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Pesquisa : I01.076.201.450.515.500 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28497872
[Au] Autor:Gregoricka LA; Scott AB; Betsinger TK; Polcyn M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology, Anthropology, & Social Work, University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama, 36688.
[Ti] Título:Deviant burials and social identity in a postmedieval Polish cemetery: An analysis of stable oxygen and carbon isotopes from the "vampires" of Drawsko.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;163(4):741-758, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Deviant burials can reveal important information about both social and individual identity, particularly when the mortuary record is supplemented by an examination of skeletal remains. At the postmedieval (17th to 18th c. AD) cemetery of Drawsko (Site 1), Poland, six individuals (of n = 285) received deviant, anti-vampiristic mortuary treatment. A previous study using radiogenic strontium isotope ratios ( x¯= 0.7112 ± 0.0006, 1σ, n = 60) found that these "vampires" were in fact locals, not migrants to the region targeted for deviant burial due to their status as immigrant outsiders. However, considerable geologic overlap in strontium isotope ratios across the North European Plain may have masked the identification of at least some nonlocal individuals. This study further contextualizes strontium isotope ratios using additional biogeochemical data to test the hypothesis that additional nonlocals were present in the Drawsko cemetery. METHODS: Stable oxygen and carbon isotopes from the dental enamel of 58 individuals interred in both normative and atypical burials at Drawsko were analyzed. RESULTS: Both δ O ( x¯= -4.5 ± 0.7‰) and δ C isotope values ( x¯= -13.6 ± 0.8‰) displayed little variability and were not significantly different between vampire and normative burials, supporting prior strontium results of a largely local population. Nevertheless, homogeneity in oxygen isotope values across other northern European sites makes it difficult to speculate about isotopic regional diversity, leaving open the possibility that additional migrants to the region remain undetected. Additionally, carbon isotope values point to a locally sourced diet dominated by C resources but with some supplementation by C goods that likely included millet, fitting with historic descriptions of postmedieval diet in Poland. CONCLUSIONS: Those interred as vampires appear local to the region and thus likely underwent deviant funerary treatment due to some other social stigma not apparent from the skeleton.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sepultamento/história
Isótopos de Carbono/análise
Criaturas Lendárias/história
Isótopos de Oxigênio/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Aleitamento Materno
Esmalte Dentário/química
Dieta/etnologia
Feminino
História do Século XVII
História do Século XVIII
História Medieval
Migração Humana
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Polônia/etnologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Carbon Isotopes); 0 (Oxygen Isotopes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170513
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23244


  2 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27979853
[Au] Autor:Ladher N
[Ad] Endereço:The BMJ.
[Ti] Título:Questions and answers.
[So] Source:BMJ;355:i6701, 2016 Dec 15.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências
Férias e Feriados
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Correio Eletrônico
Empatia
Seres Humanos
Criaturas Lendárias
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Guerra
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; INTRODUCTORY JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.i6701


  3 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27036698
[Au] Autor:Subotsky F
[Ti] Título:An 18th-century view of demonomania. 2: Vampirism - stories - psychiatry in history.
[So] Source:Br J Psychiatry;208(4):321, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1472-1465
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criaturas Lendárias/história
Psiquiatria/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XVIII
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160403
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1192/bjp.bp.115.163311b


  4 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26968492
[Au] Autor:Schneider DS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: dschneid@stanford.edu.
[Ti] Título:What Can Vampires Teach Us about Immunology?
[So] Source:Trends Immunol;37(4):253-6, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1471-4981
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Speculative fiction examines the leading edge of science and can be used to introduce ideas into the classroom. For example, most students are already familiar with the fictional infectious diseases responsible for vampire and zombie outbreaks. The disease dynamics of these imaginary ailments follow the same rules we see for real diseases and can be used to remind students that they already understand the basic rules of disease ecology and immunology. By engaging writers of this sort of fiction in an effort to solve problems in immunology we may be able to perform a directed evolution experiment where we follow the evolution of plots rather than genetic traits.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alergia e Imunologia/educação
Filmes Cinematográficos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Evolução Biológica
Surtos de Doenças
Ecologia
Seres Humanos
Disseminação de Informação/métodos
Criaturas Lendárias
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160313
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26772065
[Au] Autor:Mohammadi D
[Ti] Título:André Tomlin: mental elf guru.
[So] Source:Lancet Psychiatry;3(1):23-24, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:2215-0374
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Blogging
Criaturas Lendárias
Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171101
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171101
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160117
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26768113
[Au] Autor:Salis AT; Easton LJ; Robertson BC; Gemmell N; Smith IWG; Weisler MI; Waters JM; Rawlence NJ
[Ad] Endereço:Allan Wilson Centre, Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
[Ti] Título:Myth or relict: Does ancient DNA detect the enigmatic Upland seal?
[So] Source:Mol Phylogenet Evol;97:101-106, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9513
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The biological status of the so-called 'Upland seal' has remained contentious ever since historical records described a distinct seal from the uplands of New Zealand's (NZ) remote sub-Antarctic islands. Subsequent genetic surveys of the NZ fur seal (Arctocephalus forsteri) detected two highly-divergent mtDNA clades, hypothesized to represent a post-sealing hybrid swarm between 'mainland' (Australia-NZ; A. forsteri) and sub-Antarctic (putative 'Upland'; A. snaresensis) lineages. We present ancient-DNA analyses of prehistoric mainland NZ and sub-Antarctic fur seals, revealing that both of these genetic lineages were already widely distributed across the region at the time of human arrival. These findings indicate that anthropogenic factors did not contribute to the admixture of these lineages, and cast doubt on the validity of the Upland seal. Human-mediated impacts on Arctocephalus genetic diversity are instead highlighted by a dramatic temporal haplotype frequency-shift due to genetic drift in heavily bottlenecked populations following the cessation of industrial-scale harvesting. These extinction-recolonisation dynamics add to a growing picture of human-mediated change in NZ's coastal and marine ecosystems.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: DNA Mitocondrial/genética
Otárias/classificação
Otárias/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Regiões Antárticas
Austrália
Ecossistema
Deriva Genética
Variação Genética
Haplótipos
Atividades Humanas
Criaturas Lendárias
Nova Zelândia
Filogenia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Mitochondrial)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170730
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170730
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160116
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26559344
[Au] Autor:Mlacker S; Shah VV; Alsaidan M; Nouri K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida.
[Ti] Título:Victorian Vampires Validated--The Similarities Between a Legendary Creature and a Dermatologic Pathology.
[So] Source:JAMA Dermatol;151(11):1225, 2015 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:2168-6084
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criaturas Lendárias
Porfiria Cutânea Tardia/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160524
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160524
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jamadermatol.2015.2817


  8 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25876540
[Au] Autor:Katz G
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty member and Supervising Analyst in the New York University Postdoctoral Program in Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis, and a faculty member and Training and Supervising Analyst at the Institute for Psychoanalytic Training and Research (IPTAR) in New York.
[Ti] Título:Repressed ghosts and dissociated vampires in the enacted dimension of psychoanalytic treatment.
[So] Source:Psychoanal Q;84(2):389-414, 2015 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:2167-4086
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:One of the most evocative uses of the metaphor of a ghost in psychoanalytic writing was crafted by Hans Loewald in "On the Therapeutic Action of Psycho-Analysis" (1960). In this seminal work, Loewald likened the process of psychoanalytic change to that of transforming psychic ghosts into ancestors. In the present paper, the author supplements the metaphor of ghosts that haunt with the metaphor of vampires that menace, and links these two alien experiences to two psychological processes: repression and dissociation. Descriptions of ghosts and vampires in folklore, and the ways they are experienced in analytic treatment, are followed by an explication of the enacted dimension of analytic process-the arena of treatment in which all demons are inevitably revivified, "recognized," and ultimately laid to rest. The paper includes a clinical illustration of a dissociated vampire: a Holocaust trauma transmitted across three generations of survivors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Dissociativos
Criaturas Lendárias
Metáfora
Terapia Psicanalítica
Repressão Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Holocausto
Seres Humanos
Relação entre Gerações
Trauma Psicológico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1601
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150416
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150416
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150417
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/psaq.12006


  9 / 9 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25781844
[Au] Autor:Soisook P; Prajakjitr A; Karapan S; Francis CM; Bates PJ
[Ad] Endereço:Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Natural History Museum, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand 90110. Excellence Centre for Biodiversity of Peninsular Thailand (CBIPT), Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand 90110; Email: pipat66@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:A new genus and species of false vampire (Chiroptera: Megadermatidae) from peninsular Thailand.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;3931(4):528-50, 2015 Mar 16.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A new genus and associated species of false vampire, family Megadermatidae, are described based on three specimens from Bala Forest, Narathiwat Province, peninsular Thailand. The new taxon is characterised by a unique combination of distinctive dental, cranial, and external characters, some of which are shared with exclusively African genera and some with Asian genera. These characters are comparable to, or exceed in number, those differentiating currently recognised genera in the family Megadermatidae. They include the absence of a first upper premolar; greatly enlarged upper canine without an anterolingual cingular cusp but with a robust posterolingual cusp; unmodified upper first molar with the preparacrista subequal in length to the postmetacrista, the metastyle not reduced and situated labially; robust lower canine without an anterolingual cusp; the first lower premolar enlarged, equal to or larger than the second lower premolar. In the skull, there is a pronounced rostral depression but no well developed frontal shield with preorbital and/or postorbital processes; the coronoid process is greatly enlarged in each half mandible. Externally, the body size is relatively large and the posterior noseleaf is rounded. The baculum has a robust shaft and two short prongs-the bacula of all five other species of megadermatid are illustrated for the first time; extraordinarily, those of Macroderma gigas and Megaderma lyra comprise two separate bones. DNA barcoding indicate a genetic divergence of about 20 percent (sequence divergence in the mitochondrial gene CO1) between the new genus and species of Megaderma and Cardioderma. Currently, despite numerous bat surveys in peninsular Thailand, the new genus is only known from Bala Forest. The small area of this forest and the very low capture rate suggest that the new species may be extremely rare. Its natural history is little known, although its robust dental and cranial features when coupled with chance observations of its feeding behaviour, suggest it may specialise in eating large beetles. Its conservation status is considered to be at risk owing to the rapid loss of forest habitat in much of the Thai-Malay peninsula.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Quirópteros/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia
Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Animais
Tamanho Corporal
Quirópteros/anatomia & histologia
Quirópteros/genética
Quirópteros/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Ecossistema
Feminino
Criaturas Lendárias
Masculino
Tamanho do Órgão
Filogenia
Tailândia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150318
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.3931.4.4



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