Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : H02.403.850 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 520 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 52 ir para página                         

  1 / 520 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28733254
[Au] Autor:Rolling T; Mühlenpfordt M; Addo MM; Cramer JP; Vinnemeier CD
[Ad] Endereço:I. Medical Department, Sections Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), Hamburg, Germany; Clinical Research Group, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine (BNITM), Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address: t.rolling@uke.de.
[Ti] Título:Pre-travel advice at a crossroad: Medical preparedness of travellers to South and Southeast-Asia - The Hamburg Airport Survey.
[So] Source:Travel Med Infect Dis;18:41-45, 2017 Jul - Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1873-0442
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Specific travel-related recommendations exist for the prevention or self-treatment of infectious diseases contracted by travellers to the tropics. In the current study, we assessed the medical preparedness per these recommendations, focusing on whether travellers carried antidiarrheal and antimalarial medication with them stratified by type of pre-travel advice. METHODS: We surveyed travellers departing from Hamburg International Airport to South or Southeast Asia, using a questionnaire on demographic, medical and travel characteristics. RESULTS: 975 travellers were analysed - the majority (817, 83%) being tourists. A large proportion packed any antidiarrheal medication (612, 63%) - most frequently loperamide (440, 72%). Only 176 of 928 (19%) travellers to destinations with low-to medium risk for malaria packed a recommended antimalarial medication. The majority (162, 17%) of them carried antimalarials as stand-by emergency treatment (SBET). 468 (48%) travellers had a pre-travel medical consultation. This lead to higher odds of carrying SBET- with the highest odds associated with a consultation at a travel medicine specialist (OR 7.83 compared to no consultation). CONCLUSIONS: Attending a travel medicine specialist was associated with better adherence to current recommendations concerning the carriage of stand-by emergency treatment of malaria. However, the proportion of travellers seeking pre-travel health advice was overall low in our population. Promoting pre-travel consultations may, therefore, lead to higher adherence to the current recommendations in travel medicine.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aeroportos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Viagem/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Antidiarreicos
Antimaláricos
Ásia
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Alemanha/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Medicina de Viagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antidiarrheals); 0 (Antimalarials)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170723
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 520 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28698027
[Au] Autor:Petersen J; Simons H; Patel D
[Ad] Endereço:National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC), University College London Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. Electronic address: Jakob.petersen@uclh.nhs.uk.
[Ti] Título:Access to yellow fever travel vaccination centres in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland: A geographical study.
[So] Source:Travel Med Infect Dis;18:24-29, 2017 Jul - Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1873-0442
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: More than 700,000 trips were made by residents in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland (EWNI) in 2015 to tropical countries endemic for yellow fever, a potentially deadly, yet vaccine-preventable disease transmitted by mosquitoes. The aim of this study was to map the geographical accessibility of yellow fever vaccination centres (YFVC) in EWNI. METHODS: The location of 3208 YFVC were geocoded and the average geodetic distance to nearest YFVC was calculated for each population unit. Data on trips abroad and centres were obtained regionally for EWNI and nationally for the World Top20 countries in terms of travel. RESULTS: The mean distance to nearest YFVC was 2.4 km and only 1% of the population had to travel more than 16.1 km to their nearest centre. The number of vaccines administered regionally in EWNI was found correlated with the number of trips to yellow fever countries. The number of centres per 100,000 trips was 6.1 in EWNI, which was below United States (12.1) and above the rest of Top20 countries. CONCLUSIONS: The service availability was in line with demand regionally. With the exception of remote, rural areas, yellow fever vaccination services were widely available with only short distances to cover for the travelling public.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos
Vacina contra Febre Amarela
Febre Amarela/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Viagem
Medicina de Viagem
Reino Unido/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Yellow Fever Vaccine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170713
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 520 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28652197
[Au] Autor:Leangapichart T; Rolain JM; Memish ZA; Al-Tawfiq JA; Gautret P
[Ad] Endereço:Unité de Recherche sur les Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Émergentes (URMITE) CNRS-IRD UMR 6236, Méditerranée Infection, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Aix-Marseille-Université, Marseille, France.
[Ti] Título:Emergence of drug resistant bacteria at the Hajj: A systematic review.
[So] Source:Travel Med Infect Dis;18:3-17, 2017 Jul - Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1873-0442
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Hajj is the annual mass gathering of Muslims, and is a reservoir and potential source of bacterial transmission. The emergence of bacterial transmission, including multi-drug resistance (MDR) bacteria, during Hajj has not been systematically assessed. METHODS: Articles in Pubmed, Scopus, and Google scholar were identified using controlled words relating to antibiotic resistance (AR) at the Hajj from January 2002 to January 2017. Eligible studies were identified by two researchers. AR patterns of bacteria were obtained for each study. RESULTS: We included 31 publications involving pilgrims, Hajj workers or local patients attending hospitals in Mecca, Mina, and the Medina area. Most of these publications provided antibiotic susceptibility results. Ten of them used the PCR approach to identify AR genes. MRSA carriage was reported in pilgrims and food handlers at a rate of 20%. Low rates of vancomycin-resistant gram-positive bacteria were reported in pilgrims and patients. The prevalence of third-generation cephalosporin-resistant bacteria was common in the Hajj region. Across all studies, carbapenem-resistant bacteria were detected in fewer than 10% of E.coli isolates tested but up to 100% in K. pneumoniae and A. baumannii. Colistin-resistant Salmonella enterica, including mcr-1 colistin-resistant E.coli and K.pneumoniae were only detected in the pilgrim cohorts. CONCLUSION: This study provides an overview of the prevalence of MDR bacteria at the Hajj. Pilgrims are at high risk of AR bacterial transmission and may carry and transfer these bacteria when returning to their home countries. Thus, pilgrims should be instructed by health care practitioners about hygiene practices aiming at reducing traveler's diarrhea and limited use of antibiotics during travel in order to reduce the risk of MDR bacterial transmission.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções Bacterianas
Portador Sadio
Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana
Islamismo
Viagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos
Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico
Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia
Infecções Bacterianas/transmissão
Portador Sadio/tratamento farmacológico
Portador Sadio/microbiologia
Portador Sadio/transmissão
Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/tratamento farmacológico
Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/microbiologia
Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/transmissão
Aglomeração
Seres Humanos
Arábia Saudita
Medicina de Viagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170628
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 520 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28648932
[Au] Autor:Jungerman MR; Vonnahme LA; Washburn F; Alvarado-Ramy F
[Ad] Endereço:Quarantine and Border Health Services, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States. Electronic address: Guk8@cdc.gov.
[Ti] Título:Federal travel restrictions to prevent disease transmission in the United States: An analysis of requested travel restrictions.
[So] Source:Travel Med Infect Dis;18:30-35, 2017 Jul - Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1873-0442
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Individuals with certain communicable diseases may pose risks to the health of the traveling public; there has been documented transmission on commercial aircraft of tuberculosis (TB), measles, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Federal public health travel restrictions (PHTR) prevent commercial air or international travel of persons with communicable diseases that pose a public health threat. METHODS: We described demographics and clinical characteristics of all cases considered for PHTR because of suspected or confirmed communicable disease from May 22, 2007, to December 31, 2015. RESULTS: We reviewed 682 requests for PHTR; 414 (61%) actions were completed to place 396 individuals on PHTR. The majority (>99%) had suspected (n = 27) or confirmed (n = 367) infectious pulmonary TB; 58 (16%) had multidrug-resistant-TB. There were 128 (85%) interceptions that prevented the initiation or continuation of travel. PHTR were removed for 310 (78%) individuals after attaining noninfectious status and 86 (22%) remained on PHTR at the end of the analysis period. CONCLUSIONS: PHTR effectively prevent exposure during commercial air travel to persons with potentially infectious diseases. In addition, they are effective tools available to public health agencies to prevent commercial travel of individuals with certain communicable diseases and possibly reconnect them with public health authorities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Controle de Infecções/legislação & jurisprudência
Controle de Infecções/métodos
Saúde Pública/legislação & jurisprudência
Viagem/legislação & jurisprudência
Viagem/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Medicina de Viagem
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170627
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 520 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28487212
[Au] Autor:Rodriguez-Morales AJ; Ruiz P; Tabares J; Ossa CA; Yepes-Echeverry MC; Ramirez-Jaramillo V; Galindo-Marquez ML; García-Loaiza CJ; Sabogal-Roman JA; Parra-Valencia E; Lagos-Grisales GJ; Lozada-Riascos CO; de Pijper CA; Grobusch MP
[Ad] Endereço:Public Health and Infection Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Tecnologica de Pereira, Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia; Committee on Travel Medicine, Asociación Panamericana de Infectología, Quito, Ecuador; Colombian Collaborative Network of Zika (RECOLZIKA), Pereira, Risaralda, Co
[Ti] Título:Mapping the ecoepidemiology of Zika virus infection in urban and rural areas of Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia, 2015-2016: Implications for public health and travel medicine.
[So] Source:Travel Med Infect Dis;18:57-66, 2017 Jul - Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1873-0442
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Geographical information systems (GIS) have been demonstrated earlier to be of great use to inform public health action against vector-borne infectious diseases. METHODS: Using surveillance data on the ongoing ZIKV outbreak from Pereira, Colombia (2015-2016), we estimated incidence rates (cases/100,000 population), and developed maps correlating with the ecoepidemiology of the area. RESULTS: Up to October 8, 2016, 439 cases of ZIKV were reported in Pereira (93 cases/100,000 pop.), with highest rates in the South-West area. At the corregiments (sub-municipalities) of Pereira, Caimalito presented the highest rate. An urban area, Cuba, has 169 cases/100,000 pop., with a low economical level and the highest Aedic index (9.1%). Entomological indexes were associated with ZIKV incidence at simple and multiple non-linear regressions (r > 0.25; p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Combining entomological, environmental, human population density, travel patterns and case data of vector-borne infections, such as ZIKV, leads to a valuable tool that can be used to pinpoint hotspots also for infections such as dengue, chikungunya and malaria. Such a tool is key to planning mosquito control and the prevention of mosquito-borne diseases in local populations. Such data also enable microepidemiology and the prediction of risk for travelers who visit specific areas in a destination country.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Surtos de Doenças
População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos
Viagem
População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
Infecção pelo Zika virus
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Colômbia/epidemiologia
Culicidae/virologia
Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle
Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos
Sistemas de Informação Geográfica
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Larva/virologia
Saúde Pública
Medicina de Viagem
Infecção pelo Zika virus/epidemiologia
Infecção pelo Zika virus/prevenção & controle
Infecção pelo Zika virus/transmissão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170511
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 520 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28426117
[Au] Autor:Simkhada PP; Regmi PR; van Teijlingen E; Aryal N
[Ad] Endereço:Public Health Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK.
[Ti] Título:Identifying the gaps in Nepalese migrant workers' health and well-being: a review of the literature.
[So] Source:J Travel Med;24(4), 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1708-8305
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: The health and well-being of migrant workers from low-income countries is often neglected in travel medicine. This article uses Nepal as a case study to highlight key issues affecting this particular group of international travellers. Methods: This narrative review used a comprehensive systematic literature search to identify relevant studies on Nepal. The included articles were thematically analysed leading to four key themes or risk factors. Results: The search found 18 articles from which we identified 3 key themes related directly to migrant workers: (1) sexual risk taking; (2) occupational health and (3) lifestyles, and a fourth theme related to partners and family of migrant workers who are left behind in Nepal. Of the 18 included articles, 11 articles discussed sexual risk taking and HIV, whilst considerably fewer focused on work-related risk factors and lifestyle factors in migrant workers. Conclusions: Migrant workers who are generally healthy appear to be similar to tourist travellers in regarding sexual health as a key issue related to being abroad. Risky sexual behaviour increases in individuals separated from their usual sexual partners, away from their own communities and families, leading to the so-called 'situational disinhibition'. Considering the recent media coverage of deaths and injuries among migrant workers in the Middle East, it is interesting to see that their sexual health is more prevalent in the research literature. This article argues that travel medicine should provide more emphasis to the health and well-being of migrant workers as a highly vulnerable group of travellers with additional impact on the health of those left behind.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Trabalhadores Agrícolas/epidemiologia
Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde
Migrantes
Medicina de Viagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doenças dos Trabalhadores Agrícolas/etiologia
Seres Humanos
Nepal/epidemiologia
Fatores de Risco
Assunção de Riscos
Comportamento Sexual
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170831
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170831
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170421
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jtm/tax021


  7 / 520 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28426116
[Au] Autor:Fonseca AG; Dias SS; Baptista JL; Torgal J
[Ad] Endereço:Public Health Department, NOVA Medical School, Faculdade Ciências Médicas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa (NOVA Lisbon University), Lisbon, Portugal.
[Ti] Título:Portuguese expatriates' health in Angola and Mozambique-a cross-sectional study: increasing awareness and need for more surveillance.
[So] Source:J Travel Med;24(4), 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1708-8305
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: Increasing numbers of expatriates are working in sub-Saharan Africa. There is little published data on the complex population and this survey aimed at understanding expatriate morbidity by accessing self-reported health problems and malaria preventive practices. Methods: A cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted targeting Portuguese expatriates in Angola and Mozambique. Logistic regression analysis explored factors associated with self-reported health problems and psychological symptoms in the previous 3 months. Results: A total sample of 352 adult Portuguese urban civil occupational expatriates was obtained. Median length of expatriation was 3 years. Considering a 3-month timeframe, one in five expatriates reported new health problems and need of medical assistance, 5% were hospitalized and 64% reported general psychological symptoms. Less than 2% of subjects were on malaria chemoprophylaxis. Having chronic health conditions doubled the reporting of new health problems. Increasing length of expatriation was associated with decreasing reporting of general psychological symptoms. Directors and executive managers and expatriates living alone tended to report more general psychological symptoms. Conclusion: Expatriate communities deserve enhanced surveillance for the health issues that affect them. This will improve evidence-based preparation and intervention by public and travel health practitioners.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emigrantes e Imigrantes
Malária/epidemiologia
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
Medicina de Viagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Angola/epidemiologia
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Malária/etiologia
Malária/prevenção & controle
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/etiologia
Transtornos Mentais/prevenção & controle
Moçambique/epidemiologia
Portugal/etnologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170831
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170831
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170421
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jtm/tax020


  8 / 520 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28426114
[Au] Autor:Sadarangani SP; Lim PL; Vasoo S
[Ad] Endereço:Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
[Ti] Título:Infectious diseases and migrant worker health in Singapore: a receiving country's perspective.
[So] Source:J Travel Med;24(4), 2017 07 01.
[Is] ISSN:1708-8305
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: Approximately 1.4 million migrant workers reside in Singapore, presenting unique infectious disease challenges to both migrants and Singapore. Methods: A Pubmed, MEDLINE (Ovid), EBSCO Host (Global Health) and Google Scholar search was performed for both peer, non-peer reviewed articles and reports relevant to migrant health in Singapore, published between 1 January 1989 and 1 September 2016. Additional studies were identified from citations within searched articles. We also reviewed published data and policy documents from the Ministries of Health and Manpower, Singapore. Results: A significant proportion of malaria, enteric fevers, hepatitis A and E and tuberculosis diagnosed in Singapore involve migrant workers. From the 1990-2000 through 2009-11, while malaria and hepatitis A cases have decreased and remain sporadic, enteric fevers and tuberculosis cases have increased, possibly due to greater influx of migrant workers. Hepatitis E numbers remain low but migrant workers account for half of diagnosed cases. In an interplay of immune naivete, work and living conditions, migrants in the construction industry are at higher risk of arboviral infections such as dengue, Zika and chikungunya. Infections such as chikungunya were likely introduced into Singapore by travellers including migrant workers from the Indian subcontinent but autochthonous transmission continued due to the presence of competent mosquito vectors. There is less data regarding sexual health, networks and infections amongst migrant workers, an area which merits further attention. Conclusions: Migrant workers appear to be at higher risk than Singaporeans for specific infectious diseases, probably due to a complex interplay of several factors, including higher disease prevalence in their countries of origin, socio-economic factors, their living conditions in Singapore and financial, language and cultural barriers to healthcare access. Receiving countries need improved surveillance, expansion of preventive measures and decreased barriers to healthcare access for migrant workers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Trabalhadores Agrícolas/epidemiologia
Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
Migrantes
Medicina de Viagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doenças dos Trabalhadores Agrícolas/etiologia
Animais
Doenças Transmissíveis/etiologia
Doenças Transmissíveis/transmissão
Vetores de Doenças
Feminino
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/epidemiologia
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/etiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Roedores
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/etiologia
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/transmissão
Singapura/epidemiologia
Migrantes/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170831
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170831
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170421
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jtm/tax014


  9 / 520 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28426115
[Au] Autor:Pavli A; Maltezou H
[Ad] Endereço:Travel Medicine Office, Department for Interventions in Health-Care Facilities, Hellenic Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Marousi, Greece.
[Ti] Título:Health problems of newly arrived migrants and refugees in Europe.
[So] Source:J Travel Med;24(4), 2017 07 01.
[Is] ISSN:1708-8305
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: The number of migrants and refugees in Europe in the past few years has increased dramatically due to war, violence or prosecutions in their homeland. Migration may affect physical, mental and social health. The objective of this article is to assess migrants and refugees' health problems, and to recommend appropriate interventions. Methods: A PubMed search of published articles on health problems of newly arrived migrants and refugees was conducted from 2003 through 2016, focusing on the current refugee crisis in Europe. Results: In addition to communicable diseases, such as respiratory, gastrointestinal and dermatologic infections, non-communicable diseases, including chronic conditions, mental and social problems, account for a significant morbidity burden in newly arrived migrants and refugees. Vaccine-preventable diseases are also of outmost importance. The appropriate management of newly arrived refugees and migrants' health problems is affected by barriers to access to health care including legal, communication, cultural and bureaucratic difficulties. There is diversity and lack of integration regarding health care provision across Europe due to policy differences between health care systems and social services. Conclusion: There is a notable burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases among newly arrived migrants and refugees. Provision of health care at reception and temporary centres should be integrated and provided by a multidisciplinary team Appropriate health care of migrants and refugees could greatly enhance their health and social status which will benefit also the host countries at large.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
Emigrantes e Imigrantes
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde
Refugiados
Medicina de Viagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis
Doenças Transmissíveis/etiologia
Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170831
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170831
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170421
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jtm/tax016


  10 / 520 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28426113
[Au] Autor:Olanwijitwong J; Piyaphanee W; Poovorawan K; Lawpoolsri S; Chanthavanich P; Wichainprasast P; Tantawichien T
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
[Ti] Título:Health problems among Thai tourists returning from India.
[So] Source:J Travel Med;24(4), 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1708-8305
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: The number of Thai tourists visiting India is increasing each year. Most studies investigating health problems among international travellers to India have focused on travellers from Europe or North America, and the applicability of these studies to Asian travellers is unknown. Methods: This cross-sectional study used data collected from Thai tourists who had recently completed a trip to India. A questionnaire on demographic data, travel characteristics, pre-travel health preparation, and health problems during the trip to India was administered. All participants were also invited to answer a follow-up questionnaire 15 days after their arrival. Results: The study included 1,304 Thai tourists returning from India between October 2014 and March 2015. Sixty-two percent were female. Overall median age was 49 years, and the median length of stay was 10.6 days. Most were package tourists, and 52% (675) reported health problems during their trip. Common health problems were cough, runny nose, and sore throat (31.1%), followed by musculoskeletal problems (21.7%), fever (12.7%), diarrhea (9.8%) and skin problems (6.6%). Other reported problems were related to the eyes/ears (2.1%), animal exposure (1.9%) and accidents (0.8%). We found that several factors may be associated with the incidence of health problems among these tourists, including travelling style and travel health preparation. In the follow-up questionnaire, 16.8% of the participants reported new or additional symptoms that developed after their return to Thailand. Respiratory symptoms were still the most common health problems during this 15-day period. Conclusions: Over half (52%) of Thai tourists experienced health problems during their trip to India. The most common health problem was not travellers' diarrhoea, as would be expected from published studies. Rather, respiratory and musculoskeletal problems were common symptoms. This information will be useful in pre-travel assessment and care. Our findings may indicate that health risks among travellers vary by nationality.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Artralgia/epidemiologia
Diarreia/epidemiologia
Mialgia/epidemiologia
Doenças Respiratórias/epidemiologia
Medicina de Viagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Tosse/epidemiologia
Tosse/etiologia
Estudos Transversais
Diarreia/etiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Índia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Mialgia/etiologia
Doenças Respiratórias/etiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Tailândia/etnologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170831
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170831
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170421
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jtm/tax013



página 1 de 52 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde