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[PMID]:28988110
[Au] Autor:Fadel MA; El-Gebaly RH; Mohamed SA; Abdelbacki AMM
[Ad] Endereço:Biophysics Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Egypt.
[Ti] Título:Biophysical control of the growth of Agrobacterium tumefaciens using extremely low frequency electromagnetic waves at resonance frequency.
[So] Source:Biochem Biophys Res Commun;494(1-2):365-371, 2017 Dec 09.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2104
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Isolated Agrobacterium tumefaciens was exposed to different extremely low frequencies of square amplitude modulated waves (QAMW) from two generators to determine the resonance frequency that causes growth inhibition. The carrier was 10 MHz sine wave with amplitude ±10 Vpp which was modulated by a second wave generator with a modulation depth of ± 2Vpp and constant field strength of 200 V/m at 28 °C. The exposure of A. tumefaciens to 1.0 Hz QAMW for 90 min inhibited the bacterial growth by 49.2%. In addition, the tested antibiotics became more effective against A. tumefaciens after the exposure. Furthermore, results of DNA, dielectric relaxation and TEM showed highly significant molecular and morphological changes due to the exposure to 1.0 Hz QAMW for 90 min. An in-vivo study has been carried out on healthy tomato plants to test the pathogenicity of A. tumefaciens before and after the exposure to QAMW at the inhibiting frequency. Symptoms of crown gall and all pathological symptoms were more aggressive in tomato plants treated with non-exposed bacteria, comparing with those treated with exposed bacteria. We concluded that, the exposure of A. tumefaciens to 1.0 Hz QAMW for 90 min modified its cellular activity and DNA structure, which inhibited the growth and affected the microbe pathogenicity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agrobacterium tumefaciens/efeitos da radiação
Antibacterianos/farmacologia
DNA Bacteriano/efeitos da radiação
Radiação Eletromagnética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agrobacterium tumefaciens/efeitos dos fármacos
Agrobacterium tumefaciens/genética
Agrobacterium tumefaciens/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Amicacina/farmacologia
Carbenicilina/farmacologia
Cefaclor/farmacologia
Cloranfenicol/farmacologia
Ciprofloxacino/farmacologia
DNA Bacteriano/efeitos dos fármacos
Fluoroquinolonas/farmacologia
Gentamicinas/farmacologia
Lycopersicon esculentum/microbiologia
Tumores de Planta/microbiologia
Rifampina/farmacologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (DNA, Bacterial); 0 (Fluoroquinolones); 0 (Gentamicins); 5E8K9I0O4U (Ciprofloxacin); 66974FR9Q1 (Chloramphenicol); 69K7K19H4L (Cefaclor); 84319SGC3C (Amikacin); G42ZU72N5G (Carbenicillin); L4618BD7KJ (gatifloxacin); VJT6J7R4TR (Rifampin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171009
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1041 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28655293
[Au] Autor:Zhao C; Nabity PD
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA, 92521, USA.
[Ti] Título:Plant manipulation through gall formation constrains amino acid transporter evolution in sap-feeding insects.
[So] Source:BMC Evol Biol;17(1):153, 2017 Jun 27.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2148
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The herbivore lifestyle leads to encounters with plant toxins and requires mechanisms to overcome suboptimal nutrient availability in plant tissues. Although the evolution of bacterial endosymbiosis alleviated many of these challenges, the ability to manipulate plant nutrient status has evolved in lineages with and without nutritional symbionts. Whether and how these alternative nutrient acquisition strategies interact or constrain insect evolution is unknown. We studied the transcriptomes of galling and free-living aphidomorphs to characterize how amino acid transporter evolution is influenced by the ability to manipulate plant resource availability. RESULTS: Using a comparative approach we found phylloxerids retain nearly all amino acid transporters as other aphidomorphs, despite loss of nutritional endosymbiosis. Free living species show more transporters than galling species within the same genus, family, or infraorder, indicating plant hosts influence the maintenance and evolution of nutrient transport within herbivores. Transcript profiles also show lineage specificity and suggest some genes may facilitate life without endosymbionts or the galling lifestyle. CONCLUSIONS: The transcript abundance profiles we document across fluid feeding herbivores support plant host constraint on insect amino acid transporter evolution. Given amino acid uptake, transport, and catabolism underlie the success of herbivory as a life history strategy, this suggests that plant host nutrient quality, whether constitutive or induced, alters the selective environment surrounding the evolution and maintenance of endosymbiosis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sistemas de Transporte de Aminoácidos/genética
Afídeos/genética
Evolução Molecular
Herbivoria
Proteínas de Insetos/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Afídeos/classificação
Afídeos/fisiologia
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
Filogenia
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Vegetais
Tumores de Planta
Simbiose
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Amino Acid Transport Systems); 0 (Insect Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170629
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12862-017-1000-5


  3 / 1041 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28403156
[Au] Autor:Yaakov N; Barak Y; Pereman I; Christie PJ; Elbaum M
[Ad] Endereço:Dept of Materials and Interfaces, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.
[Ti] Título:Direct fluorescence detection of VirE2 secretion by Agrobacterium tumefaciens.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(4):e0175273, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:VirE2 is a ssDNA binding protein essential for virulence in Agrobacterium tumefaciens. A tetracysteine mutant (VirE2-TC) was prepared for in vitro and in vivo fluorescence imaging based on the ReAsH reagent. VirE2-TC was found to be biochemically active as it binds both ssDNA and the acidic secretion chaperone VirE1. It was also biologically functional in complementing virE2 null strains transforming Arabidopsis thaliana roots and Nicotiana tabacum leaves. In vitro experiments demonstrated a two-color fluorescent complex using VirE2-TC/ReAsH and Alexa Fluor 488 labeled ssDNA. In vivo, fluorescent VirE2-TC/ReAsH was detected in bacteria and in plant cells at time frames relevant to transformation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agrobacterium tumefaciens/metabolismo
Arabidopsis/microbiologia
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo
Tumores de Planta/microbiologia
Tabaco/microbiologia
Fatores de Virulência/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agrobacterium tumefaciens/citologia
Agrobacterium tumefaciens/genética
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética
DNA de Cadeia Simples/metabolismo
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética
Mutação
Imagem Óptica
Ligação Proteica
Fatores de Virulência/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Bacterial Proteins); 0 (DNA, Single-Stranded); 0 (DNA-Binding Proteins); 0 (Virulence Factors)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170504
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170504
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170414
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0175273


  4 / 1041 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28238686
[Au] Autor:Cui R; Zhang L; Chen Y; Huang W; Fan C; Wu Q; Peng D; da Silva W; Sun X
[Ad] Endereço:College of Agronomy/ Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology, Ecology and Genetic Breeding, Ministry of Education, Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China. Electronic address: cuiruqiang@jxau.edu.cn.
[Ti] Título:Expression and evolutionary analyses of three acetylcholinesterase genes (Mi-ace-1, Mi-ace-2, Mi-ace-3) in the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita.
[So] Source:Exp Parasitol;176:75-81, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2449
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The full cDNA of Mi-ace-3 encoding an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in Meloidogyne incognita was cloned and characterized. Mi-ace-3 had an open reading frame of 1875 bp encoding 624 amino acid residues. Key residues essential to AChE structure and function were conserved. The deduced Mi-ACE-3 protein sequence had 72% amino acid similarity with that of Ditylenchus destructor Dd-AChE-3. Phylogenetic analyses using 41 AChEs from 24 species showed that Mi-ACE-3 formed a cluster with 4 other nematode AChEs. Our results revealed that the Mi-ace-3 cloned in this study, which is orthologous to Caenorhabditis elegans AChE, belongs to the nematode ACE-3/4 subgroup. There was a significant reduction in the number of galls in transgenic tobacco roots when Mi-ace-1, Mi-ace-2, and Mi-ace-3 were knocked down simultaneously, whereas little or no effect were observed when only one or two of these genes were knocked down. This is an indication that the functions of these three genes are redundant.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acetilcolinesterase/genética
Evolução Molecular
Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica
Tylenchoidea/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acetilcolinesterase/química
Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo
Sequência de Aminoácidos
Animais
Clonagem Molecular
DNA Complementar/química
DNA Complementar/genética
DNA de Helmintos/química
DNA de Helmintos/genética
Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes
Lycopersicon esculentum/parasitologia
Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico
Fases de Leitura Aberta
Filogenia
Raízes de Plantas/parasitologia
Tumores de Planta/genética
Tumores de Planta/parasitologia
Interferência de RNA/fisiologia
Tabaco/enzimologia
Tabaco/genética
Tabaco/parasitologia
Tylenchoidea/classificação
Tylenchoidea/enzimologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Complementary); 0 (DNA, Helminth); EC 3.1.1.7 (Acetylcholinesterase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170411
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170411
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170228
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 1041 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28164745
[Au] Autor:Takei M; Ito S; Tanaka K; Ishige T; Suzuki Y
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Bioresource Science , Ibaraki University , Inashiki , Japan.
[Ti] Título:Transcriptomic characterization of gall tissue of Japanese elm tree (Ulmus davidiana var. japonica) induced by the aphid Tetraneura nigriabdominalis.
[So] Source:Biosci Biotechnol Biochem;81(6):1069-1077, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1347-6947
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Insect galls are abnormal plant tissues induced by parasitic insect(s) for use as their habitat. In previous work, we suggested that gall tissues induced by the aphid Tetraneura nigriabdominalis on Japanese elm trees are less responsive than leaf tissues to jasmonic acid (JA), which is involved in the production of volatile organic compounds as a typical defensive reaction of plants against attack by insect pests. A comprehensive analysis of gene expression by RNA sequencing indicated that the number of JA responsive genes was markedly lower in gall tissues than in leaf tissues. This suggests that gall tissues are mostly defective in JA signaling, although JA signaling is not entirely compromised in gall tissue. Gene ontology analysis sheds light on some stress-related unigenes with higher expression levels in gall tissues, suggesting that host plants sense aphids as a biotic stress but are defective in the JA-mediated defense response in gall tissues.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afídeos/patogenicidade
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Tumores de Planta/genética
Transcriptoma/imunologia
Ulmus/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Afídeos/fisiologia
Ciclopentanos/imunologia
Ciclopentanos/metabolismo
Ontologia Genética
Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita
Mediadores da Inflamação/imunologia
Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo
Anotação de Sequência Molecular
Oxilipinas/imunologia
Oxilipinas/metabolismo
Folhas de Planta/genética
Folhas de Planta/imunologia
Folhas de Planta/parasitologia
Proteínas de Plantas/imunologia
Tumores de Planta/parasitologia
Transdução de Sinais
Ulmus/imunologia
Ulmus/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Cyclopentanes); 0 (Inflammation Mediators); 0 (Oxylipins); 0 (Plant Proteins); 6RI5N05OWW (jasmonic acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170703
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170703
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/09168451.2017.1285685


  6 / 1041 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28134593
[Au] Autor:Lamovsek J; Stare BG; Plesko IM; Sirca S; Urek G
[Ad] Endereço:Agricultural Institute of Slovenia, Plant Protection Department, Hacquetova ulica 17, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.
[Ti] Título:Agrobacteria Enhance Plant Defense Against Root-Knot Nematodes on Tomato.
[So] Source:Phytopathology;107(6):681-691, 2017 06.
[Is] ISSN:0031-949X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The increased incidence of the crown gall disease caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens has long been associated with activities of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.). Pot experiments on tomato were designed to assess plant vitality, nematode reproduction, and crown gall incidence in combined infection with Agrobacterium and Meloidogyne spp. on tomato roots. Results suggest that tomato plants infected with pathogenic A. tumefaciens 2 days before the nematodes show enhanced plant defense against M. ethiopica resulting in lower egg and gall counts on roots 45 and 90 days postinoculation (dpi); no significantly enhanced defense was observed when the plant was inoculated with bacteria and nematodes at the same time. Split-root experiments also showed that the observed interaction was systemic. Reverse-transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis that targeted several genes under plant hormonal control suggests that the suppression was mediated via systemic acquired resistance by the pathogenesis-related protein 1 and that M. ethiopica did not enhance the defense reaction of tomato against Agrobacterium spp. Nematodes completely inhibited tumor growth in a 45-day experiment if inoculated onto the roots before the pathogenic bacteria. We conclude that the observed antagonism in the tested pathosystem was the result of initially strong plant defense that was later suppressed by the invading pathogen and pest.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agrobacterium tumefaciens/fisiologia
Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno
Lycopersicon esculentum/imunologia
Doenças das Plantas/imunologia
Imunidade Vegetal
Tylenchoidea/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Lycopersicon esculentum/genética
Lycopersicon esculentum/microbiologia
Lycopersicon esculentum/parasitologia
Controle Biológico de Vetores
Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
Doenças das Plantas/parasitologia
Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Raízes de Plantas/genética
Raízes de Plantas/imunologia
Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia
Raízes de Plantas/parasitologia
Tumores de Planta/microbiologia
Reprodução
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
Tylenchoidea/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170720
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170720
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1094/PHYTO-07-16-0269-R


  7 / 1041 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28125736
[Au] Autor:Lund KT; Riaz S; Walker MA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Viticulture and Enology, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Population Structure, Diversity and Reproductive Mode of the Grape Phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae) across Its Native Range.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(1):e0170678, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Grape Phylloxera, Daktulosphaira vitifoliae, is a gall-forming insect that feeds on the leaves and roots of many Vitis species. The roots of the cultivated V. vinifera cultivars and hybrids are highly susceptible to grape phylloxera feeding damage. The native range of this insect covers most of North America, and it is particularly abundant in the eastern and central United States. Phylloxera was introduced from North America to almost all grape-growing regions across five of the temperate zone continents. It devastated vineyards in each of these regions causing large-scale disruptions to grape growers, wine makers and national economies. In order to understand the population diversity of grape phylloxera in its native range, more than 500 samples from 19 States and 34 samples from the introduced range (northern California, Europe and South America) were genotyped with 32 simple sequence repeat markers. STRUCTURE, a model based clustering method identified five populations within these samples. The five populations were confirmed by a neighbor-joining tree and principal coordinate analysis (PCoA). These populations were distinguished by their Vitis species hosts and their geographic locations. Samples collected from California, Europe and South America traced back to phylloxera sampled in the northeastern United States on V. riparia, with some influence from phylloxera collected along the Atlantic Coast and Central Plains on V. vulpina. Reproductive statistics conclusively confirmed that sexual reproduction is common in the native range and is combined with cyclical parthenogenesis. Native grape phylloxera populations were identified to be under Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The identification of admixed samples between many of these populations indicates that shared environments facilitate sexual reproduction between different host associated populations to create new genotypes of phylloxera. This study also found that assortative mating might occur across the sympatric range of the V. vulpina west and V. cinerea populations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afídeos/genética
Partenogênese/genética
Filogenia
Doenças das Plantas/parasitologia
Vitis/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Animais
Afídeos/classificação
California
Europa (Continente)
Variação Genética
Especificidade de Hospedeiro
Filogeografia
Folhas de Planta/parasitologia
Tumores de Planta/parasitologia
Análise de Componente Principal
América do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170810
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170810
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170127
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0170678


  8 / 1041 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28108840
[Au] Autor:Rand K; Bar E; Ari MB; Davidovich-Rikanati R; Dudareva N; Inbar M; Lewinsohn E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Evolutionary & Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, 31905, Haifa, Israel.
[Ti] Título:Differences in Monoterpene Biosynthesis and Accumulation in Pistacia palaestina Leaves and Aphid-Induced Galls.
[So] Source:J Chem Ecol;43(2):143-152, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1573-1561
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Certain insect species can induce gall formation on numerous plants species. Although the mechanism of gall development is largely unknown, it is clear that insects manipulate their hosts' anatomy, physiology, and chemistry for their own benefit. It is well known that insect-induced galls often contain vast amounts of plant defensive compounds as compared to non-colonized tissues, but it is not clear if defensive compounds can be produced in situ in the galled tissues. To answer this question, we analyzed terpene accumulation patterns and possible independent biosynthetic potential of galls induced by the aphid Baizongia pistaciae L. on the terminal buds of Pistacia palaestina Boiss. We compared monoterpene levels and monoterpene synthase enzyme activity in galls and healthy leaves from individual trees growing in a natural setting. At all developmental stages, monoterpene content and monoterpene synthase activity were consistently (up to 10 fold on a fresh weight basis) higher in galls than in intact non-colonized leaves. A remarkable tree to tree variation in the products produced in vitro from the substrate geranyl diphosphate by soluble protein extracts derived from individual trees was observed. Furthermore, galls and leaves from the same trees displayed enhanced and often distinct biosynthetic capabilities. Our results clearly indicate that galls possess independent metabolic capacities to produce and accumulate monoterpenes as compared to leaves. Our study indicates that galling aphids manipulate the enzymatic machinery of their host plant, intensifying their own defenses against natural enemies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afídeos/fisiologia
Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita
Monoterpenos/metabolismo
Pistacia/parasitologia
Folhas de Planta/parasitologia
Tumores de Planta/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Monoterpenos/análise
Pistacia/química
Pistacia/metabolismo
Folhas de Planta/química
Folhas de Planta/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Monoterpenes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170122
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10886-016-0817-5


  9 / 1041 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28076373
[Au] Autor:Astapenková A; Heneberg P; Bogusch P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Hradec Králové, Rokitanského 62, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.
[Ti] Título:Larvae and Nests of Aculeate Hymenoptera (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) Nesting in Reed Galls Induced by Lipara spp. (Diptera: Chloropidae) with a Review of Species Recorded. Part II.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(1):e0169592, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The ability of aculeate Hymenoptera to utilize wetlands is poorly understood, and descriptions of their nests and developmental stages are largely absent. Here we present results based on our survey of hymenopterans using galls induced by Lipara spp. flies on common reed Phragmites australis in the years 2015-2016. We studied 20,704 galls, of which 9,446 were longitudinally cut and the brood from them reared in the laboratory, while the remaining 11,258 galls reared in rearing bags also in laboratory conditions. We recorded eight species that were previously not known to nest in reed galls: cuckoo wasps Chrysis rutilans and Trichrysis pumilionis, solitary wasps Stenodynerus chevrieranus and Stenodynerus clypeopictus, and bees Pseudoanthidium tenellum, Stelis punctulatissima, Hylaeus communis and Hylaeus confusus. Forty five species of Hymenoptera: Aculeata are known to be associated with reed galls, of which 36 make their nests there, and the other are six parasitoids of the family Chrysididae and three cuckoo bees of the genus Stelis. Of these species, Pemphredon fabricii and in southern Europe also Heriades rubicola are very common in reed galls, followed by Hylaeus pectoralis and two species of the genus Trypoxylon. We also found new host-parasite associations: Chrysis angustula in nests of Pemphredon fabricii, Chrysis rutilans in nests of Stenodynerus clypeopictus, Trichrysis pumilionis in nests of Trypoxylon deceptorium, and Stelis breviuscula in nests of Heriades rubicola. We provide new descriptions of the nests of seven species nesting in reed galls and morphology of mature larvae of eight species nesting in reed galls and two parasitoids and one nest cleptoparasite. The larvae are usually very similar to those of related species but possess characteristics that make them easy to distinguish from related species. Our results show that common reeds are not only expansive and harmful, but very important for many insect species associated with habitats dominated by this plant species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita
Tumores de Planta/parasitologia
Vespas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Biodiversidade
Dípteros/patogenicidade
Estágios do Ciclo de Vida
Comportamento de Nidação
Tumores de Planta/etiologia
Vespas/classificação
Vespas/patogenicidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170803
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170803
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0169592


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[PMID]:28028580
[Au] Autor:Funamoto D; Sugiura S
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kobe University, Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe, 657-8501, Japan. dai.funamoto@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Arthropods associated with fungal galls: do large galls support more abundant and diverse inhabitants?
[So] Source:Naturwissenschaften;104(1-2):6, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1904
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fungus-induced galls can attract spore-feeding arthropods as well as gall-feeding ones, resulting in diverse communities. Do large fungal galls support more abundant and diverse arthropod communities than small fungal galls? To address this question, we investigated the structure of the arthropod community associated with bud galls induced by the fungus Melanopsichium onumae on the tree species Cinnamomum yabunikkei (Lauraceae) in central Japan. Thirteen species of arthropods were associated with M. onumae galls. Dominant arthropod species were represented by the larvae of a salpingid beetle (a spore feeder), a nitidulid beetle (a spore feeder), a cosmopterigid moth (a spore feeder), an unidentified moth (a gall tissue feeder), and a drosophilid species (a gall tissue feeder). Arthropod abundance and species richness were positively correlated with gall diameter. The majority of the most abundant species were more frequently found in large galls than in small ones, indicating that large fungal galls, which have more food and/or space for arthropods, could support a more abundant and diverse arthropod community.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Artrópodes/fisiologia
Basidiomycota/fisiologia
Biodiversidade
Cinnamomum/microbiologia
Tumores de Planta
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Japão
Densidade Demográfica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161229
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00114-016-1426-4



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