Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : H02.533.124 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 113 [refinar]
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[PMID]:28046109
[Au] Autor:Micallef G; Cash P; Fernandes JM; Rajan B; Tinsley JW; Bickerdike R; Martin SA; Bowman AS
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Dietary Yeast Cell Wall Extract Alters the Proteome of the Skin Mucous Barrier in Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar): Increased Abundance and Expression of a Calreticulin-Like Protein.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(1):e0169075, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In order to improve fish health and reduce use of chemotherapeutants in aquaculture production, the immunomodulatory effect of various nutritional ingredients has been explored. In salmon, there is evidence that functional feeds can reduce the abundance of sea lice. This study aimed to determine if there were consistent changes in the skin mucus proteome that could serve as a biomarker for dietary yeast cell wall extract. The effect of dietary yeast cell wall extract on the skin mucus proteome of Atlantic salmon was examined using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Forty-nine spots showed a statistically significant change in their normalised volumes between the control and yeast cell wall diets. Thirteen spots were successfully identified by peptide fragment fingerprinting and LC-MS/MS and these belonged to a variety of functions and pathways. To assess the validity of the results from the proteome approach, the gene expression of a selection of these proteins was studied in skin mRNA from two different independent feeding trials using yeast cell wall extracts. A calreticulin-like protein increased in abundance at both the protein and transcript level in response to dietary yeast cell wall extract. The calreticulin-like protein was identified as a possible biomarker for yeast-derived functional feeds since it showed the most consistent change in expression in both the mucus proteome and skin transcriptome. The discovery of such a biomarker is expected to quicken the pace of research in the application of yeast cell wall extracts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Calreticulina/metabolismo
Parede Celular/química
Dieta
Muco/metabolismo
Proteoma/metabolismo
Pele/metabolismo
Leveduras/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ciências da Nutrição Animal
Animais
Biomarcadores/metabolismo
Cromatografia Líquida
Eletroforese em Gel Bidimensional
Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
Proteômica
Salmo salar
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biomarkers); 0 (Calreticulin); 0 (Fish Proteins); 0 (Proteome)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170104
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0169075


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[PMID]:26560697
[Au] Autor:Doiron KJ; Yu P
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Animal and Poultry Science , College of Agriculture and Bioresources, University of Saskatchewan , Saskatoon , Canada.
[Ti] Título:Recent research in flaxseed (oil seed) on molecular structure and metabolic characteristics of protein, heat processing-induced effect and nutrition with advanced synchrotron-based molecular techniques.
[So] Source:Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr;57(1):8-17, 2017 Jan 02.
[Is] ISSN:1549-7852
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Advanced synchrotron radiation-based infrared microspectroscopy is able to reveal feed and food structure feature at cellular and molecular levels and simultaneously provides composition, structure, environment, and chemistry within intact tissue. However, to date, this advanced synchrotron-based technique is still seldom known to food and feed scientists. This article aims to provide detailed background for flaxseed (oil seed) protein research and then review recent progress and development in flaxseed research in ruminant nutrition in the areas of (1) dietary inclusion of flaxseed in rations; (2) heat processing effect; (3) assessing dietary protein; (4) synchrotron-based Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy as a tool of nutritive evaluation within cellular and subcellular dimensions; (5) recent synchrotron applications in flaxseed research on a molecular basis. The information described in this paper gives better insight in flaxseed research progress and update.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ração Animal/análise
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal
Proteínas na Dieta/química
Linho/química
Proteínas de Plantas/química
Ruminantes/fisiologia
Sementes/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ciências da Nutrição Animal/métodos
Ciências da Nutrição Animal/tendências
Animais
Proteínas na Dieta/metabolismo
Manipulação de Alimentos
Temperatura Alta/efeitos adversos
Seres Humanos
Reação de Maillard
Carne/análise
Leite/química
Valor Nutritivo
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Conformação Proteica
Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/veterinária
Síncrotrons
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Proteins); 0 (Plant Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151113
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28116345
[Au] Autor:Shoveller AK; De Godoy MR; Larsen J; Flickinger E
[Ad] Endereço:University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Emerging Advancements in Canine and Feline Metabolism and Nutrition.
[So] Source:ScientificWorldJournal;2016:9023781, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1537-744X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências da Nutrição Animal/tendências
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal
Gatos/metabolismo
Cães/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; INTRODUCTORY JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1155/2016/9023781


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[PMID]:27846289
[Au] Autor:Mendo T; Simon C; Green B; Gardner C
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, Fisheries and Aquaculture Centre, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 49, Hobart 7001, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Spatial Variability in Condition of Southern Rock Lobsters (Jasus edwardsii) at the Start of the Tasmanian Fishing Season.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(11):e0166343, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The southern rock lobster (Jasus edwardsii) industry in Australia favours red lobsters, which are usually caught in shallow waters, over paler (brindle) lobsters. This preference is driven partly by the Chinese market, where red is associated with luck and prosperity, and additionally, by the widely held perception within the industry that brindles have greater mortality rates during out of water transport than reds. Limited scientific evidence supports these industry observations; however, these studies did not evaluate the initial condition of lobsters. This study aimed first, to determine which variables better describe condition in J. edwardsii and second, to compare condition among lobsters in several sites around Tasmania at the typical time of high transport mortality. Male lobsters were collected from the South West, South East, East and North coast of Tasmania in late November/December 2014, which correspond to the start of the Tasmanian fishing season. A comprehensive condition assessment was applied by measuring tissue proximal composition, Brix index, Total Haemocyte Count, pH, haemocyanin and another 16 haemolymph parameters of interest. A useful framework to compare condition in J. edwardsii was established by first, using Brix index as a measure of nutritional condition, second, using pH, magnesium, and bicarbonate to evaluate differences in physiological condition and finally, using THC counts as a proxy for lobster health condition. Lobsters from different sites had different nutritional, physiological and health condition, consistent with industry observations, however our results indicate that some red shallow water lobsters exhibited poorer nutritional and health condition, while some deep water brindle lobsters were in good condition. Differences in condition could not be directly associated to catch depth of lobsters and was related to other spatially discrete factors which sometimes vary over distances <3 km.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências da Nutrição Animal/métodos
Pesqueiros
Palinuridae/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Austrália
Hemocianinas/metabolismo
Hemolinfa/metabolismo
Masculino
Palinuridae/metabolismo
Estações do Ano
Tasmânia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
9013-72-3 (Hemocyanins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161116
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0166343


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[PMID]:27257993
[Au] Autor:Khanal P; Johnsen L; Axel AM; Hansen PW; Kongsted AH; Lyckegaard NB; Nielsen MO
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Clinical and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
[Ti] Título:Long-Term Impacts of Foetal Malnutrition Followed by Early Postnatal Obesity on Fat Distribution Pattern and Metabolic Adaptability in Adult Sheep.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(6):e0156700, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We aimed to investigate whether over- versus undernutrition in late foetal life combined with obesity development in early postnatal life have differential implications for fat distribution and metabolic adaptability in adulthood. Twin-pregnant ewes were fed NORM (100% of daily energy and protein requirements), LOW (50% of NORM) or HIGH (150%/110% of energy/protein requirements) diets during the last trimester. Postnatally, twin-lambs received obesogenic (HCHF) or moderate (CONV) diets until 6 months of age, and a moderate (obesity correcting) diet thereafter. At 2½ years of age (adulthood), plasma metabolite profiles during fasting, glucose, insulin and propionate (in fed and fasted states) tolerance tests were examined. Organ weights were determined at autopsy. Early obesity development was associated with lack of expansion of perirenal, but not other adipose tissues from adolescence to adulthood, resulting in 10% unit increased proportion of mesenteric of intra-abdominal fat. Prenatal undernutrition had a similar but much less pronounced effect. Across tolerance tests, LOW-HCHF sheep had highest plasma levels of cholesterol, urea-nitrogen, creatinine, and lactate. Sex specific differences were observed, particularly with respect to fat deposition, but direction of responses to early nutrition impacts were similar. However, prenatal undernutrition induced greater metabolic alterations in adult females than males. Foetal undernutrition, but not overnutrition, predisposed for adult hypercholesterolaemia, hyperureaemia, hypercreatinaemia and hyperlactataemia, which became manifested only in combination with early obesity development. Perirenal expandability may play a special role in this context. Differential nutrition recommendations may be advisable for individuals with low versus high birth weights.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adiposidade
Transtornos da Nutrição Fetal/fisiopatologia
Obesidade/etiologia
Carneiro Doméstico/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ração Animal
Ciências da Nutrição Animal
Animais
Glicemia/análise
Peso Corporal
Feminino
Teste de Tolerância a Glucose
Insulina/sangue
Gordura Intra-Abdominal
Masculino
Necessidades Nutricionais
Tamanho do Órgão
Hipernutrição/metabolismo
Gravidez
Prenhez
Fatores Sexuais
Ovinos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Blood Glucose); 0 (Insulin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170726
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170726
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160604
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0156700


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[PMID]:27249164
[Au] Autor:Watts SA; Lawrence C; Powell M; D'Abramo LR
[Ad] Endereço:1 Department of Biology, University of Alabama-Birmingham , Birmingham, Alabama.
[Ti] Título:The Vital Relationship Between Nutrition and Health in Zebrafish.
[So] Source:Zebrafish;13 Suppl 1:S72-6, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1557-8542
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the relatively short span of four decades, the zebrafish (Danio rerio) has emerged as an increasingly important model organism for biomedicine and other scientific disciplines. As the scale and sophistication of zebrafish research expands, so too does the need to develop standards that promote the production and maintenance of healthy animals for experiments. A major, but long overlooked, contributor to fish health is nutrition. Historically, feeding practices for laboratory zebrafish have been designed to promote growth and reproductive function. However, as the field matures, it is becoming increasingly clear that the nutritional goals for these animals should evolve beyond basic production to the maintenance of clinically healthy research subjects. This review outlines weaknesses and limitations of current approaches and provides a justification for the development of defined standardized diets that will strengthen and facilitate the continued growth of the zebrafish model system.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal
Dieta
Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/normas
Ciências da Nutrição Animal
Bem-Estar do Animal
Animais
Aquicultura/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160602
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1089/zeb.2016.1299


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[PMID]:27127010
[Au] Autor:Jaturasitha S; Chaiwang N; Kayan A; Kreuzer M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Animal and Aquatic Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University, 50200 Chiang Mai, Thailand. Electronic address: ja.sanchai@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Nutritional strategies to improve the lipid composition of meat, with emphasis on Thailand and Asia.
[So] Source:Meat Sci;120:157-166, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1873-4138
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article reviews opportunities for enriching the lipids of meat with n-3 fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs), both considered beneficial to human health. Special focus is put on feeds available and research carried out in Thailand. A differentiated consideration concerning the value of different n-3 fatty acids and isomers of CLAs is necessary. In ruminants, it is difficult to enrich the meat with n-3 fatty acids due to the extensive ruminal biohydrogenation of unsaturated fatty acids, but several possibilities to enhance the proportion of the most desired CLA isomer, rumenic acid, exist. By contrast, pork and poultry meat can be easily enriched with n-3 fatty acids. With purified CLA sources, CLAs also can be enhanced, but it is difficult to achieve this exclusively for rumenic acid. An interesting approach might consist in supplementing the CLA precursor vaccenic acid instead. Possible constraints for meat quality and in the fatty acid levels achieved are outlined.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ração Animal/análise
Ciências da Nutrição Animal
Dieta/veterinária
Gorduras na Dieta/análise
Carne Vermelha/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Suplementos Nutricionais
Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/administração & dosagem
Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/análise
Fermentação
Ácidos Linoleicos Conjugados/administração & dosagem
Ácidos Linoleicos Conjugados/análise
Valor Nutritivo
Ácidos Oleicos/administração & dosagem
Ácidos Oleicos/análise
Aves Domésticas
Rúmen/efeitos dos fármacos
Rúmen/metabolismo
Suínos
Tailândia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Fats); 0 (Fatty Acids, Omega-3); 0 (Linoleic Acids, Conjugated); 0 (Oleic Acids); 1839-11-8 (9,11-linoleic acid); GQ72OGU4EV (11-octadecenoic acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170924
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170924
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160430
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27090747
[Au] Autor:Cousins RJ
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Nutritional Sciences, Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611-2710; email: cousins@ufl.edu.
[Ti] Título:Driving Along the Zinc Road.
[So] Source:Annu Rev Nutr;36:1-15, 2016 Jul 17.
[Is] ISSN:1545-4312
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:After having written hundreds of research articles, reviews, and book chapters, I find it awkward to pen an autobiography. I still do use a pen. As stated by others in the nutrition field who have written of their own experiences in a perspective article for the Annual Review of Nutrition, my course through this field of science has been serendipitous. My interest in nutrition developed during my experiences with horses and then Angus cattle and entry into an animal science degree program. As the age of molecular biology was unfolding, I pursued a PhD in nutritional biochemistry with Hamilton Eaton at the University of Connecticut followed by postdoctoral work with Hector DeLuca at the University of Wisconsin, working on vitamins A and D, respectively. At Rutgers University, one of the two institutions where I have served on the faculty, I started my research program on trace elements with a focus on cadmium toxicity but soon thereafter began my research on zinc metabolism and function. I moved to the University of Florida in 1982 for an endowed position and have been a Florida Gator ever since. At the University of Florida, research expanded to include identification of zinc-responsive genes and physiological outcomes of zinc transport influencing health and disease, particularly as related to inflammation. I had the opportunity to contribute national science policy as president of both the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology and the American Society for Nutrition. As the time of this writing, I maintain an active laboratory.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bioquímica/história
Política Nutricional
Ciências da Nutrição/história
Zinco/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ciências da Nutrição Animal/história
Ciências da Nutrição Animal/métodos
Ciências da Nutrição Animal/tendências
Animais
Distinções e Prêmios
Bioquímica/métodos
Bioquímica/tendências
Transporte Biológico
Pesquisa Biomédica/economia
Pesquisa Biomédica/legislação & jurisprudência
Cádmio/toxicidade
Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/genética
Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/metabolismo
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Liderança
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
Política Nutricional/história
Ciências da Nutrição/métodos
Ciências da Nutrição/tendências
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto
Política Pública/história
Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/legislação & jurisprudência
Sociedades Científicas/história
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Cousins RJ
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Cation Transport Proteins); 00BH33GNGH (Cadmium); J41CSQ7QDS (Zinc)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170720
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170720
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160420
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1146/annurev-nutr-071715-050854


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[PMID]:27029520
[Au] Autor:Siebert D; Schmidt S; Hänse M; Coenen M
[Ad] Endereço:Dr. med. vet. Diana Siebert, futalis GmbH, Angerstraße 40-42, 04177 Leipzig, E-Mail: diana.siebert@futalis.de.
[Ti] Título:[The importance of nutrition counselling in veterinary practice].
[Ti] Título:Die Rolle der Ernährung in der Kleintierpraxis..
[So] Source:Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere;44(3):158-62, 2016 Jun 16.
[Is] ISSN:1434-1239
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Collection of epidemiological data about the importance of nutrition counselling and current nutritional knowledge of veterinary surgeons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 707 veterinarians were interviewed based on a standardized questionnaire. The survey was divided into three sections and comprised the topics person and working environment, level of education and current knowledge regarding nutrition, as well as the significance of nutrition in daily practice. RESULTS: The majority of respondents (91.3%) worked in a practice with up to four veterinarians, where most of the participants (89.3%) treated up to 50 patients daily. On a scale from 1 to 5, the veterinarians evaluated their knowledge with a mean of 2.59 (± 0.798) and the importance of nutrition with a mean of 2.02 (± 0.818). Nutrition consulting was provided for at least half of the patients by 37.3% of the participants. The counselling was performed in different ways. The main reasons for a lack of consultancy despite a current indication were time and labor (37.1%) as well as the low willingness of customers to pay (34.6%). The majority of veterinarians were interested in further training concerning nutrition counselling. CONCLUSION: Nutrition consulting is an important part of daily veterinary practice but there is a demand for further training. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Although the importance of nutrition is clear, only some of the veterinary surgeons perform consulting on a regular basis. In particular, in case of an existing indication, a nutrition consulting is advisable to ensure maximum success of treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências da Nutrição Animal/educação
Ciências da Nutrição Animal/estatística & dados numéricos
Médicos Veterinários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Estudos Transversais
Educação em Veterinária
Seres Humanos
Prática Profissional
Encaminhamento e Consulta
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170606
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170606
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160401
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15654/TPK-150551


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[PMID]:26980816
[Au] Autor:Hou Y; Yao K; Yin Y; Wu G
[Ad] Endereço:Hubei Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Animal Nutrition and Feed Safety, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan, China;
[Ti] Título:Endogenous Synthesis of Amino Acids Limits Growth, Lactation, and Reproduction in Animals.
[So] Source:Adv Nutr;7(2):331-42, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2156-5376
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Amino acids (AAs) are building blocks of protein. Eight AAs (Ala, Asn, Asp, Glu, Gln, Gly, Pro, and Ser) are formed by all animals, whereas de novo synthesis of Arg occurs in a species-specific manner in most mammals (e.g., humans, pigs, and rats). Synthesizable AAs were traditionally classified as nutritionally nonessential for animals, because they were thought to be formed in sufficient amounts. However, this assumption is not supported by evidence showing that 1) rats grow slowly when their diets do not contain Arg, Glu, or Gln despite adequate provision of all other proteinogenous AAs; 2) pigs cannot achieve maximum growth, lactation, or reproduction performance when fed corn- and soybean meal-based diets meeting National Research Council-recommended requirements of protein and AAs without supplemental Arg, Glu, Gln, Gly, or Pro; 3) chickens exhibit increases in lean tissue gain and feed efficiency when their diets are supplemented with Glu, Gln, Gly, and Pro; 4) lactating cows cannot obtain maximum milk protein production without a postruminal supply of Gln or Pro; 5) fish cannot achieve maximum growth when diets do not contain Gln or Pro; and 6) men fail to sustain spermatogenesis when fed an Arg-deficient diet. Quantitative analysis of nitrogen metabolism showed that AA synthesis in animals is constrained by both precursor availability and enzyme activity. Taken together, these findings support the conclusion that the endogenous synthesis of AAs limits growth, lactation, and reproduction in animals. This new knowledge can guide the optimization of human nutrition for improving health and well-being.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aminoácidos/biossíntese
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal
Crescimento
Lactação/fisiologia
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Materna
Prenhez/fisiologia
Reprodução
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aminoácidos/administração & dosagem
Ciências da Nutrição Animal/métodos
Ciências da Nutrição Animal/tendências
Animais
Feminino
Masculino
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
Necessidades Nutricionais
Gravidez
Especificidade da Espécie
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Amino Acids)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160317
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3945/an.115.010850



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