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Pesquisa : I01.076.201.450.350 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29380881
[Au] Autor:Antón SC; Malhi RS; Fuentes A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, New York University.
[Ti] Título:Race and diversity in U.S. Biological Anthropology: A decade of AAPA initiatives.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;165 Suppl 65:158-180, 2018 01.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Biological Anthropology studies the variation and evolution of living humans, non-human primates, and extinct ancestors and for this reason the field should be in an ideal position to attract scientists from a variety of backgrounds who have different views and experiences. However, the origin and history of the discipline, anecdotal observations, self-reports, and recent surveys suggest the field has significant barriers to attracting scholars of color. For a variety of reasons, including quantitative research that demonstrates that diverse groups do better science, the discipline should strive to achieve a more diverse composition. Here we discuss the background and underpinnings of the current and historical dearth of diversity in Biological Anthropology in the U.S. specifically as it relates to representation of minority and underrepresented minority (URM) (or racialized minority) scholars. We trace this lack of diversity to underlying issues of recruitment and retention in the STEM sciences generally, to the history of Anthropology particularly around questions of race-science, and to the absence of Anthropology at many minority-serving institutions, especially HBCUs, a situation that forestalls pathways to the discipline for many minority students. The AAPA Committee on Diversity (COD) was conceived as a means of assessing and improving diversity within the discipline, and we detail the history of the COD since its inception in 2006. Prior to the COD there were no systematic AAPA efforts to consider ethnoracial diversity in our ranks and no programming around questions of diversity and inclusion. Departmental survey data collected by the COD indicate that undergraduate majors in Biological Anthropology are remarkably diverse, but that the discipline loses these scholars between undergraduate and graduate school and systematically up rank. Our analysis of recent membership demographic survey data (2014 and 2017) shows Biological Anthropology to have less ethnoracial diversity than even the affiliated STEM disciplines of Biology and Anatomy; nearly 87% of AAPA members in the United States identify as white and just 7% as URM scholars. These data also suggest that the intersection of race and gender significantly influence scholarly representation. In response to these data, we describe a substantial body of programs that have been developed by the COD to improve diversity in our ranks. Through these programs we identify principal concerns that contribute to the loss of scholars of color from the discipline at different stages in their careers, propose other directions that programming for recruitment should take, and discuss the beginnings of how to develop a more inclusive discipline at all career stages.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropologia/estatística & dados numéricos
Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos
Docentes/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia/organização & administração
Biologia/organização & administração
Biologia/estatística & dados numéricos
Diversidade Cultural
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23382


  2 / 10396 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28375783
[Au] Autor:Nölke AI
[Ad] Endereço:a Business School, University of Edinburgh , Edinburgh , Scotland.
[Ti] Título:Making Diversity Conform? An Intersectional, Longitudinal Analysis of LGBT-Specific Mainstream Media Advertisements.
[So] Source:J Homosex;65(2):224-255, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study introduces an intersectional analysis of explicit LGBT portrayals in mainstream advertising between 2009 and 2015. The analysis provides insights into the (in)visibility of the LGBT community over a period of significant social change. It finds that although the number of explicit representations of LGBT characters has risen dramatically, 230 out of 240 intersections of sexuality, class, age, and race remain invisible. In using a new ad format-human interest ads-advertisers move away from hypersexualization, toward real individuals' stories of love and families. Nonetheless, the analysis highlights how the erasure of multiply marginalized groups in mainstream advertising continues to perpetuate a heteronormative, domesticized version of "gayness" and discusses the adverse effects that lie herein. It is proposed that non-LGBT consumers are the underlying target group of LGBT-explicit advertising, causing non-target market effects that alienate large parts of the LGBT community despite their overt inclusion.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Publicidade como Assunto
Diversidade Cultural
Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero
Conformidade Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170405
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2017.1314163


  3 / 10396 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29223213
[Au] Autor:Cesario SK
[Ti] Título:Immigration Basics for Nurses.
[So] Source:Nurs Womens Health;21(6):499-505, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1751-486X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The United States is known as a nation of immigrants and a land of promise that welcomes the needy, poor, and oppressed. Immigrants represent some of the most vulnerable in society. It is vital that nurses and other health care providers possess knowledge of social, economic, and political factors related to health care for immigrant populations. This article provides definitions of the various immigrant populations, addresses health needs within this group, and offers suggestions for nursing practice and advocacy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emigrantes e Imigrantes/classificação
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/legislação & jurisprudência
Jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Diversidade Cultural
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171211
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 10396 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29195525
[Au] Autor:Metcalfe S
[Ad] Endereço:Western Carolina University, School of Nursing, College of Health and Human Sciences, Cullowhee, North Carolina, USA.
[Ti] Título:Second Life Patient Scenarios: Enhancing the Diversity of the Nursing Profession.
[So] Source:Creat Nurs;22(3):166-170, 2016 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:1078-4535
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Despite the current transformation of the U.S. population to one of increased diversity, the majority of nurses employed are from White backgrounds. In addition, few secondary school students from ethnically diverse backgrounds or from rural regions in the nation are encouraged to pursue a collegiate education or to consider nursing as a career. This article describes an innovative 3-year program in which one rural university in the southeast used a virtual environment, Second Life, to expose secondary students to nursing through role-playing as avatars interacting with patient case scenarios. Secondary school science and health occupations teachers developed patient and environmental scenarios under the direction of the nursing program director and the information technology director from the university. Throughout the 3 years, 300 rural and multicultural students were exposed to virtual world health care learning through quizzes with five patient case and environmental scenarios. Student and teacher evaluations were positive about their interest in learning obtained through the patient case examinations. Technical difficulties during Year 1 were eliminated by Year 3. This program demonstrates that use of virtual technologies such as Second Life may increase the interest of secondary rural and multicultural students in careers in nursing and in pursuing a collegiate education.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escolha da Profissão
Instrução por Computador/métodos
Diversidade Cultural
Currículo
Bacharelado em Enfermagem/organização & administração
Grupos Étnicos/educação
Realidade Virtual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
População Rural
Sudeste dos Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1891/1078-4535.22.3.166


  5 / 10396 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29338019
[Au] Autor:Meyers LC; Brown AM; Moneta-Koehler L; Chalkley R
[Ad] Endereço:Office for Biomedical Research Education and Training, School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Survey of checkpoints along the pathway to diverse biomedical research faculty.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190606, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There is a persistent shortage of underrepresented minority (URM) faculty who are involved in basic biomedical research at medical schools. We examined the entire training pathway of potential candidates to identify the points of greatest loss. Using a range of recent national data sources, including the National Science Foundation's Survey of Earned Doctorates and Survey of Doctoral Recipients, we analyzed the demographics of the population of interest, specifically those from URM backgrounds with an interest in biomedical sciences. We examined the URM population from high school graduates through undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral training as well as the URM population in basic science tenure track faculty positions at medical schools. We find that URM and non-URM trainees are equally likely to transition into doctoral programs, to receive their doctoral degree, and to secure a postdoctoral position. However, the analysis reveals that the diversions from developing a faculty career are found primarily at two clearly identifiable places, specifically during undergraduate education and in transition from postdoctoral fellowship to tenure track faculty in the basic sciences at medical schools. We suggest focusing additional interventions on these two stages along the educational pathway.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Academias e Institutos/organização & administração
Pesquisa Biomédica
Diversidade Cultural
Docentes/estatística & dados numéricos
Grupos Minoritários/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Biologia/educação
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180117
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190606


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[PMID]:29302036
[Au] Autor:Erten EY; van den Berg P; Weissing FJ
[Ad] Endereço:Theoretical Research in Evolutionary Life Sciences, Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences, University of Groningen, PO Box 11103, 9700 CC, Groningen, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Acculturation orientations affect the evolution of a multicultural society.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;9(1):58, 2018 01 04.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The migration of people between different cultures has affected cultural change throughout history. To understand this process, cross-cultural psychologists have used the 'acculturation' framework, classifying 'acculturation orientations' along two dimensions: the willingness to interact with culturally different individuals, and the inclination to retain the own cultural identity ('cultural conservatism'). Here, using a cultural evolution approach, we construct a dynamically explicit model of acculturation. We show that the evolution of a multicultural society, where immigrant and resident culture stably coexist, is more likely if individuals readily engage in cross-cultural interactions, and if resident individuals are more culturally conservative than immigrants. This result holds if some cultural traits pay off better than others, and individuals use social learning to adopt more advantageous cultural traits. Our study demonstrates that formal dynamic models can help us understand how individual orientations towards immigration eventually determine the population-level distribution of cultural traits.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aculturação
Diversidade Cultural
Emigração e Imigração
Modelos Teóricos
Aprendizado Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Evolução Cultural
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-017-02513-0


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[PMID]:28450030
[Au] Autor:Adams LT; Campbell J; Deming K
[Ad] Endereço:College of Health Sciences, West Chester University, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address: ladams@wcupa.edu.
[Ti] Título:Diversity: A key aspect of 21st century faculty roles as implemented in the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars program.
[So] Source:Nurs Outlook;65(3):267-277, 2017 May - Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1528-3968
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Academic nursing faculty play a vital role in recruiting a diverse student body to increase the diversity of the profession and educate students to provide culturally sensitive care to expand equitable health care. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to present the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars program diversity initiatives and outcomes. METHODS: Data on the diversity of the 90 scholars and their diversity-related leadership positions were compiled. DISCUSSION: Although the program was designed with selection criteria to encourage racial/ethnic and gender diversity, it was not until a diversity strategic plan was designed and implemented that sufficient diversity in the applicant pool and consistent diversity among the scholars was achieved. The program also included highly evaluated leadership content in diversity and inclusion. CONCLUSIONS: Lessons learned from the program are important for the assurance of continued diversity among tenure-track nursing faculty, commitment to diversity in the nursing workforce among all faculty, and support in nursing education on providing culturally sensitive nursing care and nursing research that addresses health inequities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diversidade Cultural
Currículo
Docentes de Enfermagem/educação
Fundações/organização & administração
Recursos Humanos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Recursos Humanos em Saúde/tendências
Liderança
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Previsões
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 10396 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29266903
[Au] Autor:Sparke VL; MacLaren D; Mills J; Asugeni R; Moutoa K; West C
[Ti] Título:IMPROVING INFECTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL PRACTICES IN A CULTURALLY, LINGUISTICALLY AND SPIRITUALLY DIVERSE ENVIRONMENT.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;24(8):42, 2017 03.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Atoifi Adventist Hospital (AAH) in the Solomon Islands serves a population of 80,000 people, many living in small remote villages. Atoifi is situated on the east side of the island of Malaita in the East Kwaio region. Kwaio is one of 12 language groups on Malaita and most people engage in the subsistence economy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Controle de Infecções/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade/métodos
Diversidade Cultural
Hospitais Rurais
Seres Humanos
Melanesia
Desenvolvimento de Programas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29244469
[Au] Autor:Henderson S
[Ti] Título:USEFUL TIPS FOR TEACHING INTERNATIONAL NURSING STUDENTS.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;24(3):39, 2016 09.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:International students studying nursing in Australia has increased (Glew, 2013). For most of these students, English may not be their first language. The style of teaching and learning international students had previously experienced differ vastly from the Western style of teaching.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos
Intercâmbio Educacional Internacional
Enfermeiras Internacionais
Estudantes de Enfermagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Diversidade Cultural
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 10396 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29220142
[Au] Autor:Wechkunanukul K; Grantham H; Clark R
[Ti] Título:Cultural competence in emergency department.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;22(4):35, 2014 10.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Competência Cultural
Diversidade Cultural
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/normas
Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Austrália
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171209
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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