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[PMID]:28420624
[Au] Autor:Kmietowicz Z
[Ad] Endereço:The BMJ.
[Ti] Título:Five minutes with . . . Susan Lanham-New.
[So] Source:BMJ;357:j1886, 2017 04 18.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Densidade Óssea
Laticínios
Dietas da Moda/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Cálcio/deficiência
Cálcio na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Criança
Inglaterra
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Inquéritos Nutricionais
Fatores de Risco
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Calcium, Dietary); SY7Q814VUP (Calcium)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170420
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.j1886


  2 / 660 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27869905
[Au] Autor:Dell'Osso L; Abelli M; Carpita B; Massimetti G; Pini S; Rivetti L; Gorrasi F; Tognetti R; Ricca V; Carmassi C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Psychiatry University of Pisa, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Orthorexia nervosa in a sample of Italian university population.
[So] Source:Riv Psichiatr;51(5):190-196, 2016 Sep-Oct.
[Is] ISSN:2038-2502
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: To investigate frequency and characteristics of orthorexic behaviours in a large university population. METHODS: A total of 2826 individuals volunteered to complete an on-line anonymous form of ORTO-15 questionnaire, a self-administered questionnaire designed and validated to evaluate orthorexic symptomatology. As made in previous studies, an ORTO-15 total score lower than 35 has been used as an optimal threshold to detect a tendency to orthorexia nervosa. A specifically designed form was also used to collect socio-demographic variables. RESULTS: Overall, 2130 students and 696 university employees belonging to University of Pisa (Italy) were assessed. Orthorexic features had a frequency of 32.7%. Females showed a significantly higher rate of over-threshold scores on ORTO-15, a lower BMI, a higher rate of underweight condition and of vegan/vegetarian nutrition style than males. DISCUSSION: Orthorexia nervosa defined as a "fixation on healthy food", is not formally present in DSM-5. The emergence of this condition as a new, possible prodromal of a psychological syndrome, has been recently emphasized by an increasing number of scientific articles. From our sample of university population emerged that being vegetarian or vegan, under-weight, female, student and being interested in the present study were significantly predictive of orthorexic tendency. CONCLUSIONS: Our data contribute to define the new conceptualization of orthorexia nervosa. Further studies are warranted in order to explore the diagnostic boundaries of this syndrome, its course and outcome, and possible clinical implications.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dietas da Moda/psicologia
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia
Alimento Funcional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pessoal Administrativo/psicologia
Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Escolaridade
Docentes/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Itália/epidemiologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Autorrelato
Fatores Sexuais
Estudantes/psicologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Magreza/psicologia
Universidades
Veganos/psicologia
Vegetarianos/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161122
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1708/2476.25888


  3 / 660 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27497150
[Au] Autor:Subhan FB; Chan CB
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences (Division of Human Nutrition), University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Review of Dietary Practices of the 21st Century: Facts and Fallacies.
[So] Source:Can J Diabetes;40(4):348-54, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:2352-3840
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The prevalence of chronic metabolic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer, is increasing around the world. Nutritional interventions can reduce the prevalence and provide effective treatment, even when weight loss is not dramatic. The 2013 Canadian Diabetes Association Clinical Practice Guidelines concluded that certain dietary patterns and popular weight-loss diets had sufficient evidence to suggest their use by individuals with diabetes, but many other diet patterns and diets exist. Our specific objectives were to review the nutritional quality of various dietary patterns and diets, with emphasis on the evidence that they are efficacious for weight loss, glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dietas da Moda/história
Valor Nutritivo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Diabetes Mellitus/dietoterapia
Dieta Redutora
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Necessidades Nutricionais
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160807
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 660 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27482067
[Au] Autor:Stratbucker W
[Ad] Endereço:Helen DeVos Children's Hospital, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, MI.
[Ti] Título:Fad Dieting and Weight Loss in Children.
[So] Source:Pediatr Rev;37(8):357-9, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1526-3347
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dietas da Moda/efeitos adversos
Obesidade Pediátrica/dietoterapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Seres Humanos
Perda de Peso
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170424
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170424
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160803
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1542/pir.2016-0009


  5 / 660 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27363236
[Au] Autor:Dharmapuri S; Hettich K; Goday PS
[Ti] Título:Contemporary Dietary Practices: FODMAPs and Beyond.
[So] Source:Adolesc Med State Art Rev;27(1):109-24, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1934-4287
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There is no diet that is recommended for all individuals. Some special diets (eg, gluten-free for celiac disease) are necessary for health and quality of life. Other diets may be recommended for a short period of time to aid in symptom relief but may not be recommended for the long- term (eg, LFD). Popular diets continue to come and go with varying levels of success. When considering adolescents, continued growth and development are most important, and restrictive diets can lead to nutrient inadequacies and poor growth. Before making any recommendation, it is important to consider the goal of the diet and the cost versus benefits associated with following the diet. Adherence is always a challenge, regardless of the type of diet implemented. If a special diet is not warranted for the health, safety, and desired quality of life of the individual, it should not be implemented.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta com Restrição de Carboidratos
Dieta Livre de Glúten
Dieta Mediterrânea
Dieta Paleolítica
Dieta Vegana
Jejum
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Dietas da Moda
Dieta Vegetariana
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160701
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160701
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160702
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 660 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27363229
[Au] Autor:Rosh JR; Heitlinger LA; Rosenfeld WD
[Ti] Título:Preface. Clinical GI Challenges in the Adolescent.
[So] Source:Adolesc Med State Art Rev;27(1):xiii, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1934-4287
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina do Adolescente
Gastroenterologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Doença Celíaca
Dietas da Moda
Esofagite Eosinofílica
Seres Humanos
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais
Obesidade
Deficiência de Vitamina D
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:INTRODUCTORY JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160701
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160701
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160702
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 660 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27051985
[Au] Autor:Pitt CE
[Ti] Título:Cutting through the Paleo hype: The evidence for the Palaeolithic diet.
[So] Source:Aust Fam Physician;45(1):35-8, 2016 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0300-8495
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: General practitioners (GPs) are commonly asked about popular diets. The Palaeolithic diet is both highly popular and controversial. OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the published literature to establish the evidence for and against the Palaeolithic diet. DISCUSSION: The Palaeolithic diet remains controversial because of exaggerated claims for it by wellness bloggers and celebrity chefs, and the contentious evolutionary discordance hypothesis on which it is based. However, a number of underpowered trials have suggested there may be some benefit to the Palaeolithic diet, especially in weight loss and the correction of metabolic dysfunction. Further research is warranted to test these early findings. GPs should caution patients who are on the Palaeolithic diet about adequate calcium intake, especially those at higher risk of osteoporosis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dietas da Moda
Dieta Paleolítica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Medicina Geral
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170201
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170201
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160408
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 660 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27045871
[Au] Autor:Boepple L; Ata RN; Rum R; Thompson JK
[Ad] Endereço:University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, United States.
[Ti] Título:Strong is the new skinny: A content analysis of fitspiration websites.
[So] Source:Body Image;17:132-5, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6807
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:"Fitspiration" websites are media that aim to inspire people to live healthy and fit lifestyles through motivating images and text related to exercise and diet. Given the link between similar Internet content (i.e., healthy living blogs) and problematic messages, we hypothesized that content on these sites would over-emphasize appearance and promote problematic messages regarding exercise and diet. Keywords "fitspo" and "fitspiration" were entered into search engines. The first 10 images and text from 51 individual websites were rated on a variety of characteristics. Results indicated that a majority of messages found on fitspiration websites focused on appearance. Other common themes included content promoting exercise for appearance-motivated reasons and content promoting dietary restraint. "Fitspiration" websites are a source of messages that reinforce over-valuation of physical appearance, eating concerns, and excessive exercise. Further research is needed to examine the impact viewing such content has on participants' psychological health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aspirações (Psicologia)
Imagem Corporal/psicologia
Dietas da Moda/psicologia
Exercício/psicologia
Estilo de Vida Saudável
Força Muscular
Aptidão Física
Mídias Sociais
Magreza/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Blogging
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/psicologia
Feminino
Culpa
Seres Humanos
Aparência Física
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160406
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 660 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26746178
[Au] Autor:Mozaffarian D
[Ad] Endereço:From Friedman School of Nutrition Science & Policy, Tufts University, Boston, MA. dariush.mozaffarian@tufts.edu.
[Ti] Título:Dietary and Policy Priorities for Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, and Obesity: A Comprehensive Review.
[So] Source:Circulation;133(2):187-225, 2016 Jan 12.
[Is] ISSN:1524-4539
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Suboptimal nutrition is a leading cause of poor health. Nutrition and policy science have advanced rapidly, creating confusion yet also providing powerful opportunities to reduce the adverse health and economic impacts of poor diets. This review considers the history, new evidence, controversies, and corresponding lessons for modern dietary and policy priorities for cardiovascular diseases, obesity, and diabetes mellitus. Major identified themes include the importance of evaluating the full diversity of diet-related risk pathways, not only blood lipids or obesity; focusing on foods and overall diet patterns, rather than single isolated nutrients; recognizing the complex influences of different foods on long-term weight regulation, rather than simply counting calories; and characterizing and implementing evidence-based strategies, including policy approaches, for lifestyle change. Evidence-informed dietary priorities include increased fruits, nonstarchy vegetables, nuts, legumes, fish, vegetable oils, yogurt, and minimally processed whole grains; and fewer red meats, processed (eg, sodium-preserved) meats, and foods rich in refined grains, starch, added sugars, salt, and trans fat. More investigation is needed on the cardiometabolic effects of phenolics, dairy fat, probiotics, fermentation, coffee, tea, cocoa, eggs, specific vegetable and tropical oils, vitamin D, individual fatty acids, and diet-microbiome interactions. Little evidence to date supports the cardiometabolic relevance of other popular priorities: eg, local, organic, grass-fed, farmed/wild, or non-genetically modified. Evidence-based personalized nutrition appears to depend more on nongenetic characteristics (eg, physical activity, abdominal adiposity, gender, socioeconomic status, culture) than genetic factors. Food choices must be strongly supported by clinical behavior change efforts, health systems reforms, novel technologies, and robust policy strategies targeting economic incentives, schools and workplaces, neighborhood environments, and the food system. Scientific advances provide crucial new insights on optimal targets and best practices to reduce the burdens of diet-related cardiometabolic diseases.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle
Diabetes Mellitus/prevenção & controle
Dieta
Alimentos
Política de Saúde
Prioridades em Saúde
Obesidade/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia
Diabetes Mellitus/dietoterapia
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia
Dieta/efeitos adversos
Dieta/normas
Dietas da Moda
Suplementos Nutricionais
Metabolismo Energético
Comportamento Alimentar
Alimentos/efeitos adversos
Preferências Alimentares
Alimentos Geneticamente Modificados
Previsões
Predisposição Genética para Doença
Promoção da Saúde
Seres Humanos
Política Nutricional
Ciências da Nutrição/tendências
Valor Nutritivo
Obesidade/dietoterapia
Obesidade/epidemiologia
Medicina de Precisão/tendências
Recomendações Nutricionais
Fatores de Risco
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Ganho de Peso
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160110
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.115.018585


  10 / 660 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26582192
[Au] Autor:Wright AA; Taylor JB; Ford KR; Siska L; Smoliga JM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Physical Therapy, High Point University, High Point, North Carolina, USA.
[Ti] Título:Risk factors associated with lower extremity stress fractures in runners: a systematic review with meta-analysis.
[So] Source:Br J Sports Med;49(23):1517-23, 2015 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1473-0480
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Stress fractures are common overuse injuries with up to 95% occurring in the lower extremities. Among runners, stress fractures account for 15-20% of all musculoskeletal injuries. PURPOSE: We systematically reviewed and critiqued the evidence regarding risk factors associated with increased risk of lower extremity stress fractures in runners. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A systematic, computerised literature search of Medline, Embase, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and CINAHL databases (from database inception through 9 January 2014) using keywords related to risk factors and stress fractures. This systematic review with meta-analysis utilised the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines for the search and reporting phases of the study. Inverse variance meta-analyses, using a random effects model were used to summarise ORs. RESULTS: 8 articles met the inclusion criteria; 7 were considered low risk. 4 articles qualified for meta-analysis. Results of the meta-analysis identified previous history of stress fracture and female sex as the primary risk factors for future stress fracture with a pooled OR of 4.99 (95% CI 2.91 to 8.56; p<0.001; I(2)=0%) and 2.31 (95% CI 1.24 to 4.29; p<0.01; I(2)=0%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Currently, only previous history of stress fracture and female sex are risk factors for lower extremity stress fractures strongly supported by the data.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fraturas de Estresse/etiologia
Traumatismos da Perna/etiologia
Corrida/lesões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos/etiologia
Dietas da Moda
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estado Nutricional
Fatores de Risco
Sapatos/efeitos adversos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151120
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151120
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2015-094828



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