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[PMID]:29381732
[Au] Autor:Karam J; Bibiloni MDM; Tur JA
[Ad] Endereço:Research Group on Community Nutrition and Oxidative Stress, University of Balearic Islands & CIBEROBN (Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition CB12/03/30038), Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Polyphenol estimated intake and dietary sources among older adults from Mallorca Island.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191573, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim was the assessment of the polyphenol estimated intake and dietary sources among older adults from Mallorca Island. The study was carried out (2013-2014) in 211 participants dwelling women (n = 112) and men (n = 99). Polyphenol intake was calculated from two non-consecutive 24-h recall diets using the Polyphenol Explorer. The mean daily intake of polyphenol was 332.7 mg/d (SD: 237.9; median: 299 mg/d). Highest polyphenol intake was observed among females, 64-67 y.o. people, higher income and educational level, alcohol consumers, and physically active people. Most polyphenols consumed were flavonoids, and among them the major subclass was flavanols. Alcoholic beverages were the major contributors to the total polyphenol intake (118.3 mg/d, SD: 127.5), and red wine contributed 17.7% of total polyphenols consumed. Polyphenol intake was highest among alcohol drinkers, high educational level, high income, and physical active people. Flavonoids were the highest ingested polyphenols. Alcoholic beverages were the major contributors to the total polyphenol intake, mainly red wine.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta
Polifenóis/administração & dosagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Espanha
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Polyphenols)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191573


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[PMID]:29377934
[Au] Autor:Soudy ID; Minet-Quinard R; Mahamat AD; Ngoua HF; Izzedine AA; Tidjani A; Ngo Bum E; Lambert C; Pereira B; Desjeux JF; Sapin V
[Ad] Endereço:Institut National Supérieur des Sciences et Techniques d'Abéché (INSTA-Tchad), Abéché, Tchad.
[Ti] Título:Vitamin A status in healthy women eating traditionally prepared spirulina (Dihé) in the Chad Lake area.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191887, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Chad Lake is a central place in a region with a high prevalence of vitamin A deficiency. Spirulina, a natural source of ß-carotene, is traditionally produced and eaten as "Dihé" around Chad Lake. ß-carotene spirulina has been found to have a high conversion factor to retinol. The aim of the study was to assess if the retinol status between healthy women eating spirulina Dihé daily (SPI+) and not (SPI-) in the Chad Lake area was different. METHODS: This study was observational: 88 healthy women were recruited and selected according to clinical criteria and their willingness to participate. They were divided in two groups according to their Dihé daily consumption: those who eat Dihé (SPI+; n = 35) and those who do not (SPI-; n = 35). After anthropometric and dietary assessments, blood retinol, ß-carotene, retinol binding, and inflammatory/nutritional proteins were measured. RESULTS: The diet between groups was identical, except for ß-carotene consumption, which was higher in SPI+ than in SPI- (10.8 vs. 1.8 mg/day). The serum retinol and ß-carotene concentrations were significantly higher in SPI+ than in SPI- at 1.26 ± 0.36 µmol/l versus 1.03 ± 0.31 µmol/l (p = 0.008) and 0.59 ±0.37 µmol/l versus 0.46± 0.31 µmol/l (p = 0.04), respectively. Seventy-seven percent of SPI+ versus 29% of SPI- had an adequate blood retinol value (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: The results confirm that ß-carotene in spirulina is an effective positive modulator of blood retinol status. Dihé is a potential natural source of ß-carotene to achieve a proper vitamin A status in healthy women living near Chad Lake.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Spirulina
Vitamina A/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Chade
Dieta
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lagos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
11103-57-4 (Vitamin A)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191887


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[PMID]:29364968
[Au] Autor:Petersone-Gordina E; Roberts C; Millard AR; Montgomery J; Gerhards G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Archaeology, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Dental disease and dietary isotopes of individuals from St Gertrude Church cemetery, Riga, Latvia.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191757, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This research explores oral health indicators and stable carbon and nitrogen isotope data to explore diet, and differences in diet, between people buried in the four different contexts of the St Gertrude Church cemetery (15th- 17th centuries AD): the general cemetery, two mass graves, and a collective mass burial pit within the general cemetery. The main aim is to assess whether people buried in the mass graves were rural immigrants, or if they were more likely to be the victims of plague (or another epidemic) who lived in Riga and its suburbs. The data produced (from dental disease assessments and isotope analyses) were compared within, as well as between, the contexts. Most differences emerged when comparing the prevalence rates of dental diseases and other oral health indicators in males and females between the contexts, while isotope analysis revealed more individual, rather than context-specific, differences. The data suggested that the populations buried in the mass graves were different from those buried in the general cemetery, and support the theory that rural immigrants were buried in both mass graves. Significant differences were observed in some aspects of the data between the mass graves, however, possibly indicating that the people buried in them do not represent the same community.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cemitérios
Dieta
Doenças Estomatognáticas/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Isótopos de Carbono/análise
Seres Humanos
Letônia/epidemiologia
Isótopos de Nitrogênio/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Carbon Isotopes); 0 (Nitrogen Isotopes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191757


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[PMID]:28841525
[Au] Autor:Chupani L; Niksirat H; Velísek J; Stará A; Hradilová S; Kolarík J; Panácek A; Zusková E
[Ad] Endereço:University of South Bohemia in Ceské Budejovice, Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Centre of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, Research Institute of Fish Culture and Hydrobiology, Vodnany, Czech Republic. Electronic address: lchupani@frov.jcu.cz.
[Ti] Título:Chronic dietary toxicity of zinc oxide nanoparticles in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.): Tissue accumulation and physiological responses.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:110-116, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Concerns regarding the potential toxic effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) on aquatic organisms are growing due to the fact that NPs may be released into aquatic ecosystems. This study aimed to investigate the effects of dietary exposure to ZnO NPs on juvenile common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Fish were fed a spiked diets at doses 50 and 500mg of ZnO NPs per kg of feed for 6 weeks followed by a 2-week recovery period. Fish were sampled every 2 weeks for haematology trends, blood biochemistry measures, histology analyses, and determination of the accumulation of zinc in tissues. At the end of the exposure and post-exposure periods, fish were sampled for an assessment of lipid peroxidation levels. Dietborne ZnO NPs had no effects on haematology, blood biochemistry, and lipid peroxidation levels during the exposure period. After the recovery period, aspartate aminotransferase activity significantly (p < 0.05) increased and alanine transferase activity significantly (p < 0.05) decreased in the higher exposure group. The level of lipid peroxidation significantly (p < 0.05) decreased in liver of treated fish after 2 weeks post-exposure period. A histological examination revealed mild histopathological changes in kidneys during exposure. Our results did not show a significant increase of zinc content at the end of experiment in any of tested organs. However, chronic dietary exposure to ZnO NPs might affect kidney and liver function.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carpas/fisiologia
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade
Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
Óxido de Zinco/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Carpas/metabolismo
Dieta
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Rim/efeitos dos fármacos
Rim/metabolismo
Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos
Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos
Fígado/metabolismo
Fatores de Tempo
Distribuição Tecidual
Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
Óxido de Zinco/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); SOI2LOH54Z (Zinc Oxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170826
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29280370
[Au] Autor:Wozniak A; Krótki M; Anyzewska A; Górnicka M; Wawrzyniak A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW - WULS), Warsaw, Poland
[Ti] Título:Adherence to nutrition guidelines in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) as a secondary prevention
[So] Source:Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig;68(4):401-407, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0035-7715
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: The appropriate nutrition is an important component of the secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate if the patients with cardiovascular disease were informed of the role of appropriate nutrition in prevention or received nutrition guidelines and to assess the dietary intake compared to recommendations for patients with cardiovascular disease who received or not nutrition guidelines Material and Methods: The study was conducted among patients with cardiovascular disease (n = 127) of cardiological hospital clinic, aged 62 ± 11. The questionnaire was used to obtain personal and anthropometric details, information if patients had received nutrition guidelines. The method of 3-day food records was used for dietary assessment Results: 20% of subjects had not received nutrition guidelines and almost 40% of subjects did not recognize the nutrition effect on cardiovascular disease development. Compared to the diets of the subjects who had not received nutrition guidelines, the diets of those who had received them were of significantly lower intake of: energy from saturated fatty acids (15%, p = 0.006), cholesterol (21%, p = 0.012) and higher intake (14-26%) of potassium (p = 0,003), sodium (p = 0.013), phosphorus (p = 0.044), magnesium (p = 0.003), iron (p = 0.005), copper (p = 0.001), zinc (p = 0.046). Among the patients who had received nutrition guidelines, percentage of the subjects whose intake of nutrients was consistent with recommendations was higher Conclusions: Not all subjects had received nutrition guidelines. Diets of those who had received them were more balanced, but in neither group nutrition guidelines were complied with
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle
Dieta/psicologia
Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia
Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia
Prevenção Secundária/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Feminino
Guias como Assunto
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Avaliação Nutricional
Estado Nutricional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29265788
[Au] Autor:Jezewska-Zychowicz M; Guzek D
[Ad] Endereço:Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Department of Organization and Consumption Economics, Warsaw, Poland
[Ti] Título:Associations between adult perception of body weight, diet, preparing meals and dietary patterns
[So] Source:Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig;68(4):381-387, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0035-7715
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: The links between dietary patterns, the perception of one's body weight and diet as well preparing meals are poorly recognised in the literature. In order to develop effective nutritional education and focused interventions, more of such information is thereby required to improve the nation's health Objective: To identify dietary patterns based on declared food consumption rates and subject responses on whether dieting, perception of body weight and diet and preparing meals are linked to such dietary patterns Material and methods: The survey was conducted in 2016 on 344 consumers chosen for age (20-65 years) and their consent for study participation. Rates of eating the foods selected were measured using a 7-point scale. Cluster analysis was used to identify three dietary patterns of behaviour: 'potentially beneficial to health', 'potentially unfavourable for health; deficient' and 'potentially unfavourable for health; excessive'. The analysis was performed using IBM SPSS Statistics version 23.0 Results: There were significantly more subjects showing 'potentially beneficial for health' behaviour, normal body weight, those dieting (whether now or in the past) and those who evaluated their diet as being very good or good compared to other groups. They were also more involved in preparing their meals at home. Differences were found between the 'unfavourable for health' dietary patterns concerning subject's involvement in meal preparation. The dietary pattern for 'deficient' behaviour found lower rates of those preparing their meals at home Conclusions: The pattern of potentially beneficial dietary habits was linked to weight control through a slimming diet and greater involvement in the preparation of food for consumption. The results show the need to develop food choice skills rather than just transferring knowledge in the nutrition education process
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta/psicologia
Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia
Preferências Alimentares/psicologia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Peso Corporal Ideal
Refeições/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Índice de Massa Corporal
Análise por Conglomerados
Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Percepção
Fatores Sexuais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29265787
[Au] Autor:Bzikowska A; Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna A; Riahi A; Weker H
[Ad] Endereço:Warsaw Medical University, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Clinical Dietetics, Warsaw, Poland
[Ti] Título:Nutritional value of daily food rations of overweight and normal weight pregnant women
[So] Source:Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig;68(4):375-379, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0035-7715
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: Adequate nutrition and nutritional status during pregnancy are essential for mother's health and foetus development. Due to increased demands, pregnant women are vulnerable to inadequate nutritional status and paradoxically it may also affect overweight women Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate energy and nutrients intake in the group of pregnant women in relation to nutritional standards and pre-pregnancy BMI Material and methods: The study included 90 women, during the third trimester of pregnancy, recruited from Warsaw antenatal classes. The anthropometric data gathered in the research were used to calculate BMI value before pregnancy. Pre-pregnancy BMI was categorised as: normal weight (BMI=18.5-24.9 kg/m2, n=47) and overweight (BMI ≥25.0 kg/m2, n=43). The assessment of women's nutrition was based on 3-days dietary record. Due to heterogeneous variances, differences between groups were assessed using Mann Whitney U test, p<0.05 was considered as significant Results: The mean intake of energy, protein, fat and carbohydrates in the overweight women were significantly higher than in healthy weight women (p<0.05). Most of the healthy weight women did not reach EAR standard for vitamin D (79.5%), whereas in overweight group it was 41.3% Conclusions: Despite the fact that intakes of energy and all nutrients were higher in overweight women than in normal weight ones, we observed that women in both groups had risk of insufficient supply of energy, iodine, potassium and vitamin D. For this reason, accurate nutritional assessment should be an integral part of obstetric care
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta
Estado Nutricional
Valor Nutritivo
Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Pré-Natal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Índice de Massa Corporal
Registros de Dieta
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Peso Corporal Ideal
Avaliação Nutricional
Sobrepeso
Polônia
Gravidez
Cuidado Pré-Natal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28987405
[Au] Autor:Botelho MJ; Vale C; Joaquim S; Costa ST; Soares F; Roque C; Matias D
[Ad] Endereço:IPMA, Portuguese Institute for the Sea and Atmosphere, Rua Alfredo Magalhães Ramalho, 6, 1495-006, Lisbon, Portugal; CIIMAR, Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, Rua dos Bragas 289, 4050-123, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: mjbotelho@ipma.pt.
[Ti] Título:Combined effect of temperature and nutritional regime on the elimination of the lipophilic toxin okadaic acid in the naturally contaminated wedge shell Donax trunculus.
[So] Source:Chemosphere;190:166-173, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1298
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The influence of nutritional regime and water temperature on depuration rates of OA-group toxins in the wedge shell Donax trunculus was examined by exposing naturally contaminated specimens to three nutritional regimes (microalgae, commercial paste of microalgae, and starvation) for 14 days at 16 °C and 20 °C. Total OA was quantified in the whole soft tissues of the individuals collected in days 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 14. Mortality, dry weight, condition index, gross biochemical composition and gametogenic stages were surveyed. Low variation of glycogen and carbohydrates during the experiments suggest that wedge shells were under non-dramatic stress conditions. Wedge shells fed with non-toxic diets showed similar depuration rates being 15 and 38% higher than in starvation, at 16 and 20 °C, respectively. Depuration rates under non-toxic diets at 20 °C were 71% higher than at 16 °C. These results highlight the influence of water temperature on the depuration rate of total OA accumulated by D. trunculus, even when the increase is of only 4 °C, as commonly observed in week time scales in the southern Portuguese coastal waters. These results open the possibility of a faster release of OA in harvested wedge shells translocated to depuration systems when under a slight increase of water temperature.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bivalves/química
Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos
Avaliação Nutricional
Ácido Okadáico/isolamento & purificação
Temperatura Ambiente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Carboidratos/análise
Dieta/efeitos adversos
Glicogênio/análise
Toxinas Marinhas/isolamento & purificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Carbohydrates); 0 (Marine Toxins); 1W21G5Q4N2 (Okadaic Acid); 9005-79-2 (Glycogen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171009
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29321156
[Au] Autor:Wang T; Heianza Y; Sun D; Huang T; Ma W; Rimm EB; Manson JE; Hu FB; Willett WC; Qi L
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA.
[Ti] Título:Improving adherence to healthy dietary patterns, genetic risk, and long term weight gain: gene-diet interaction analysis in two prospective cohort studies.
[So] Source:BMJ;360:j5644, 2018 01 10.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether improving adherence to healthy dietary patterns interacts with the genetic predisposition to obesity in relation to long term changes in body mass index and body weight. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Health professionals in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: 8828 women from the Nurses' Health Study and 5218 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. EXPOSURE: Genetic predisposition score was calculated on the basis of 77 variants associated with body mass index. Dietary patterns were assessed by the Alternate Healthy Eating Index 2010 (AHEI-2010), Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and Alternate Mediterranean Diet (AMED). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Five repeated measurements of four year changes in body mass index and body weight over follow-up (1986 to 2006). RESULTS: During a 20 year follow-up, genetic association with change in body mass index was significantly attenuated with increasing adherence to the AHEI-2010 in the Nurses' Health Study (P=0.001 for interaction) and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (P=0.005 for interaction). In the combined cohorts, four year changes in body mass index per 10 risk allele increment were 0.07 (SE 0.02) among participants with decreased AHEI-2010 score and -0.01 (0.02) among those with increased AHEI-2010 score, corresponding to 0.16 (0.05) kg versus -0.02 (0.05) kg weight change every four years (P<0.001 for interaction). Viewed differently, changes in body mass index per 1 SD increment of AHEI-2010 score were -0.12 (0.01), -0.14 (0.01), and -0.18 (0.01) (weight change: -0.35 (0.03), -0.36 (0.04), and -0.50 (0.04) kg) among participants with low, intermediate, and high genetic risk, respectively. Similar interaction was also found for DASH but not for AMED. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that improving adherence to healthy dietary patterns could attenuate the genetic association with weight gain. Moreover, the beneficial effect of improved diet quality on weight management was particularly pronounced in people at high genetic risk for obesity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta/métodos
Dieta Saudável/tendências
Obesidade/genética
Ganho de Peso/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Índice de Massa Corporal
Dieta/efeitos adversos
Feminino
Seguimentos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/epidemiologia
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética
Genótipo
Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Dieta Saudável/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos
Obesidade/epidemiologia
Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)
Estudos Prospectivos
Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.j5644


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[PMID]:29385202
[Au] Autor:König M; Drewelies J; Norman K; Spira D; Buchmann N; Hülür G; Eibich P; Wagner GG; Lindenberger U; Steinhagen-Thiessen E; Gerstorf D; Demuth I
[Ad] Endereço:Lipid Clinic at the Interdisciplinary Metabolism Center, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Historical trends in modifiable indicators of cardiovascular health and self-rated health among older adults: Cohort differences over 20 years between the Berlin Aging Study (BASE) and the Berlin Aging Study II (BASE-II).
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191699, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The last decades have seen great advances in the understanding, treatment, and prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although mortality rates due to CVD have declined significantly in the last decades, the burden of CVD is still high, particularly in older adults. This raises the question whether contemporary populations of older adults are experiencing better or worse objective as well as subjective health than earlier-born cohorts. The aim of this study was to examine differences in modifiable indicators of cardiovascular health (CVH), comparing data obtained 20 years apart in the Berlin Aging Study (BASE, 1990-93) and the Berlin Aging Study II (BASE-II, 2009-2014). METHODS: Serial cross-sectional analysis of 242 propensity-score-matched participants of BASE (born 1907-1922) and BASE-II (born 1925-1942). Body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, total cholesterol, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), diet, smoking and physical activity were operationalized according to the "Life's simple 7"(LS7) criteria of the American Heart Association. RESULTS: 121 matched pairs were identified based on age, sex, and education. In the later-born BASE-II sample, the mean LS7 score was significantly higher than in the earlier-born sample (7.8±1.8 vs. 6.4±2.1, p<0.001), indicating better CVH. In detail, diet, physical activity, smoking, cholesterol, and HbA1c were more favorable, whereas blood pressure was significantly higher in individuals from the later-born cohort. BMI did not differ significantly between the two matched samples. Notably, despite better CVH, later-born individuals (BASE-II) reported lower self-rated health, presumably because of higher health expectations. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, cardiovascular health was significantly better in the later-born cohort, but several notable exceptions exist.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento/fisiologia
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Cardiovasculares
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Envelhecimento/patologia
Berlim/epidemiologia
Pressão Sanguínea
Índice de Massa Corporal
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia
Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade
Colesterol/sangue
Estudos de Coortes
Estudos Transversais
Dieta
Exercício
Feminino
Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo
Nível de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores de Risco
Autorrelato
Fumar
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Glycated Hemoglobin A); 0 (hemoglobin A1c protein, human); 97C5T2UQ7J (Cholesterol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191699



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