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Pesquisa : G16.500.785 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 36 [refinar]
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  1 / 36 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27905700
[Au] Autor:Food and Drug Administration, HHS
[Ti] Título:Use of Ozone-Depleting Substances. Direct final rule.
[So] Source:Fed Regist;81(207):74298-302, 2016 Oct 26.
[Is] ISSN:0097-6326
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Food and Drug Administration (FDA, the Agency, or we) is amending its regulation on uses of ozone-depleting substances (ODSs), including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), to remove the designation for certain products as "essential uses" under the Clean Air Act. Essential-use products are exempt from the ban by FDA on the use of CFCs and other ODS propellants in FDA-regulated products and from the ban by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on the use of ODSs in pressurized dispensers. The products that will no longer constitute an essential use are: Sterile aerosol talc administered intrapleurally by thoracoscopy for human use and metered-dose atropine sulfate aerosol human drugs administered by oral inhalation. FDA is taking this action because alternative products that do not use ODSs are now available and because these products are no longer being marketed in versions that contain ODSs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Propelentes de Aerossol/efeitos adversos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos
Clorofluorcarbonetos/efeitos adversos
Perda de Ozônio/legislação & jurisprudência
United States Food and Drug Administration/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Propelentes de Aerossol/uso terapêutico
Atropina/uso terapêutico
Clorofluorcarbonetos/uso terapêutico
Seres Humanos
Perda de Ozônio/prevenção & controle
Talco/uso terapêutico
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Aerosol Propellants); 0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Chlorofluorocarbons); 14807-96-6 (Talc); 7C0697DR9I (Atropine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161217
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161217
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161203
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 36 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27365432
[Au] Autor:Hand E
[Ti] Título:ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE. CFC bans pay off as Antarctic ozone layer starts to mend.
[So] Source:Science;353(6294):16-7, 2016 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Clorofluorcarbonetos/química
Perda de Ozônio/tendências
Ozônio Estratosférico/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Regiões Antárticas
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Chlorofluorocarbons); 0 (Stratospheric Ozone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160701
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160701
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160702
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.353.6294.16


  3 / 36 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27365314
[Au] Autor:Solomon S; Ivy DJ; Kinnison D; Mills MJ; Neely RR; Schmidt A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
[Ti] Título:Emergence of healing in the Antarctic ozone layer.
[So] Source:Science;353(6296):269-74, 2016 Jul 15.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Industrial chlorofluorocarbons that cause ozone depletion have been phased out under the Montreal Protocol. A chemically driven increase in polar ozone (or "healing") is expected in response to this historic agreement. Observations and model calculations together indicate that healing of the Antarctic ozone layer has now begun to occur during the month of September. Fingerprints of September healing since 2000 include (i) increases in ozone column amounts, (ii) changes in the vertical profile of ozone concentration, and (iii) decreases in the areal extent of the ozone hole. Along with chemistry, dynamical and temperature changes have contributed to the healing but could represent feedbacks to chemistry. Volcanic eruptions have episodically interfered with healing, particularly during 2015, when a record October ozone hole occurred after the Calbuco eruption.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Clorofluorcarbonetos/química
Perda de Ozônio
Erupções Vulcânicas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Regiões Antárticas
Modelos Teóricos
Estações do Ano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Chlorofluorocarbons)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160702
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.aae0061


  4 / 36 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26822392
[Au] Autor:United Nations Environment Programme, Environmental Effects Assessment Panel
[Ti] Título:Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: progress report, 2015.
[So] Source:Photochem Photobiol Sci;15(2):141-74, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1474-9092
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Environmental Effects Assessment Panel (EEAP) is one of three Panels that regularly informs the Parties (countries) to the Montreal Protocol on the effects of ozone depletion and the consequences of climate change interactions with respect to human health, animals, plants, biogeochemistry, air quality, and materials. The Panels provide a detailed assessment report every four years. The most recent 2014 Quadrennial Assessment by the EEAP was published as a special issue of seven papers in 2015 (Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2015, 14, 1-184). The next Quadrennial Assessment will be published in 2018/2019. In the interim, the EEAP generally produces an annual update or progress report of the relevant scientific findings. The present progress report for 2015 assesses some of the highlights and new insights with regard to the interactive nature of the effects of UV radiation, atmospheric processes, and climate change.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mudança Climática
Meio Ambiente
Perda de Ozônio
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura
Ar/análise
Poluição do Ar/análise
Altitude
Animais
Regiões Antárticas
Regiões Árticas
Doenças Autoimunes/etiologia
Neoplasias Oculares/etiologia
Seres Humanos
Hidrobiologia
Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia
Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1039/c6pp90004f


  5 / 36 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26068844
[Au] Autor:Gerten D; Rockström J; Heinke J; Steffen W; Richardson K; Cornell S
[Ad] Endereço:Research Domain of Earth System Analysis, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, 14473 Potsdam, Germany. gerten@pik-potsdam.de.
[Ti] Título:SUSTAINABILITY. Response to Comment on "Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet".
[So] Source:Science;348(6240):1217, 2015 Jun 12.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Jaramillo and Destouni claim that freshwater consumption is beyond the planetary boundary, based on high estimates of water cycle components, different definitions of water consumption, and extrapolation from a single case study. The difference from our analysis, based on mainstream assessments of global water consumption, highlights the need for clearer definitions of water cycle components and improved models and databases.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Biológica
Mudança Climática
Terra (Planeta)
Perda de Ozônio
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMMENT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1506
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150613
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150613
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150613
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.aab0031


  6 / 36 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26068843
[Au] Autor:Jaramillo F; Destouni G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Physical Geography, Stockholm University, SE-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden. Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, SE-106 91, Stockholm, Sweden. fernando.jaramillo@natgeo.su.se.
[Ti] Título:SUSTAINABILITY. Comment on "Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing planet".
[So] Source:Science;348(6240):1217, 2015 Jun 12.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Steffen et al. (Research Articles, 13 February 2015, p. 736) recently assessed current global freshwater use, finding it to be well below a corresponding planetary boundary. However, they ignored recent scientific advances implying that the global consumptive use of freshwater may have already crossed the associated planetary boundary.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Biológica
Mudança Climática
Terra (Planeta)
Perda de Ozônio
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMMENT; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1506
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150613
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150613
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150613
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.aaa9629


  7 / 36 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25957080
[Au] Autor:Passaglia Schuch A; Dos Santos MB; Mendes Lipinski V; Vaz Peres L; Dos Santos CP; Zanini Cechin S; Jorge Schuch N; Kirsh Pinheiro D; da Silva Loreto EL
[Ad] Endereço:Federal University of Santa Maria, RS, Brazil; Southern Regional Space Research Center, CRS/INPE-MCTI, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Identification of influential events concerning the Antarctic ozone hole over southern Brazil and the biological effects induced by UVB and UVA radiation in an endemic treefrog species.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;118:190-8, 2015 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The increased incidence of solar ultraviolet radiation (UV) due to ozone depletion has been affecting both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and it may help to explain the enigmatic decline of amphibian populations in specific localities. In this work, influential events concerning the Antarctic ozone hole were identified in a dataset containing 35 years of ozone measurements over southern Brazil. The effects of environmental doses of UVB and UVA radiation were addressed on the morphology and development of Hypsiboas pulchellus tadpole (Anura: Hylidae), as well as on the induction of malformation after the conclusion of metamorphosis. These analyzes were complemented by the detection of micronucleus formation in blood cells. 72 ozone depletion events were identified from 1979 to 2013. Surprisingly, their yearly frequency increased three-fold during the last 17 years. The results clearly show that H. pulchellus tadpole are much more sensitive to UVB than UVA light, which reduces their survival and developmental rates. Additionally, the rates of micronucleus formation by UVB were considerably higher compared to UVA even after the activation of photolyases enzymes by a further photoreactivation treatment. Consequently, a higher occurrence of malformation was observed in UVB-irradiated individuals. These results demonstrate the severe genotoxic impact of UVB radiation on this treefrog species and its importance for further studies aimed to assess the impact of the increased levels of solar UVB radiation on declining species of the Hylidae family.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anuros/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Perda de Ozônio
Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Anuros/anormalidades
Anuros/genética
Brasil
Dano ao DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1601
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150518
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150518
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150510
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 36 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25923431
[Au] Autor:Tsukahara K; Sawada H; Kohno Y; Matsuura T; Mori IC; Terao T; Ioki M; Tamaoki M
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Environmental Biology and Ecosystem, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8506, Japan; Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8577, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Ozone-Induced Rice Grain Yield Loss Is Triggered via a Change in Panicle Morphology That Is Controlled by ABERRANT PANICLE ORGANIZATION 1 Gene.
[So] Source:PLoS One;10(4):e0123308, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Rice grain yield is predicted to decrease in the future because of an increase in tropospheric ozone concentration. However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Here, we investigated the responses to ozone of two rice (Oryza Sativa L.) cultivars, Sasanishiki and Habataki. Sasanishiki showed ozone-induced leaf injury, but no grain yield loss. By contrast, Habataki showed grain yield loss with minimal leaf injury. A QTL associated with grain yield loss caused by ozone was identified in Sasanishiki/Habataki chromosome segment substitution lines and included the ABERRANT PANICLE ORGANIZATION 1 (APO1) gene. The Habataki allele of the APO1 locus in a near-isogenic line also resulted in grain yield loss upon ozone exposure, suggesting APO1 involvement in ozone-induced yield loss. Only a few differences in the APO1 amino acid sequences were detected between the cultivars, but the APO1 transcript level was oppositely regulated by ozone exposure: i.e., it increased in Sasanishiki and decreased in Habataki. Interestingly, the levels of some phytohormones (jasmonic acid, jasmonoyl-L-isoleucine, and abscisic acid) known to be involved in attenuation of ozone-induced leaf injury tended to decrease in Sasanishiki but to increase in Habataki upon ozone exposure. These data indicate that ozone-induced grain yield loss in Habataki is caused by a reduction in the APO1 transcript level through an increase in the levels of phytohormones that reduce leaf damage.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Oryza/genética
Ozônio/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo
Alelos
Sequência de Aminoácidos
Ciclopentanos/metabolismo
Dados de Sequência Molecular
Oryza/química
Oryza/metabolismo
Oxilipinas/metabolismo
Perda de Ozônio
Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo
Proteínas de Plantas/análise
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Locos de Características Quantitativas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Cyclopentanes); 0 (Oxylipins); 0 (Plant Growth Regulators); 0 (Plant Proteins); 66H7ZZK23N (Ozone); 6RI5N05OWW (jasmonic acid); 72S9A8J5GW (Abscisic Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1601
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150430
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0123308


  9 / 36 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25745152
[Au] Autor:Maxwell SL; Milner-Gulland EJ; Jones JP; Knight AT; Bunnefeld N; Nuno A; Bal P; Earle S; Watson JE; Rhodes JR
[Ad] Endereço:ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, School of Geography, Planning, and Environmental Management, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. smaxwell@uq.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Environmental science. Being smart about SMART environmental targets.
[So] Source:Science;347(6226):1075-6, 2015 Mar 06.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biodiversidade
Consenso
Política Ambiental
Negociação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Aves
Mudança Climática
Conferências de Consenso como Assunto
Perda de Ozônio
Formulação de Políticas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1504
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150307
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.aaa1451


  10 / 36 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25706493
[Au] Autor:Ewart GW; Rom WN; Braman SS; Pinkerton KE
[Ad] Endereço:1 American Thoracic Society, Washington, DC.
[Ti] Título:From closing the atmospheric ozone hole to reducing climate change. Lessons learned.
[So] Source:Ann Am Thorac Soc;12(2):247-51, 2015 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:2325-6621
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Global warming presents U.S. and transnational leaders with enormous political and policy challenges. World leadership addressed a similar worldwide environmental challenge in the 1980s and 1990s when scientists advised that accelerating emission of man-made chlorofluorocarbons was depleting the ozone layer of the earth's atmosphere. The process that led to global agreement on reducing depletion of the ozone layer holds valuable lessons, and some ironies, for scientists and policy makers seeking now to address global climate change. By understanding the international treaty process, how science informed that process, and how the physician community played a constructive role in the transition away from commercial use of ozone-depleting gases three decades ago, environmental activists can better understand the challenges, opportunities, and potential solutions under current consideration in affecting global climate change.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Clorofluorcarbonetos/história
Mudança Climática
Cooperação Internacional
Nebulizadores e Vaporizadores/história
Perda de Ozônio/história
Pneumologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Efeito Estufa
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Chlorofluorocarbons)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1511
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150224
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150224
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1513/AnnalsATS.201411-537PS



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