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Pesquisa : H02.229 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 12698 [refinar]
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[PMID]:29431341
[Au] Autor:Sakiev KZ; Ibraeva LK; Dyusembaeva NK; Rybalkina DK; Drobchenko EA
[Ti] Título:[Qualitative index of population health losses in the aral sea region].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):950-4, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:eng; rus
[Ab] Resumo:The article is devoted to the approbation of the modification of the method of the presentation of indices of medical and social losses of the population on an example of environmentally unfavorable Aral Sea region in Kazakhstan. The first step in improvement of the system ofpublic health care is the identification of the most important problems related with the assessment of the disease burden and the adjustment of data of such type in accordance national aims on the decline of medical and social losses in this problem area. So far according to the criteria for the determination of the boundary of ecological catastrophe area one of the indices is the steady gain in the mortality rate. Using the index "Years of Life Lost" (YLL) in medical statistics as a relatively new approach that continues to be improved and its development supposes the improvement in the quality of health statistics. We modified this method consisting in the determination of the coefficient of loss of years. In the given work after comprehensive analysis of the loss of years due to morbidity and mortality on the base of life tables the potential of lost years for the population was determined with bearing in mind of module tables and compared with the loss in years due to the health loss. So far there was declined the dimension of the comprehensive index, there was elevated its comparability with other indices, and the data interpretation has been optimized. Suggested modification can be used for a comprehensive assessment of health state in the execution of epidemiological studies and monitoring of medical and social situation in ecologically unfavorable regions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exposição Ambiental
Expectativa de Vida
Saúde Pública
Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Exposição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Saúde Ambiental/métodos
Saúde Ambiental/normas
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Cazaquistão/epidemiologia
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/normas
Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 12698 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29430912
[Au] Autor:Marasanov AV; Valtseva EA
[Ti] Título:[Scientific potential of phenomics - functional direction of genetics].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(9):805-10, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:In this paper on the based on the integration of known theories, doctrines and concepts - principles of consistency and self-regulation of physiological functions (Pavlov I.P., 1950), the theory offunctional systems (Anokhin P.K., 1973), the theory of adaptive reactions (Selye H., 1960 ; Garkavi LKh et al, 1979), the doctrine of the dominant (Ukhtomsky A.A., 1966), doctrine on health (Baevsky R.M.), doctrine on the body type of the human by Merlin VS. conception on the "the interrelationship between the function and genetic apparatus" by Meyerson F.Z., Pshennikova M.G., Platonov V.N., and others, there is proposed to select phenomics - functional division of genetics considering the poolability of specific mechanisms of the body in an integral system of the adaptive act in favor of the development of a personalized approach to the diagnosis and prevention of non-communicable diseases, increasing life expectancy of working age into the particular scientific direction. The task of phenomics is the establishment of the phenotypic characteristics of the person, norms of the response of systems of his body, determination of the deviation of the level of the functioning of the each system from the norm of its response and the elaboration of the tactics for the correction of the functional state of the organism (the optimization of its life activity), with taking into account the directedness of the interaction of body systems. The description of the shaping of the mechanism of stereotyped response of the organism generated an important contribution to the development of phenomics. Stereotyped response being initiated by the non-specific response of the body is aimed at the shaping of the activity of its systems after a fashion of norms of the activity, promotes the recovery of the specificity of the body, plays an important role in the establishment of cause-effect relations of the disease.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Biológica/genética
Exposição Ambiental
Estresse Fisiológico/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Saúde Ambiental/tendências
Genética Humana/métodos
Genética Humana/tendências
Seres Humanos
Fenótipo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 12698 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29203750
[Au] Autor:Pashkov VM; Batyhina OM; Trotska MV
[Ad] Endereço:Poltava Law Institute Of Yaroslav The Wise National Law University, Poltava, Ukraine.
[Ti] Título:Concept of waste and its impact on human health.
[So] Source:Wiad Lek;70(5):964-969, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0043-5147
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Impact of the environment on human health is increasingly being paid attention both at the international level and at the level of individual countries. Among the factors that anyhow can affect it negatively, various objects are distinguished and waste is not of the last consequence. It has different nature of origin, ways of further utilization and a degree of impact on human health and the environment. Its generation, utilization and neutralization are determined by the relevant processes; their research allows continuous improvement and reduction of their negative impact on human health and the environment. THE AIM: To analyze provisions of the international legislation concerning the concept of waste and its classification, as well as its potential impacts on human health and the environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study analyzes and uses international legal documents, data of international organizations and scientists' deductions. Furthermore, the study integrates information from scientific journals with scientific methods from the medical and legal point of view. Within the framework of the system approach, as well as analysis and synthesis, the concept of waste, its classification and impact on human health and the environment have been researched. RESULTS: In consequence of the conducted study, it has been found that at the European level, considerable attention is paid to waste in the context of its possible negative impact on human health and the environment. Solution of this problem is carried out with the integrated approach, which is expressed both in enacting statutory acts and amending existing ones, as well as elucidating various aspects at the scientific, methodological, statistical and other levels. CONCLUSIONS: Waste in itself has different nature of origin, negative impact, ways of its further utilization. Some kinds of it can be used further in order to achieve other goals and needs that are not related to their generation, others can no longer be used for human benefits taking into account existing achievements.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exposição Ambiental
Saúde Ambiental
Poluição Ambiental
Nível de Saúde
Saúde Pública
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ecologia
Seres Humanos
Prevenção Primária
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 12698 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29430909
[Au] Autor:Rakhmanin
[Ti] Título:[The decision of the Plenum of the Scientific Council of the Russian Federation for Human Ecology and Environmental Health].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(8):790-2, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde Ambiental
Saúde Pública/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Saúde Ambiental/métodos
Saúde Ambiental/organização & administração
Seres Humanos
Cooperação Internacional
Federação Russa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CONSENSUS DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 12698 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29430902
[Au] Autor:Vasilyev VV; Perekusikhin MV; Korochkina YV
[Ti] Título:[The impact of ecological and socio-hygienic factors on the health status of children of school age].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(8):760-4, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Negative trends in incidence rates of children and adolescents of the city of Penza are due to the influence of both environmental factors as well as the educational process. Hygienic trouble in the city of Penza determines air pollution emissions of road transport, as evidenced by the high levels of morbidity rate in children and adolescents. The priorities for the correction factors are conditions and the organization of nutrition, physical education. There are identified the most important lifestyle factors for senior pupils that need the solution.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exposição Ambiental
Estado Nutricional
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Meio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Exposição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Saúde Ambiental/organização & administração
Saúde Ambiental/normas
Feminino
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
População
Saúde Pública/métodos
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 12698 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29412552
[Au] Autor:Geger EV; Zolotnikova GP
[Ti] Título:[Influence of radiating and chemical loads on changes of biochemical indices of the endocrine homeostasis in inhabitants from ecologically various areas of the Bryansk region].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(5):422-8, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:There ecologic-hygienic ranging of all 27 areas of the Bryansk region was performed with the using of the innovative methodical approach with taking into account the integrated indices of total pollution of all objects of the environment. The analysis of results of the performed biochemical researches with studying of indices of the endocrine homeostasis in residents of ecologically various areas has allowed to evolve thyrotropic hormone TTH (Qcalc=2,4 at K=1,96) and thyroid hormone ST4 (Qcalc=3,684 at K=1,96) as biological markers of the negative impact of technogenic-chemical contamination of environment on human health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição Ambiental
Substâncias Perigosas
Poluentes Radioativos
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Saúde Ambiental/métodos
Saúde Ambiental/organização & administração
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Substâncias Perigosas/efeitos adversos
Substâncias Perigosas/análise
Seres Humanos
Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde
Poluentes Radioativos/efeitos adversos
Poluentes Radioativos/análise
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia
Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hazardous Substances); 0 (Radioactive Pollutants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 12698 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo
[PMID]:29384308
[Au] Autor:Sy I; Traoré D; Niang Diène A; Koné B; Lô B; Faye O; Utzinger J; Cissé G; Tanner M
[Ti] Título:[Water, sanitation and diarrheal risk in Nouakchott Urban Community, Mauritania].
[Ti] Título:Eau potable, assainissement et risque de maladies diarrhéiques dans la Communauté Urbaine de Nouakchott, Mauritanie..
[So] Source:Sante Publique;29(5):741-750, 2017 Dec 05.
[Is] ISSN:0995-3914
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Drinking water and sanitation are two factors of inter-linked inextricably public health especially in the city of Nouakchott where the low availability of these services leads to a multitude of use and hygiene practices involving a complex socio-ecological system with an increased risk of waterborne diseases transmission (diarrhea, cholera, etc.). METHODS: Thus, this contribution analyzes the impact of socio-ecological system on the development of diarrheal diseases by using socio-environmental and epidemiological data from various sources (national surveys and registries consultation). RESULTS: Overall, the results show that only 25.6% of households have access to drinking water sources while 69.8% of the populations dispose improved latrines. Hence, the weakness in environmental sanitation conditions explains the level of diarrheal morbidity averring 12.8% at the urban level, with an unequal spatial distribution showing less affected communes such as Tevragh Zeina (9.1%) and municipalities more affected like Sebkha (19.1%). The distribution according to the age categories shows that children under 5 years are the most affected with 51.7% followed by people aged over 14 with 34.2%. The correlation analysis between socio-economic, environmental and epidemiological variables reveals a number of significant associations: untreated water consumption and diarrhea (R = 0.429); collection of wastewater and occurrence of diarrhea ; existence of improved latrine and reduction of diarrheal risk (R = 0.402). DISCUSSION: Therefore, exposure to diarrheal diseases through the prism of water and sanitation is a real public health problem that requires a systemic and integrated approach to improving environmental health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diarreia/epidemiologia
Água Potável
Saneamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Diarreia/prevenção & controle
Saúde Ambiental
Seres Humanos
Mauritânia/epidemiologia
Risco
Sanitários Públicos
População Urbana
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Drinking Water)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3917/spub.175.0741


  8 / 12698 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29257359
[Au] Autor:Shin M; Sircar K
[Ti] Título:Tracking Carbon Monoxide Poisoning to Better Understand How People Are Poisoned.
[So] Source:J Environ Health;79(1):28-30, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:0022-0892
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/epidemiologia
Saúde Ambiental/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/etiologia
Intoxicação por Monóxido de Carbono/mortalidade
Saúde Ambiental/organização & administração
Seres Humanos
Governo Local
Governo Estadual
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171220
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 12698 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29257358
[Au] Autor:Kunz J; Cooley L
[Ti] Título:Preventing Legionnaires' Disease: Environmental Health Expertise Is Key.
[So] Source:J Environ Health;79(1):24-26, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:0022-0892
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde Ambiental/métodos
Doença dos Legionários/prevenção & controle
Competência Profissional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171220
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 12698 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29257354
[Au] Autor:Riggs DE
[Ti] Título:Building a Better NEHA.
[So] Source:J Environ Health;79(1):6-7, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:0022-0892
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde Ambiental
Sociedades/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Saúde Ambiental/organização & administração
Metas
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171220
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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