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  1 / 1511 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29381720
[Au] Autor:van Loenhout JAF; Gil Cuesta J; Abello JE; Isiderio JM; de Lara-Banquesio ML; Guha-Sapir D
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED), Institute of Health and Society, Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.
[Ti] Título:The impact of Typhoon Haiyan on admissions in two hospitals in Eastern Visayas, Philippines.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191516, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: We investigated the short-term impact of Typhoon Haiyan, one of the strongest typhoons ever to make landfall, on the pattern of admissions in two hospitals in Eastern Visayas, the Philippines. METHODS: This study took place at Eastern Visayas Regional Medical Center (EVRMC) in Tacloban, and Ormoc District Hospital (ODH) in Ormoc. We determined whether there were differences in the pattern of admissions between the week before and the three weeks after Haiyan by using information on sex, age, diagnosis, ward and outcome at discharge from patient records. RESULTS: There was a drop in admissions in both hospitals after Haiyan as compared to before. Admissions climbed back to the baseline after ten days in EVRMC and after two weeks in ODH. When comparing the period after Haiyan to the period before, there was a relative increase in male versus female admissions in ODH (OR 2.8, 95%CI 1.7-4.3), but not in EVRMC. Patients aged ≥50 years and 0-14 years had the highest relative increase in admissions. There was a relative decrease in admissions for the ICD10 group 'Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium' (OR 0.4, 95%CI 0.3-0.6), and an increase in 'Certain infectious and parasitic diseases' (OR 2.1, 95%CI 1.2-3.5), mainly gastroenteritis, and 'Diseases of the respiratory system' (OR 1.8, 95%CI 1.0-3.0), mainly pneumonia, compared to all other diagnosis groups in ODH. Out of all reasons for admission within the study period, 66% belong to these three ICD-10 groups. Data on reasons for admission were not available for EVRMC. CONCLUSIONS: The observed reduction in patients after the Typhoon calls for ensuring that hospital accessibility should be protected and reinforced, especially for pregnant women, by trying to remove debris in the direct hospital vicinity. Hospitals in areas prone to tropical cyclones should be prepared to treat large numbers of patients with gastroenteritis and pneumonia, as part of their disaster plans.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tempestades Ciclônicas
Hospitais
Admissão do Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Filipinas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191516


  2 / 1511 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29406643
[Au] Autor:Ivey J
[Ti] Título:Natural Disasters: Looking at the Consequences.
[So] Source:Pediatr Nurs;42(5):242, 2016 Sep-Oct.
[Is] ISSN:0097-9805
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Tempestades Ciclônicas
Desastres
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Sobreviventes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Fatores Etários
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
New Jersey
Fatores Sexuais
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 1511 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29406642
[Au] Autor:Quinn M; Gillooly D; Kelly S; Kolassa J; Davis E; Jankowski S
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of Identified Stressors in Children and Adolescents After Super Storm Sandy.
[So] Source:Pediatr Nurs;42(5):235-41, 2016 Sep-Oct.
[Is] ISSN:0097-9805
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Super Storm Sandy, one of the largest storms endured by the East Coast of theUnited States, devastated New Jersey and the eastern seaboard. Although naturaldisasters affect individuals of all ages, children are particularly vulnerable becausetheir sense of normalcy is altered. The purpose of this study was to explore theeffects that exposure to Super Storm Sandy had on children who resided in NewJersey. This was a non-experimental, quantitative, cross-sectional research study.Study participants were recruited via printed flyers at disaster resource sites and ona dedicated research team's Facebook site. Each participant completed theHurricane Stressors Assessment Tool for Children and Adolescents as a webbasedsurvey related to their experiences with the hurricane. One hundred andforty-one (141) children participated in this study. Age groups (preschool, child, andadolescent) had varied results based upon developmental level. Age was positivelyassociated with finding it harder to concentrate and pay attention (r = 0.18, p =0.04); feeling sad, down, or depressed (r = 0.17, p < 0.05); being quiet and withdrawn (r = 0.16, p = 0.05); feeling irritable and grouchy (r = 0.26, p < 0.05); and findingit harder to complete schoolwork (r = 0.32, p < 0.001). Certain parental perceptionsof their child's behavior were negatively associated with the age of the child.Children had varying degrees of experiences after Sandy. Adolescents were shownto be more aware and affected by the storm than younger children. Observationscan be used for intervention initiatives in the post-natural disaster period, encouraginghealthcare providers to acknowledge family and community healing to provideadequate mental health referrals in the post-disaster period.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Tempestades Ciclônicas
Desastres
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Sobreviventes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Fatores Etários
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
New Jersey
Fatores Sexuais
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 1511 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29304149
[Au] Autor:Tzeng HY; Wang W; Tseng YH; Chiu CA; Kuo CC; Tsai ST
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Forestry, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan.
[Ti] Título:Tree mortality in response to typhoon-induced floods and mudslides is determined by tree species, size, and position in a riparian Formosan gum forest in subtropical Taiwan.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190832, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Global warming-induced extreme climatic changes have increased the frequency of severe typhoons bringing heavy rains; this has considerably affected the stability of the forest ecosystems. Since the Taiwan 921 earthquake occurred in 21 September 1999, the mountain geology of the Island of Taiwan has become unstable and typhoon-induced floods and mudslides have changed the topography and geomorphology of the area; this has further affected the stability and functions of the riparian ecosystem. In this study, the vegetation of the unique Aowanda Formosan gum forest in Central Taiwan was monitored for 3 years after the occurrence of floods and mudslides during 2009-2011. Tree growth and survival, effects of floods and mudslides, and factors influencing tree survival were investigated. We hypothesized that (1) the effects of floods on the survival are significantly different for each tree species; (2) tree diameter at breast height (DBH) affects tree survival-i.e., the larger the DBH, the higher the survival rate; and (3) the relative position of trees affects tree survival after disturbances by floods and mudslides-the farther trees are from the river, the higher is their survival rate. Our results showed that after floods and mudslides, the lifespans of the major tree species varied significantly. Liquidambar formosana displayed the highest flood tolerance, and the trunks of Lagerstoemia subcostata began rooting after disturbances. Multiple regression analysis indicated that factors such as species, DBH, distance from sampled tree to the above boundary of sample plot (far from the riverbank), and distance from the upstream of the river affected the lifespans of trees; the three factors affected each tree species to different degrees. Furthermore, we showed that insect infestation had a critical role in determining tree survival rate. Our 3-year monitoring investigation revealed that severe typhoon-induced floods and mudslides disturbed the riparian vegetation in the Formosan gum forest, replacing the original vegetation and beginning secondary succession. Moreover, flooding provided new habitats for various plants to establish their progeny. By using our results, lifecycles of trees (including death) can be understood in detail, facilitating riparian vegetation engineering in forests severely disturbed by typhoon-induced floods and mudslides.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tempestades Ciclônicas
Inundações
Deslizamentos de Terra
Árvores
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ecossistema
Taiwan
Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190832


  5 / 1511 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29301425
[Au] Autor:Shah AA; Valles N; Banu S; Storch EA; Goodman W
[Ad] Endereço:From the Menninger Department of Psychiatry, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston; and the Department of Pediatrics, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa.
[Ti] Título:Meeting the Mental Health Needs of Hurricane Harvey Evacuees.
[So] Source:Am J Psychiatry;175(1):13-14, 2018 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1535-7228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Defesa Civil
Desastres
Serviços de Emergência Psiquiátrica/métodos
Abrigo de Emergência/métodos
Serviços de Saúde Mental
Sobreviventes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Pré-Escolar
Defesa Civil/métodos
Defesa Civil/normas
Tempestades Ciclônicas
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Saúde Mental/normas
Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração
Serviços de Saúde Mental/normas
Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde
Melhoria de Qualidade
Transporte de Pacientes/organização & administração
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.17101108


  6 / 1511 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29226442
[Au] Autor:Sharfstein JM
[Ti] Título:Common Ground on Responsibility for Health.
[So] Source:Milbank Q;95(4):718-721, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1468-0009
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Planejamento de Cidades
Desastres/economia
Política de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde
Socorro em Desastres/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Tempestades Ciclônicas/economia
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/economia
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Prática de Saúde Pública
Socorro em Desastres/legislação & jurisprudência
Discriminação Social
Responsabilidade Social
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180202
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180202
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171212
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1468-0009.12295


  7 / 1511 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28452181
[Au] Autor:Hossain N
[Ad] Endereço:Research Fellow, Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:The 1970 Bhola cyclone, nationalist politics, and the subsistence crisis contract in Bangladesh.
[So] Source:Disasters;42(1):187-203, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The devastating Bhola cyclone in November 1970 is credited with having triggered the political events that led to the division of Pakistan and the creation of Bangladesh in 1971. A callous response to the disaster by the Pakistani regime resulted in a landslide electoral victory for Bengali nationalists, followed by a bitter and bloody civil war. Yet, despite its political momentousness, the Bhola cyclone has been the subject of little political analysis. This paper examines the events, arguing that its extraordinary political significance put disaster management on the nationalist agenda; the famine of 1974 confirmed its centrality, producing a social contract to protect the population against disasters and subsistence crises on which the country's acclaimed resilience to the effects of climate change rests. The Bhola cyclone also drew international attention to this neglected, little-known region, and in general can be seen as foundational for the subsequent developmental achievements of Bangladesh.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tempestades Ciclônicas
Planejamento em Desastres
Política
Inanição
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bangladesh
Seres Humanos
Paquistão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12235


  8 / 1511 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28452144
[Au] Autor:Horner MW; Ozguven EE; Marcelin JM; Kocatepe A
[Ad] Endereço:PhD is a Professor in the Department of Geography, Florida State University, United States.
[Ti] Título:Special needs hurricane shelters and the ageing population: development of a methodology and a case study application.
[So] Source:Disasters;42(1):169-186, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Recent experience of hurricanes, particularly in the southeast United States, has heightened awareness of the multifaceted nature of and the challenges to effective disaster relief planning. One key element of this planning is providing adequate shelter at secure locations for people who evacuate. Some of these individuals will have 'special needs', yet there is little research on the relationship with shelter space. This study designed a geographic information systems-based network optimisation methodology for the siting of special needs hurricane relief shelters, with a focus on the transportation component. It sought to find new locations for shelters that maximise accessibility by vulnerable populations, given capacity constraints, concentrating on the ageing population. The framework was implemented in a medium-sized metropolitan statistical area in the state of Florida where data suggest a possible deficit in special needs shelter space. The study analysed options for increasing special needs shelter capacity, while considering potential uncertainties in transportation network availability.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tempestades Ciclônicas
Planejamento em Desastres/métodos
Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração
Abrigo de Emergência
Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Florida
Sistemas de Informação Geográfica
Seres Humanos
Estudos de Casos Organizacionais
Transportes
Populações Vulneráveis
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12233


  9 / 1511 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29188269
[Au] Autor:Friedrich MJ
[Ti] Título:Determining Health Effects of Hazardous Materials Released During Hurricane Harvey.
[So] Source:JAMA;318(23):2283-2285, 2017 Dec 19.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tempestades Ciclônicas
Desastres
Substâncias Perigosas/efeitos adversos
Poluentes Químicos da Água/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Indústria Química/legislação & jurisprudência
Monitoramento Ambiental
Regulamentação Governamental
Substâncias Perigosas/análise
Seres Humanos
Indústria de Petróleo e Gás/legislação & jurisprudência
Texas
Estados Unidos
United States Environmental Protection Agency
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hazardous Substances); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.15558


  10 / 1511 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29206990
[Au] Autor:Mongin SJ; Baron SL; Schwartz RM; Liu B; Taioli E; Kim H
[Ti] Título:Measuring the Impact of Disasters Using Publicly Available Data: Application to Hurricane Sandy (2012).
[So] Source:Am J Epidemiol;186(11):1290-1299, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:1476-6256
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The unexpected nature of disasters leaves little time or resources for organized health surveillance of the affected population, and even less for those who are unaffected. An ideal epidemiologic study would monitor both groups equally well, but would typically be decided against as infeasible or costly. Exposure and health outcome data at the level of the individual can be difficult to obtain. Despite these challenges, the health effects of a disaster can be approximated. Approaches include 1) the use of publicly available exposure data in geographic detail, 2) health outcomes data-collected before, during, and after the event, and 3) statistical modeling designed to compare the observed frequency of health outcomes with the counterfactual frequency hidden by the disaster itself. We applied these strategies to Hurricane Sandy, which struck the northeastern United States in October 2012. Hospital admissions data from the state of New York with information on primary payer as well as patient demographic characteristics were analyzed. To illustrate the method, we present multivariate logistic regression results for the first 2 months after the hurricane. Inferential implications of admissions data on nearly the entire target population in the wake of a disaster are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tempestades Ciclônicas/estatística & dados numéricos
Desastres/estatística & dados numéricos
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Serviços de Saúde/utilização
Nível de Saúde
Saúde Mental
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Grupos Diagnósticos Relacionados/estatística & dados numéricos
Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Registros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos
Meia-Idade
New York/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/aje/kwx194



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