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  1 / 1139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28092098
[Au] Autor:Sadeghi Z; Akaberi M; Sobhkhizi A; Sahebkar A; Emami SA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants and Drugs Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation the ethno-pharmacological studies in Iran during 2004-2016: A systematic review.
[So] Source:J Cell Physiol;233(2):914-923, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1097-4652
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although Iran has a deep history in herbal medicine and great heritage of ancient medical scholars, few efforts have been made to evaluate ethnopharmacological aspects of medicinal plants in this country. In the present study, the authors have reviewed all important literature about the ethnopharmacological investigations on medicinal plants used in the last decade in Iran. All provinces of Iran were categorized according to a phytogeographical division. Information was collected through bibliographic investigations from scientific journals and books. Afterward, the data were analyzed through the construction of specific ecological regions of the country. Fifty-five references reporting medicinal plants in five ecological zones were retrieved. The Irano-Turanian subregion has produced the greatest number of publications in this field among others (47%). Results illustrate that the most reported botanical families were Lamiaceae and Asteraceae (28.57% and 27.73%, respectively). Among various illnesses reported for these plants, gastrointestinal (30.15%), respiratory problems (14.28%), diabetes (11.11%), and cold/flu (11.11%) were the most cited. The most frequently cited medicinal uses were attributed to decoction and infusion preparations. Iran has a rich history of knowledge about phytotherapy and has also a diverse geographical regions, and a plant flora that is a good candidate for drug discovery. Documentation of indigenous knowledge about herbal medicine used by Iranian tribes is vital for the future development of herbal drugs. Ethnopharmacological studies of Iranian folk medicine with quantitative analytical techniques are warranted to find drug candidates, and also to preserve the precious knowledge of the Iranian folk medicine.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Etnofarmacologia
Medicina Tradicional
Fitoterapia
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
Plantas Medicinais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Características Culturais
Seres Humanos
Irã (Geográfico)
Extratos Vegetais/classificação
Plantas Medicinais/classificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170117
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jcp.25803


  2 / 1139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28845763
[Au] Autor:Ibrahim M; Rehman K; Hussain I; Farooq T; Ali B; Majeed I; Akash MSH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Applied Chemistry, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
[Ti] Título:Ethnopharmacological Investigations of Phytochemical Constituents Isolated from the Genus Cuscuta.
[So] Source:Crit Rev Eukaryot Gene Expr;27(2):113-150, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1045-4403
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The genus Cuscuta, of the family Cuscutaceae, is present in plants and has been traditionally used medicinally against many diseases and conditions, notably depression, mental illness, headache, spleen disease, jaundice, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. Large numbers of phytochemical constituents such as alkaloids, flavonoids, lignins, oxygen heterocyclic compounds, steroids, fatty acids, phenolic acids, resin glycosides, and polysaccharides have been isolated from different species of Cuscuta. Ethnopharmacological studies conducted on such constituents have also been shown Cuscuta to possess anticancer, antiviral, antispasmodic, antihypertensive, anticonvulsant, antibacterial, antioxidant, diuretic, and hair-growth activity. Many tribes and traditional communities have long used the different forms of Cuscuta for treatment and prevention of many diseases. In this article, we comprehensively summarize relevant data regarding the phytochemical, ethnopharmacological, and traditional therapeutic uses of Cuscuta. In addition, we review the parts of the plants that are used as traditional therapeutic agents, their regions of existence, and their possible modes of action. To conclude, we provide evidence and new insights for further discovery and development of natural drugs from Cuscuta. We show that further studies are needed to investigate the mechanism of action and safety profile of phytochemical constituents isolated from Cuscuta.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cuscuta/química
Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Etnofarmacologia
Compostos Fitoquímicos/química
Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Phytochemicals)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170829
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1615/CritRevEukaryotGeneExpr.2017019193


  3 / 1139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28739601
[Au] Autor:Fialho MFP; Brusco I; da Silva Brum E; Piana M; Boligon AA; Trevisan G; Oliveira SM
[Ad] Endereço:Neurotoxicity and Psychopharmacology Laboratory, Center of Natural and Exact Sciences, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.
[Ti] Título: Lam. crude extract presents antinociceptive effect on an arthritic pain model in mice.
[So] Source:Biochem J;474(17):2993-3010, 2017 Aug 17.
[Is] ISSN:1470-8728
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease which reduces the life quality of affected individuals. Therapeutic tools used for treating inflammatory pain are associated with several undesirable effects. Lam., known as 'Barbasco' or 'Cambara', is mostly used in several disorders and possesses antirheumatic, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic properties. Here, we investigated the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of the crude extract applied orally and topically in acute pain models and an arthritic pain model induced by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) paw injection in male mice (25-30 g). The high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) of the extract crude revealed the presence of the lupeol, stigmasterol, and ß-sitosterol. The stability study of the gel did not show relevant changes at low temperatures. The oral treatment with the extract prevented the capsaicin-induced spontaneous nociception and the acetic acid-induced abdominal writhing, but did not alter the thermal threshold in the tail immersion test. The antinociceptive effect was not reversed by naloxone in the capsaicin test. The oral or topical treatment reversed the CFA-induced mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia with maximum inhibition ( ) of 69 ± 6 and 68 ± 5% as well as 78 ± 15 and 87 ± 12%, respectively. Moreover, the topical but not oral treatment inhibited the CFA-induced cell infiltration, but did not reduce the paw edema significantly. The oral treatment with did not cause adverse effects. These findings suggest that the oral or topical treatment with presents antinociceptive actions in an arthritic pain model without causing adverse effects.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/uso terapêutico
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico
Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico
Buddleja/química
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
Folhas de Planta/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dor Aguda/tratamento farmacológico
Administração Cutânea
Administração Oral
Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/administração & dosagem
Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/efeitos adversos
Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/química
Animais
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química
Brasil
Buddleja/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Estabilidade de Medicamentos
Armazenamento de Medicamentos
Etnofarmacologia
Géis
Temperatura Alta/efeitos adversos
Masculino
Camundongos
Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/administração & dosagem
Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/efeitos adversos
Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/análise
Triterpenos Pentacíclicos/uso terapêutico
Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem
Extratos Vegetais/efeitos adversos
Extratos Vegetais/química
Folhas de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Sitosteroides/administração & dosagem
Sitosteroides/efeitos adversos
Sitosteroides/análise
Sitosteroides/uso terapêutico
Estigmasterol/administração & dosagem
Estigmasterol/efeitos adversos
Estigmasterol/análise
Estigmasterol/uso terapêutico
Viscosidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Analgesics, Non-Narcotic); 0 (Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal); 0 (Gels); 0 (Pentacyclic Triterpenes); 0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (Sitosterols); 5LI01C78DD (gamma-sitosterol); 99WUK5D0Y8 (Stigmasterol); O268W13H3O (lupeol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170828
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170828
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170726
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1042/BCJ20170008


  4 / 1139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28679382
[Au] Autor:Zaid AN; Jaradat NA; Eid AM; Al Zabadi H; Alkaiyat A; Darwish SA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, P.O. Box 7, Nablus, Palestine. anzaid@najah.edu.
[Ti] Título:Ethnopharmacological survey of home remedies used for treatment of hair and scalp and their methods of preparation in the West Bank-Palestine.
[So] Source:BMC Complement Altern Med;17(1):355, 2017 Jul 05.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6882
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Natural products have many uses and purposes, including those linked to pharmaceutics and cosmetics. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of natural remedies for the treatment of hair and scalp disorders in the West Bank, Palestine. METHODS: An ethnopharmacological survey of herbal remedies and other natural products used in cosmetics and cosmeceuticals was carried out in the West Bank, Palestine. A questionnaire was distributed to 267 herbalists, traditional healers, hairdressers and rural dwellers. Collected information included: the names of plants and other natural products, the parts used, hair conditions, diseases and problems for which these products were used and also their methods of preparation. To identify the most important species used, the factor of informant's consensus (F ), fidelity level (Fl) and the use-value (UV) were calculated. RESULTS: Collected data showed that 41 plants are utilized for the treatment of hair and scalp disorders, belonging to 27 families; among them Lamiaceae and Rosaceae, which were the most commonly used. Plant oils and their fruits are the most commonly used parts. Hair loss, dandruff, split hair endings and lice treatment, are reported as the most treated disorders. The number of plant species used consisted of 19, 14, 13, and again 13 with a factor of informant's consensus (Fic) for these disorders corresponding to 0.93, 0.94, 0.95 and 0.92, respectively. Fl was 100% for many plants; the highest UV value (0.84) was registered for Lawsonia inermis, which belongs to the Lythraceae family. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that many natural remedies are still used in Palestine for the treatment of scalp and hair disorders as well as for cosmeceutical purposes. This study is of great importance as it allows us to have a greater perspective on our folkloric use of these natural products. A combined scientific effort between informants and the scientific community, working in this field, may help in the discovery of new cosmetics, cosmeceutical and nutraceutical products.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Etnofarmacologia
Doenças do Cabelo/tratamento farmacológico
Medicina Tradicional/utilização
Preparações de Plantas/uso terapêutico
Dermatoses do Couro Cabeludo/tratamento farmacológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Composição de Medicamentos
Feminino
Cabelo/efeitos dos fármacos
Doenças do Cabelo/etnologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Oriente Médio/etnologia
Preparações de Plantas/química
Dermatoses do Couro Cabeludo/etnologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Preparations)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170824
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170824
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170707
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12906-017-1858-1


  5 / 1139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28638879
[Au] Autor:Debbarma M; Pala NA; Kumar M; Bussmann RW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Forestry, Dolphin Institute of Biomedical and Natural Sciences, Dehradun.
[Ti] Título:TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE OF MEDICINAL PLANTS IN TRIBES OF TRIPURA IN NORTHEAST, INDIA.
[So] Source:Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med;14(4):156-168, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:2505-0044
[Cp] País de publicação:Nigeria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The present study was carried out in Mandwi area and its outskirts of Tripura district of tribal areas Autonomous district council to document the available ethno-medicinal plants and their traditional application among Mandwi tribes. METHODOLOGY: Field explorations were carried out during the months of March-June 2013. The ethno-medicinal survey was conducted particularly with Tripuri tribe in Mandai area, with the help of local medicine men, locally known as (Tripuri). Data were collected through structure questionnaires and observations during the field visits. RESULTS: In the present study the local population used a total of 51 plant species belonging to 32 families to cure a variety of diseases. Of the 51 plants, 21 were herbs, followed by trees (17) and shrubs (8). Climbers and ferns had reported 2 species for each one grass species was found. Fabaceae was the dominant family with the highest number of species (6) followed by Asteracae (4 species) and Lamiaceae (5 species). Seven other families had 2 species each and 22 families were represented by a single species. In case single diseases, the highest number of plants (7 species) was used for dysentery, followed by body pain (6 species), cough (6 species) and toothache (6 species). CONCLUSION: The present study concluded that, the Tripuri tribes of the study area possess rich knowledge on the medicinal plants and their utilization. Thus the present study focuses on the documentation of the traditional knowledge of these valuable plants, which could enhance the potential of these medicinal plants to other communities as well and by understanding the importance, other communities can also be helpful for conservation of these resources for further use.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina Tradicional
Preparações de Plantas/farmacologia
Plantas Medicinais/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Etnofarmacologia
Seres Humanos
Índia/etnologia
Fitoterapia
Plantas Medicinais/classificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Preparations)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170623
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.21010/ajtcam.v14i4.19


  6 / 1139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28618131
[Au] Autor:Ali SI; Gopalakrishnan B; Venkatesalu V
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Botany, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, 608 002, Tamil Nadu, India.
[Ti] Título:Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Properties of Achillea millefolium L.: A Review.
[So] Source:Phytother Res;31(8):1140-1161, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1099-1573
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Achillea millefoilum L. (Yarrow) is an important species of Asteraceae family with common utilization in traditional medicine of several cultures from Europe to Asia for the treatment of spasmodic gastrointestinal disorders, hepatobiliary, gynecological disorders, against inflammation and for wound healing. An extensive review of literature was made on A. millefoilum L. using ethno botanical text books, published articles in peer-reviewed journals, unpublished materials and scientific databases. The Plant List, International Plant Name Index and Kew Botanical Garden databases were used to authenticate the scientific names. Monoterpenes are the most representative metabolites constituting 90% of the essential oils in relation to the sesquiterpenes, and a wide range of chemical compounds have also been reported. Different pharmacological experiments in many in-vitro and in-vivo models have proved the potential of A. millefoilum with antiinflammatory, antiulcer, anticancer activities etc. lending support to the rationale behind numerous of its traditional uses. Due to the noteworthy pharmacological activities, A. millefoilum will be a better option for new drug discovery. The present review will comprehensively summarize the pharmacognosy, phytochemistry and ethnopharmacology of A. millefoilum reported to date, with emphasis on more in vitro, clinical and pathological studies needed to investigate the unexploited potential of this plant. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Achillea/química
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Etnofarmacologia
Seres Humanos
Medicina Tradicional
Farmacognosia
Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
Fitoterapia
Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Phytochemicals); 0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170616
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ptr.5840


  7 / 1139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28573238
[Au] Autor:Maroyi A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Botany, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:KIRKIA ACUMINATA OLIV.: A REVIEW OF ITS ETHNOBOTANY AND PHARMACOLOGY.
[So] Source:Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med;14(2):217-226, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:2505-0044
[Cp] País de publicação:Nigeria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Local communities in sub-Saharan Africa have a long history of medicinal plant usage. Like in other parts of the developing world, rural and urban communities are still dependent on herbal medicines for primary health care, and the use of herbal medicines is still an integral part of their daily life and socio-cultural life style. The objective of this paper is to summarise information on the ethnobotany and pharmacology of Oliv. throughout its distributional range. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The information documented in this article is derived from books, theses, scientific journals and reports obtained from library collections, Scopus, Pubmed, MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Google Scholar and Science Direct. RESULTS: is the most known and widely distributed species in the genus and is one of the most popular and promising plant resources due to its several beneficial uses. is used to treat abdominal pains, backache, cholera, constipation, cough, diarrhea, dysentery, snake bites, toothache and wounds. Other applications include its use as charcoal; hedge, ornamental or shade; stock feed, timber and source of water during drought periods. Preliminary phytochemical assessment of roots and stem bark of showed presence of lignans, neo-lignans, nor-carotinoids and other compounds. The extracts of exhibited antibacterial and antimycobacterial activities. These phytochemical compounds may be responsible for the medicinal uses and biological activities demonstrated by . CONCLUSION: Detailed research is required aimed at exploring mode of action of bioactive compounds of that are responsible for the documented pharmacological effects. is an important plant species that has potential to contribute to the primary health care and livelihood improvement of local communities in the geographical areas where it is indigenous and found in abundance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Etnobotânica
Etnofarmacologia
Magnoliopsida/química
Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
Fitoterapia
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Plantas Medicinais/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Seres Humanos
Medicina Tradicional Africana
Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (Phytochemicals); 0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170603
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.21010/ajtcam.v14i2.23


  8 / 1139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28486830
[Au] Autor:Dianita R; Jantan I
[Ad] Endereço:a Drug and Herbal Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy , Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia.
[Ti] Título:Ethnomedicinal uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological aspects of the genus Premna: a review.
[So] Source:Pharm Biol;55(1):1715-1739, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1744-5116
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:CONTEXT: The genus Premna (Lamiaceae), distributed throughout tropical and subtropical Asia, Africa, Australia and the Pacific Islands, is used in folk medicine primarily to treat inflammation, immune-related diseases, stomach disorders, wound healing, and skin diseases. OBJECTIVES: This review exhaustively gathers available information on ethnopharmacological uses, phytochemistry, and bioactivity studies on more than 20 species of Premna and critically analyzes the reports to provide the perspectives and directions for future research for the plants as potential source of drug leads and pharmaceutical agents. METHODS: A literature search was performed on Premna species based on books of herbal medicine, major scientific databases including Chemical Abstract, Pubmed, SciFinder, Springerlink, Science Direct, Scopus, the Web of Science, Google Scholar, and ethnobotanical databases. RESULTS: More than 250 compounds have been isolated and identified from Premna species, comprising of diterpenoids, iridoid glycosides, and flavonoids as the most common secondary metabolites, followed by sesquiterpenes, lignans, phenylethanoids, megastigmanes, glyceroglycolipids, and ceramides. Many in vitro and in vivo studies have been conducted to evaluate the biological and pharmacological properties of the extracts, and isolated compounds of Premna species with antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antihyperglycaemia, and cytotoxic activities. CONCLUSION: The bioactive compounds responsible for the bioactivities of most plants have not been well identified as the reported in vivo pharmacological studies were mostly carried out on the crude extracts. The isolated bioactive components should also be further subjected to more preclinical studies and elaborate toxicity study before clinical trials can be pursued.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Etnofarmacologia
Lamiaceae/química
Preparações de Plantas/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Etnobotânica
Seres Humanos
Medicina Tradicional/métodos
Fitoterapia/métodos
Preparações de Plantas/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Preparations)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170511
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/13880209.2017.1323225


  9 / 1139 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28482898
[Au] Autor:Jaradat NA; Zaid AN; Al-Ramahi R; Alqub MA; Hussein F; Hamdan Z; Mustafa M; Qneibi M; Ali I
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, P.O. Box 7, Palestine. nidaljaradat@najah.edu.
[Ti] Título:Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants practiced by traditional healers and herbalists for treatment of some urological diseases in the West Bank/Palestine.
[So] Source:BMC Complement Altern Med;17(1):255, 2017 May 08.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6882
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Throughout history, every civilization in the world used plants or their derivatives for treatment or prevention of diseases. In Palestine as in many other countries, herbal medicines are broadly used in the treatment of wide range of diseases including urological diseases. The main objective of this research is to study the use of herbal remedies by herbalists and traditional healers for treatment of various urological diseases in the West Bank regions of Palestine and to assess their efficacy and safety through the literature review of the most cited plants. METHOD: The study included a survey part, plant identification and a review study. The first part was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Face to face questionnaires were distributed to 150 traditional healers and herbalist in all regions of the West Bank of Palestine. The literature review part was to assess the most cited plants for their efficacy and toxicity. RESULTS: One hundred forty four herbalists and traditional healers accepted to participate in this study which was conducted between March and April, 2016. The results showed that 57 plant species belonging to 30 families were used by herbalists and traditional healers for treatment of various urinary tract diseases in Palestine. Of these, Apiaceae family was the most prevalent. Paronychia argentea, Plantago ovata, Punica granatum, Taraxacum syriacum, Morus alba and Foeniculum vulgare were the most commonly used plant species in the treatment of kidney stones, while Capsella bursa-pastoris, Ammi visnaga and Ammi majus were the most recommended species for treatment of urinary tract infections and Portulaca oleracea used for renal failure. In addition Curcuma longa and Crocus sativus were used for enuresis while Juglans regia, Quercus infectoria, Sambucus ebulus and Zea mays were used for treatment symptoms of benign prostate hyperplasia. Fruits were the most common parts used, and a decoction was the most commonly used method of preparation. Through literature review, it was found that Paronychia argentea has a low hemolytic effect and contains oxalic acid and nitrate. Therefore, it could be harmful to renal failure patients, also Juglans regia, Quercus infectoria and, Sambucus ebulus are harmful plants and cannot be used for treatment of any disease. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provided that ethnopharmacological flora in the West Bank regions of Palestine can be quite wealthy and diverse in the treatments of urinary tract diseases. Clinical trials and pharmacological tests are required evaluate safety and efficacy of these herbal remedies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina Herbária/recursos humanos
Preparações de Plantas/administração & dosagem
Plantas Medicinais/química
Terapias Espirituais/recursos humanos
Doenças Urológicas/tratamento farmacológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Etnofarmacologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Medicina Tradicional
Meia-Idade
Oriente Médio
Fitoterapia
Plantas Medicinais/classificação
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Preparations)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170821
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170821
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170510
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12906-017-1758-4


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[PMID]:28411483
[Au] Autor:Zidorn C
[Ad] Endereço:Pharmazeutisches Institut, Abteilung Pharmazeutische Biologie, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Gutenbergstraße 76, 24118 Kiel, Germany. Electronic address: czidorn@pharmazie.uni-kiel.de.
[Ti] Título:Guidelines for consistent characterisation and documentation of plant source materials for studies in phytochemistry and phytopharmacology.
[So] Source:Phytochemistry;139:56-59, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1873-3700
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Plants are still by far the most important source of natural products. For higher plants as source materials identification and documentation are less challenging than for many other groups of organisms such as microorganisms or marine invertebrates. Nonetheless, many studies in natural products chemistry and phytopharmacology involving higher plants are flawed because the plant material is erroneously assigned, inaccurately documented, untraceable, or not named in accordance with the rules of nomenclature. Recently, the importance of the proper usage of plant nomenclature has been highlighted in a dedicated series of articles in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology and the importance of taxonomic and geographic information in a viewpoint in Natural Products Reports. Here, the importance of three related points is being emphasized: a) the traceability of the identification of plant source materials, b) easy access to vouchers and digital vouchers of the studied plants, and c) standards for accurate geographic data about the collection sites of these plants.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Documentação
Etnofarmacologia
Fitoterapia
Plantas Medicinais/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170804
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170804
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170416
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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