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Pesquisa : I01.076.201.450.226.200 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28387897
[Au] Autor:Meo SA; Usmani AM; Qalbani E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. sultanmeo@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the Arab world: impact of GDP and energy consumption.
[So] Source:Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci;21(6):1303-1312, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2284-0729
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a rapidly growing and most challenging health issue of the 21st century. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of type-2 DM and its association with Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and energy consumption in the Arab world countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 88 articles through systematic searches including Institute of Scientific Information (ISI) Web of Science, PubMed and EMBASE databases published between 1980-2015. The related literature was searched by using the keywords including diabetes mellitus, prevalence, incidence, epidemiology of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and names of the individual Arab world countries. The articles were selected and investigated for the prevalence of T2DM. No limitations were imposed in the design of the study or publication language. Finally, 50 peer-reviewed publications were included and the rest were excluded. RESULTS: Arab world countries with the highest prevalence of T2DM are: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 31.6%, Oman 29%, Kuwait 25.4%, Bahrain 25.0% and United Arab Emirates 25.0%. The lowest prevalence was found in Mauritania (4.7%) and Somalia (3.9%). The highest prevalence was observed in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (25.45%) whilst non-GCC countries had the lowest prevalence (12.69%). The combined mean prevalence of T2DM in both GCC and Non-GCC Arab countries was 16.17%. The prevalence of T2DM was found to be significantly associated with higher Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (p=0.020) and energy consumption (p=0.017). CONCLUSIONS: In the Arab world, the countries with the highest prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus are: Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain and UAE, whilst the countries with the lowest prevalence are Mauritania and Somalia. This prevalence was significantly associated with high GDP per capita and energy consumption. Arab states must incorporate diabetes preventive policies on a war-footing basis to minimize the burden of the disease.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia
Fontes Geradoras de Energia
Produto Interno Bruto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Mundo Árabe
Seres Humanos
Oriente Médio/epidemiologia
Prevalência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170804
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170804
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170408
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 425 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28150786
[Au] Autor:Morello L; Reardon S
[Ti] Título:Meet the scientists affected by Trump's immigration ban.
[So] Source:Nature;542(7639):13-14, 2017 01 29.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emigração e Imigração/legislação & jurisprudência
Pesquisadores/legislação & jurisprudência
Terrorismo/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Mundo Árabe
Irã (Geográfico)
Iraque
Islamismo
Líbia
Pesquisadores/psicologia
Somália
Sudão
Síria
Estados Unidos
Iêmen
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/nature.2017.21389


  3 / 425 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28085531
[Au] Autor:Khan AO
[Ad] Endereço:a Eye Institute , Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi , Abu Dhabi , United Arab Emirates.
[Ti] Título:Reconciling genotype with phenotype: Lessons learned on the Arabian Peninsula.
[So] Source:Ophthalmic Genet;38(1):2-6, 2017 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1744-5094
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:On the Arabian Peninsula, where consanguineous/endogamous marriages are customary, hereditary eye disease is often autosomal recessive and genotype-phenotype correlation is typically straightforward. However, this is not always the case. Lessons I have learned in the course of reconciling genotype with phenotype in the region include the following: (1) although autosomal recessive disease is common, autosomal dominant disease still occurs; (2) an individual or family can be affected by more than one genetic eye disease; and (3) phenotype trumps genotype.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mundo Árabe
Oftalmopatias Hereditárias/genética
Genes Recessivos/genética
Estudos de Associação Genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Consanguinidade
Proteínas do Olho/genética
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Oriente Médio
Mosaicismo
Mutação
Linhagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Eye Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170114
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/13816810.2016.1227457


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[PMID]:28003369
[Au] Autor:Asiri E; Khalifa M; Shabir SA; Hossain MN; Iqbal U; Househ M
[Ad] Endereço:King Saud Bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS), Riyadh , Saudi Arabia.
[Ti] Título:Sharing sensitive health information through social media in the Arab world.
[So] Source:Int J Qual Health Care;29(1):68-74, 2017 Feb 01.
[Is] ISSN:1464-3677
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: Sharing daily activities on social media has become a part of our lifestyle, but little is known about sharing sensitive health information in the Arab world. Objective: The objective of this study is to explore how social media users in the Arab world share sensitive health information through Facebook. Design: A retrospective qualitative analysis was used in the study. Settings and participants: A total of 110 Facebook groups, related to HIV, sickle cell and depression were screened between 5 June and 1 December 2014. Results: Forty four Facebook groups met the inclusion criteria. 28 471 posts were extracted, of which 649 met inclusion criteria. Forty two percent of health information exchanged were related to HIV, 34% to depression and 24% to sickle cell diseases. The majority of postings were from Egypt 21.1%, Saudi Arabia 20%, Algeria 10% and Libya 9.2%. Male posts were 54.2% while 45.8% were posted by females. Individuals utilized Facebook groups to share personal experiences of their disease 31%, in addition to being used for seeking queries 13.6%, offering explicit advice 8.3%, reporting signs and symptoms of the disease 7.3% and posting their communication with the health-care provider 6.6%. Conclusions: Users in the Arab world use social media to exchange sensitive health information, which could have serious implications regarding the privacy of the information shared with other members of the group. On the other hand, sharing health information could have positive effects for patients, such as sharing disease experiences and peer support. However, more work is needed to ensure that Facebook users in the Arab world are aware of the potential consequences of sharing sensitive health information through social media.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Disseminação de Informação
Privacidade
Mídias Sociais/utilização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anemia Falciforme
Mundo Árabe
Depressão
Feminino
HIV
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Estudos Retrospectivos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/intqhc/mzw137


  5 / 425 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27289015
[Au] Autor:Mohandesan E; Speller CF; Peters J; Uerpmann HP; Uerpmann M; De Cupere B; Hofreiter M; Burger PA
[Ad] Endereço:Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology, Vetmeduni Vienna, Savoyenstraße 1, 1160, Vienna, Austria.
[Ti] Título:Combined hybridization capture and shotgun sequencing for ancient DNA analysis of extinct wild and domestic dromedary camel.
[So] Source:Mol Ecol Resour;17(2):300-313, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1755-0998
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The performance of hybridization capture combined with next-generation sequencing (NGS) has seen limited investigation with samples from hot and arid regions until now. We applied hybridization capture and shotgun sequencing to recover DNA sequences from bone specimens of ancient-domestic dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) and its extinct ancestor, the wild dromedary from Jordan, Syria, Turkey and the Arabian Peninsula, respectively. Our results show that hybridization capture increased the percentage of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) recovery by an average 187-fold and in some cases yielded virtually complete mitochondrial (mt) genomes at multifold coverage in a single capture experiment. Furthermore, we tested the effect of hybridization temperature and time by using a touchdown approach on a limited number of samples. We observed no significant difference in the number of unique dromedary mtDNA reads retrieved with the standard capture compared to the touchdown method. In total, we obtained 14 partial mitochondrial genomes from ancient-domestic dromedaries with 17-95% length coverage and 1.27-47.1-fold read depths for the covered regions. Using whole-genome shotgun sequencing, we successfully recovered endogenous dromedary nuclear DNA (nuDNA) from domestic and wild dromedary specimens with 1-1.06-fold read depths for covered regions. Our results highlight that despite recent methodological advances, obtaining ancient DNA (aDNA) from specimens recovered from hot, arid environments is still problematic. Hybridization protocols require specific optimization, and samples at the limit of DNA preservation need multiple replications of DNA extraction and hybridization capture as has been shown previously for Middle Pleistocene specimens.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Camelus/classificação
Camelus/genética
DNA Antigo/química
DNA Antigo/isolamento & purificação
Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico/métodos
Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Domésticos
Animais Selvagens
Mundo Árabe
DNA Mitocondrial/química
DNA Mitocondrial/genética
DNA Mitocondrial/isolamento & purificação
Clima Desértico
Temperatura Ambiente
Fatores de Tempo
Turquia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Ancient); 0 (DNA, Mitochondrial)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170407
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170407
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160612
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1755-0998.12551


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[PMID]:27618634
[Au] Autor:AlQarni ZA; Yunus F; Househ MS
[Ad] Endereço:College of Public Health and Health Informatics, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
[Ti] Título:Health information sharing on Facebook: An exploratory study on diabetes mellitus.
[So] Source:J Infect Public Health;9(6):708-712, 2016 Nov - Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1876-035X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Increasingly, people are using Facebook (FB) to share health information. However, little is known about the type of information sharing and its potential health consequences in the Arabic speaking world. This study attempts to fill this knowledge gap for diabetes mellitus (DM). METHOD: We conducted a retrospective qualitative FB content analysis using predefined eligibility criteria. The analysis was restricted to diabetes related groups in the Arabic speaking world. The data were collected between June 2010 and December 2015. A total of 55 groups were screened of which seven met the eligibility criteria. RESULTS: We found 6107 posts in Arabic related to DM of which 1551 posts were included for further analysis. There were 458 (30%) FB posts from Egypt with no posts from Somalia, Yemen, Comoros, and Djibouti. The majority of the posts, 863 (56%), were from females. The focus of the posts was on sharing personal experiences (n=423, 27%), raising awareness (n=210, 3.5%), providing spiritual support (n=162, 10.4%), sharing latest research (n=147, 9.5%), and providing education (n=110, 7.1%) on DM. A large number of the posts by people in 40-60 year age group were around finding out diagnosis related information due to limited access to care in their home countries. CONCLUSION: Patients with DM are increasingly sharing their health information with other FB users. This study will help inform future research with regard to health information sharing and designing appropriate interventions to harness the power of social media in improving public health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diabetes Mellitus
Disseminação de Informação
Mídias Sociais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Mundo Árabe
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estudos Retrospectivos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170313
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170313
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160913
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 425 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27279521
[Au] Autor:Aboshady OA; Gouda MA
[Ad] Endereço:Student Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Shebin Al-Kom, Menoufia, Egypt. E-mail. omr.ali@med.menofia.edu.eg.
[Ti] Título:Student research in Arab world. What is the current state?
[So] Source:Saudi Med J;37(6):707-8, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0379-5284
[Cp] País de publicação:Saudi Arabia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:[No Abstract Available].
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pesquisa
Estudantes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Mundo Árabe
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160610
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.15537/Smj.2016.6.15073


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[PMID]:27244114
[Au] Autor:Alamrani S; Alsobayel H; Alnahdi AH; Moloney N; Mackey M
[Ad] Endereço:*Department of Health Rehabilitation Science, College of Applied Medical Science, Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia†Department of Health Rehabilitation Science, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia§Department of Health Professions, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia‡Discipline of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Back Beliefs Questionnaire to the Arabic Language.
[So] Source:Spine (Phila Pa 1976);41(11):E681-6, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1528-1159
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:STUDY DESIGN: Translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and psychometric testing. OBJECTIVE: To translate the Back Beliefs Questionnaire (BBQ) into Arabic and investigate its psychometric properties in an Arabic-speaking sample of individuals with low back pain (LBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Back pain beliefs are associated with pain chronicity and disability in people with LBP. The BBQ is a recognized and frequently used tool for measuring these beliefs. To date the BBQ has not been translated into Arabic. METHODS: The English version of the BBQ was translated and culturally adapted into Arabic (BBQ-Ar) according to published guidelines. The BBQ-Ar was then tested in a sample of 115 Arabic-speaking individuals with LBP. Reliability was evaluated through internal consistency (Cronbach α) and test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient), the latter in a subgroup of 25. Construct validity was assessed using exploratory factor analysis and by examining the correlation between the BBQ-Ar, the Oswestry Disability Index and a Numerical Pain Rating Scale. RESULTS: Internal consistency of the BBQ-Ar was good (Cronbach α = 0.77). Test-retest reliability was good (intraclass correlation coefficient [2,1] = 0.88). Exploratory factor analysis revealed a three-factor structure, explaining 46% of total variance, with the first factor alone explaining 24%. Eight of the nine scoring items were loaded on the first factor thus forming a unidimensional scale. A significant negative correlation was found between Oswestry Disability Index and BBQ-Ar scores (r = -0.307; P < 0.01), whereas no significant correlation was found between BBQ-Ar and Pain Rating Scale scores. No floor or celling effects were observed. CONCLUSION: The BBQ-Ar is a valid and reliable tool that can be used to assess back pain beliefs in Arabic-speaking individuals. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: N/A.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mundo Árabe
Comparação Transcultural
Linguagem
Dor Lombar/diagnóstico
Inquéritos e Questionários/normas
Traduções
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Cultura
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Dor Lombar/etnologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170324
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170324
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160601
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/BRS.0000000000001341


  9 / 425 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27135099
[Au] Autor:Amer P
[Ti] Título:Making the most of financial might.
[So] Source:Nature;532(7600):S10-2, 2016 Apr 28.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciência/economia
Ciência/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Mundo Árabe
Política
Arábia Saudita
Ciência/organização & administração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160429
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160429
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160503
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 425 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27135097
[Au] Autor:Kogleck L
[Ti] Título:Sights set on a central role.
[So] Source:Nature;532(7600):S2-3, 2016 Apr 28.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciência/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Academias e Institutos/organização & administração
Mundo Árabe
Cooperação Internacional
Arábia Saudita
Ciência/estatística & dados numéricos
Universidades/organização & administração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160429
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160429
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160503
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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