Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : I01.076.201.450.050 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 5616 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 562 ir para página                         

  1 / 5616 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29443470
[Au] Autor:Agbemenu K
[Ti] Título:Acculturation and Health Behaviors of African Immigrants Living in the United States: An Integrative Review.
[So] Source:ABNF J;27(3):67-73, 2016 Summer.
[Is] ISSN:1046-7041
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This research was conducted to identify the acculturation and health behaviors in the African Immigrant population, which is presently living in the United States. Ten studies met the criteria and included health behaviors of status, access to health care, psychiatric services, prostate cancer, morbidity and mortality, HIV knowledge and beliefs, perceptions of suicide, smoking, and obesity. Acculturation was measured using the most common social constructs that influenced the health behaviors of nativity, English (language proficiency), age at immigration, education and socioeconomic status, religion, age at immigration, and length of stay in the U.S. More research is needed to assist in prioritizing the health conditions that need intervention in serving this particular population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aculturação
Afroamericanos/psicologia
Atitude Frente à Saúde
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde/etnologia
Suicídio/etnologia
Suicídio/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Gana
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Estados Unidos/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180215
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 5616 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29194150
[Au] Autor:Torregosa MB; Ynalvez MA; Schiffman R; Morin K
[Ti] Título:English-Language Proficiency, Academic Networks, and Academic Performance of Mexican American Baccalaureate Nursing Students.
[So] Source:Nurs Educ Perspect;36(1):8-15, 2015 Jan/Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5026
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: We examine how academic networks mediate between English-language proficiency and academic performance. BACKGROUND: The relationship between English-language proficiency and academic performance remains inconclusive; it is possible that academic networks play a role in this relationship. Filling this knowledge gap is central to building best practices in teaching, and to evaluating the impact of networks on success. METHOD: Data were analyzed from 164 Mexican American nursing students. We used English Language Acculturation Scale (ELAS) items as predictors, interaction with academic networks as the mediating variable, and course grade as the outcome; regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Interaction with academic networks correlated with grades; ELAS was not significant. Instead, academic networks mediated between entrance GPA and grades, an unexpected finding. CONCLUSION: Academic networks are critical in academic performance. However, only those students who have a history of high performance are likely to have or to activate academic networks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desempenho Acadêmico/estatística & dados numéricos
Aculturação
Bacharelado em Enfermagem/organização & administração
Bacharelado em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos
Avaliação Educacional/estatística & dados numéricos
Americanos Mexicanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Multilinguismo
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5480/13-1136.1


  3 / 5616 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29302036
[Au] Autor:Erten EY; van den Berg P; Weissing FJ
[Ad] Endereço:Theoretical Research in Evolutionary Life Sciences, Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences, University of Groningen, PO Box 11103, 9700 CC, Groningen, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Acculturation orientations affect the evolution of a multicultural society.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;9(1):58, 2018 01 04.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The migration of people between different cultures has affected cultural change throughout history. To understand this process, cross-cultural psychologists have used the 'acculturation' framework, classifying 'acculturation orientations' along two dimensions: the willingness to interact with culturally different individuals, and the inclination to retain the own cultural identity ('cultural conservatism'). Here, using a cultural evolution approach, we construct a dynamically explicit model of acculturation. We show that the evolution of a multicultural society, where immigrant and resident culture stably coexist, is more likely if individuals readily engage in cross-cultural interactions, and if resident individuals are more culturally conservative than immigrants. This result holds if some cultural traits pay off better than others, and individuals use social learning to adopt more advantageous cultural traits. Our study demonstrates that formal dynamic models can help us understand how individual orientations towards immigration eventually determine the population-level distribution of cultural traits.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aculturação
Diversidade Cultural
Emigração e Imigração
Modelos Teóricos
Aprendizado Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Evolução Cultural
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-017-02513-0


  4 / 5616 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28815873
[Au] Autor:Lin S; Melendez-Torres GJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Social Policy and Intervention, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.
[Ti] Título:Critical interpretive synthesis of barriers and facilitators to TB treatment in immigrant populations.
[So] Source:Trop Med Int Health;22(10):1206-1222, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1365-3156
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To systematically review studies of TB treatment experiences in immigrant populations, using Critical Interpretive Synthesis (CIS). METHODS: On 26 October 2014, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, LILACS, and PsycINFO were systematically searched. Grey literature and reference lists were hand-searched. Initial papers included were restricted to studies of immigrant patient perspectives; after a model was developed, a second set of papers was included to test the emerging theory. RESULTS: Of 1761 studies identified in the search, a total of 29 were included in the synthesis. Using those studies, we developed a model that suggested treatment experiences were strongly related to the way both individuals and societies adjusted to immigration ('acculturation strategies'). Relationships with healthcare workers and immigration policies played particularly significant roles in TB treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This review emphasised the roles of repatriation policy and healthcare workers in forming experiences of TB treatment in immigrant populations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Competência Cultural
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia
Adesão à Medicação/psicologia
Estigma Social
Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aculturação
Coerção
Barreiras de Comunicação
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Adesão à Medicação/etnologia
Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos
Relações Profissional-Paciente
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Tuberculose/etnologia
Tuberculose/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170818
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/tmi.12938


  5 / 5616 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28789757
[Au] Autor:Shin CN; Todd M; An K; Kim WS
[Ti] Título:Unidimensional and Bidimensional Approaches to Measuring Acculturation.
[So] Source:J Nurs Meas;25(2):370-384, 2017 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:1945-7049
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Researchers easily overlook the complexity of acculturation measurement in research. This study is to elaborate the shortcomings of unidimensional approaches to conceptualizing acculturation and highlight the importance of using bidimensional approaches in health research. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis on acculturation measures and eating habits obtained from 261 Korean American adults in a Midwestern city. RESULTS: Bidimensional approaches better conceptualized acculturation and explained more of the variance in eating habits than did unidimensional approaches. CONCLUSION: Bidimensional acculturation measures combined with appropriate analytical methods, such as a cluster analysis, are recommended in health research because they provide a more comprehensive understanding of acculturation and its association with health behaviors than do other methods.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aculturação
Americanos Asiáticos/psicologia
Ingestão de Alimentos
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia
Exercício
Psicometria
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Arizona
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170810
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1891/1061-3749.25.2.370


  6 / 5616 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28723930
[Au] Autor:Hormes JM; Niemiec MA
[Ad] Endereço:University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, New York, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Does culture create craving? Evidence from the case of menstrual chocolate craving.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0181445, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Craving is considered a key characteristic of diverse pathologies, but evidence suggests it may be a culture-bound construct. Almost 50% of American women crave chocolate specifically around the onset of menstruation. Research does not support popular accounts implicating physiological factors in menstrual chocolate craving etiology. We tested the novel hypothesis that greater menstrual craving prevalence in the U.S. is the product of internalized cultural norms. Women of diverse backgrounds (n = 275) reported on craving frequency and triggers and completed validated measures of acculturation. Foreign-born women were significantly less likely to endorse menstrual chocolate craving (17.3%), compared to women born to U.S.-born parents (32.7%, p = .03) and second generation immigrants (40.9%, p = .001). Second generation immigrant and foreign-born women endorsing menstrual chocolate craving reported significantly greater U.S. acculturation and lower identification with their native culture than non-menstrual cravers (all p < .001). Findings inform our understanding of food cravings, with important implications for the study of cravings in other domains.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Chocolate
Fissura
Cultura
Preferências Alimentares/psicologia
Menstruação/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aculturação
Adolescente
Feminino
Preferências Alimentares/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Menstruação/fisiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170721
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181445


  7 / 5616 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28693876
[Au] Autor:Choi YJ
[Ad] Endereço:Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heusuk-ro, Bldg. 102, 7th Floor Room 718, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-756, South Korea. Electronic address: yunjungchoi@cau.ac.kr.
[Ti] Título:Effects of a Program to Improve Mental Health Literacy for Married Immigrant Women in Korea.
[So] Source:Arch Psychiatr Nurs;31(4):394-398, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1532-8228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study aimed to develop and evaluate a mental health improvement program for the acculturative stress and mental health literacy of married immigrant women using bilingual gatekeepers. Bilingual gatekeepers were recruited from multicultural centers and trained to provide 8-week structured mental health improvement services to the women in the experimental group using a mental health improvement guidebook developed by the authors in 8 different languages. The program was effective in improving mental health and mental health literacy scores as well as reducing the degree of acculturative stress. This study offers a model of effective mental healthcare for multicultural communities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia
Alfabetização em Saúde
Casamento/etnologia
Saúde Mental/etnologia
Estresse Psicológico/etnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aculturação
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
República da Coreia
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
Tradução
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170912
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170912
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170712
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 5616 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28693870
[Au] Autor:Mitrani VB; De Santis JP; McCabe BE; Deleon DA; Gattamorta KA; Leblanc NM
[Ad] Endereço:University of Miami School of Nursing and Health Studies, Coral Gables, FL 33146, USA.
[Ti] Título:The Impact of Parental Reaction to Sexual Orientation on Depressive Symptoms and Sexual Risk Behavior Among Hispanic Men Who Have Sex with Men.
[So] Source:Arch Psychiatr Nurs;31(4):352-358, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1532-8228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship of parent reaction to sexual orientation with depressive symptoms and safer sex among Hispanic adult men who have sex with men (MSM). We also examined men's acculturation to the U.S. (Americanism) in relation with these variables. METHOD: Cross-sectional data collected from July 2011 to December 2012, from 125 MSM with a mean age of 43.02years. Instruments included the Perceived Parent Reaction Scale, the Centers for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, the Safer Sex Behavior Questionnaire and the Bidimensional Acculturation Scale. Data was analyzed using Hierarchical generalized linear models (GZLM). RESULTS: Among men whose parents knew of their sexual orientation, rejection of son's sexual orientation from mother (p=0.032) and from father (p=0.004) was related to higher number of depressive symptoms. Parent reactions were not directly related to safer sex behaviors. Americanism was associated with lower depressive symptoms (p=0.001) but was not related to safer sex behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: Current parent attitudes about their sons' sexual orientation had an effect on the sons' emotional wellbeing and acculturation may play a protective role. Mental health and primary care clinicians working with Hispanic MSM should assess for level of family support and provide resources to assist with disclosure and family acceptance of sexual orientation as indicated, particularly among recently immigrated men who may be at higher risk.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Depressão/psicologia
Hispano-Americanos/psicologia
Homossexualidade Masculina/psicologia
Pais/psicologia
Assunção de Riscos
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aculturação
Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Florida
Infecções por HIV/psicologia
Homossexualidade Masculina/etnologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Comportamento Sexual/etnologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170914
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170914
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170712
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 5616 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28692653
[Au] Autor:van de Beek MH; van der Krieke L; Schoevers RA; Veling W
[Ad] Endereço:Dimence Institute for Mental Health, Dimence Group, Zwolle, the Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Social exclusion and psychopathology in an online cohort of Moroccan-Dutch migrants: Results of the MEDINA-study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0179827, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Migration is seen as a risk factor for developing psychiatric symptoms and experiencing social exclusion. In the Netherlands, the Moroccan-Dutch population is the second largest migrant group. 70% of all young Moroccan-Dutch people meet each other in the online community www.marokko.nl. Within this community, we investigated the association between experiences of social exclusion and self-reported depressive symptoms and psychotic experiences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited via the website www.marokko.nl. They completed an online survey, with screening instruments for depressive symptoms (K10) and psychotic experiences (PQ-16), measures of social exclusion (perceived discrimination, social defeat and social support), and questions about demographical information. With regression analysis the association between social exclusion and psychiatric symptoms was investigated. RESULTS: We included 267 participants; 87% were female. 27% of the sample has received mental healthcare in the past. Over 50% of these people screened positive for depressive symptoms and psychotic experiences. Perceived discrimination and social defeat were significantly associated with psychotic experiences and social defeat was associated with depressive symptoms. Social support and higher education were associated with less depressive symptoms and psychotic experiences. DISCUSSION: Our findings suggest that the online environment allows for epidemiological research and early symptom detection. Levels of psychopathology were high in our sample. This suggests that a part of this young ethnic minority population might not get adequate mental healthcare. Since this population can be reached through Internet, the online environment may therefore also offer an appropriate setting for intervention, to increase resilience towards social exclusion.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Internet
Distância Social
Migrantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aculturação
Adolescente
Adulto
Estudos de Coortes
Demografia
Depressão/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Marrocos
Países Baixos
Psicopatologia
Análise de Regressão
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170711
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179827


  10 / 5616 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28623678
[Au] Autor:Mitchell C; Del Fabbro L; Shaw J
[Ad] Endereço:School of Nursing and Midwifery, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Southport, Queensland 4222, Australia. Electronic address: c.mitchell@griffith.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:The acculturation, language and learning experiences of international nursing students: Implications for nursing education.
[So] Source:Nurse Educ Today;56:16-22, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2793
[Cp] País de publicação:Scotland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: International or foreign students are those who enrol in universities outside their country of citizenship. They face many challenges acculturating to and learning in a new country and education system, particularly if they study in an additional language. OBJECTIVES: This qualitative inquiry aimed to explore the learning and acculturating experiences of international nursing students to identify opportunities for teaching innovation to optimise the experiences and learning of international nursing students. METHODS: Undergraduate and postgraduate international nursing students were recruited from one campus of an Australian university to take part in semi-structured interviews. A purposive and theoretically saturated sample of 17 students was obtained. Interviews were audio-recorded and field notes and interview data were thematically analysed. RESULTS: Expressing myself and Finding my place were the two major themes identified from the international student data. International nursing students identified that it took them longer to study in comparison with domestic students and that stress negatively influenced communication, particularly in the clinical setting. Additionally international nursing students identified the need to find supportive opportunities to speak English to develop proficiency. Clinical placement presented the opportunity to speak English and raised the risk of being identified as lacking language proficiency or being clinically unsafe. Initially, international nursing students felt isolated and it was some time before they found their feet. In this time, they experienced otherness and discrimination. CONCLUSIONS: International nursing students need a safe place to learn so they can adjust and thrive in the university learning community. Faculty and clinical educators must be culturally competent; they need to understand international nursing students' needs and be willing and able to advocate for and create an equitable environment that is appropriate for international nursing students' learning.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aculturação
Bacharelado em Enfermagem
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem
Linguagem
Aprendizagem
Enfermeiras Internacionais/psicologia
Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Diversidade Cultural
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Pesquisa Qualitativa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170618
[St] Status:MEDLINE



página 1 de 562 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde