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[PMID]:29283536
[Au] Autor:Drouin AS; Drouin E; Pereon Y
[Ti] Título:Did Jean François Barbe Anticipate Charles Darwin?
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(2):24-29, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species in 1859 is widely suppose to have initiated a revolution in science. In 1837, he broke with dogmatic fixism and argued that the adaptation of populations to their local environment was the cause of transmutation. Some contributors helped him start his reasoning: he indeed expressed his indebtedness to Samuel Rowley for having called his attention to Charles Wells' notions of natural selection. Darwin was certainly not the first to suggest the idea of evolution as an alternative to the creation of species by God. We report on a medical thesis published in 1837 being concluded by an unexpected and important statement related to the appearance of mammals on Earth. It remained unknown but it constitutes a link between the transformative thought of Lamarck and Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, and Darwin's work.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Biológica
Biologia/história
Seleção Genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: França
História do Século XIX
História Natural/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Barbe J
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 731 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28902889
[Au] Autor:Waeber PO; Gardner CJ; Lourenço WR; Wilmé L
[Ad] Endereço:ETH Zurich, Department of ITES, Forest Management and Development (ForDev) Group, Universitätstrasse 16, Zurich, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:On specimen killing in the era of conservation crisis - A quantitative case for modernizing taxonomy and biodiversity inventories.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0183903, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND TO THE WORK: For centuries taxonomy has relied on dead animal specimens, a practice that persists today despite the emergence of innovative biodiversity assessment methods. Taxonomists and conservationists are engaged in vigorous discussions over the necessity of killing animals for specimen sampling, but quantitative data on taxonomic trends and specimen sampling over time, which could inform these debates, are lacking. METHODS: We interrogated a long-term research database documenting 2,723 land vertebrate and 419 invertebrate taxa from Madagascar, and their associated specimens conserved in the major natural history museums. We further compared specimen collection and species description rates for the birds, mammals and scorpions over the last two centuries, to identify trends and links to taxon descriptions. RESULTS: We located 15,364 specimens documenting endemic mammals and 11,666 specimens documenting endemic birds collected between 1820 and 2010. Most specimens were collected at the time of the Mission Zoologique Franco-Anglo-Américaine (MZFAA) in the 1930s and during the last two decades, with major differences according to the groups considered. The small mammal and bat collections date primarily from recent years, and are paralleled by the description of new species. Lemur specimens were collected during the MZFAA but the descriptions of new taxa are recent, with the type series limited to non-killed specimens. Bird specimens, particularly of non-passerines, are mainly from the time of the MZFAA. The passerines have also been intensely collected during the last two decades; the new material has been used to solve the phylogeny of the groups and only two new endemic taxa of passerine birds have been described over the last two decades. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that specimen collection has been critical for advancing our understanding of the taxonomy of Madagascar's biodiversity at the onset of zoological work in Madagascar, but less so in recent decades. It is crucial to look for alternatives to avoid killing animals in the name of documenting life, and encourage all efforts to share the information attached to historical and recent collections held in natural history museums. In times of conservation crisis and the advancement in digital technologies and open source sharing, it seems obsolete to kill animals in well-known taxonomic groups for the sake of enriching natural history collections around the world.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biodiversidade
Classificação/métodos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/tendências
Mudança Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Aves/classificação
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
Madagáscar
Mamíferos/classificação
Museus
História Natural/ética
História Natural/tendências
Filogenia
Preservação Biológica/ética
Vertebrados/classificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170914
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0183903


  3 / 731 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28610311
[Au] Autor:Garrouste R
[Ad] Endereço:ISYEB, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France.. garroust@mnhn.fr.
[Ti] Título:The "wild shot": photography for more biology in natural history collections, not for replacing vouchers.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4269(4):453-454, 2017 05 24.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Recently a correspondence in Zootaxa (Ceríaco et al., 2016) with more than 450 signatories including taxonomists, curators and other taxonomy users from all continents has received wide attention and has stimulated extensive discussion (a true buzz) around the possible interpretations of the Code (ICZN) about photography in taxonomy (Researchgate website link). This short note was necessary to recall the necessity of preserved specimens as vouchers for taxonomy, in response to photography-based taxonomy (PBT) as defended by Pape et al. (2016), and in a broad sense, for all the life sciences. This had been widely discussed and argued by Dubois & Nemésio (2007) who concluded on the importance of vouchers in taxonomy. But if the subject of these papers and discussions are about photography as the only way to document a new species, none of them discussed really what photography could represent in enhancing knowledge in natural sciences based on collections of specimens including type series and in association with other media (video and sound).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: História Natural
Fotografia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Biologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170810
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170810
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4269.4.2


  4 / 731 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28610023
[Au] Autor:Salvador A; Pickering J
[Ad] Endereço:Curator of Marine Mollusca, Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, United Kingdom.. a.salvador@nhm.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Type catalogue of Terebridae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Conoidea) in the Natural History Museum, London, U.K.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4250(2):101-142, 2017 Apr 04.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The type collection of Terebridae in the Natural History Museum consists of 248 lots. In order to clarify the type status of this material, an annotated alphabetic list by species is provided. The format includes the original citation for each species, type locality, collector, label data, registration number, number of specimens, type status and remarks. Due to the actions of previous workers, fixation of lectotype by inference of holotype is given for 168 species. A bibliography of relevant publications is also provided.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gastrópodes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Londres
Museus
História Natural
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4250.2.1


  5 / 731 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28593962
[Au] Autor:Bornhorst TJ; Poulsen CJ; Ewing RC
[Ad] Endereço:A. E. Seaman Mineral Museum, Michigan Tech, Houghton, USA.
[Ti] Título:Minerals: A rescue package for imperilled collection.
[So] Source:Nature;546(7657):210, 2017 06 07.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Minerais
História Natural
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Museus
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Minerals)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170929
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170929
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170609
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/546210b


  6 / 731 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28406223
[Ti] Título:Natural-history collections face fight for survival.
[So] Source:Nature;544(7649):137-138, 2017 04 07.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Museus/tendências
História Natural/organização & administração
História Natural/tendências
Universidades
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Louisiana
Museus/economia
Museus/organização & administração
História Natural/economia
Universidades/economia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170414
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/544137b


  7 / 731 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28264348
[Au] Autor:Boström S; Holovachov O
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Box 50007, SE-10405 Stockholm, Sweden. user@example.com.
[Ti] Título:The Swedish marine nematologist Carl Allgén (1886-1960): a bio-bibliography and his collection.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4232(4):zootaxa.4232.4.1, 2017 Feb 20.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Swedish marine nematologist Carl Allgén (1886-1960) published 185 scientific papers on parasitic, terrestrial, limnic and especially marine nematodes between 1921 and 1960. Among them are also some papers on species of suctorians found mostly on desmodorid nematodes. He described about 70 new genera and over 800 new species and subspecies of nematodes. Allgén left a large collection of nematodes to the Swedish Museum of Natural History in Stockholm and it is now deposited in the invertebrate collection of the Zoology department. The collection comprises about 4500 slides in total, with about 310 slides containing type specimens collected from the Arctic to Antarctica. Allgén's publications have to a large extent been ignored by scientists working on marine nematodes, likely because of the poor quality of many of his species descriptions. The authors want to remind the scientific community about the existence of Allgén's collection, its availability for study and its importance for nematode taxonomy and systematics. A complete list of Allgén's publications, a list of all species described by him, and a list of type material available is presented.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Zoologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Regiões Árticas
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História Natural
Nematoides
Suécia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIBLIOGRAPHY; BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Allgen C
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170810
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170810
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170308
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4232.4.1


  8 / 731 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28235093
[Au] Autor:Armstrong CG; Shoemaker AC; McKechnie I; Ekblom A; Szabó P; Lane PJ; McAlvay AC; Boles OJ; Walshaw S; Petek N; Gibbons KS; Quintana Morales E; Anderson EN; Ibragimow A; Podruczny G; Vamosi JC; Marks-Block T; LeCompte JK; Awâsis S; Nabess C; Sinclair P; Crumley CL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Anthropological contributions to historical ecology: 50 questions, infinite prospects.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(2):e0171883, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper presents the results of a consensus-driven process identifying 50 priority research questions for historical ecology obtained through crowdsourcing, literature reviews, and in-person workshopping. A deliberative approach was designed to maximize discussion and debate with defined outcomes. Two in-person workshops (in Sweden and Canada) over the course of two years and online discussions were peer facilitated to define specific key questions for historical ecology from anthropological and archaeological perspectives. The aim of this research is to showcase the variety of questions that reflect the broad scope for historical-ecological research trajectories across scientific disciplines. Historical ecology encompasses research concerned with decadal, centennial, and millennial human-environmental interactions, and the consequences that those relationships have in the formation of contemporary landscapes. Six interrelated themes arose from our consensus-building workshop model: (1) climate and environmental change and variability; (2) multi-scalar, multi-disciplinary; (3) biodiversity and community ecology; (4) resource and environmental management and governance; (5) methods and applications; and (6) communication and policy. The 50 questions represented by these themes highlight meaningful trends in historical ecology that distill the field down to three explicit findings. First, historical ecology is fundamentally an applied research program. Second, this program seeks to understand long-term human-environment interactions with a focus on avoiding, mitigating, and reversing adverse ecological effects. Third, historical ecology is part of convergent trends toward transdisciplinary research science, which erodes scientific boundaries between the cultural and natural.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropologia Cultural/tendências
Ecologia/tendências
História Natural/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Cultural/história
Biodiversidade
Canadá
Ecologia/história
Ecossistema
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
História Antiga
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Projetos de Pesquisa
Suécia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170225
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0171883


  9 / 731 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28205285
[Au] Autor:Iorio A; Barbara AM; Makris M; Fischer K; Castaman G; Catarino C; Gilman E; Kavakli K; Lambert T; Lassila R; Lissitchkov T; Mauser-Bunschoten E; Mingot-Castellano ME; Ozdemir N; Pabinger I; Parra R; Pasi J; Peerlinck K; Rauch A; Roussel-Robert V; Serban M; Tagliaferri A; Windyga J; Zanon E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostastics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Natural history and clinical characteristics of inhibitors in previously treated haemophilia A patients: a case series.
[So] Source:Haemophilia;23(2):255-263, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1365-2516
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Development of inhibitors is the most serious complication in haemophilia A treatment. The assessment of risk for inhibitor formation in new or modified factor concentrates is traditionally performed in previously treated patients (PTPs). However, evidence on risk factors for and natural history of inhibitors has been generated mostly in previously untreated patients (PUPs). The purpose of this study was to examine cases of de novo inhibitors in PTPs reported in the scientific literature and to the EUropean HAemophilia Safety Surveillance (EUHASS) programme, and explore determinants and course of inhibitor development. METHODS: We used a case series study design and developed a case report form to collect patient level data; including detection, inhibitor course, treatment, factor VIII products used and events that may trigger inhibitor development (surgery, vaccination, immune disorders, malignancy, product switch). RESULTS: We identified 19 publications that reported 38 inhibitor cases and 45 cases from 31 EUHASS centres. Individual patient data were collected for 55/83 (66%) inhibitor cases out of 12 330 patients. The median (range) peak inhibitor titre was 4.4 (0.5-135.0), the proportion of transient inhibitors was 33% and only two cases of 12 undergoing immune tolerance induction failed this treatment. In the two months before inhibitor development, surgery was reported in nine (22%) cases, and high intensity treatment periods reported in seven (17%) cases. CONCLUSIONS: By studying the largest cohort of inhibitor development in PTPs assembled to date, we showed that inhibitor development in PTPs, is on average, a milder event than in PUPs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: História Natural/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Hemofilia A/tratamento farmacológico
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170327
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170327
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/hae.13167


  10 / 731 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27216739
[Au] Autor:Arteaga JS
[Ad] Endereço:History and Philosophy of Biology and Biology Teaching Laboratory (LEFHBIO), Institute of Biology (IBIO), Universidade Federal da Bahia, Rua Barão de Geremoabo, 147 - Campus de Ondina, CEP: 40170-290, Salvador de Bahia, BA, Brazil. juanma.ufba@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Biological Discourses on Human Races and Scientific Racism in Brazil (1832-1911).
[So] Source:J Hist Biol;50(2):267-314, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1573-0387
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper analyzes biological and scientific discourses about the racial composition of the Brazilian population, between 1832 and 1911. The first of these dates represents Darwin's first arrival in the South-American country during his voyage on H.M.S. Beagle. The study ends in 1911, with the celebration of the First universal Races congress in London, where the Brazilian physical anthropologist J.B. Lacerda predicted the complete extinction of black Brazilians by the year 2012. Contemporary European and North-American racial theories had a profound influence in Brazilian scientific debates on race and miscegenation. These debates also reflected a wider political and cultural concern, shared by most Brazilian scholars, about the future of the Nation. With few known exceptions, Brazilian evolutionists, medical doctors, physical anthropologists, and naturalists, considered that the racial composition of the population was a handicap to the commonly shared nationalistic goal of creating a modern and progressive Brazilian Republic.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupos de Populações Continentais
História Natural/história
Racismo/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Física/história
Evolução Biológica
Brasil
Grupos de Populações Continentais/genética
Genética Populacional
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Casamento/história
Médicos/história
Médicos/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160525
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10739-016-9445-8



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