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Pesquisa : I01.076.201.450.226 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 580 [refinar]
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  1 / 580 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28541174
[Au] Autor:Cirkovic MM
[Ti] Título:Enhancing a Person, Enhancing a Civilization: A Research Program at the Intersection of Bioethics, Future Studies, and Astrobiology.
[So] Source:Camb Q Healthc Ethics;26(3):459-468, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1469-2147
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There are manifold intriguing issues located within largely unexplored borderlands of bioethics, future studies (including global risk analysis), and astrobiology. Human enhancement has for quite some time been among the foci of bioethical debates, but the same cannot be said about its global, transgenerational, and even cosmological consequences. In recent years, discussions of posthuman and, in general terms, postbiological civilization(s) have slowly gained a measure of academic respect, in parallel with the renewed interest in the entire field of future studies and the great strides made in understanding of the origin and evolution of life and intelligence in their widest, cosmic context. These developments promise much deeper synergic answers to questions regarding the long-term future of enhancement: how far can it go? Is human enhancement a further step toward building a true postbiological civilization? Should we actively participate and help shape this process? Is the future of humanity "typical" in the same Copernican sense as our location in space and time is typical in the galaxy, and if so, can we derive important insights about the evolutionary pathways of postbiological evolution from astrobiological and Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence (SETI) studies? These and similar questions could be understood as parts of a possible unifying research program attempting to connect cultural and moral evolution with what we know and understand about their cosmological and biological counterparts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Melhoramento Biomédico/ética
Civilização
Exobiologia
Meio Ambiente Extraterreno
Inteligência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Temas Bioéticos
Previsões
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0963180116001134


  2 / 580 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27855422
[Au] Autor:Jakovljevic M; Tomic Z
[Ad] Endereço:University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Department of Psychiatry, Kispaticeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia, psychiatry@kbc-zagreb.hr.
[Ti] Título:Global and Public Mental Health Promotion for Empathic Civilisation: the Role of Political Psychocultures.
[So] Source:Psychiatr Danub;28(4):323-333, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0353-5053
[Cp] País de publicação:Croatia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article draws attention to the relationship between neuroethics, neuropolitics, political psycho-cultures and public and global mental health. In the hegemonic culture of neoliberalism the purpose of life has been reduced to the self-realization in economic and consumerism terms that promotes the hypercompetitive narcissistic or manic self, indifferent to the fate and suffering of others and accommodated to commodification of morals, mental health and well-being. The real public and global mental health promotion is strongly associated with creating a more empathic, less selfish individual and collective mind where people put a greater emphasis on common interests and bioethical values.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Civilização
Empatia
Saúde Global/tendências
Promoção da Saúde/tendências
Serviços de Saúde Mental/tendências
Política
Saúde Pública/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170621
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170621
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161118
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 580 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27546884
[Au] Autor:DA Silva FC; Bucholc M
[Ti] Título:ON THE PRAGMATICS OF SOCIAL THEORY: THE CASE OF ELIAS'S "ON THE PROCESS OF CIVILIZATION".
[So] Source:J Hist Behav Sci;52(4):392-407, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6696
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper proposes a new approach to the study of sociological classics. This approach is pragmatic in character. It draws upon the social pragmatism of G. H. Mead and the sociology of texts of D. F. McKenzie. Our object of study is Norbert Elias's On the Process of Civilization. The pragmatic genealogy of this book reveals the importance of taking materiality seriously. By documenting the successive entanglements between human agency and nonhuman factors, we discuss the origins of the book in the 1930s, how it was forgotten for 30 years, and how in the mid-1970s it became a sociological classic. We explain canonization as a matter of fusion between book's material form and its content, in the context of the paperback revolution of the 1960s, the events of May 1968, and the demise of Parsons' structural functionalism, and how this provided Elias with an opportunity to advance his model of sociology.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Teoria Social
Sociologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Civilização
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170428
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170428
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160823
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jhbs.21814


  4 / 580 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27531567
[Au] Autor:Szakolczai A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology, University College Cork. a.szakolczai@ucc.ie.
[Ti] Título:Processes of social flourishing and their liminal collapse: elements to a genealogy of globalization.
[So] Source:Br J Sociol;67(3):435-55, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1468-4446
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article aims at exploring a long-term historical perspective on which contemporary globalization can be more meaningfully situated. A central problem with established approaches to globalization is that they are even more presentist than the literature on modernization was. Presentism not only means the ignoring of history, but also the unreflective application to history of concepts taken from the study of the modern world. In contrast, it is argued that contemporary globalization is not a unique development, but rather is a concrete case of a historical type. Taking as its point of departure the spirit, rather than the word, of Max Weber, this article extends the scope of sociological investigation into archaeological evidence. Having a genealogical design and introducing the concept of 'liminality', the article approaches the modern process of globalization through reconstructing the internal dynamics of another type of historical change called 'social flourishing'. Taking up the Weberian approach continued by Eisenstadt in his writings on 'axial age', it moves away from situations of crisis as reference point, shifting attention to periods of revival by introducing the term 'epiphany'. Through the case of early Mesopotamia, it shows how social flourishing can be transmogrified into globalizing growth, gaining a new perspective concerning the kind of 'animating spirit' that might have driven the shift from Renaissance to Reformation, the rise of modern colonialism, or contemporary globalization. More generally, it will retrieve the long-term historical background of the axial age and demonstrate the usefulness and importance of archaeological evidence for sociology.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Internacionalidade
Mudança Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arqueologia/história
Civilização
Genealogia e Heráldica
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Teoria Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170501
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170501
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160818
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1468-4446.12213


  5 / 580 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27444132
[Au] Autor:Hier S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology, University of Victoria. shier@uvic.ca.
[Ti] Título:Moral panic, moral regulation, and the civilizing process.
[So] Source:Br J Sociol;67(3):414-34, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1468-4446
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article compares two analytical frameworks ostensibly formulated to widen the focus of moral panic studies. The comparative analysis suggests that attempts to conceptualize moral panics in terms of decivilizing processes have neither substantively supplemented the explanatory gains made by conceptualizing moral panic as a form of moral regulation nor provided a viable alternative framework that better explains the dynamics of contemporary moral panics. The article concludes that Elias's meta-theory of the civilizing process potentially provides explanatory resources to investigate a possible historical-structural shift towards the so-called age of (a)moral panic; the analytical demands of such a project, however, require a sufficiently different line of inquiry than the one encouraged by both the regulatory and decivilizing perspectives on moral panic.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Princípios Morais
Teoria Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Civilização
Seres Humanos
Conhecimento
Pânico
Mudança Social
Valores Sociais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170501
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170501
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160723
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1468-4446.12201


  6 / 580 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27312291
[Au] Autor:Rockström J; Stordalen GA; Horton R
[Ad] Endereço:Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Acting in the Anthropocene: the EAT-Lancet Commission.
[So] Source:Lancet;387(10036):2364-5, 2016 Jun 11.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Dieta Ocidental/efeitos adversos
Terra (Planeta)
Abastecimento de Alimentos
Alimentos
Saúde Global
Obesidade/epidemiologia
Obesidade/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura/tendências
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle
Civilização
Clima
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Neoplasias/etiologia
Neoplasias/prevenção & controle
Obesidade/etiologia
Saúde Pública
Estilo de Vida Sedentário
Inanição/epidemiologia
Inanição/prevenção & controle
Uso de Tabaco/efeitos adversos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160617
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160617
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160618
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 580 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27127817
[Au] Autor:Wells BK
[Ti] Título:Archaeology: A different take on Indus evidence.
[So] Source:Nature;532(7599):313, 2016 Apr 21.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Civilização/história
Linguagem/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMMENT; LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160428
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160428
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160430
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 580 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26644192
[Au] Autor:De S; Gelfand MJ; Nau D; Roos P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Computer Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA.
[Ti] Título:The Inevitability of Ethnocentrism Revisited: Ethnocentrism Diminishes As Mobility Increases.
[So] Source:Sci Rep;5:17963, 2015 Dec 08.
[Is] ISSN:2045-2322
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Nearly all major conflicts across the globe, both current and historical, are characterized by individuals defining themselves and others by group membership. This existence of group-biased behavior (in-group favoring and out-group hostile) has been well established empirically, and has been shown to be an inevitable outcome in many evolutionary studies. Thus it is puzzling that statistics show violence and out-group conflict declining dramatically over the past few centuries of human civilization. Using evolutionary game-theoretic models, we solve this puzzle by showing for the first time that out-group hostility is dramatically reduced by mobility. Technological and societal advances over the past centuries have greatly increased the degree to which humans change physical locations, and our results show that in highly mobile societies, one's choice of action is more likely to depend on what individual one is interacting with, rather than the group to which the individual belongs. Our empirical analysis of archival data verifies that contexts with high residential mobility indeed have less out-group hostility than those with low mobility. This work suggests that, in fact, group-biased behavior that discriminates against out-groups is not inevitable after all.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Civilização
Modelos Teóricos
Mobilidade Social
Problemas Sociais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/srep17963


  9 / 580 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26564486
[Au] Autor:Touzet P
[Ad] Endereço:Centre hospitalier Les Murets, 17, rue du Général-Leclerc, 94510 La Queue-en-Brie, France. Electronic address: rahon.touzet@bbox.fr.
[Ti] Título:[Everyday practice in psychiatry and the politics of civilisation].
[Ti] Título:Clinique du quotidien en psychiatrie et politique de civilisation..
[So] Source:Soins Psychiatr;(301):12-5, 2015 Nov-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0241-6972
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Daily clinical practice confronts us not only with the clinical aspect but also with the political. Political orientation has a direct impact on the way in which we carry out this clinical practice, as well as on the place of those who are outside the system. The politics of civilisation are therefore an option in the face of neoliberalism.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Civilização
Hospitais Psiquiátricos
Transtornos Mentais/enfermagem
Política
Enfermagem Psiquiátrica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Capitalismo
França
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
Valores Sociais
Utopias
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151114
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 580 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26536941
[Au] Autor:Monastersky R
[Ti] Título:The greatest vanishing act in prehistoric America.
[So] Source:Nature;527(7576):26-9, 2015 Nov 05.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Civilização/história
Migração Humana/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura/história
Arqueologia
Clima
Colorado
Simulação por Computador
Secas/história
História Medieval
New Mexico
Política
Fatores de Tempo
Violência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1512
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/527026a



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