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  1 / 1122 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29216958
[Au] Autor:Guesmi F; Ben Hadj AS; Landoulsi A
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, University of Carthage, Zarzouna 7021, Tunisia.
[Ti] Título:Investigation of Extracts from Tunisian Ethnomedicinal Plants as Antioxidants, Cytotoxins, and Antimicrobials.
[So] Source:Biomed Environ Sci;30(11):811-824, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:0895-3988
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To determine the medicinal potential of various plants and their parts extracted with different solvents. METHODS: The total phenolic content of acetonitrile/water (60%-40%) (ACN/W) and aqueous (W) extract fractions was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and terpenic compounds were detected by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Antioxidant activity of the samples was evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay and ß-carotene bleaching method. Cell viability was investigated by thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol)-2-yl 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] (MTT) assay. The mechanisms involved in cytotoxic activity were investigated in a murine macrophage cell line (RAW 264.7) and cancer lines. RESULTS: Our findings show that 11 plant species exhibited biological activity. In addition, moderate antibacterial activity was reported against one or more of the tested bacterial strains at two concentrations: 300 µg and 3 mg/disc. Furthermore, our data reveal that among all plants investigated, some extract and hydrophobic fractions were potent scavengers of the DPPH radical (6.78 µg/mL < EC50 < 8.55 µg/mL). Taken together, our results show that Nerium oleander (NOACN/W) and Pituranthos tortuosus (PTACN/W) were highly cytotoxic against RAW 264.7 cells with IC80 values of 0.36, and 1.55 µg/mL, respectively. In contrast, murine macrophage cell lines had low growth and were significantly sensitive to water extracts of Thymus hirtus sp. algeriensis (THW), Lavandula multifida (LMW), and ACN/W extract of Erica multiflora (EMACN/W) at doses > 400, 47.20, and 116.74 µg/mL, respectively. The current work demonstrates that RAW 264.7 cell proliferation was inhibited by samples in a dose-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: Our findings, validated through free radical scavenging activity, agar diffusion assay, and cytotoxicity of essential oils towards cancer cells, show that ethnomedicinal plants used in this work have a novel application as a tumor suppressor.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia
Citotoxinas/farmacologia
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Plantas Medicinais/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antibacterianos/química
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química
Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos
Compostos de Bifenilo
Linhagem Celular
Citotoxinas/química
Etnobotânica
Camundongos
Estrutura Molecular
Fenóis/química
Fenóis/farmacologia
Picratos
Extratos Vegetais/química
Terpenos/química
Terpenos/farmacologia
Tunísia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic); 0 (Biphenyl Compounds); 0 (Cytotoxins); 0 (Phenols); 0 (Picrates); 0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (Terpenes); DFD3H4VGDH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3967/bes2017.109


  2 / 1122 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29182637
[Au] Autor:Conde BE; Ticktin T; Fonseca AS; Macedo AL; Orsi TO; Chedier LM; Rodrigues E; Pimenta DS
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Botânica, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Local ecological knowledge and its relationship with biodiversity conservation among two Quilombola groups living in the Atlantic Rainforest, Brazil.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(11):e0187599, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Information on the knowledge, uses, and abundance of natural resources in local communities can provide insight on conservation status and conservation strategies in these locations. The aim of this research was to evaluate the uses, knowledge and conservation status of plants in two Quilombolas (descendants of slaves of African origin) communities in the Atlantic rainforest of Brazil, São Sebastião da Boa Vista (SSBV) and São Bento (SB). We used a combination of ethnobotanical and ecological survey methods to ask: 1) What ethnobotanical knowledge do the communities hold? 2) What native species are most valuable to them? 3) What is the conservation status of the native species used? Thirteen local experts described the names and uses of 212 species in SSBV (105 native species) and 221 in SB (96 native species). Shannon Wiener diversity and Pielou's Equitability indices of ethnobotanical knowledge of species were very high (5.27/0.96 and 5.28/0.96, respectively). Species with the highest cultural significance and use-value indexes in SSBV were Dalbergia hortensis (26/2.14), Eremanthus erythropappus (6.88/1), and Tibouchina granulosa (6.02/1); while Piptadenia gonoacantha (3.32/1), Sparattosperma leucanthum (3.32/1) and Cecropia glaziovii (3.32/0.67) were the highest in SB. Thirty-three native species ranked in the highest conservation priority category at SSBV and 31 at SB. D. hortensis was noteworthy because of its extremely high cultural importance at SSBV, and its categorization as a conservation priority in both communities. This information can be used towards generating sustainable use and conservation plans that are appropriate for the local communities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biodiversidade
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Ecologia
Grupos Étnicos
Etnobotânica
Floresta Úmida
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Seres Humanos
Plantas Medicinais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0187599


  3 / 1122 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28953960
[Au] Autor:Medeiros PM; Ferreira Júnior WS; Ramos MA; Silva TCD; Ladio AH; Albuquerque UP
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Biocultural Ecology, Conservation and Evolution (LECEB). Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Alagoas, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Why do people use exotic plants in their local medical systems? A systematic review based on Brazilian local communities.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0185358, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Efforts have been made to understand the processes that lead to the introduction of exotic species into local pharmacopoeias. Among those efforts, the diversification hypothesis predicts that exotic plants are introduced in local medical systems to amplify the repertoire of knowledge related to the treatment of diseases, filling blanks that were not occupied by native species. Based on such hypothesis, this study aimed to contribute to this discussion using the context of local Brazilian populations. We performed a systematic review of Brazilian studies up to 2011 involving medicinal plants, excluding those studies that presented a high risk of bias (because of sampling or plant identification problems). An analysis of similarities (ANOSIM) was conducted in different scales to test for differences in the repertoire of therapeutic indications treated using native and exotic species. We have found that although there is some overlap between native and exotic plants regarding their therapeutic indications and the body systems (BSs) that they treat, there are clear gaps present, that is, there are therapeutic indications and BSs treated that are exclusive to exotic species. This scenario enables the postulation of two alternative unfoldings of the diversification hypothesis, namely, (1) exotic species are initially introduced to fill gaps and undergo subsequent expansion of their use for medical purposes already addressed using native species and (2) exotic species are initially introduced to address problems already addressed using native species to diversify the repertoire of medicinal plants and to increase the resilience of medical systems. The reasons why exotic species may have a competitive advantage over the native ones, the implications of the introduction of exotic species for the resilience of medical systems, and the contexts in which autochthonous plants can gain strength to remain in pharmacopoeias are also discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Espécies Introduzidas
Plantas Medicinais/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Etnobotânica
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170928
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185358


  4 / 1122 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28886104
[Au] Autor:Hart G; Gaoue OG; de la Torre L; Navarrete H; Muriel P; Macía MJ; Balslev H; León-Yánez S; Jørgensen P; Duffy DC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Botany, University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawai'i, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Availability, diversification and versatility explain human selection of introduced plants in Ecuadorian traditional medicine.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0184369, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Globally, a majority of people use plants as a primary source of healthcare and introduced plants are increasingly discussed as medicine. Protecting this resource for human health depends upon understanding which plants are used and how use patterns will change over time. The increasing use of introduced plants in local pharmacopoeia has been explained by their greater abundance or accessibility (availability hypothesis), their ability to cure medical conditions that are not treated by native plants (diversification hypothesis), or as a result of the introduced plants' having many different simultaneous roles (versatility hypothesis). In order to describe the role of introduced plants in Ecuador, and to test these three hypotheses, we asked if introduced plants are over-represented in the Ecuadorian pharmacopoeia, and if their use as medicine is best explained by the introduced plants' greater availability, different therapeutic applications, or greater number of use categories. Drawing on 44,585 plant-use entries, and the checklist of >17,000 species found in Ecuador, we used multi-model inference to test if more introduced plants are used as medicines in Ecuador than expected by chance, and examine the support for each of the three hypotheses above. We find nuanced support for all hypotheses. More introduced plants are utilized than would be expected by chance, which can be explained by geographic distribution, their strong association with cultivation, diversification (except with regard to introduced diseases), and therapeutic versatility, but not versatility of use categories. Introduced plants make a disproportionately high contribution to plant medicine in Ecuador. The strong association of cultivation with introduced medicinal plant use highlights the importance of the maintenance of human-mediated environments such as homegardens and agroforests for the provisioning of healthcare services.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina Tradicional
Plantas Medicinais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bases de Dados Factuais
Equador
Etnobotânica
Seres Humanos
Fitoterapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170909
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184369


  5 / 1122 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28573243
[Au] Autor:Ndhlovu DN; Masika PJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Livestock and Pasture Science, University of Fort Hare, P. Bag X 1314, Alice, 5700 RSA, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, MP 167 Mount Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe.
[Ti] Título:IN VITRO EFFICACY OF EXTRACTS FROM PLANTS USED BY SMALL-HOLDER FARMERS IN THE TREATMENT OF DERMATOPHILOSIS IN CATTLE.
[So] Source:Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med;14(2):263-272, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:2505-0044
[Cp] País de publicação:Nigeria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Bovine dermatophilosis, an important skin disease of cattle caused by , negatively impacts the livelihoods of small-holder farmers in Zimbabwe. This impact is through, morbidity, loss of draught animal power, costs incurred to manage the disease, losses associated with devalued damaged hides and the resultant culling of some of the affected cattle. Due to the inaccessibility of conventional drugs to manage bovine dermatophilosis, farmers have been reported to use local medicinal plants to manage the disease. The aim of the study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activities of three plants that small-holder farmers in Zimbabwe used to manage bovine dermatophilosis. METHODS: Dried plant materials were ground into powder and extracted individually using, water, 80 % acetone and 80 % methanol. The antimicrobial properties of the plants were evaluated against two Gram-negative and and one Gram-positive reference bacterial strains. They were further evaluated against a field isolate of . The assays used were the disc diffusion, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC). RESULTS: Acetone and methanol extracts had superior inhibitory activities than did those of water. DC extracts had better inhibitory properties with absolute MIC values of 0.156 - 5 mg/ml, L had MIC values in the range 0.156 - 5 mg/ml while that of Thunb, Terveng was 0.156 - 10 mg/ml. was more sensitive to DC average MIC = 0.63 mg/ml than to L average MIC = 1.25 mg/ml and Thunb, Terveng average MIC = 2.08 mg/ml. CONCLUSION: These results suggest the potential antibacterial activities of extracts of the three plants and hence farmers are, in a way, justified in using the plants. Better results (lower MIC) could be obtained by extracting and evaluating pure active compounds of the plants.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Actinobacteria/efeitos dos fármacos
Doenças dos Bovinos/microbiologia
Cissus
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Pterocarpus
Rubiaceae
Dermatopatias/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Actinobacteria/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Criação de Animais Domésticos
Animais
Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/tratamento farmacológico
Etnobotânica
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
Plantas Medicinais
Dermatopatias/tratamento farmacológico
Dermatopatias/veterinária
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170816
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170816
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170603
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.21010/ajtcam.v14i2.28


  6 / 1122 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28573238
[Au] Autor:Maroyi A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Botany, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:KIRKIA ACUMINATA OLIV.: A REVIEW OF ITS ETHNOBOTANY AND PHARMACOLOGY.
[So] Source:Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med;14(2):217-226, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:2505-0044
[Cp] País de publicação:Nigeria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Local communities in sub-Saharan Africa have a long history of medicinal plant usage. Like in other parts of the developing world, rural and urban communities are still dependent on herbal medicines for primary health care, and the use of herbal medicines is still an integral part of their daily life and socio-cultural life style. The objective of this paper is to summarise information on the ethnobotany and pharmacology of Oliv. throughout its distributional range. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The information documented in this article is derived from books, theses, scientific journals and reports obtained from library collections, Scopus, Pubmed, MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Google Scholar and Science Direct. RESULTS: is the most known and widely distributed species in the genus and is one of the most popular and promising plant resources due to its several beneficial uses. is used to treat abdominal pains, backache, cholera, constipation, cough, diarrhea, dysentery, snake bites, toothache and wounds. Other applications include its use as charcoal; hedge, ornamental or shade; stock feed, timber and source of water during drought periods. Preliminary phytochemical assessment of roots and stem bark of showed presence of lignans, neo-lignans, nor-carotinoids and other compounds. The extracts of exhibited antibacterial and antimycobacterial activities. These phytochemical compounds may be responsible for the medicinal uses and biological activities demonstrated by . CONCLUSION: Detailed research is required aimed at exploring mode of action of bioactive compounds of that are responsible for the documented pharmacological effects. is an important plant species that has potential to contribute to the primary health care and livelihood improvement of local communities in the geographical areas where it is indigenous and found in abundance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Etnobotânica
Etnofarmacologia
Magnoliopsida/química
Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
Fitoterapia
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Plantas Medicinais/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Seres Humanos
Medicina Tradicional Africana
Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (Phytochemicals); 0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170603
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.21010/ajtcam.v14i2.23


  7 / 1122 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28486830
[Au] Autor:Dianita R; Jantan I
[Ad] Endereço:a Drug and Herbal Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy , Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia.
[Ti] Título:Ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological aspects of the genus Premna: a review.
[So] Source:Pharm Biol;55(1):1715-1739, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1744-5116
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:CONTEXT: The genus Premna (Lamiaceae), distributed throughout tropical and subtropical Asia, Africa, Australia and the Pacific Islands, is used in folk medicine primarily to treat inflammation, immune-related diseases, stomach disorders, wound healing, and skin diseases. OBJECTIVES: This review exhaustively gathers available information on ethnopharmacological uses, phytochemistry, and bioactivity studies on more than 20 species of Premna and critically analyzes the reports to provide the perspectives and directions for future research for the plants as potential source of drug leads and pharmaceutical agents. METHODS: A literature search was performed on Premna species based on books of herbal medicine, major scientific databases including Chemical Abstract, Pubmed, SciFinder, Springerlink, Science Direct, Scopus, the Web of Science, Google Scholar, and ethnobotanical databases. RESULTS: More than 250 compounds have been isolated and identified from Premna species, comprising of diterpenoids, iridoid glycosides, and flavonoids as the most common secondary metabolites, followed by sesquiterpenes, lignans, phenylethanoids, megastigmanes, glyceroglycolipids, and ceramides. Many in vitro and in vivo studies have been conducted to evaluate the biological and pharmacological properties of the extracts, and isolated compounds of Premna species with antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antihyperglycaemia, and cytotoxic activities. CONCLUSION: The bioactive compounds responsible for the bioactivities of most plants have not been well identified as the reported in vivo pharmacological studies were mostly carried out on the crude extracts. The isolated bioactive components should also be further subjected to more preclinical studies and elaborate toxicity study before clinical trials can be pursued.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Etnofarmacologia
Lamiaceae/química
Preparações de Plantas/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Etnobotânica
Seres Humanos
Medicina Tradicional/métodos
Fitoterapia/métodos
Preparações de Plantas/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Preparations)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170511
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/13880209.2017.1323225


  8 / 1122 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28480429
[Au] Autor:Selmani C; Chabane D; Bouguedoura N
[Ad] Endereço:Research Laboratory of Arid Areas (LRZA). Faculty of Biological Sciences. University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene (USTHB). PO Box, 32 El Alia Bab-Ezzouar, 16111, Algiers, Algeria.
[Ti] Título:ETHNOBOTANICAL SURVEY OF L. POLLEN USED FOR THE TREATMENT OF INFERTILITY PROBLEMS IN ALGERIAN OASES.
[So] Source:Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med;14(3):175-186, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:2505-0044
[Cp] País de publicação:Nigeria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The L. (date palm) is known for its traditional medicinal properties across the history of native population in Algerian Sahara. There is a large trend of consumption of date palm pollen preparations in many human infertility cases in our country. However, the validity has not been scientifically tested. There has been no direct scientific research on this application. This study was undertaken to identify cultivars with greater potential in the traditional medicine uses. To evaluate the effects of date palm pollen on some sexual behavioural parameters of male adult rats, we tested the role of pollen powder from Deglet Nour cultivar on some male reproductive parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An Ethnobotanical survey was conducted in 17 oases in southern Algeria to identify all cultivars with medicinal interest. Local people were interviewed with open questions. A questionnaire and personal interviews for data collection were designed to record important cultivars, parts used and preparations. To determine the active constituents of date palm pollen used in traditional medicine, a phytochemical screening was performed. The effects of oral administration of date palm pollen suspension on male adult rats were investigated on body and testicle weights, serum testosterone level. RESULTS: 131 prominent cultivars were found within 12 cultivars containing various parts with medicinal effects. Some primary and secondary metabolites were detected by phytochemical screening. The pollen increased the weight of the body, testicles and enhanced the serum testosterone level of male rats treated. CONCLUSION: The present survey has provided the identification and recognition of date palm cultivars used in traditional Saharan medicine. Date palm pollen could improve sexual activities in male infertility cases and may be attempted to derive drugs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infertilidade Masculina/tratamento farmacológico
Medicina Tradicional Africana/métodos
Phoeniceae/química
Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
Pólen/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Argélia
Animais
Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos
Etnobotânica
Infertilidade Masculina/sangue
Masculino
Ratos
Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos
Testosterona/sangue
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Phytochemicals); 3XMK78S47O (Testosterone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170815
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170815
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170509
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.21010/ajtcam.v14i3.19


  9 / 1122 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28480398
[Au] Autor:Gbekley HE; Katawa G; Karou SD; Anani S; Tchadjobo T; Ameyapoh Y; Batawila K; Simpore J
[Ad] Endereço:Ecole Supérieure des Techniques Biologiques et Alimentaires (ESTBA-UL), Université de Lomé, Togo.
[Ti] Título:ETHNOBOTANICAL STUDY OF PLANTS USED TO TREAT ASTHMA IN THE MARITIME REGION IN TOGO.
[So] Source:Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med;14(1):196-212, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:2505-0044
[Cp] País de publicação:Nigeria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in modern society and it is evident that its incidence and severity are increasing, however very little is known about the plants used in the management of the disease. This study therefore aimed to document the plants usage in the Togolese traditional medicine to treat asthma. METHODOLOGY: From January to June 2015, an ethnobotanical survey was conducted using a semi-structured questionnaire with traditional healers (THs) in the southern region of Togo. The importance of the plants species was assessed by the calculated use values. RESULTS: In Total, 121 THs (92 males and 29 females) were interviewed and 98 plants species belonging to 54 families were identified as curing asthma. The most represented families were: Leguminosae with 7 species followed by Euphorbiaceae and Rutaceae contributing with 6 and 5 species respectively. Based on the calculated use values the most important species were L., L., Dehnh., Thonn., Hook., Labill. and L. The leaves and the root were the parts predominantly used to prepare the formulations, mainly decoctions, administrated by oral route. Clinical manifestations such as wheezing (91.74%), difficulty as speaking or coughing (73.55%), dyspnea (66.94%), dry cough (52.89%), sweating and increased heart rate (52.07%) were used by TH to diagnose the disease. CONCLUSION: This study showed initial evidence of the use of plant materials by Togolese TH to heal asthma. These results could be a starting point for laboratory screenings.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Asma/tratamento farmacológico
Medicina Tradicional Africana/instrumentação
Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem
Plantas Medicinais/química
Terapias Espirituais/instrumentação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Asma/diagnóstico
Etnobotânica
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Medicina Tradicional Africana/métodos
Meia-Idade
Fitoterapia
Extratos Vegetais/química
Terapias Espirituais/recursos humanos
Terapias Espirituais/métodos
Togo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170626
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170626
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170509
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.21010/ajtcam.v14i1.22


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[PMID]:28414735
[Au] Autor:Zank S; Hanazaki N
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Human Ecology and Ethnobotany, Department of Ecology and Zoology, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Trindade, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:The coexistence of traditional medicine and biomedicine: A study with local health experts in two Brazilian regions.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(4):e0174731, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study investigated the combined use of traditional medicine and biomedicine by local experts in Chapada do Araripe communities (Ceará State) and maroon communities (Santa Catarina State), Brazil. The objective was to understand the perception of local health specialists regarding the number of healers, demand for healers and use of medicinal plants, and the dependence of different environments to obtain such plants. We also aimed to understand the role of medicinal plants to treat different categories of diseases and if there is a complementary use of medicinal plants and allopathic biomedicine, according to the context of each group. The research was conducted with local health specialists that answered structured interviews, created free lists and participated in guided tours to collect cited plants. Sixty-six local health specialists were identified in the Araripe communities and 22 specialists in the maroon communities. In the maroon communities, a greater number of specialists thought there was a decrease in the number and demand for healers, as well as the use of medicinal plants, due to changes in traditional livelihoods, since they are located in a region where the effects of the modernization were more intense. In the Chapada do Araripe communities the specialists knew more plants extracted from native vegetation, whereas in the maroon communities cultivated plants were better known, which may reflect the environmental conditions and the history of each region. Medicinal plants are preferred to treat simpler health problems that do not require medical care, such as gastrointestinal problems, general pain, flues and colds. The biomedicine is used principally for problems with blood pressure, general pains and endocrine and nutritional diseases. Even with the particularities of each region, in general the use of medicinal plants and biomedicines occurred in a complementary form in both regions; however, this coexistence may result from these different contexts. This study also found that there was knowledge and appreciation for traditional health practices in both regions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Medicina Tradicional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Terapias Complementares
Etnobotânica
Seres Humanos
Fitoterapia
Plantas Medicinais
Serviços de Saúde Rural
População Rural
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170509
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170509
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170418
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0174731



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