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  1 / 27 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28368321
[Au] Autor:Manore MM; Patton-Lopez MM; Meng Y; Wong SS
[Ad] Endereço:School of Biological and Population Health Sciences, College of Public Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 98331, USA. melinda.manore@oregonstate.edu.
[Ti] Título:Sport Nutrition Knowledge, Behaviors and Beliefs of High School Soccer Players.
[So] Source:Nutrients;9(4), 2017 Apr 01.
[Is] ISSN:2072-6643
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:For adolescent athletes (14-18 years), data on sport nutrition knowledge, behaviors and beliefs are limited, especially based on sex, race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. High school soccer players ( = 535; 55% female; 51% White, 41% Latino; 41% National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participants (80% Latino)) completed two questionnaires (demographic/health history and sport nutrition). The sport nutrition knowledge score was 45.6% with higher scores in NSLP-Whites vs. NSLP-Latinos ( < 0.01). Supplement knowledge differed by sex (16% lower in females; = 0.047) and race/ethnicity (33% lower in Latinos; < 0.001). Breakfast consumption was 57%; females ate breakfast less (50%) than males (60%; < 0.001); NSLP-participants ate breakfast less (47%) than non-NSLP (62%; < 0.001). Supplement use was 46%, with Latinos using more supplements than Whites do ( = 0.016). Overall, 30% used protein shakes, with females using less than males ( = 0.02), while use was twice as likely in Latino vs. White ( = 0.03). Overall, 45% reported their nutrient requirements were different from non-athlete peers. Latinos were less likely ( = 0.03) to report that their diet met nutritional requirements, but more than twice as likely to report that nutritional supplements were necessary for training ( < 0.001). Adolescent athletes, especially females and Latinos, would benefit from sport nutrition education that enhances food selection skills for health and sport performance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Adolescente
Atletas
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Dieta Saudável
Cooperação do Paciente
Ciências da Nutrição e do Esporte/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Comportamento do Adolescente/etnologia
Desenvolvimento do Adolescente
Dieta/efeitos adversos
Dieta/etnologia
Suplementos Nutricionais/efeitos adversos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu
Feminino
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia
Dieta Saudável/etnologia
Hispano-Americanos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Desenvolvimento Muscular
Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde
Oregon
Cooperação do Paciente/etnologia
Instituições Acadêmicas
Autorrelato
Futebol
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Esportiva/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170830
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170830
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170404
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 27 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28337890
[Au] Autor:Yuan J; Jiang B; Li K; Shen W; Tang JL
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Physical Education, Hubei Normal University, Huangshi City, China.
[Ti] Título:Beneficial effects of protein hydrolysates in exercise and sports nutrition.
[So] Source:J Biol Regul Homeost Agents;31(1):183-188, 2017 Jan-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0393-974X
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Protein hydrolysates (PH) are rich sources of proteins that supply the need of exercising muscles. PHs are enriched in di- and tripeptides and are better than free amino acids or intact proteins when muscle anabolic effect is considered. Digestion, absorption and muscle uptake of amino acids are faster and more efficient when PH is ingested in comparison to the respective intact protein. PHs not only enhance endurance in high intensity exercise regimen, but also help in faster post-exercise recovery of muscle by promoting glycogen synthesis, although the latter effect requires more convincing evidence. PHs have been shown to exhibit insulinotrophic effect as it enhances the secretion of insulin and the hormone, in turn, exerts muscle anabolic effect.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Resistência Física/efeitos dos fármacos
Hidrolisados de Proteína/administração & dosagem
Ciências da Nutrição e do Esporte
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aminoácidos/metabolismo
Transporte Biológico
Proteínas na Dieta/metabolismo
Exercício
Glicogênio/biossíntese
Seres Humanos
Insulina/agonistas
Insulina/secreção
Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos
Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo
Resistência Física/fisiologia
Hidrolisados de Proteína/metabolismo
Esportes/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Amino Acids); 0 (Dietary Proteins); 0 (Insulin); 0 (Protein Hydrolysates); 9005-79-2 (Glycogen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170601
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170601
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170325
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 27 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27710165
[Au] Autor:Devlin BL; Leveritt MD; Kingsley M; Belski R
[Ti] Título:Dietary Intake, Body Composition, and Nutrition Knowledge of Australian Football and Soccer Players: Implications for Sports Nutrition Professionals in Practice.
[So] Source:Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab;27(2):130-138, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1543-2742
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sports nutrition professionals aim to influence nutrition knowledge, dietary intake and body composition to improve athletic performance. Understanding the interrelationships between these factors and how they vary across sports has the potential to facilitate better-informed and targeted sports nutrition practice. This observational study assessed body composition (DXA), dietary intake (multiple-pass 24-hr recall) and nutrition knowledge (two previously validated tools) of elite and subelite male players involved in two team-based sports; Australian football (AF) and soccer. Differences in, and relationships between, nutrition knowledge, dietary intake and body composition between elite AF, subelite AF and elite soccer players were assessed. A total of 66 (23 ± 4 years, 82.0 ± 9.2 kg, 184.7 ± 7.7 cm) players participated. Areas of weaknesses in nutrition knowledge are evident (57% mean score obtained) yet nutrition knowledge was not different between elite and subelite AF and soccer players (58%, 57% and 56%, respectively, p > .05). Dietary intake was not consistent with recommendations in some areas; carbohydrate intake was lower (4.6 ± 1.5 g/kg/day, 4.5 ± 1.2 g/kg/day and 2.9 ± 1.1 g/kg/day for elite and subelite AF and elite soccer players, respectively) and protein intake was higher (3.4 ± 1.1 g/kg/day, 2.1 ± 0.7 g/kg/day and 1.9 ± 0.5 g/kg/day for elite and subelite AF and elite soccer players, respectively) than recommendations. Nutrition knowledge was positively correlated with fat-free soft tissue mass (n = 66; r = .051, p = .039). This insight into known modifiable factors may assist sports nutrition professionals to be more specific and targeted in their approach to supporting players to achieve enhanced performance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atletas
Futebol Americano
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Dieta Saudável
Cooperação do Paciente
Futebol
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Esportiva
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Atletas/educação
Desempenho Atlético
Austrália
Composição Corporal
Estudos de Coortes
Comportamento Competitivo
Estudos Transversais
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Ciências da Nutrição/educação
Autorrelato
Ciências da Nutrição e do Esporte/educação
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161007
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1123/ijsnem.2016-0191


  4 / 27 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27710154
[Au] Autor:Barnes K; Ball L; Desbrow B
[Ti] Título:Personal Trainer Perceptions of Providing Nutrition Care to Clients: A Qualitative Exploration.
[So] Source:Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab;27(2):186-193, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1543-2742
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Personal trainers are well placed to provide basic nutrition care in line with national dietary guidelines. However, many personal trainers provide nutrition care beyond their scope of practice and this has been identified as a major industry risk due to a perceived lack of competence in nutrition. This paper explores the context in which personal trainers provide nutrition care, by understanding personal trainers' perceptions of nutrition care in relation to their role and scope of practice. Semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with 15 personal trainers working within Australia. Thematic analysis was used to identify key themes. All personal trainers reported to provide nutrition care and reported that nutrition care was an important component of their role. Despite this, many were unaware or uncertain of the scope of practice for personal trainers. Some personal trainers reported a gap between the nutrition knowledge they received in their formal education, and the knowledge they needed to optimally support their clients to adopt healthy dietary behaviors. Overall, the personal training context is likely to be conducive to providing nutrition care. Despite concerns about competence personal trainers have not modified their nutrition care practices. To ensure personal trainers provide nutrition care in a safe and effective manner, greater enforcement of the scope of practice is required as well as clear nutrition competencies or standards to be developed during training.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Dieta Saudável
Ciências da Nutrição/educação
Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/recursos humanos
Educação Física e Treinamento/recursos humanos
Medicina de Precisão
Papel Profissional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Medicina Baseada em Evidências/educação
Medicina Baseada em Evidências/recursos humanos
Medicina Baseada em Evidências/normas
Promoção da Saúde/recursos humanos
Promoção da Saúde/normas
Estilo de Vida Saudável
Seres Humanos
Imperícia
Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde
Ciências da Nutrição/recursos humanos
Ciências da Nutrição/normas
Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas
Educação Física e Treinamento/normas
Aptidão Física
Medicina de Precisão/efeitos adversos
Medicina de Precisão/normas
Competência Profissional/normas
Autorrelato
Ciências da Nutrição e do Esporte/educação
Ciências da Nutrição e do Esporte/recursos humanos
Ciências da Nutrição e do Esporte/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161007
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1123/ijsnem.2016-0141


  5 / 27 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27710146
[Au] Autor:Magee PJ; Gallagher AM; McCormack JM
[Ti] Título:High Prevalence of Dehydration and Inadequate Nutritional Knowledge Among University and Club Level Athletes.
[So] Source:Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab;27(2):158-168, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1543-2742
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although dehydration of ≥ 2% body weight (BW) loss significantly impairs endurance performance, dehydration remains prevalent among athletes and may be owing to a lack of knowledge in relation to fluid requirements. The aim of this study was to assess the hydration status of university/club level athletes (n = 430) from a range of sports/activities (army officer cadet training; bootcamp training; cycling; Gaelic Athletic Association camogie, football and hurling; golf; hockey; netball; rugby; running (sprinting and endurance); Shotokan karate and soccer) immediately before and after training/competition and to assess their nutritional knowledge. Urine specific gravity (USG) was measured immediately before and after exercise and BW loss during exercise was assessed. Nutritional knowledge was assessed using a validated questionnaire. 31.9% of athletes commenced exercise in a dehydrated state (USG >1.020) with 43.6% of participants dehydrated posttraining/competition. Dehydration was particularly prevalent (>40% of cohort) among karateka, female netball players, army officer cadets, and golfers. Golfers that commenced a competitive 18 hole round dehydrated took a significantly higher number of strokes to complete the round in comparison with their euhydrated counterparts (79.5 ± 2.1 vs. 75.7 ± 3.9 strokes, p = .049). Nutritional knowledge was poor among participants (median total score [IQR]; 52.9% [46.0, 59.8]), albeit athletes who were euhydrated at the start of exercise had a higher overall score in comparison with dehydrated athletes (55.2% vs. 50.6%, p = .001). Findings from the current study, therefore, have significant implications for the education of athletes in relation to their individual fluid requirements around exercise.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atletas
Comportamento Competitivo
Desidratação/etiologia
Dieta/efeitos adversos
Ingestão de Líquidos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Comportamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Atletas/educação
Desempenho Atlético
Estudos de Coortes
Desidratação/epidemiologia
Desidratação/etnologia
Desidratação/prevenção & controle
Dieta/etnologia
Ingestão de Líquidos/etnologia
Exercício
Feminino
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia
Seres Humanos
Irlanda/epidemiologia
Masculino
Ciências da Nutrição/educação
Prevalência
Autorrelato
Ciências da Nutrição e do Esporte/educação
Universidades
Perda de Peso
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161007
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1123/ijsnem.2016-0053


  6 / 27 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27234619
[Au] Autor:Jacob R; Lamarche B; Provencher V; Laramée C; Valois P; Goulet C; Drapeau V
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of a Theory-Based Intervention Aimed at Improving Coaches' Recommendations on Sports Nutrition to Their Athletes.
[So] Source:J Acad Nutr Diet;116(8):1308-15, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:2212-2672
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Coaches are a major source of nutrition information and influence for young athletes. Yet, most coaches do not have training in nutrition to properly guide their athletes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention aimed at improving the accuracy of coaches' recommendations on sports nutrition. DESIGN: This was a quasi-experimental study with a comparison group and an intervention group. Measurements were made at baseline, post-intervention, and after a 2-month follow-up period. Coaches' recommendations on sports nutrition during the follow-up period were recorded in a diary. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: High school coaches from various sports (n=41) were randomly assigned to a comparison group or an intervention group. INTERVENTION: Both groups attended two 90-minute sessions of a theory-based intervention targeting determinants of coaches' intention to provide recommendations on sports nutrition. The intervention group further received an algorithm that summarizes sports nutrition guidelines to help promote decision making on sports nutrition recommendations. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Nutrition knowledge and accuracy of coaches' recommendations on sports nutrition. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS PERFORMED: χ(2) analyses and t-tests were used to compare baseline characteristics; mixed and general linear model analyses were used to assess the change in response to the intervention and differences in behaviors, respectively. RESULTS: Coaches in the intervention vs comparison group provided more nutrition recommendations during the 2-month post-intervention period (mean number of recommendations per coach 25.7±22.0 vs 9.4±6.5, respectively; P=0.004) and recommendations had a greater accuracy (mean number of accurate recommendations per coach 22.4±19.9 [87.1%] vs 4.3±3.2 [46.1%], respectively; P<0.001). Knowledge was significantly increased post-intervention in both groups, but was maintained only in the intervention group during the 2-month follow-up (Pgroup*time=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: A theory-based intervention combined with a decision-making algorithm maintained coaches' sports nutrition knowledge level over time and helped them to provide more accurate recommendations on sports nutrition.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tutoria/métodos
Política Nutricional
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Ciências da Nutrição e do Esporte/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Atletas
Feminino
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Modelos Lineares
Masculino
Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Esportiva
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170703
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170703
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160529
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 27 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27159189
[Au] Autor:Elliott KR; Harmatz JS; Zhao Y; Greenblatt DJ
[Ad] Endereço:Master of Science in Biomedical Science Program, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA.
[Ti] Título:Body Size Changes Among National Collegiate Athletic Association New England Division III Football Players, 1956-2014: Comparison With Age-Matched Population Controls.
[So] Source:J Athl Train;51(5):373-81, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:1938-162X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:CONTEXT: Collegiate football programs encourage athletes to pursue high body weights. OBJECTIVE: To examine position-dependent trends over time in body size characteristics among football players in the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division III New England Small College Athletic Conference (NESCAC) from 1956 to 2014 and to compare the observed absolute and relative changes with those in age-matched male population controls. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. SETTING: Medical school affiliated with a NESCAC institution. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Football team rosters from the 10-member NESCAC schools, available as public documents, were analyzed along with body size data from general population males aged 20 to 29 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Body weight, height, and calculated body mass index were evaluated using analysis of variance, linear regression, and nonlinear regression to determine the distribution features of size variables and changes associated with time (year), school, and position. RESULTS: Among NESCAC linemen, absolute and relative changes over time in body weight and body mass index exceeded corresponding changes in the NHANES population controls. New England Small College Athletic Conference offensive linemen body weights increased by 37.5% from 1956 to 2014 (192 to 264 lb [86.4 to 118.8 kg]), compared with a 12% increase (164 to 184 lb [73.8 to 82.8 kg]) since 1961 in the NHANES population controls. Body mass index changed in parallel with body weight and exceeded 35 kg/m(2) in more than 30% of contemporary NESCAC offensive linemen. Among skill players in the NESCAC group, time-related changes in body size characteristics generally paralleled those in the NHANES controls. CONCLUSIONS: High body weight and body mass indices were evident in offensive linemen, even among those in Division III football programs with no athletic scholarships. These characteristics may be associated with adverse cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes. We need approaches to encourage risk modification in the postfootball lifestyles of these individuals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atletas
Tamanho Corporal
Futebol Americano
Comportamento de Redução do Risco
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Análise de Variância
Atletas/psicologia
Atletas/estatística & dados numéricos
Índice de Massa Corporal
Futebol Americano/fisiologia
Futebol Americano/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
New England
Inquéritos Nutricionais/métodos
Inquéritos Nutricionais/estatística & dados numéricos
Estado Nutricional
Controle da População/métodos
Controle da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Futebol
Ciências da Nutrição e do Esporte/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170501
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170501
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160510
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4085/1062-6050-51.5.14


  8 / 27 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26634839
[Au] Autor:Gleeson M
[Ad] Endereço:School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.
[Ti] Título:Immunological aspects of sport nutrition.
[So] Source:Immunol Cell Biol;94(2):117-23, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1440-1711
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Prolonged bouts of exercise and heavy training regimens are associated with depression of immune system functions that can increase the risk of picking up opportunistic infections such as the common cold and influenza. Some common sport nutrition practices including high-carbohydrate diets and carbohydrate ingestion during exercise, training with low-glycogen stores, intentional dieting for weight loss, ingestion of high-dose antioxidant supplements and protein ingestion post exercise may influence immune system status in athletes. In order to maintain robust immunity, athletes need to consume a well-balanced diet that is sufficient to meet their requirements for energy, carbohydrate, protein and micronutrients. Dietary deficiencies of protein and specific micronutrients are well known to be potential causes of immune dysfunction and an adequate intake of some essential minerals including iron and zinc and the vitamins A, D, E, B6 and B12 are important to maintain a healthy immune function. Vitamin D may be a particular concern as recent studies have emphasised its importance in limiting infection episode incidence and duration in both the general population and in athletes and many individuals exhibit inadequate vitamin D status during the winter months. There is only limited evidence that individual amino acids, ß-glucans, herbal extracts and zinc are capable of boosting immunity or reducing infection risk in athletes. The ingestion of carbohydrate during exercise and daily consumption of probiotics, vitamin D3, bovine colostrum and plant polyphenol containing supplements or foodstuffs currently offer the best chance of success, particularly for those individuals who are prone to illness.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exercício
Imunidade
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Esportiva/imunologia
Ciências da Nutrição e do Esporte
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dieta
Seres Humanos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição/imunologia
Vitamina D/imunologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
1406-16-2 (Vitamin D)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1611
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151205
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/icb.2015.109


  9 / 27 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26251549
[Au] Autor:Andrews MC; Itsiopoulos C
[Ad] Endereço:Dept. of Rehabilitation, Nutrition and Sport, La Trobe University, Bundoora, VIC, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Room for Improvement in Nutrition Knowledge and Dietary Intake of Male Football (Soccer) Players in Australia.
[So] Source:Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab;26(1):55-64, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1543-2742
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Athletes require sufficient nutrition knowledge and skills to enable appropriate selection and consumption of food and fluids to meet their health, body composition, and performance needs. This article reports the nutrition knowledge and dietary habits of male football (soccer) players in Australia. Players age 18 years and older were recruited from 1 A-League club (professional) and 4 National Premier League clubs (semiprofessional). No significant difference in general nutrition knowledge (GNK; 54.1% ± 13.4%; 56.8% ± 11.7%; M ± SD), t(71) = -0.91, p = .37, or sports nutrition knowledge (SNK; 56.9% ± 15.5%; 61.3% ± 15.9%), t(71) = -1.16, p = .25) were noted between professional (n = 29) and semiprofessional (n = 44) players. In general, players lacked knowledge in regard to food sources and types of fat. Although nutrition knowledge varied widely among players (24.6-82.8% correct responses), those who had recently studied nutrition answered significantly more items correctly than those who reported no recent formal nutrition education (62.6% ± 11.9%; 54.0% ± 11.4%), t(67) = 2.88, p = .005). Analysis of 3-day estimated food diaries revealed both professionals (n = 10) and semiprofessionals (n = 31) consumed on average less carbohydrate (3.5 ± 0.8 gC/kg; 3.9 ± 1.8 gC/kg) per day than football-specific recommendations (FIFA Medical and Assessment Research Centre [F-MARC]: 5-10 gC/kg). There was a moderate, positive correlation between SNK and carbohydrate intake (n = 41, ρ = 0.32, p = .04), indicating that players who exhibited greater SNK had higher carbohydrate intakes. On the basis of these findings, male football players in Australia would benefit from nutrition education targeting carbohydrate and fat in an attempt to improve nutrition knowledge and dietary practices.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atletas
Comportamento Alimentar
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Futebol
Ciências da Nutrição e do Esporte
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Austrália
Registros de Dieta
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Necessidades Nutricionais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150808
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1123/ijsnem.2015-0064


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[PMID]:26633668
[Au] Autor:Beals K; Darnell ME; Lovalekar M; Baker RA; Nagai T; San-Adams T; Wirt MD
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sports Medicine and Nutrition, Neuromuscular Research Laboratory, University of Pittsburgh, 3840 South Water Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15203.
[Ti] Título:Suboptimal Nutritional Characteristics in Male and Female Soldiers Compared to Sports Nutrition Guidelines.
[So] Source:Mil Med;180(12):1239-46, 2015 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1930-613X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nutrient intake of male and female Soldiers in the 101 st Airborne Division (Air Assault) compared to sports nutrition standards for athletes, and to identify suboptimal eating characteristics that may impair physical performance and jeopardize military readiness. Male and female Soldiers from the 101 st Airborne Division (Air Assault) completed a 24-hour dietary recall and nutrition history questionnaire before anthropometric and body composition measurements were taken. Compared to sports nutrition guidelines, Soldiers of the 101 st under consume carbohydrates (males: 3.9 ± 2.0 vs. 5.0 g/kg, p < 0.001; females: 4.0 ± 2.1 vs. 5.0 g/kg, p = 0.001), male Soldiers eat too much fat (32.4% of kcal vs. <30% of kcal, p = 0.000) and saturated fat (males: 10.5 ± 3.9% of kcal vs. 10.0% of kcal, p = 0.044), and both males and females follow a meal pattern that may not optimize energy availability throughout the day. Eating too much fat and under fueling carbohydrate may negatively impact the adaptations to physical training and compromise overall health. Although Soldiers continue to participate in arduous training programs, future research should be aimed at determining the energy and macronutrient needs to fuel and recover from specific types of military training.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta/normas
Ingestão de Energia/fisiologia
Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia
Militares
Avaliação Nutricional
Ciências da Nutrição e do Esporte/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Registros de Dieta
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Política Nutricional
Necessidades Nutricionais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161217
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161217
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151204
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7205/MILMED-D-14-00515



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