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Pesquisa : H01.158.100 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 7962 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28741222
[Au] Autor:Momota R; Ohtsuka A
[Ad] Endereço:Human Morphology, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2-5-1, Shikata-cho, Kita, Okayama, 700-8558, Japan. momo@okayama-u.ac.jp.
[Ti] Título:Network of anatomical texts (NAnaTex), an open-source project for visualizing the interaction between anatomical terms.
[So] Source:Anat Sci Int;93(1):149-153, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1447-073X
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Anatomy is the science and art of understanding the structure of the body and its components in relation to the functions of the whole-body system. Medicine is based on a deep understanding of anatomy, but quite a few introductory-level learners are overwhelmed by the sheer amount of anatomical terminology that must be understood, so they regard anatomy as a dull and dense subject. To help them learn anatomical terms in a more contextual way, we started a new open-source project, the Network of Anatomical Texts (NAnaTex), which visualizes relationships of body components by integrating text-based anatomical information using Cytoscape, a network visualization software platform. Here, we present a network of bones and muscles produced from literature descriptions. As this network is primarily text-based and does not require any programming knowledge, it is easy to implement new functions or provide extra information by making changes to the original text files. To facilitate collaborations, we deposited the source code files for the network into the GitHub repository ( https://github.com/ryusukemomota/nanatex ) so that anybody can participate in the evolution of the network and use it for their own non-profit purposes. This project should help not only introductory-level learners but also professional medical practitioners, who could use it as a quick reference.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/educação
Software
Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine
Terminologia como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170726
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s12565-017-0410-1


  2 / 7962 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29283523
[Au] Autor:Zanchin G
[Ti] Título:Guest Editorial
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(1):3-5, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/história
Médicos/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bélgica
História do Século XVI
Seres Humanos
Itália
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; CONGRESSES; EDITORIAL; HISTORICAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Vesalius A
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 7962 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29283532
[Au] Autor:Pollier P
[Ti] Título:The Art of Vesalius: The continuing influence of "De Humani Corporis Fabrica" on Art.
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(1):125-32, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A search for the intimate relationship between art and science in the study of the human body inevitably leads to the beautiful pictures of Vesalius' Fabrica. Medical artists and scientific researchers alike discover the enhanced power of text and iconography in transmitting knowledge as well as beauty of expression. Pursuing this goal, a facial reconstruction was made of Vesalius' portrait in the Fabrica. Final proof of the correctness of this reconstruction will be given when Vesalius' s grave and remains may be found on the island of Zakynthos where Vesalius died and was buried. Meanwhile medical artists continue to give their vision on anatomy, the human body and its intangible soul.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/história
Corpo Humano
Ilustração Médica/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grécia
História do Século XVI
Itália
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Vesalius A
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 7962 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29283530
[Au] Autor:Dirix T
[Ti] Título:Andreas Vesalius and his hoaxes, con variazioni.
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(1):103-111, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Andreas Vesalius's popularity increases with every anniversary. The commemorations in 2014/2015, the quincentenary of his birth, were no exception and may mark the turning point in Vesalius research. Hoaxes surrounding the life and death of this famed anatomist, some of which have survived despite strong counter-evidence published some fifty, and even one hundred, years ago are finally dying out, while new myths are swiftly nipped in the bud thanks to today's speed of publication and communication.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomistas/história
Anatomia/história
Decepção
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bélgica
História do Século XVI
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Vesalius A
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 7962 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29283526
[Au] Autor:Viesca C; Mariblanca RR
[Ti] Título:Vesalius: His Presence in New Spain.
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(1):43-62, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this paper we present a review of Mexican medical literature in the 16th and 17th centuries, analyzing the presence of Vesalius anatomical contributions and the conservation of Galen teachings in the official circles. We start with the anecdotal identification of don Carlos, son of Philip II, with Gregorio López, a hermit living in New Spain in the second half of the 16th century, as a legendary possibility of being a celebrated patient of Vesalius. After a short review of the birth and early diffusion of Vesalius anatomy in Spain, we analyze the early anatomical and surgical books written and published in New Spain; those of Alonso López de Hinojosos (1578, 1595), Agustín Farfán (1592), Juan de Barrios (1607), Gerónimo Bezerra and Diego Osorio y Peralta (1685), identifying their acceptance or negation of the validity of Vesalius' discoveries and the tensions existing between those two intellectual positions. In the following pages we will present and discuss the nature, dimensions and impact of Vesalius' Fabrica knowledge in the medical thought of Colonial Mexico.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/história
Cirurgia Geral/história
Livros de Texto como Assunto/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Colonialismo
História do Século XVI
México
Espanha
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Vesalius A; Lopez G; Lopez de Hinojosos A; Farfan A; de Barrios J; Bezerra G; Osorio y Peralta D
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 7962 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29283525
[Au] Autor:Joffe SN; Buchanan V
[Ti] Título:Copies of Vesalius' De Humani Corporis Fabrica in the USA.
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(1):29-42, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of this study was to confirm the locations in the United States of America (USA) of the first (1543) and second edition (1555) of the De humani Corporis Fabrica authored by Andreas Vesalius. Contacts were made at institutions of higher learning, museums, libraries and an update of locations of previous studies in 1943 and 1984. A total of 64 copies of the 1543 Fabrica and 58 copies of the 1555 Fabrica were recorded in University and Institutional Libraries in the USA. Twenty-Six (54%) out of 48 locations having both editions. The majority of locations recorded by Cushing in 1943 and subsequently by Horowitz and Collins in 1984 are still in their original collections. Location and dual ownership in private collections were more difficult to locate.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/história
Propriedade
Livros de Texto como Assunto/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XVI
Seres Humanos
Bibliotecas
Museus
Propriedade/história
Universidades
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Vesalius A
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 7962 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27771339
[Au] Autor:Schulz C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anatomy, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton, United Kingdom; Eye Unit, Salisbury District Hospital, Salisbury, United Kingdom. Electronic address: chrisschulz@doctors.org.uk.
[Ti] Título:The Value of Clinical Practice in Cadaveric Dissection: Lessons Learned From a Course in Eye and Orbital Anatomy.
[So] Source:J Surg Educ;74(2):333-340, 2017 Mar - Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7452
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that there is greater benefit in a dissection-based anatomy course among those participants with clinical experience in the relevant field, and those without. DESIGN: A retrospective comparative study. SETTING: Brighton and Sussex Medical School Anatomy Department: an educational facility that provides undergraduate and postgraduate anatomy teaching using cadaveric specimens. PARTICIPANTS: All attendees (n = 40) to a postgraduate course in eye and orbital anatomy completed course evaluation forms. The course has been attended by delegates from around the country, with experience ranging from that of final year medical students to clinical fellows who have completed their specialist training in ophthalmology. RESULTS: Those participants who were practicing ophthalmology tended to be older than those who were not, with a greater amount of time spent on prior learning. Participants scored both the prosection-led and dissection-led sessions highly, with a mean combined evaluation of 8.9 (out of 10) for dissection-led learning and 9.2 for prosection-led learning. Prosection-led learning was regarded equally by those participants currently practicing in ophthalmology, and those who are not. In contrast, dissection-led learning was scored higher by those participants who were practicing ophthalmology (9.4), when compared with those not in ophthalmic practice (8.5; p = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: The present study supports the hypothesis that the benefits of cadaveric dissection could be maximized during postgraduate surgical training. This has important implications given the trend away from cadaveric dissection in the undergraduate curriculum.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/educação
Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos
Oftalmologia/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Cadáver
Dissecação/métodos
Olho/anatomia & histologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Órbita/anatomia & histologia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Faculdades de Medicina
Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 7962 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28961257
[Au] Autor:Kim EY; Park KH; Choi SJ; Chung WJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Radiology, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Educational value of pocket-sized ultrasound devices to improve understanding of ultrasound examination principles and sonographic anatomy for medical student.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0185031, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: Medical students must understand the principles of ultrasonography (US), because US examinations are an important component of patient care in clinical practice. Pocket-sized ultrasound devices have the benefits of accessibility and ease of use. The primary objective of the present study was to evaluate the educational value of these devices in terms of improving medical student interest and understanding of US and sonographic anatomy. METHODS: We added a US training program comprised of a self-study learning module and a hands-on training session to a two-week block curriculum of medical imaging for first year medical students (n = 40). Multiple pocket-sized US devices were used on a small-group basis during a single afternoon. Students were asked to complete a questionnaire before and after the US training session; these two questionnaires contained 6 and 10 questions, respectively, which were rated by students using a five-point Likert scale. In addition, understanding of sonographic anatomy was tested before and after the training program. RESULTS: Forty students completed the two questionnaires and the anatomy-related tests. Students found the program educationally valuable (4.37 ± 0.54 of 5) and reported that US practice was useful for improving their understanding of the principles of US examinations (4.23 ± 0.66 of 5) and sonographic anatomy (4.40 ± 0.55 of 5). Overall confidence at performing US examinations and understanding of sonographic anatomy were significantly increased after US training (increased overall confidence score, 1.87 ± 0.91 and improvement in sonographic anatomy score, 6.55 ± 1.55, p values < 0.001). CONCLUSION: US training using pocket-sized ultrasound devices was found to be educationally valuable for medical students in terms of improving understanding of US principles and familiarizing students with sonographic anatomy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/educação
Estudantes de Medicina
Ultrassonografia/instrumentação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171103
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171103
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170930
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185031


  9 / 7962 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28783226
[Au] Autor:Lippi D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Case study of Berengario da Carpi and Lorenzo de' Medici.
[So] Source:Br J Surg;104(10):1272, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1365-2168
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Jacopo Berengario da Carpi (c.1460-c.1530) made several important advances in anatomy, being universally considered the founder of 'animated anatomy' (anatomia animata). In addition to being a famous anatomist, Berengario was also a highly regarded surgeon. One of his famous clients was Lorenzo de' Medici, Duke of Urbino (1492-1519). In 1517, Lorenzo suffered a skull injury from an harquebus shot and Berengario was asked to come to his bedside. Lorenzo's case gave Berengario the opportunity to write his Tractatus de Fractura Calve sive Cranei, published in Bologna by Gerolamo Benedetti in 1518. Berengario addressed his treatise to Lorenzo himself. This illustrated monograph was the most original neurosurgical treatise at that time, as Berengario was able to cite both from contemporary information and from his own direct observation all possible kinds of skull fracture, including the relationship between the site of the lesions and the resulting neurological effects. At the end of the book, Berengario explained and illustrated the surgical equipment to be used in each case, depicting a drill previously unseen in a medical volume and providing the recipe for a human dressing, a kind of poultice made of mummified human remins, to be applied regularly to wounds. Lorenzo de' Medici died in 1519 and was buried in the Church of San Lorenzo in Florence. His corpse was exhumed in 1875 and 1947. The casts of his skull made on those occasions are now preserved in the museums of Florence University, and clearly show evidence of the wound. Read more about the stories behind this masterpiece in an essay online.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/história
Fraturas Cranianas/história
Livros de Texto como Assunto/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XV
História do Século XVI
Seres Humanos
Itália
Masculino
Crânio/anatomia & histologia
Crânio/cirurgia
Fraturas Cranianas/cirurgia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:da Carpi JB; de' Medici L
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170830
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170830
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170808
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/bjs.10512


  10 / 7962 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28692367
[Au] Autor:Ellis H
[Ad] Endereço:Emeritus Professor of Surgery, Guy's, King's and St Thomas' School of Biomedical Sciences, London SE1 1UL.
[Ti] Título:The deaths of the Alexander Monros, distinguished Scottish anatomists.
[So] Source:Br J Hosp Med (Lond);78(7):407, 2017 Jul 02.
[Is] ISSN:1750-8460
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XVIII
História do Século XIX
Escócia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Monro A; Monro A
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170711
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.12968/hmed.2017.78.7.407



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