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[PMID]:29297215
[Au] Autor:Rosso AM
[Ti] Título:Alexandria, An emporium in the Silk Road, and the Traffic of Unusual Medicines.
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(2 Suppl):26-52, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In Ancient times, an active trade of exotic and peculiar drugs tool place along the Silk Road. Coming through China, India, Central Asia, Armenia, including Colchis, Arabia, Nubia as far as Greece and Rome, it was centered during Ptolemaic and Roman times in Alexandria, the world Emporium, remarkably advanced in scientific medicine. Physicians required a variety of active ingredients for their pharmacotherapy, following various related branches of medicine. These included: 1) herbal remedies: including toxic plants 2) polypharmacy: missing together all kind of drugs 3) dreckapotheke or copropharmacy, employing unclean materials 4) organic therapy, using exotic or domestic animal products 5) aromatherapy, lined to essential oils and perfumes 6) 'medical astrology and botany', regarding the laws of sympathy in the natural world 7) alchemy and magic medicine: with occult knowledge
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comércio/história
Mundo Grego/história
Medicina Tradicional/história
Farmácia/história
Mundo Romano/história
Seda/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cidades
Egito
Medicina Herbária/história
História Antiga
Polimedicação
Seda/economia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Silk)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180104
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 646 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29283542
[Au] Autor:Lucifora RM
[Ti] Título:[In process]
[Ti] Título:Une Therapie pour la Vieillesse: Deux Paradigmes Ovidiens..
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(2):54-63, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:This passages of this discussion are related tot he VIIth book of the Metamorphoses. In the first extract Ovid illustrates the scientific method by which Medea rejuvenates Aeson, her father-in-law; in the second episode, Medea applies the same "treatment" to Baccus' nurturers, with a similar result. Then there's a famous hoax against Pelias: Medea, pretending to rejuvenate the old tyrant, kills him. The sham uses an accurate simulation of medicine's professional gestures and actions, that are similar to the ones of the previous episode to all the appearances: reflection and diagnosis, prognosis, patient;s anaesthesia, administration of the medications, surgery, etc. The restitution ad integrum belongs to the field of magic, but the described therapeutic procedure belongs to the medicine, and it adheres to the rules of the theory of the humors. The intentional reversal of the outcome in Pelias; mockery leads to an ethical issue about the mistrust against the doctors, a problem that was very rooted in Roman culture.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento
Medicina na Literatura/história
Mundo Romano
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Decepção
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Médicos/história
Confiança
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 646 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29049644
[Ti] Título:Cursus Honorum, Or How to Get Ahead in the Medical World.
[So] Source:JAMA;318(15):1506, 2017 10 17.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mobilidade Ocupacional
Docentes de Medicina
Medicina
Mundo Romano
Especialização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Metáfora
Cidade de Roma
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLASSICAL ARTICLE; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171020
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.10491


  4 / 646 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28814700
[Au] Autor:Yeo IS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medical History and Institut for History of Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine.
[Ti] Título:The Birth of Hospital, Asclepius cult and Early Christianity.
[So] Source:Uisahak;26(1):3-28, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1225-505X
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:History of hospital is one of main fields of researches in medical history. Besides writing a history of an individual hospital, considerable efforts have been made to trace the origin of hospital. Those who quest for the origin of hospital are faced with an inevitable problem of defining hospital. As the different definition can lead to a different outcome, it is important to make a clear definition. In this article, the hospital was defined as an institution in which patients are housed and given medical treatments. According to the definition, the Great Basilius is regarded to have created the first hospital in 369 CE. The creation of hospital is considered to be closely related with Christian philantrophy. However, the question is raised against this explanation. As the religious philantrophy does not exclusively belong to the Christianity alone, more comprehensive and persuasive theory should be proposed to explain why the first hospital was created in the Christian World, not in the Buddhistic or other religious world. Furthermore, in spite of sharing the same Christian background, why the first hospital appeared in Byzantine Empire, not in Western Roman Empire, also should be explained. My argument is that Asclepius cult and the favorable attitude toward medicine in Greek world are responsible to the appearance of the first hospital in Byzantine Empire. The evangelic work of Jesus was heavily depended on healing activities. The healing activities of Jesus and his disciples were rivalled by Asclepius cult which had been widely spread and practiced in the Hellenistic world. The temples of Asclepius served as a model for hospital, for the temples were the institution exclusively reserved for the patients. The exclusive housing of patients alone in the temples of Asclepius is clearly contrasted with the other early forms of hospitals in which not only patients but also the poor, foreigners and pilgrims were housed altogether. Toward the healing god Asclepius, the Latin Church fathers and Greek Church fathers showed significant difference of attitudes. The Latin fathers were generally very critical on Asclepius while the Greek fathers were more favorable to the same healing god. This difference is also considered to be an important factor that can explain why the first hospital appeared in the Byzantine Empire.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cristianismo/história
Hospitais/história
Religião e Medicina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bizâncio
Mundo Grego
História Antiga
Mundo Romano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170818
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.13081/kjmh.2017.26.3


  5 / 646 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28700601
[Au] Autor:Nava A; Bondioli L; Coppa A; Dean C; Rossi PF; Zanolli C
[Ad] Endereço:Dipartimento di Biologia Ambientale, Università di Roma 'La Sapienza', Rome, Italy.
[Ti] Título:New regression formula to estimate the prenatal crown formation time of human deciduous central incisors derived from a Roman Imperial sample (Velia, Salerno, Italy, I-II cent. CE).
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0180104, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The characterization and quantification of human dental enamel microstructure, in both permanent and deciduous teeth, allows us to document crucial growth parameters and to identify stressful events, thus contributing to the reconstruction of the past life history of an individual. Most studies to date have focused on the more accessible post-natal portion of the deciduous dental enamel, even though the analysis of prenatal enamel is pivotal in understanding fetal growth, and reveals information about the mother's health status during pregnancy. This contribution reports new data describing the prenatal enamel development of 18 central deciduous incisors from the Imperial Roman necropolis of Velia (I-II century CE, Salerno, Italy). Histomorphometrical analysis was performed to collect data on prenatal crown formation times, daily secretion rates and enamel extension rates. Results for the Velia sample allowed us to derive a new regression formula, using a robust statistical approach, that describes the average rates of deciduous enamel formation. This can now be used as a reference for pre-industrial populations. The same regression formula, even when daily incremental markings are difficult to visualize, may provide a clue to predicting the proportion of infants born full term and pre-term in an archaeological series.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Esmalte Dentário/ultraestrutura
Incisivo/ultraestrutura
Paleodontologia/métodos
Coroa do Dente/ultraestrutura
Dente Decíduo/ultraestrutura
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Algoritmos
Esmalte Dentário/embriologia
Seres Humanos
Incisivo/embriologia
Mundo Romano
Coroa do Dente/embriologia
Dente Decíduo/embriologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170713
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180104


  6 / 646 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28581022
[Au] Autor:Beauchesne P; Agarwal SC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Behavioral Sciences, University of Michigan, Dearborn, Michigan.
[Ti] Título:A multi-method assessment of bone maintenance and loss in an Imperial Roman population: Implications for future studies of age-related bone loss in the past.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;164(1):41-61, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: One of the hallmarks of contemporary osteoporosis and bone loss is dramatically higher prevalence of loss and fragility in females post-menopause. In contrast, bioarchaeological studies of bone loss have found a greater diversity of age- and sex-related patterns of bone loss in past populations. We argue that the differing findings may relate to the fact that most studies use only a single methodology to quantify bone loss and do not account for the heterogeneity and complexity of bone maintenance across the skeleton and over the life course. METHODS: We test the hypothesis that bone mass and maintenance in trabecular bone sites versus cortical bone sites will show differing patterns of age-related bone loss, with cortical bone sites showing sex difference in bone loss that are similar to contemporary Western populations, and trabecular bone loss at earlier ages. We investigated this hypothesis in the Imperial Roman population of Velia using three methods: radiogrammetry of the second metacarpal (N = 71), bone histology of ribs (N = 70), and computerized tomography of trabecular bone architecture (N = 47). All three methods were used to explore sex and age differences in patterns of bone loss. RESULTS: The suite of methods utilized reveal differences in the timing of bone loss with age, but all methods found no statistically significant differences in age-related bone loss. DISCUSSION: We argue that a multi-method approach reduces the influence of confounding factors by building a reconstruction of bone turnover over the life cycle that a limited single-method project cannot provide. The implications of using multiple methods beyond studies of bone loss are also discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropometria/métodos
Densidade Óssea/fisiologia
Remodelação Óssea/fisiologia
Osteoporose/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Anatomia Transversal
Feminino
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Itália
Masculino
Ossos Metacarpais/diagnóstico por imagem
Ossos Metacarpais/patologia
Meia-Idade
Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem
Osteoporose/história
Paleopatologia
Costelas/diagnóstico por imagem
Costelas/patologia
Mundo Romano/história
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170606
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23256


  7 / 646 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27847329
[Au] Autor:Lewandowska M; Jedrychowska-Danska K; Zamerska A; Ploszaj T; Witas HW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biomedical Sciences and Postgraduate Education, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, 90-136, Poland. Electronic address: magda.lewandowska@stud.umed.lodz.pl.
[Ti] Título:The genetic profile of susceptibility to infectious diseases in Roman-Period populations from Central Poland.
[So] Source:Infect Genet Evol;47:1-8, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1567-7257
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:For thousands of years human beings have resisted life-threatening pathogens. This ongoing battle is considered to be the major force shaping our gene pool as every micro-evolutionary process provokes specific shifts in the genome, both that of the host and the pathogen. Past populations were more susceptible to changes in allele frequencies not only due to selection pressure, but also as a result of genetic drift, migration and inbreeding. In the present study we have investigated the frequency of five polymorphisms within innate immune-response genes (SLC11A1 D543N, MBL2 G161A, P2RX7 A1513C, IL10 A-1082G, TLR2 -196 to -174 ins/del) related to susceptibility to infections in humans. The DNA of individuals from two early Roman-Period populations of Linowo and Rogowo was analysed. The distribution of three mutations varied significantly when compared to the modern Polish population. The TAFT analysis suggests that the decreased frequency of SLC11A1 D543N in modern Poles as compared to 2nd century Linowo samples is the result of non-stochastic mechanisms, such as purifying or balancing selection. The disparity in frequency of other mutations is most likely the result of genetic drift, an evolutionary force which is remarkably amplified in low-size groups. Together with the F analysis, mtDNA haplotypes' distribution and deviation from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, we suggest that the two populations were not interbreeding (despite the close proximity between them), but rather inbreeding, the results of which are particularly pronounced among Rogowo habitants.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Transmissíveis/genética
DNA Antigo/análise
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/genética
Deriva Genética
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Imunidade Inata/genética
Polônia
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
Mundo Romano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Cation Transport Proteins); 0 (DNA, Ancient); 0 (natural resistance-associated macrophage protein 1)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161117
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 646 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27625080
[Au] Autor:Olivieri MF; Marzari F; Kesel AJ; Bonalume L; Saettini F
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Historical Studies , University of Milan , Milan , Italy.
[Ti] Título:Pharmacology and psychiatry at the origins of Greek medicine: The myth of Melampus and the madness of the Proetides.
[So] Source:J Hist Neurosci;26(2):193-215, 2017 Apr-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1744-5213
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Melampus is a seer-healer of Greek myth attributed with having healed the young princesses of Argos of madness. Analysis of this legend and its sources sheds light on the early stages of the "medicalizing" shift in the history of ancient Greek medicine. Retrospective psychological diagnosis suggests that the descriptions of the youths' madness rose from actual observation of behavioral and mental disorders. Melampus is credited with having healed them by administering hellebore. Pharmacological analysis of botanical specimens proves that Helleborus niger features actual neurological properties effective in the treatment of mental disorders. The discussion aims at examining the rational aspects of the treatment of mental conditions in Greco-Roman antiquity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina Herbária/história
Transtornos Mentais/história
Mitologia
Farmacologia/história
Psiquiatria/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grécia Antiga
Mundo Grego/história
Helleborus/fisiologia
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Mundo Romano/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160915
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/0964704X.2016.1211901


  9 / 646 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26741568
[Au] Autor:Mitchell PD
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Archaeology and Anthropology,University of Cambridge,The Henry Wellcome Building,Fitzwilliam Street,Cambridge CB2 1QH,UK.
[Ti] Título:Human parasites in the Roman World: health consequences of conquering an empire.
[So] Source:Parasitology;144(1):48-58, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1469-8161
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The archaeological evidence for parasites in the Roman era is presented in order to demonstrate the species present at that time, and highlight the health consequences for people living under Roman rule. Despite their large multi-seat public latrines with washing facilities, sewer systems, sanitation legislation, fountains and piped drinking water from aqueducts, we see the widespread presence of whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides) and Entamoeba histolytica that causes dysentery. This would suggest that the public sanitation measures were insufficient to protect the population from parasites spread by fecal contamination. Ectoparasites such as fleas, head lice, body lice, pubic lice and bed bugs were also present, and delousing combs have been found. The evidence fails to demonstrate that the Roman culture of regular bathing in the public baths reduced the prevalence of these parasites. Fish tapeworm was noted to be widely present, and was more common than in Bronze and Iron Age Europe. It is possible that the Roman enthusiasm for fermented, uncooked fish sauce (garum) may have facilitated the spread of this helminth. Roman medical practitioners such as Galen were aware of intestinal worms, explaining their existence and planning treatment using the humoural theory of the period.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Parasitárias/história
Mundo Romano
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Disenteria Amebiana/epidemiologia
Disenteria Amebiana/história
Disenteria Amebiana/parasitologia
Ectoparasitoses/epidemiologia
Ectoparasitoses/história
Ectoparasitoses/parasitologia
Entamoeba histolytica/isolamento & purificação
Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia
Fezes/parasitologia
Helmintíase/epidemiologia
Helmintíase/história
Helmintíase/parasitologia
Helmintos/isolamento & purificação
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Doenças Parasitárias/epidemiologia
Prevalência
Saneamento
Tricuríase/epidemiologia
Tricuríase/história
Tricuríase/parasitologia
Trichuris/isolamento & purificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160108
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0031182015001651


  10 / 646 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26584250
[Au] Autor:Turliuc D; Turliuc Ș; Cucu A; Dumitrescu G; Costea C
[Ad] Endereço:a Gr. T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy , Iasi , Romania.
[Ti] Título:An entire universe of the Roman world's architecture found in the human skull.
[So] Source:J Hist Neurosci;26(1):88-100, 2017 Jan-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1744-5213
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Today's neuroanatomical terminology has its origins in the Romans' way of life, in their civil and military house architecture, as well as in the fields of engineering and technology. Despite the fact that they did not know how the nervous system worked and what the role of each neuroanatomic structure was, over time, especially in Renaissance and early modern times, the anatomists sought descriptive names for the nervous structures they have identified by way of similarity with some ancient items. This study aims to briefly review the influence of Roman architecture, engineering, and technology on neuroanatomic nomenclature, the precursor of modern neuroanatomical terminology.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neuroanatomia/história
Mundo Romano/história
Crânio
Terminologia como Assunto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anatomistas/história
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVIII
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Ilustração Médica/história
Sistema Nervoso/anatomia & histologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151120
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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