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[PMID]:28631677
[Au] Autor:Magomedov MM; Andriayshkin DV; Magomedova MN; Zeinalova DF
[Ad] Endereço:N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, 117997.
[Ti] Título:[Topographical and anatomical localization of the lacrimal passages in the nasal cavity].
[Ti] Título:Topografoanatomicheskoe raspolozhenie slezootvodiashchikh putei v polosti nosa..
[So] Source:Vestn Otorinolaringol;82(3):31-33, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0042-4668
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The objective of the present work was to study topographical and anatomical relationships between the lacrimal passages and the walls of the nasal cavity from the standpoint of the rhinosurgeon. The materials for the study were obtained by examining 15 corpses. It was found out that in 91% of the cases, the natural ostium of the maxillary sinus is localized within 11.6 cm from the lacrimal tubercle. In 62% of the cases, the nasolacrimal passage opens in the region of the vault of the inferior nasal passage as an orifice roughly 0.8 mm in size displaced approximately 9.4 mm posteriorly from the edge of the inferior turbinated bone. In 21% of the cases, the ostium of the nasolacrimal passage approximately 2 mm in diameter is situated at the lateral wall of the inferior nasal passage, roughly 6.5 mm above the bottom of the nasal cavity. In 10% of the cases, the nasolacrimal passage opens at the inner surface of the inferior turbinated bone proper at a distance of about 3.4 mm from the site of its attachment. It is concluded that topographical and anatomical localization of the lacrimal passages is of primary importance in terms of endonasal endoscopic interventions on the lateral wall of the nasal cavity including the puncture of the maxillary sinus associated with the potentially high risk of the damage to the nasolacrimal passage and in a lesser extent to the lacrimal sac.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hidrodinâmica
Cavidade Nasal/anatomia & histologia
Ducto Nasolacrimal/anatomia & histologia
Lágrimas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anatomia Regional
Cadáver
Seres Humanos
Modelos Anatômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170927
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170927
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170621
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.17116/otorino201782331-33


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[PMID]:28631670
[Au] Autor:Yanov YK; Kuzovkov VE; Lilenko AS; Kostevich IV; Sugarova SB; Amonov AS
[Ad] Endereço:Sankt-Petersburg Research Institute of Ear, Throat and Nose Diseases, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Sankt-Petersburg, Russia, 190013.
[Ti] Título:[Topographic anatomy of the hook region and its significance for the choice of the surgical technique for the cochlear implantation].
[Ti] Título:Topograficheskaia anatomiia oblasti 'rybolovnogo kriuchka' i ee znachenie pri vybore khirurgicheskoi tekhniki kokhlearnoi implantatsii..
[So] Source:Vestn Otorinolaringol;82(3):4-8, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0042-4668
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The mode of the introduction of the active electrode of a cochlear implant into the cochlea remains a key issue as far as cochlear implantation is concerned. Especially much attention has recently been given to the relationship between the anatomical features of the basal region of the cochlea (the so-called 'fish hook') and the possibility to approach it. We have undertaken the attempt to optimize the approach to the tympanic canal (scala tympanica) of the cochlea with a view to reducing to a minimum the risk of an injury to the cochlear structures in the course of cochlear implantation. A total of 35 cadaveric temporal bones were examined to measure the fine structures of the hook region and evaluate the risk of their damages associated with various approaches to the tympanic canal.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cóclea
Implante Coclear
Perda Auditiva
Complicações Pós-Operatórias
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anatomia Regional/métodos
Cadáver
Cóclea/patologia
Cóclea/cirurgia
Implante Coclear/efeitos adversos
Implante Coclear/métodos
Perda Auditiva/etiologia
Perda Auditiva/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Modelos Anatômicos
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle
Osso Temporal/patologia
Osso Temporal/cirurgia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170927
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170927
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170621
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.17116/otorino20178234-8


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[PMID]:28631671
[Au] Autor:Matroskin AG; Rakhmanova IV; Dreval' AA; Kislyakov AN; Vladimirov AI
[Ad] Endereço:N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, 117997.
[Ti] Título:[The anatomical features of the middle ear exerting the influence on the formation of exudative otitis media in the breast-fed infants of different gestational age].
[Ti] Título:Anatomicheskie osobennosti srednego ukha, vliiaiushchie na formirovanie ékssudativnogo srednego otita u grudnykh detei razlichnogo gestatsionnogo vozrasta..
[So] Source:Vestn Otorinolaringol;82(3):9-13, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0042-4668
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The objective of the present study was to elucidate the anatomical features of the structure of the middle ear and eustachian tube in the breast-fed infants of different gestational age that may be responsible for the formation of exudates (fluids). We have examined 150 temporal bones obtained from the children's cadavers that were allocated to three groups as follows: 50 temporal bones obtained at weeks 26-30 weeks of gestation (group 1), 44 bones 31-36 weeks of gestation (group 2), and 37-40 weeks of gestation (full-term babies, group 3),The analysis of the data obtained on an individual bases revealed either increase or decreases in the selected characteristics of the eustachian tube in comparison with the respective average values as well as the well apparent predominance of a single change or a combination of alteration of several parameters in one case in 26-30 weeks and 31-36 weeks groups. No significant changes were found in group 1. It is concluded that the presence of a single change or a combination of two or three abnormal changes in the parameters of the bone structures of the eustachian tube can affect the development of the secretory process in the middle ear especially in the children born after 36 weeks of pregnancy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Orelha Média/anatomia & histologia
Tuba Auditiva/anatomia & histologia
Otite Média com Derrame
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise de Variância
Anatomia Regional/métodos
Feminino
Idade Gestacional
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Otite Média com Derrame/etiologia
Otite Média com Derrame/patologia
Valores de Referência
Osso Temporal/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170927
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170927
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170621
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.17116/otorino20178239-13


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[PMID]:28595848
[Au] Autor:Somogyvári Z; Érdi P
[Ad] Endereço:Wigner Research Centre for Physics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Department of Theory, Budapest, Hungary; National Institute of Clinical Neurosciences, Budapest, Hungary.
[Ti] Título:From phase transitions to the topological renaissance: Comment on "Topodynamics of metastable brains" by Arturo Tozzi et al.
[So] Source:Phys Life Rev;21:23-25, 2017 07.
[Is] ISSN:1873-1457
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Modelos Químicos
Transição de Fase
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Algoritmos
Anatomia Regional
Encéfalo
Simulação por Computador
Seres Humanos
Modelos Moleculares
Modelos Estatísticos
Dinâmica não Linear
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170610
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28333754
[Au] Autor:Hwang K; Choi JH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea Choi's Aesthetic Plastic Surgical Clinic, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Topographic Anatomy of the Inferior Medial Palpebral Artery and Its Relevance to the Pretarsal Roll Augmentation.
[So] Source:Plast Reconstr Surg;139(6):1366e-1368e, 2017 06.
[Is] ISSN:1529-4242
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia Regional
Pálpebras/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Artérias/anatomia & histologia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170811
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170811
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/PRS.0000000000003366


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[PMID]:28243781
[Au] Autor:Bonali M; Anschuetz L; Fermi M; Villari D; Mariani GA; Manzoli L; Caversaccio M; Presutti L
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital of Modena, Modena, Italy.
[Ti] Título:The variants of the retro- and hypotympanum: an endoscopic anatomical study.
[So] Source:Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol;274(5):2141-2148, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1434-4726
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The retro- and hypotympanum are hidden areas of the middle ear, only poorly recognized. Nevertheless, this region is of relevant clinical significance, since it is regularly affected by disease such as cholesteatoma. The aim of this study is to explore and describe the anatomical variants of the hypo- and retrotympanum by the means of transcanal endoscopy. We hypothesize a significant variability of this hidden region of the middle ear. Moreover, we believe that the minimal invasive, endoscopic access is suitable since angled scopes may be used to explore the region. To this end a total of 125 middle ears (83 cadaveric dissections, 42 surgical cases) were explored by the means of 3 mm straight and angled scopes. The variants were documented photographically and tabularized. The bony crests ponticulus, subiculum and finiculus were most frequently represented as ridges. The ponticulus showed the highest variability with 38% ridge, 35% bridge and 27% incomplete presentation. The subiculum was bridge-shaped only in 8% of the cases, the finiculus in 17%. The sinus tympani had a normal configuration in 66%. A subcochlear canaliculus was detectable in 50%. The retro- and hypotympanum were classified, respectively, to the present bony crests and sinus in a novel classification type I-IV. In conclusion, we found abundant variability of the bony structures in the retro- and hypotympanum. The endoscopic access is suitable and offers thorough understanding and panoramic views of these hidden areas.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Colesteatoma da Orelha Média
Orelha Média
Endoscopia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anatomia Regional/instrumentação
Anatomia Regional/métodos
Colesteatoma da Orelha Média/diagnóstico
Colesteatoma da Orelha Média/patologia
Colesteatoma da Orelha Média/cirurgia
Orelha Média/diagnóstico por imagem
Orelha Média/patologia
Endoscopia/instrumentação
Endoscopia/métodos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170928
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170928
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170301
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00405-017-4492-0


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[PMID]:27744536
[Au] Autor:Raikos A; English T; Yousif OK; Sandhu M; Stirling A
[Ad] Endereço:Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Gold Coast, QLD, 4229, Australia. a.raikos@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:Topographic anatomy of the great auricular point: landmarks for its localization and classification.
[So] Source:Surg Radiol Anat;39(5):535-540, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1279-8517
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: The great auricular point (GAP) marks the exit of the great auricular nerve at the posterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM). It is a key landmark for the identification of the spinal accessory nerve, and its intraoperative localization is vital to avoid neurological sequelae. This study delineates the topography and surface anatomy landmarks that used to localize the GAP. METHODS: Thirty cadaveric heminecks were dissected on a layer-by-layer approach. The topography of the GAP was examined relative to the insertion point of the SCM at the clavicle, tip of the mastoid process, and angle of the mandible. The GAP and its relation to the SCM were determined as a ratio of the total length of the SCM. RESULTS: The GAP was demonstrated to be in a predictable location. The mean length of the SCM was 131.4 ± 22 mm, and the mean distance between the GAP and the mastoid process was found to be 60.4 ± 13.76 mm. The ratio of the GAP location to the total SCM length ranged between 0.33-0.57. The mean distance between the angle of the mandible and the GAP was determined to be 57 ± 22.2 mm. Based on the midpoint of the SCM, the GAP was above it in 66.7 % of subjects and classified to Type A, and below it in 33.3 % of subjects appointed to Type B. CONCLUSIONS: The anatomical landmarks utilized in this study are helpful in predicting the location of the GAP relative to the midpoint of the SCM and can reduce neural injuries within the posterior triangle of the neck.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nervo Acessório/anatomia & histologia
Músculos do Pescoço/inervação
Pescoço/inervação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pontos de Referência Anatômicos
Anatomia Regional
Cadáver
Clavícula/inervação
Seres Humanos
Mandíbula/inervação
Processo Mastoide/inervação
Esvaziamento Cervical
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161017
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00276-016-1758-y


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[PMID]:27273896
[Au] Autor:Cui D; Wilson TD; Rockhold RW; Lehman MN; Lynch JC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Neurobiology and Anatomical Sciences, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of the effectiveness of 3D vascular stereoscopic models in anatomy instruction for first year medical students.
[So] Source:Anat Sci Educ;10(1):34-45, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1935-9780
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The head and neck region is one of the most complex areas featured in the medical gross anatomy curriculum. The effectiveness of using three-dimensional (3D) models to teach anatomy is a topic of much discussion in medical education research. However, the use of 3D stereoscopic models of the head and neck circulation in anatomy education has not been previously studied in detail. This study investigated whether 3D stereoscopic models created from computed tomographic angiography (CTA) data were efficacious teaching tools for the head and neck vascular anatomy. The test subjects were first year medical students at the University of Mississippi Medical Center. The assessment tools included: anatomy knowledge tests (prelearning session knowledge test and postlearning session knowledge test), mental rotation tests (spatial ability; presession MRT and postsession MRT), and a satisfaction survey. Results were analyzed using a Wilcoxon rank-sum test and linear regression analysis. A total of 39 first year medical students participated in the study. The results indicated that all students who were exposed to the stereoscopic 3D vascular models in 3D learning sessions increased their ability to correctly identify the head and neck vascular anatomy. Most importantly, for students with low-spatial ability, 3D learning sessions improved postsession knowledge scores to a level comparable to that demonstrated by students with high-spatial ability indicating that the use of 3D stereoscopic models may be particularly valuable to these students with low-spatial ability. Anat Sci Educ 10: 34-45. © 2016 American Association of Anatomists.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia Regional/educação
Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos
Cabeça/anatomia & histologia
Imagem Tridimensional
Modelos Anatômicos
Pescoço/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada
Currículo
Percepção de Profundidade
Avaliação Educacional/métodos
Feminino
Cabeça/irrigação sanguínea
Cabeça/diagnóstico por imagem
Seres Humanos
Aprendizagem
Masculino
Mississippi
Pescoço/irrigação sanguínea
Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem
Estudantes de Medicina
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170217
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170217
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160609
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ase.1626


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[PMID]:27105547
[Au] Autor:Mathur BS; Tan SS; Bhat FA; Rozen WM
[Ad] Endereço:St Andrew's Centre for Plastic Surgery and Burns, Room E322, Stock Ward, Level 3, Zone E, West Wing, Broomfield Hospital, Mid Essex Hospital Services NHS Trust, Chelmsford, Essex CM1 7ET, UK; Department of Plastic Surgery, PO Box 2897, Riyadh Medical Complex, Riyadh, 11196, Saudi Arabia.
[Ti] Título:The transverse lumbar perforator flap: An anatomic and clinical study.
[So] Source:J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg;69(6):770-776, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1878-0539
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lumbosacral defects are complex reconstructive problems requiring tension-free vascularised soft tissue reconstruction in patients who often have comorbidities. In an area prone to recurrent tissue breakdown, both free and islanded flaps risk complete failure. Cadaveric studies have demonstrated the consistency of lumbar perforators, yet ipsilateral lumbar perforator flaps have modest reconstructive potential owing to geometric limitations. An axial pattern lumbar perforator flap based on a contralateral lumbar perforator may surmount these problems; however, it has only been described in a small clinical and cadaveric study previously. METHODS: An anatomical study was performed in the consecutive patients undergoing computed tomographic angiography (CTA) of the trunk, assessing the presence and location of lumbar artery perforators. The use of midline or contralateral lumbar artery perforators in the lumbar perforator flap was assessed in the reconstruction of lumbosacral defects. RESULTS: A total of 102 patients with 102 lumbosacral defects have been managed with the use of contralaterally based transverse lumbar perforator flaps over a period of 20 years. In 96 patients, the defects requiring reconstruction followed debridement of a pressure ulcer, with seven cases following debridement of pilonidal sinuses and one following abdominoperineal resection. There were 65 men and 37 women, with a mean follow-up of 1.5 years. Necrosis of the tip of the flap occurred in 3%, with no cases of complete flap loss. Recurrence occurred in two cases (both sacral pressure sores). All recurrences and/or necrosis were managed with flap advancement or skin grafts. All the donor sites were closed directly. CONCLUSION: The contralateral-based transverse lumbar perforator flap is a simple, reliable, versatile and, in some cases, reusable choice in the management of lumbosacral defects. Flap dimensions of 24 × 15 cm can be based on one lumbar perforator.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desbridamento/efeitos adversos
Região Lombossacral
Retalho Perfurante/irrigação sanguínea
Complicações Pós-Operatórias
Lesão por Pressão/cirurgia
Transplante de Pele
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Anatomia Regional/métodos
Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos
Desbridamento/métodos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Região Lombossacral/patologia
Região Lombossacral/cirurgia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia
Lesão por Pressão/patologia
Recidiva
Transplante de Pele/efeitos adversos
Transplante de Pele/métodos
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170813
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170813
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160424
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27053511
[Au] Autor:Saghir N; Saghir R; Shahid S; Hachach-Haram N; Johal K; Sojitra N
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anatomy, Hodgkin Building, King's College London, Guy's Campus, London, SE5 8AF, UK. Electronic address: nsaghir1@sheffield.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:A unilateral variation in the flexor digitorum superficialis with two distinct muscle bellies and associated tendons to the ring finger.
[So] Source:J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg;69(6):869-870, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1878-0539
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dedos/patologia
Músculo Esquelético
Tendões/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anatomia Regional
Seres Humanos
Músculo Esquelético/anormalidades
Músculo Esquelético/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170813
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170813
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160408
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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