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[PMID]:28958696
[Au] Autor:Fresan U; Gea A; Bes-Rastrollo M; Basterra-Gortari FJ; Carlos S; Martinez-Gonzalez MA
[Ad] Endereço:University of Navarra, Medical School, Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Irunlarrea 1, 31008 Pamplona, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Substitution of water or fresh juice for bottled juice and type 2 diabetes incidence: The SUN cohort study.
[So] Source:Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis;27(10):874-880, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1590-3729
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relationship between juice consumption and type 2 diabetes (T2D) has not been widely evidenced. Our aims were to prospectively evaluate the associations with T2D incidence of: 1) isovolumetric substitution of a water serving/day for one of fruit juice (different types), and of fresh fruit juice for its bottled version; 2) consumption of total, fresh or bottled juice; 3) energy intake from juices. METHODS AND RESULTS: We followed 17,518 adults without T2D at baseline. Beverage consumption was assessed at baseline through a validated food-frequency questionnaire. The outcome was T2D incidence, according to American Diabetes Association's criteria. During a median follow-up of 10.2 years, 142 incident cases of T2D were identified. In substitution models, the substitution of water for bottled juice was associated with a lower T2D incidence, and also if the replacement was done by fresh juice, or especially fresh orange juice [HR 0.75 (95% CI 0.57-0.99), 0.65 (95% CI 0.43-0.98) and 0.56 (95% CI 0.34-0.92); respectively]. Each additional serving/day of bottled juice was directly associated with T2D incidence [HR 1.33 (95% CI 1.01-1.75)]. No significant association was observed for energy coming for bottled juice [HR 1.74 (95% CI 0.94-3.20)]. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that isovolumetric substitution of water or fresh juice for bottled juice was inversely associated with T2D incidence in a long-term prospective study. Thus, these substitutions could be useful to tackle the diabetes epidemic.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevenção & controle
Ingestão de Líquidos
Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia
Ingestão de Energia
Comportamento Alimentar
Feminino
Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/efeitos adversos
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estudos Prospectivos
Fatores de Proteção
Fatores de Risco
Tamanho da Porção de Referência
Espanha/epidemiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170930
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28482826
[Au] Autor:Chan JYM; Scourboutakos MJ; L'Abbé MR
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Fitzgerald Building, 150 College St., Rm 315, Toronto, ON, M1S 3E2, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Unregulated serving sizes on the Canadian nutrition facts table - an invitation for manufacturer manipulations.
[So] Source:BMC Public Health;17(1):418, 2017 May 08.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2458
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Serving sizes on the Nutrition Facts table (NFt) on Canadian packaged foods have traditionally been unregulated and non-standardized. The federal government recently passed legislation to regulate the serving sizes listed on the NFt. The objective of this study was to compare the serving sizes on food product NFts to the recommendations in the 2003 Nutrition Labelling regulation (Schedule M) reference amounts, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) ranges, and Canada's Food Guide recommendations. An additional objective was to determine if food and beverage products that report smaller serving sizes have a higher calorie density, compared to similar products with a larger serving size. METHODS: Data for 10,487 products were retrieved from the 2010 Food Label Information Program (FLIP) database and categorized according to Schedule M categories. Correlations between calorie density and manufacturer stated serving size were tested and the proportion of products meeting recommendations were tabulated. RESULTS: 35% of products had serving sizes on the NFt that were smaller than the Schedule M reference amount and 23% exceeded the reference amount. 86% of products fell within the CFIA's recommended serving size ranges; however, 70% were within the lower-half of the range. Several bread and juice categories exceeded CFG's recommendations, while several dairy product categories were smaller than the recommendations. Of the 50 Schedule M sub-categories analyzed, 31 (62%) exhibited a negative correlation between serving size and calorie density. CONCLUSION: While most products fell within the CFIA's recommended serving size ranges, there was a tendency for products with a higher calorie density to list smaller serving sizes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Rotulagem de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência
Rotulagem de Alimentos/normas
Política Nutricional
Tamanho da Porção de Referência/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bebidas/normas
Canadá
Laticínios/normas
Ingestão de Energia
Seres Humanos
Estado Nutricional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171011
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171011
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170510
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12889-017-4362-0


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[PMID]:28178196
[Au] Autor:Howes E; Boushey CJ; Kerr DA; Tomayko EJ; Cluskey M
[Ad] Endereço:College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Nutrition, Oregon State University, 101 Milam Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331-3303, USA. erica.howes@oregonstate.edu.
[Ti] Título:Image-Based Dietary Assessment Ability of Dietetics Students and Interns.
[So] Source:Nutrients;9(2), 2017 Feb 07.
[Is] ISSN:2072-6643
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Image-based dietary assessment (IBDA) may improve the accuracy of dietary assessments, but no formalized training currently exists for skills relating to IBDA. This study investigated nutrition and dietetics students' and interns' IBDA abilities, the training and experience factors that may contribute to food identification and quantification accuracy, and the perceived challenges to performing IBDA. An online survey containing images of known foods and serving sizes representing common American foods was used to assess the ability to identify foods and serving sizes. Nutrition and dietetics students and interns from the United States and Australia ( = 114) accurately identified foods 79.5% of the time. Quantification accuracy was lower, with only 38% of estimates within ±10% of the actual weight. Foods of amorphous shape or higher energy density had the highest percent error. Students expressed general difficulty with perceiving serving sizes, making IBDA food quantification more difficult. Experience cooking at home from a recipe, frequent measuring of portions, and having a food preparation or cooking laboratory class were associated with enhanced accuracy in IBDA. Future training of dietetics students should incorporate more food-based serving size training to improve quantification accuracy while performing IBDA, while advances in IBDA technology are also needed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dietética/educação
Avaliação Nutricional
Fotografia
Estudantes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Austrália
Estudos Transversais
Dieta
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estado Nutricional
Tamanho da Porção de Referência
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170731
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170731
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170209
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28166756
[Au] Autor:Tal A; Niemann S; Wansink B
[Ad] Endereço:ONO Academic College, Kiryat Ono, Israel.
[Ti] Título:Depicted serving size: cereal packaging pictures exaggerate serving sizes and promote overserving.
[So] Source:BMC Public Health;17(1):169, 2017 Feb 06.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2458
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Extensive work has focused on the effects of nutrition label information on consumer behavior on the one hand, and on the effects of packaging graphics on the other hand. However, little work has examined how serving suggestion depictions - graphics relating to serving size - influence the quantity consumers serve themselves. The current work examines the prevalence of exaggerated serving size depictions on product packaging (study 1) and its effects on food serving in the context of cereal (study 2). METHODS: Study 1 was an observational field survey of cereal packaging. Study 2 was a mixed experimental cross-sectional design conducted at a U.S. university, with 51 student participants. Study 1 coded 158 US breakfast cereals and compared the serving sizes depicted on the front of the box with the suggested serving size stated on the nutrition facts panel. Study 2 measured the amount of cereal poured from exaggerated or accurate serving size depictions. Study 1 compared average servings via t-tests. Study 2 used a mixed model with cereal type as the repeated measure and a compound symmetry covariance matrix. RESULTS: Study 1 demonstrated that portion size depictions on the front of 158 cereal boxes were 64.7% larger (221 vs. 134 calories) than the recommended portions on nutrition facts panels of those cereals. Study 2 showed that boxes that depicted exaggerated serving sizes led people to pour 17.8% more cereal compared to pouring from modified boxes that depicted a single-size portion of cereal matching suggested serving size. This was 42% over the suggested serving size. CONCLUSIONS: Biases in depicted serving size depicted on cereal packaging are prevalent in the marketplace. Such biases may lead to overserving, which may consequently lead to overeating. Companies should depict the recommended serving sizes, or otherwise indicate that the depicted portion represents an exaggerated serving size.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desjejum
Comportamento do Consumidor
Grãos Comestíveis
Ingestão de Energia
Embalagem de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos
Tamanho da Porção de Referência/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170901
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170901
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12889-017-4082-5


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[PMID]:27272093
[Au] Autor:Malik VS; Willett WC; Hu FB
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Nutrition, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.
[Ti] Título:The Revised Nutrition Facts Label: A Step Forward and More Room for Improvement.
[So] Source:JAMA;316(6):583-4, 2016 Aug 09.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Rotulagem de Alimentos/normas
Recomendações Nutricionais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cálcio na Dieta/normas
Bebidas Gaseificadas/normas
Bebidas Gaseificadas/provisão & distribuição
Comércio
Sacarose na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Sacarose na Dieta/normas
Ingestão de Energia
Rotulagem de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Potássio na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Potássio na Dieta/normas
Recomendações Nutricionais/legislação & jurisprudência
Tamanho da Porção de Referência/normas
Edulcorantes/administração & dosagem
Edulcorantes/normas
Ácidos Graxos Trans/administração & dosagem
Ácidos Graxos Trans/normas
Estados Unidos
United States Food and Drug Administration
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Calcium, Dietary); 0 (Dietary Sucrose); 0 (Potassium, Dietary); 0 (Sweetening Agents); 0 (Trans Fatty Acids)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160609
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2016.8005


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[PMID]:27236871
[Au] Autor:Food and Drug Administration, HHS
[Ti] Título:Food Labeling: Serving Sizes of Foods That Can Reasonably Be Consumed at One Eating Occasion; Dual-Column Labeling; Updating, Modifying, and Establishing Certain Reference Amounts Customarily Consumed; Serving Size for Breath Mints; and Technical Amendments. Final rule.
[So] Source:Fed Regist;81(103):34000-47, 2016 May 27.
[Is] ISSN:0097-6326
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) is issuing a final rule to define a single-serving container; require dual-column labeling for certain containers; update, modify, and establish several reference amounts customarily consumed (RACCs); amend the label serving size for breath mints; and make technical amendments to various aspects of the serving size regulations. We are taking this action to provide consumers with more accurate and up-to-date information on serving sizes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Rotulagem de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência
Legislação sobre Alimentos/normas
Política Nutricional/legislação & jurisprudência
Tamanho da Porção de Referência/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dieta
Suplementos Nutricionais/normas
Rotulagem de Alimentos/normas
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160528
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160528
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160531
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27221303
[Au] Autor:McCarthy M
[Ad] Endereço:Seattle.
[Ti] Título:New US food labels reflect modern serving sizes and added sugar.
[So] Source:BMJ;353:i2960, 2016 May 24.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ingestão de Energia
Rotulagem de Alimentos/métodos
Tamanho da Porção de Referência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.i2960


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[PMID]:26983935
[Au] Autor:Haskelberg H; Neal B; Dunford E; Flood V; Rangan A; Thomas B; Cleanthous X; Trevena H; Zheng JM; Louie JC; Gill T; Wu JH
[Ad] Endereço:1Sydney Medical School,The George Institute for Global Health,University of Sydney,Sydney,NSW 2050,Australia.
[Ti] Título:High variation in manufacturer-declared serving size of packaged discretionary foods in Australia.
[So] Source:Br J Nutr;115(10):1810-8, 2016 May 28.
[Is] ISSN:1475-2662
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Despite the potential of declared serving size to encourage appropriate portion size consumption, most countries including Australia have not developed clear reference guidelines for serving size. The present study evaluated variability in manufacturer-declared serving size of discretionary food and beverage products in Australia, and how declared serving size compared with the 2013 Australian Dietary Guideline (ADG) standard serve (600 kJ). Serving sizes were obtained from the Nutrition Information Panel for 4466 packaged, discretionary products in 2013 at four large supermarkets in Sydney, Australia, and categorised into fifteen categories in line with the 2013 ADG. For unique products that were sold in multiple package sizes, the percentage difference between the minimum and the maximum serving size across different package sizes was calculated. A high variation in serving size was found within the majority of food and beverage categories - for example, among 347 non-alcoholic beverages (e.g. soft drinks), the median for serving size was 250 (interquartile range (IQR) 250, 355) ml (range 100-750 ml). Declared serving size for unique products that are available in multiple package sizes also showed high variation, particularly for chocolate-based confectionery, with median percentage difference between minimum and maximum serving size of 183 (IQR 150) %. Categories with a high proportion of products that exceeded the 600 kJ ADG standard serve included cakes and muffins, pastries and desserts (≥74 % for each). High variability in declared serving size may confound interpretation and understanding of consumers interested in standardising and controlling their portion selection. Future research is needed to assess if and how standardising declared serving size might affect consumer behaviour.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Embalagem de Alimentos
Política Nutricional
Tamanho da Porção de Referência/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Bebidas
Estudos Transversais
Ingestão de Energia
Rotulagem de Alimentos/normas
Seres Humanos
Valor Nutritivo
Tamanho da Porção/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160420
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160420
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160318
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0007114516000799


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[PMID]:26980817
[Au] Autor:Saldanha LG; Dwyer JT; Betz JM
[Ad] Endereço:Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD saldanhl@mail.nih.gov.
[Ti] Título:Culinary Spice Plants in Dietary Supplement Products and Tested in Clinical Trials.
[So] Source:Adv Nutr;7(2):343-8, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2156-5376
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Dried plant parts used as culinary spices (CSs) in food are permitted as dietary ingredients in dietary supplements (DSs) within certain constraints in the United States. We reviewed the amounts, forms, and nutritional support (structure/function) claims of DSs that contain CS plants listed in the Dietary Supplement Label Database (DSLD) and compared this label information with trial doses and health endpoints for CS plants that were the subject of clinical trials listed in clinicaltrials.gov. According to the DSLD, the CS plants occurring most frequently in DSs were cayenne, cinnamon, garlic, ginger, pepper, rosemary, and turmeric. Identifying the botanical species, categorizing the forms used, and determining the amounts from the information provided on DS labels was challenging. CS plants were typically added as a component of a blend, as the powered biomass, dried extracts, and isolated phytochemicals. The amounts added were declared on about 55% of the labels, rendering it difficult to determine the amount of the CS plant used in many DSs. Clinicaltrials.gov provided little information about the composition of test articles in the intervention studies. When plant names were listed on DS labels and in clinical trials, generally the common name and not the Latin binomial name was given. In order to arrive at exposure estimates and enable researchers to reproduce clinical trials, the Latin binomial name, form, and amount of the CS plant used in DSs and tested in clinical trials must be specified.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Suplementos Nutricionais/análise
Rotulagem de Alimentos
Preparações de Plantas/química
Plantas Comestíveis/química
Especiarias/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto
Acurácia dos Dados
Bases de Dados Factuais/normas
Suplementos Nutricionais/efeitos adversos
Rotulagem de Alimentos/normas
Seres Humanos
Internet
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Preparações de Plantas/efeitos adversos
Plantas Comestíveis/efeitos adversos
Tamanho da Porção de Referência
Especiarias/efeitos adversos
Estados Unidos
United States Food and Drug Administration
Programas Voluntários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Preparations)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160317
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3945/an.115.011213


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[PMID]:26964691
[Au] Autor:vanDellen MR; Isherwood JC; Delose JE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, USA. Electronic address: mvd@uga.edu.
[Ti] Título:How do people define moderation?
[So] Source:Appetite;101:156-62, 2016 Jun 01.
[Is] ISSN:1095-8304
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Eating in moderation is considered to be sound and practical advice for weight maintenance or prevention of weight gain. However, the concept of moderation is ambiguous, and the effect of moderation messages on consumption has yet to be empirically examined. The present manuscript examines how people define moderate consumption. We expected that people would define moderate consumption in ways that justified their current or desired consumption rather than view moderation as an objective standard. In Studies 1 and 2, moderate consumption was perceived to involve greater quantities of an unhealthy food (chocolate chip cookies, gummy candies) than perceptions of how much one should consume. In Study 3, participants generally perceived themselves to eat in moderation and defined moderate consumption as greater than their personal consumption. Furthermore, definitions of moderate consumption were related to personal consumption behaviors. Results suggest that the endorsement of moderation messages allows for a wide range of interpretations of moderate consumption. Thus, we conclude that moderation messages are unlikely to be effective messages for helping people maintain or lose weight.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta/psicologia
Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Índice de Massa Corporal
Manutenção do Peso Corporal
Doces
Chocolate
Comportamento de Escolha
Feminino
Preferências Alimentares/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Motivação
Tamanho da Porção
Autoimagem
Tamanho da Porção de Referência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160312
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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