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[PMID]:28457511
[Au] Autor:Quispe Lizarbe RJ; Solís Adrianzén C; Quezada-Márquez MM; Galic I; Cameriere R
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Dentistry, Cientifica del Sur University-UCSUR, Lima, Peru.
[Ti] Título:Demirjian's stages and Cameriere's third molar maturity index to estimate legal adult age in Peruvian population.
[So] Source:Leg Med (Tokyo);25:59-65, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1873-4162
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of Demirjian's stages (DS) and Cameriere's third molar maturity index cut-off value (I <0.08) to estimate the age of majority on panoramic radiographs (OPTs) from the dental clinic of the Scientific University of the South (UCSUR), Lima, Peru. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted on the sample of 208 digital panoramic radiographs of patients aged 14-22years examined during 2015 in UCSUR. The left lower third molars were analyzed using Adobe Photoshop® CS6. An effectiveness of specific DS and I <0.08 was evaluated by using accurate classification, sensitivity, specificity, positive (LR+) and negative (LR-) likelihood ratios and Bayes post-test probability (p). RESULTS: Only G and H stages were practical for classify adults and minors in the tested sample, while I <0.08 showed the best performance in both sexes. For I <0.08, the accurate classification, sensitivity and specificity were 0.96, 0.96, 0.96 and 0.90, 0.84 and 0.95 in males and females, respectively. Values of LR+, LR- and p were 24.96, 0.04, 0.97 and 15.68, 0.17, 0.95 in males and females, respectively. CONCLUSION: The specific cut-off value of third molar maturity index (I <0.08) showed to be more accurate in discriminating adults and minors in Peruvian sample when a test with high sensitivity and specificity is required.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes/métodos
Dente Serotino/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Teorema de Bayes
Feminino
Odontologia Legal
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Peru
Radiografia Panorâmica
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 2563 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29231027
[Au] Autor:Liu F; Dang YH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Forensic Science, Health Science Center, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710061, China.
[Ti] Título:[Research Progress on Forensic Dentistry].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(2):175-180, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:Forensic dentistry is an interdiscipline of forensic medicine and stomatology, which provides legal information by collecting, testing and assessing the dental evidence scientifically. In this review, the present application of forensic dentistry has been described, such as the estimation of age, sex, species, occupation and living habit, as well as the identification of individual, domestic violence or abuse, which aims to enrich and improve forensic dentistry for making it be more useful in forensic medicine even in juridical practice.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes
Odontologia Legal/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Forense
Medicina Legal
Seres Humanos
Dente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.02.015


  3 / 2563 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29384745
[Au] Autor:Dietrichkeit Pereira JG; Frontanilla Recalde TS; Barreto Costa P; Jacometti V; Vigorito Magalhães L; Alves Da Silva RH
[Ad] Endereço:Pathology Graduate Program (Forensic Odontology), Ribeirão Preto Medical School, Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Forensic odontology education:from undergraduate to PhD - a Brazilian experience.
[So] Source:J Forensic Odontostomatol;2(35):157-165, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2219-6749
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Forensic Odontology is a topic present in the majority of Dental Schools in Brazil, and due to this reality, some universities develop activities related to undergraduate and graduate students, from the Dentistry course until the Ph.D. degree. AIM: To present the education experience related to Forensic Odontology at School of Dentistry of Ribeirão Preto (USP - University of São Paulo), showing the strategies and activities in the different degrees (Dental course, Forensic Odontology Specialization Program, Specific Professional Training, Master, and Ph.D.). RESULTS: To the undergraduate students, many activities are developed in order to demonstrate all the possibilities that Forensic Dentistry allow, including theoretical and practical activities; in the Forensic Odontology Specialization Program, the dentists are trained to act as Forensic Odontologists in all its amplitude; in the Specific Professional Training, some courses are available, related to specific topics as DVI, Forensic Facial Reconstruction, Auditor in Dental Care Insurance and others; and in the Master and Ph.D. Programs, the professionals receive training in skills like teaching, research, student's guidance and others. CONCLUSION: In Brazil, Forensic Odontology is a well-known field in Dentistry and universities develop an important role in training a qualified workforce.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Currículo
Odontologia Legal/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 2563 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29384735
[Au] Autor:Shaheen E; Mowafy B; Politis C; Jacobs R
[Ad] Endereço:OMFS IMPATH research group, Department of Imaging and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, KU Leuven and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
[Ti] Título:Association among geometric configurations of palatal rugae.
[So] Source:J Forensic Odontostomatol;2(35):41-47, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2219-6749
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Previous research proposed the use of the mandibular midline neurovascular canal structures as a forensic finger print. In their observer study, an average correct identification of 95% was reached which triggered this study. AIM: To present a semi-automatic computer recognition approach to replace the observers and to validate the accuracy of this newly proposed method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Imaging data from Computer Tomography (CT) and Cone Beam Computer Tomography (CBCT) of mandibles scanned at two different moments were collected to simulate an AM and PM situation where the first scan presented AM and the second scan was used to simulate PM. Ten cases with 20 scans were used to build a classifier which relies on voxel based matching and results with classification into one of two groups: "Unmatched" and "Matched". This protocol was then tested using five other scans out of the database. Unpaired t-testing was applied and accuracy of the computerized approach was determined. RESULTS: A significant difference was found between the "Unmatched" and "Matched" classes with means of 0.41 and 0.86 respectively. Furthermore, the testing phase showed an accuracy of 100%. CONCLUSION: The validation of this method pushes this protocol further to a fully automatic identification procedure for victim identification based on the mandibular midline canals structures only in cases with available AM and PM CBCT/CT data.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
Palato Duro/diagnóstico por imagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico
Odontologia Legal/métodos
Seres Humanos
Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 2563 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29384734
[Au] Autor:Ohtani M; Oshima T; Mimasaka S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Forensic Sciences, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine.
[Ti] Título:Extra-oral dental radiography for disaster victims using a flat panel X-ray detector and a hand-held X-ray generator.
[So] Source:J Forensic Odontostomatol;2(35):33-40, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2219-6749
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Forensic odontologists commonly incise the skin for post-mortem dental examinations when it is difficult to open the victim's mouth. However, it is prohibited by law to incise dead bodies without permission in Japan. Therefore, we attempted using extra-oral dental radiography, using a digital X-ray equipment with rechargeable batteries, to overcome this restriction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A phantom was placed in the prone position on a table, and three plain dental radiographs were used per case: "lateral oblique radiographs" for left and right posterior teeth and a "contact radiograph" for anterior teeth were taken using a flat panel X-ray detector and a hand-held X-ray generator. The resolving power of the images was measured by a resolution test chart, and the scattered X-ray dose was measured using an ionization chamber-type survey meter. RESULTS: The resolving power of the flat panel X-ray detector was 3.0 lp/mm, which was less than that of intra-oral dental methods, but the three extra-oral plain dental radiographs provided the overall dental information from outside of the mouth, and this approach was less time-consuming. In addition, the higher dose of scattered X-rays was laterally distributed, but the dose per case was much less than that of intra-oral dental radiographs. CONCLUSION: Extra-oral plain dental radiography can be used for disaster victim identification by dental methods even when it is difficult to open the mouth. Portable and rechargeable devices, such as a flat panel X-ray detector and a hand-held X-ray generator, are convenient to bring and use anywhere, even at a disaster scene lacking electricity and water.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vítimas de Desastres
Radiografia Dentária/instrumentação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Odontologia Legal/instrumentação
Seres Humanos
Imagens de Fantasmas
Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 2563 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29384732
[Au] Autor:Capitaneanu C; Willems G; Thevissen P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Oral Health Sciences, Forensic Dentistry, KU Leuven.
[Ti] Título:A systematic review of odontological sex estimation methods.
[So] Source:J Forensic Odontostomatol;2(35):1-24, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2219-6749
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In human identification sex estimation plays an important role in the search for ante-mortem data. AIM: To systematically review studies describing and testing/validating methods of odontological sex estimation. The set research question was: What odontological sex estimation method is the most accurate? MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search until November 29th 2016 was performed in 5 databases: MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane, SciELO, LILACS and Grey literature. The PRISMA guidelines were used. Studies were assessed and included based on the reported data. In particular data criteria were set regarding the considered population, sample size, age range, sex estimation method, type of statistical analysis and study outcome. The extracted data enabled to classify the included studies. Meta-analysis was used to compare the study outcomes per obtained study group. RESULTS: The established search string detected 4720 studies. 103 were considered eligible after review of title, abstract and full-text. The odontological sex estimation methods were classified based on dental metric and non-metric measurements (n=65), cephalometric analysis (n=13), frontal and maxillary sinuses (n=5), cheiloscopy (n=4), palatal features (n=3) and biochemical analysis of teeth (n=13). Teeth measurements for sex estimation were mainly performed on casts (n=34), followed by skeletal remains (n=13), medical imaging (n=5), intraoral measurements/ photography (n=4), and cascades of the above (n=4). CONCLUSION: The variety of published odontological sex estimation methods highlights the importance of sex estimation in human identification. Biochemical analysis of teeth proved to be the most accurate method, but in forensic practice, a need to select the most appropriate evidence based odontological sex estimation method exists.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Odontologia Legal/métodos
Caracteres Sexuais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cefalometria
Seres Humanos
Radiografia Dentária
Dente/anatomia & histologia
Dente/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 2563 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29058862
[Ti] Título:It's Time to Stop Using Bite Marks in Forensics, Experts Argue.
[So] Source:J Calif Dent Assoc;45(2):68, 2017 02.
[Is] ISSN:1043-2256
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mordeduras Humanas
Odontologia Legal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171024
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 2563 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28759777
[Au] Autor:Biancalana RC; Freitas Vincenti SA; Alves da Silva RH; Carvalho Panzeri Pires-de-Souza F
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Stomatology, Public Oral Health, and Forensic Dentistry, Ribeirão Preto School of Dentistry - University of São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: roberto_cesar2005@yahoo.com.br.
[Ti] Título:Color stability of dental restorative materials submitted to cold temperatures for forensic purposes.
[So] Source:J Forensic Leg Med;51:63-68, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7487
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the post-mortem examination of the dental arches of accident victims in cold locations, dental restorative materials can be found. Cold temperatures can be capable of causing color changes of aesthetic materials, such as composite resin (CR) and glass ionomer cement (GIC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the cold action on the color stability of CR and GIC restorations, in order to discriminate them and enable the adequate comparison between antemortem and post-mortem data. Sixty bovine teeth (30 CR and 30 GIC) were prepared (6 × 6 × 2 mm) and separated into groups (n = 10). The color readouts were taken by a portable spectrophotometer, before and after of cold action (2.5 °C, -20 °C, -80 °C) inside of freezers. There were color alterations in the coordinates (ΔE, ΔL , Δa e Δb ) for both materials. The authors concluded that cold was capable of producing changes in color in the two esthetic materials, with similar intensities between the two, at all the temperatures studied, when analyzed at 7 days. After being submitted to cold for 30 days, the changes were more significant for CR, allowing it to be differentiated from GIC after 30 days, at all the temperatures tested. Therefore, the test proposed in the study was shown to be practical, feasible and capable of helping Forensic Odontology with the identification of victims.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Temperatura Baixa
Cor
Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro
Resinas Sintéticas
Manejo de Espécimes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Odontologia Legal
Seres Humanos
Espectrofotometria
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Glass Ionomer Cements); 0 (Resins, Synthetic)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171011
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171011
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170801
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28755562
[Au] Autor:Berketa J; Higgins D
[Ad] Endereço:Forensic Odontology Unit, University of Adelaide, North Terrace Campus, Adelaide, South Australia, 5005, Australia. Electronic address: john.berketa@adelaide.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Stabilisation of dental structures of severely incinerated victims at disaster scenes to facilitate human identification.
[So] Source:J Forensic Leg Med;51:45-49, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7487
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fatalities due to fire events such as bushfires, domestic and industrial fires and vehicle accident related incineration, leave victims with limited prospects of being accurately identified. Due to their morphology and anatomical position teeth are uniquely protected in incineration cases and via comparison to dental records often provide the only scientifically valid means of identification. However, extreme heat and direct exposure to flame can render the teeth extremely fragile and vulnerable to damage and loss especially during collection and transportation to the mortuary. Here we highlight the advantages of forensic odontology assistance at the scene of such events and discuss techniques and protocols applied to actual cases in which these processes were used to facilitate the identification of incineration victims.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fogo
Odontologia Legal/normas
Manejo de Espécimes/normas
Dente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Documentação
Seres Humanos
Fotografia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171011
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171011
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170730
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 2563 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
[PMID]:28678955
[Au] Autor:Queiroz CL; Bostock EM; Santos CF; Guimarães MA; Silva RHAD
[Ad] Endereço:Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto, Departamento de Estomatologia, Saúde Coletiva e Odontologia Legal, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:A forensic identification case and DPid - can it be a useful tool?
[So] Source:J Appl Oral Sci;25(3):346-353, 2017 May-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1678-7765
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Objective: The aim of this study was to show DPid as an important tool of potential application to solve cases with dental prosthesis, such as the forensic case reported, in which a skull, denture and dental records were received for analysis. Material and Methods: Human identification is still challenging in various circumstances and Dental Prosthetics Identification (DPid) stores the patient's name and prosthesis information and provides access through an embedded code in dental prosthesis or an identification card. All of this information is digitally stored on servers accessible only by dentists, laboratory technicians and patients with their own level of secure access. DPid provides a complete single-source list of all dental prosthesis features (materials and components) under complete and secure documentation used for clinical follow-up and for human identification. Results and Conclusion: If DPid tool was present in this forensic case, it could have been solved without requirement of DNA exam, which confirmed the dental comparison of antemortem and postmortem records, and concluded the case as a positive identification.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Identificação da Prótese Dentária
Dentaduras/normas
Antropologia Forense/instrumentação
Antropologia Forense/métodos
Odontologia Legal/instrumentação
Odontologia Legal/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Autopsia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Software
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170912
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170912
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170706
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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