, 35% carbohydrate) for 3 wk. During this period, after an overnight fast, metabolic parameters were measured and indirect calorimetry was performed in mice during the first hours after refeeding a 1-g calibrated meal of their own diet in order to investigate lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. Knockout mice fed an LP-HC or HP-LC meal exhibited 24% and 8% lower amplitudes in meal-induced carbohydrate and lipid oxidation changes. By contrast, knockout mice fed an NP-NC meal displayed normal carbohydrate and lipid oxidation profiles. These mice exhibited a transient increase in hepatic triglycerides and a decrease in hepatic glycogen. These changes were associated with a 650% higher secretion of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) 2 h after refeeding. The consequences of hepatic AMPK deletion depend on the dietary carbohydrate-to-protein ratio. In mice fed the NP-NC diet, deletion of AMPK in the liver led to an adaptation of liver metabolism resulting in increased secretion of FGF21. These changes possibly compensated for the absence of hepatic AMPK, as these mice exhibited normal postprandial changes in carbohydrate and lipid oxidation. By contrast, in mice fed the LP-HC and HP-LC diets, the lack of adjustment in liver metabolism in knockout mice resulted in a metabolic inflexibility, leading to a reduced amplitude of meal-induced changes in carbohydrate and lipid oxidation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo
Metabolismo dos Carboidratos
Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem
Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Metabolismo dos Lipídeos
Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos
Período Pós-Prandial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/deficiência
Adaptação Fisiológica
Animais
Dieta
Dieta com Restrição de Carboidratos
Dieta com Restrição de Proteínas
Carboidratos da Dieta/metabolismo
Carboidratos da Dieta/farmacologia
Gorduras na Dieta/metabolismo
Proteínas na Dieta/metabolismo
Proteínas na Dieta/farmacologia
Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos
Jejum
Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo
Glicogênio/metabolismo
Fígado/metabolismo
Masculino
Refeições
Camundongos Knockout
Oxirredução
Triglicerídeos/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Carbohydrates); 0 (Dietary Fats); 0 (Dietary Proteins); 0 (Triglycerides); 0 (fibroblast growth factor 22, mouse); 62031-54-3 (Fibroblast Growth Factors); 9005-79-2 (Glycogen); EC 2.7.11.31 (AMP-Activated Protein Kinases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3945/jn.117.250803


  8 / 1521 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28468929
[Au] Autor:Mathias KC; Almoosawi S; Karagounis LG
[Ad] Endereço:Nestlé Research Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland; and.
[Ti] Título:Protein and Energy Intakes Are Skewed toward the Evening among Children and Adolescents in the United States: NHANES 2013-2014.
[So] Source:J Nutr;147(6):1160-1166, 2017 06.
[Is] ISSN:1541-6100
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Emerging evidence suggests that the timing, amount at individual eating occasions, and distribution of protein and energy intakes throughout the day may affect health. We examined the timing, amounts, and distribution of protein and energy intakes throughout the day among participants aged 4-18 y in the United States in the context of chronobiology and nutrition. This cross-sectional analysis included 2532 participants aged 4-18 y who completed the first interviewer-administered 24-h dietary recall in NHANES 2013-2014. Descriptive statistics for intakes across the day were provided as percentiles, means ± SEMs, and percentages of nonconsumers. Statistical differences between intakes across the day were tested with the use of individual-level fixed-effects regression models. Cumulative distribution functions were used to examine the timing of the first and last caloric eating occasion. Mean ± SEM protein (grams) and energy (percentage of the day) intakes were significantly higher ( < 0.05) in the evening than in the morning among all age groups. The percentage of participants aged 4-8, 9-13, and 14-18 y who had their first eating occasion at or after 1100 was 4%, 14%, and 20%, respectively, and the percentage who had their last eating occasion at or after 2100 was 8%, 19%, and 34%, respectively. Protein and energy intakes among participants aged 4-18 y in this study were largest in the evening and midday and smallest in the morning and afternoon. Clinical trials are needed to assess any potential impact such dietary behaviors may have on health outcomes related to metabolic dysfunction in children and adolescents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Ingestão de Energia
Comportamento Alimentar
Refeições
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Infantil
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Dieta
Ingestão de Alimentos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Rememoração Mental
Inquéritos Nutricionais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3945/jn.116.245621


  9 / 1521 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29056106
[Au] Autor:Ferreira TDS; Antunes VP; Leal PM; Sanjuliani AF; Klein MRST
[Ad] Endereço:1Discipline of Clinical and Experimental Pathophysiology,Rio de Janeiro State University,Rio de Janeiro, 20551-030,Brazil.
[Ti] Título:The influence of dietary and supplemental calcium on postprandial effects of a high-fat meal on lipaemia, glycaemia, C-reactive protein and adiponectin in obese women.
[So] Source:Br J Nutr;118(8):607-615, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1475-2662
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Non-fasting hypertriacylglycerolaemia is a risk factor for CVD and the amount of fat in a meal seems to be the main factor influencing postprandial lipaemia. Although several studies suggest that Ca can increase faecal fat excretion, it is not known whether Ca can decrease postprandial TAG. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of dietary Ca (DC) and supplemental Ca (SC) on lipaemia, glucose metabolism, C-reactive protein (CRP) and adiponectin during postprandial period in obese women challenged with a high-fat meal. In this cross-over controlled trial, sixteen obese women aged 20-50 years were randomly assigned to receive three test meals (approximately 2900 kJ; 48 % fat): high DC (547 mg DC), high SC (HSCM; 500 mg SC-calcium carbonate) and low Ca (42 mg DC). Blood samples were collected in the fasting period and at minutes 120 and 240 after meals to evaluate total cholesterol and fractions, TAG, glucose, insulin, high-sensitivity CRP and adiponectin. Serum levels of TAG and insulin increased significantly after all test meals. Only after HSCM total cholesterol did not present a significant increase and LDL-cholesterol had a significant decrease. Postprandial glucose, HDL-cholesterol, CRP and adiponectin did not present significant changes after the three test meals. The comparative analysis of the effects of the three test meals on serum lipids, glucose, insulin, CRP and adiponectin revealed no significant meal-by-time interaction. These results suggest that in obese women challenged with a high-fat meal DC and SC do not interfere with postprandial lipaemia, glucose metabolism, CRP and adiponectin.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adiponectina/sangue
Glicemia/metabolismo
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo
Cálcio na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Suplementos Nutricionais
Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
HDL-Colesterol/sangue
LDL-Colesterol/sangue
Estudos Cross-Over
Dieta
Dieta Hiperlipídica
Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem
Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Jejum
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Hiperlipidemias/sangue
Insulina/sangue
Refeições
Meia-Idade
Avaliação Nutricional
Obesidade/sangue
Período Pós-Prandial
Método Simples-Cego
Triglicerídeos/sangue
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Adiponectin); 0 (Blood Glucose); 0 (Calcium, Dietary); 0 (Cholesterol, HDL); 0 (Cholesterol, LDL); 0 (Dietary Carbohydrates); 0 (Dietary Fats); 0 (Dietary Proteins); 0 (Insulin); 0 (Triglycerides); 9007-41-4 (C-Reactive Protein)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171024
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0007114517002525


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[PMID]:28967343
[Au] Autor:Fong M; Caterson ID; Madigan CD
[Ad] Endereço:Charles Perkins Centre,The Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise & Eating Disorders,The University of Sydney,Sydney, NSW 2006,Australia.
[Ti] Título:Are large dinners associated with excess weight, and does eating a smaller dinner achieve greater weight loss? A systematic review and meta-analysis.
[So] Source:Br J Nutr;118(8):616-628, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1475-2662
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There are suggestions that large evening meals are associated with greater BMI. This study reviewed systematically the association between evening energy intake and weight in adults and aimed to determine whether reducing evening intake achieves weight loss. Databases searched were MEDLINE, PubMed, Cinahl, Web of Science, Cochrane Library of Clinical Trials, EMBASE and SCOPUS. Eligible observational studies investigated the relationship between BMI and evening energy intake. Eligible intervention trials compared weight change between groups where the proportion of evening intake was manipulated. Evening intake was defined as energy consumed during a certain time - for example 18.00-21.00 hours - or self-defined meal slots - that is 'dinner'. The search yielded 121 full texts that were reviewed for eligibility by two independent reviewers. In all, ten observational studies and eight clinical trials were included in the systematic review with four and five included in the meta-analyses, respectively. Four observational studies showed a positive association between large evening intake and BMI, five showed no association and one showed an inverse relationship. The meta-analysis of observational studies showed a non-significant trend between BMI and evening intake (P=0·06). The meta-analysis of intervention trials showed no difference in weight change between small and large dinner groups (-0·89 kg; 95 % CI -2·52, 0·75, P=0·29). This analysis was limited by significant heterogeneity, and many trials had an unknown or high risk of bias. Recommendations to reduce evening intake for weight loss cannot be substantiated by clinical evidence, and more well-controlled intervention trials are needed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Índice de Massa Corporal
Dieta
Refeições
Tamanho da Porção
Perda de Peso
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto
Bases de Dados Factuais
Seres Humanos
Avaliação Nutricional
Obesidade/dietoterapia
Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171003
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0007114517002550



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