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Pesquisa : G16.500.750.775.745 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 139 [refinar]
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[PMID]:28829529
[Au] Autor:Murphy H; Pudlo J
[Ad] Endereço:Political Science, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma.
[Ti] Título:Bridging cultures: Nonprofit, church, and emergency management agency collaboration after the May 2013 Oklahoma tornado outbreak.
[So] Source:J Emerg Manag;15(3):157-174, 2017 May/Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1543-5865
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Community-based organizations, such as nonprofit organizations (NPOs) and churches, play an important role in helping individuals and communities bounce back after a disaster. The nature of disasters requires organizations across sectors to partner together to provide recovery services; however, collaboration is difficult even in times of stability and requires trust and communication to be built through prior collaborative relationships. These prior relationships rarely exist between the majority of the nonprofit sector, churches, and existing emergency management structures. Furthermore, these organizations often have very different cultures, values, and norms that can further hinder successful postdisaster collaboration. The authors use data collected from interviews with nonprofit and church leaders involved in recovery efforts after a series of devastating storms impacted central Oklahoma in 2013 to understand how well nonprofit and church leaders perceive their organizations collaborated with each other and with government and emergency management agencies in response and recovery efforts. Interview data suggest that NPOs and churches without a primary or secondary mission of disaster response and recovery have a difficult time collaborating with organizations involved in existing emergency management structures. The authors suggest that nonprofits with a primary or secondary purpose in disaster response are a potential bridge between other nonprofits and emergency management agencies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Cooperativo
Desastres
Órgãos Governamentais
Organizações sem Fins Lucrativos
Religião
Tornados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comunicação
Planejamento em Desastres
Emergências
Seres Humanos
Oklahoma
Estudos de Casos Organizacionais
Confiança
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170823
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28610645
[Au] Autor:Herseth A; Goldsmith-Grinspoon J; Scott P
[Ti] Título:Prepare to protect: Operating and maintaining a tornado safe room.
[So] Source:J Bus Contin Emer Plan;10(4):328-338, 2017 Jun 01.
[Is] ISSN:1749-9216
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Operating and maintaining a tornado safe room can be critical to the effective continuity of business operations because a firm's most valuable asset is its people. This paper describes aspects of operations and maintenance (O&M) for existing tornado safe rooms as well as a few planning and design aspects that affect the ultimate operation of a safe room for situations where a safe room is planned, but not yet constructed. The information is based on several Federal Emergency Management Agency safe room publications that provide guidance on emergency management and operations, as well as the design and construction of tornado safe rooms.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração
Desastres
Arquitetura de Instituições de Saúde
Segurança
Tornados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170829
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170829
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28376995
[Au] Autor:Marotz WT
[Ti] Título:You plan, you test and then it happens: Lessons learned from the Schneider warehouse tornado recovery.
[So] Source:J Bus Contin Emer Plan;10(2):141-156, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:1749-9216
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper is about the experience gained and lessons learned while dealing with the long-term recovery of Schneider's Port Logistics Division following extensive damage to three warehouse/ office facilities in Savannah, GA on 25th April, 2015. This paper will provide insight into how the initial assessments were handled, how the skill sets needed by the response teams were determined, and what further actions were triggered as more detailed information was received and assessed by the leadership team. This paper will also provide information as to how closely the company followed its existing contingency and disaster recovery plans, as well as where those plans fell short and where it was necessary to make adjustments as the recovery progressed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comércio/organização & administração
Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração
Desastres
Veículos Automotores
Gestão de Riscos/organização & administração
Tornados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Tomada de Decisões Gerenciais
Georgia
Seres Humanos
Modelos Organizacionais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170615
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170615
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170406
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28222847
[Au] Autor:Kearns RD; Stringer L; Craig J; Godette-Crawford R; Black PS; Andra DL; Winslow J
[Ti] Título:Relying on the National Mobile Disaster Hospital as a business continuity strategy in the aftermath of a tornado: The Louisville experience.
[So] Source:J Bus Contin Emer Plan;10(3):230-248, 2017 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1749-9216
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:On 28th April, 2014, a tornado left much of Louisville, MS and the local hospital, Winston Medical Center, in ruin. In the USA, temporary hospital solutions have been used to augment the mainstream healthcare system since the American Civil War. As memories fade, however, the necessary readiness for a temporary hospital also fades, at times leaving a patchwork of resources either underfunded or abandoned. With the creation of the Hospital Preparedness Program, several temporary hospital solutions were created in various states across the USA. In the present case, Mississippi and North Carolina resources were used in Louisville in the aftermath of a direct impact that destroyed the hospital and nursing home. In the hours that followed, after lives were saved and patients safely relocated, a frank assessment confirmed the structural loss of the hospital. Local emergency responders, hospital staff, state and federal representatives all rallied with the aim of saving the community's only hospital. The steps taken in Louisville and the deliberate restoration of these essential services offer a learning opportunity for all involved in healthcare disaster preparedness, response and recovery.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração
Incidentes com Feridos em Massa
Unidades Móveis de Saúde
Tornados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Mississippi
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170912
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170912
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170223
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28156138
[Au] Autor:Carbone EG; Echols ET
[Ad] Endereço:a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) , Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response (OPHPR) , Atlanta , GA , USA.
[Ti] Título:Effects of optimism on recovery and mental health after a tornado outbreak.
[So] Source:Psychol Health;32(5):530-548, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1476-8321
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Dispositional optimism, a stable expectation that good things will happen, has been shown to improve health outcomes in a wide range of contexts, but very little research has explored the impact of optimism on post-disaster health and well-being. DESIGN: Data for this study come from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Public health systems and mental health community recovery (PHSMHCR) Survey. Participants included 3216 individuals living in counties affected by the April 2011 tornado outbreak in Mississippi and Alabama. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: This study assesses the effect of dispositional optimism on post-disaster recovery and mental health. RESULTS: Dispositional optimism was found to have a positive effect on personal recovery and mental health after the disaster. Furthermore, it moderated the relationship between level of home damage and personal recovery as well as the relationship between home damage and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with stronger effects for those with increased levels of home damage. CONCLUSIONS: The utility of screening for optimism is discussed, along with the potential for interventions to increase optimism as a means of mitigating adverse mental health effects and improving the recovery of individuals affected by disasters and other traumatic events.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desastres
Ajustamento Emocional
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Otimismo/psicologia
Tornados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alabama
Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Ansiedade/psicologia
Depressão/diagnóstico
Depressão/psicologia
Feminino
Habitação/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
Meia-Idade
Mississippi
Autorrelato
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170810
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170810
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170204
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/08870446.2017.1283039


  6 / 139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27956724
[Au] Autor:Wynn ST
[Ad] Endereço:Stephanie T. Wynn, DNP, PMHNP-BC, RN, is an associate professor at Samford University, Ida V. Moffett School of Nursing, Birmingham, Alabama. Stephanie has experience working with survivors of natural disasters. She is a certified mental health nurse practitioner, with practical experience including more than 15 years of psychiatric nursing.
[Ti] Título:Natural Disasters: Planning for Psychological First Aid.
[So] Source:J Christ Nurs;34(1):24-28, 2017 Jan/Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0743-2550
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Natural disasters leave survivors suffering physically, psychologically, and spiritually. An EF4 tornado on April 27, 2011, in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, known as April's Fury, raised the question of how mental health practitioners (MHPs) might respond to address psychological needs, rather than being exclusively assigned to offer physical support immediately following a disaster. This article proposes planning ahead for MHPs to provide psychological first aid (PFA) in the immediate aftermath of a catastrophe. Combating psychological issues early will hopefully help reduce the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or prolonged grief disorder (PGD) in survivors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desastres
Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/enfermagem
Sobreviventes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alabama
Cristianismo
Seres Humanos
Técnicas de Planejamento
Tornados
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170619
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170619
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27841691
[Au] Autor:Lochman JE; Vernberg E; Powell NP; Boxmeyer CL; Jarrett M; McDonald K; Qu L; Hendrickson M; Kassing F
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Psychology , The University of Alabama.
[Ti] Título:Pre-Post Tornado Effects on Aggressive Children's Psychological and Behavioral Adjustment Through One-Year Postdisaster.
[So] Source:J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol;46(1):136-149, 2017 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1537-4424
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Using a risk-resilience framework, this study examined how varying levels of exposure to a natural disaster (EF-4 tornado) and children's characteristics (sex; anxiety) influenced the behavioral and psychological adjustment of children who shared a common risk factor predisaster (elevated aggression) prior to exposure through 1-year postdisaster. Participants included 360 children in Grades 4-6 (65% male; 78% African American) and their parents from predominantly low-income households who were already participating in a longitudinal study of indicated prevention effects for externalizing outcomes when the tornado occurred in 2011. Fourth-grade children who were screened for overt aggressive behavior were recruited in 3 annual cohorts (120 per year, beginning in 2009). Parent-rated aggression and internalizing problems were assessed prior to the tornado (Wave 1), within a half-year after the tornado (Wave 2), and at a 1-year follow-up (Wave 3). Children and parents rated their exposure to aspects of tornado-related traumatic experiences at Wave 3. Children displayed less reduction on aggression and internalizing problems if the children had experienced distress after the tornado or fears for their life, in combination with their pre-tornado level of anxiety. Higher levels of children's and parents' exposure to the tornado interacted with children's lower baseline child anxiety to predict less reduction in aggression and internalizing problems 1 year after the tornado. Higher levels of disaster exposure negatively affected at-risk children's level of improvement in aggression and internalizing problems, when life threat (parent- and child-reported) and child-reported distress after the tornado were moderated by baseline anxiety.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afroamericanos/psicologia
Agressão/psicologia
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Desastres
Tornados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
Afroamericanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Ansiedade/etiologia
Criança
Comportamento Infantil/etnologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Pais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170707
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170707
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161115
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/15374416.2016.1228460


  8 / 139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27103002
[Au] Autor:Danielson CK; Cohen JR; Adams ZW; Youngstrom EA; Soltis K; Amstadter AB; Ruggiero KJ
[Ad] Endereço:National Crime Victims Research & Treatment Center, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, 67 President Street, Charleston, SC, 29425, USA. danielso@musc.edu.
[Ti] Título:Clinical Decision-Making Following Disasters: Efficient Identification of PTSD Risk in Adolescents.
[So] Source:J Abnorm Child Psychol;45(1):117-129, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2835
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present study aimed to utilize a Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) approach in order to improve clinical decision-making for adolescents at risk for the development of psychopathology in the aftermath of a natural disaster. Specifically we assessed theoretically-driven individual, interpersonal, and event-related vulnerability factors to determine which indices were most accurate in forecasting PTSD. Furthermore, we aimed to translate these etiological findings by identifying clinical cut-off recommendations for relevant vulnerability factors. Our study consisted of structured phone-based clinical interviews with 2000 adolescent-parent dyads living within a 5-mile radius of tornados that devastated Joplin, MO, and northern Alabama in Spring 2011. Demographics, tornado incident characteristics, prior trauma, mental health, and family support and conflict were assessed. A subset of youth completed two behavioral assessment tasks online to assess distress tolerance and risk-taking behavior. ROC analyses indicated four variables that significantly improved PTSD diagnostic efficiency: Lifetime depression (AUC = .90), trauma history (AUC = .76), social support (AUC = .70), and family conflict (AUC = .72). Youth were 2-3 times more likely to have PTSD if they had elevated scores on any of these variables. Of note, event-related characteristics (e.g., property damage) were not related to PTSD diagnostic status. The present study adds to the literature by making specific recommendations for empirically-based, efficient disaster-related PTSD assessment for adolescents following a natural disaster. Implications for practice and future trauma-related developmental psychopathology research are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia
Tomada de Decisão Clínica/métodos
Desastres
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Tornados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Alabama
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Missouri
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170904
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170904
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160423
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10802-016-0159-3


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[PMID]:26988599
[Au] Autor:McKinzie AE
[Ad] Endereço:Doctoral Candidate, Department of Sociology, University of Georgia, United States.
[Ti] Título:Deconstruction of destruction stories: narrative, inequality, and disasters.
[So] Source:Disasters;41(1):3-22, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A commonly-held belief is that natural disasters do not discriminate. This paper, though, poses the following theoretical question: what does the elision of race, class, and gender in the news media say about disasters in the neoliberal era? It draws on the author's analysis of two prominent newspapers-The New York Times and USA Today-and their coverage of the recovery process after devastating tornadoes in two towns in the United States (Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and Joplin, Missouri) in 2011. The study asserts that the narrative of the news media is one with which people are familiar and that it fits into larger 'formula stories'. It utilises theoretical treatments of narrative to demonstrate how differences are erased and how they lead to complicity in hegemonic representations. Critical theory is used to elucidate why this occurs, and the paper sources Goldberg (2002) in suggesting that the news media employs 'fantasies of homogenisation' when representing post-disaster communities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desastres
Jornais como Assunto
Política
Classe Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alabama
Grupos Étnicos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Missouri
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Tornados
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170512
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170512
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160319
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12184


  10 / 139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26987794
[Au] Autor:Stokes C; Senkbeil JC
[Ad] Endereço:Research Project Coordinator, Department of Geography, Center for Ethics and Social Responsibility, University of Alabama, United States.
[Ti] Título:Facebook and Twitter, communication and shelter, and the 2011 Tuscaloosa tornado.
[So] Source:Disasters;41(1):194-208, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper represents one of the first attempts to analyse the many ways in which Facebook and Twitter were used during a tornado disaster. Comparisons between five randomly selected campus samples and a city of Tuscaloosa, Alabama, sample revealed that campus samples used Facebook and Twitter significantly more both before and after the tornado, but Facebook usage was not significantly different after the event. Furthermore, differences in social media usage and other forms of communication before the tornado were found for age, education, and years lived in Tuscaloosa. Generally, age and education were inversely proportionate to social media usage. Influences on shelter-seeking actions varied between social media users and three random samples of non-social media users; however, it appears that social media respondents were likely to be using a smartphone simultaneously to access warning polygon information, to receive text message alerts, and to listen or respond to environmental cues.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desastres
Smartphone/utilização
Mídias Sociais/utilização
Tornados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Distribuição por Idade
Alabama
Feminino
Habitação
Seres Humanos
Internet
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inquéritos e Questionários
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170512
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170512
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160319
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12192



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