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Pesquisa : I01.076.201.450.550.150.500 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29364968
[Au] Autor:Petersone-Gordina E; Roberts C; Millard AR; Montgomery J; Gerhards G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Archaeology, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Dental disease and dietary isotopes of individuals from St Gertrude Church cemetery, Riga, Latvia.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191757, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This research explores oral health indicators and stable carbon and nitrogen isotope data to explore diet, and differences in diet, between people buried in the four different contexts of the St Gertrude Church cemetery (15th- 17th centuries AD): the general cemetery, two mass graves, and a collective mass burial pit within the general cemetery. The main aim is to assess whether people buried in the mass graves were rural immigrants, or if they were more likely to be the victims of plague (or another epidemic) who lived in Riga and its suburbs. The data produced (from dental disease assessments and isotope analyses) were compared within, as well as between, the contexts. Most differences emerged when comparing the prevalence rates of dental diseases and other oral health indicators in males and females between the contexts, while isotope analysis revealed more individual, rather than context-specific, differences. The data suggested that the populations buried in the mass graves were different from those buried in the general cemetery, and support the theory that rural immigrants were buried in both mass graves. Significant differences were observed in some aspects of the data between the mass graves, however, possibly indicating that the people buried in them do not represent the same community.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cemitérios
Dieta
Doenças Estomatognáticas/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Isótopos de Carbono/análise
Seres Humanos
Letônia/epidemiologia
Isótopos de Nitrogênio/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Carbon Isotopes); 0 (Nitrogen Isotopes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191757


  2 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28792371
[Au] Autor:Tian T; Wu F; Ma Y; Xiang T; Ma W; Hu W; Wu G; An L; Wang W; Feng H
[Ad] Endereço:1​Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Cell Activities and Stress Adaptations, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, PR China.
[Ti] Título:Description of Naumannella cuiyingiana sp. nov., isolated from a ca. 1500-year-old mural painting, and emended description of the genus Naumannella.
[So] Source:Int J Syst Evol Microbiol;67(8):2609-2614, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1466-5034
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Strain AFT2T was isolated from a mural painting sample from a ca. 1500-year-old tomb located in Shanxi Province, China. The isolate was a Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, aerobic and oval to short-rod-shaped bacterium that formed white-pigmented colonies. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain AFT2T was most closely (97.01 %) correlated and formed a monophyletic clade with Naumannella halotolerans WS4616T (=DSM 24323T). The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 71.97 mol%, and the strain showed 37.27 % DNA-DNA relatedness to N. halotolerans DSM 24323T. The major cellular fatty acid was anteiso-C15 : 0 (55.32 %), and MK-9(H4) was the only respiratory quinone. The polar lipids comprised phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, two unknown phospholipids and five unknown glycolipids. ll-Diaminopimelic acid was detected in the cell-wall peptidoglycan (type A3γ), and the whole-cell sugars consisted of ribose, mannose, arabinose and galactose. On the basis of its phenotypic and phylogenetic characteristics, it is proposed that strain AFT2T should be classified as a representative of a novel species of the genus Naumannella, for which the name Naumannella cuiyingiana sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is AFT2T (=CCTCC AB 2015428T=DSM 103164T).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pinturas
Filogenia
Propionibacteriaceae/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana
Composição de Bases
Parede Celular/química
Cemitérios
China
DNA Bacteriano/genética
Ácido Diaminopimélico/química
Ácidos Graxos/química
Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico
Peptidoglicano/química
Fosfolipídeos/química
Propionibacteriaceae/genética
Propionibacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação
RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Bacterial); 0 (Fatty Acids); 0 (Peptidoglycan); 0 (Phospholipids); 0 (RNA, Ribosomal, 16S); 583-93-7 (Diaminopimelic Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170810
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1099/ijsem.0.001964


  3 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28542797
[Au] Autor:Stewart MC; Vercellotti G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.
[Ti] Título:Application of geographic information systems to investigating associations between social status and burial location in medieval Trino Vercellese (Piedmont, Italy).
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;164(1):11-29, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic status differences in skeletal populations are often inferred from skeletal indicators of stress and burial location. However, to date, the association between osteometric parameters and spatial location in relation to socioeconomic status in medieval Italy has not been explicitly tested. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study examined the spatial distribution of osteometric data in the medieval (8th-13th c.) cemetery of San Michele di Trino (Trino Vercellese, VC, Italy) to determine whether skeletal correlates of socioeconomic status correspond with privileged burial locations. Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that greater growth outcomes are associated with privileged burials located inside the church by examining osteometric data (femoral bicondylar length [N = 74], maximum tibial length [N = 62], and the sum of the two measurements [N = 59]) in a geographic information system (GIS) of the cemetery. RESULTS: Getis-Ord G Hot Spot analysis identified significant (90% CI) spatial clustering of high osteometric values within the church, while low values clustered in areas of the cemetery farther from the church. These results, supported by the results of interpolation analyses, became more pronounced when z-scores were calculated to combine the male and female samples and the analyses were repeated. DISCUSSION: Overall, the findings corroborate the observation that the spatial distribution of osteometric data reflects socioeconomic status differences within the population. This research exemplifies the advantages of integrating bioarchaeology and spatial analysis to examine mortuary behavior and health outcomes in highly stratified societies where access to resources is demarcated in both life and in death.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sepultamento/história
Cemitérios/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropometria
Arqueologia
Feminino
Fêmur/anatomia & histologia
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Itália/etnologia
Masculino
Classe Social
Análise Espacial
Tíbia/anatomia & histologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23251


  4 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28518210
[Au] Autor:Kalová K; Prichystalová R; Boberová K; Pavlusková A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Archaeology and Museology, Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University, Brno, Arna Nováka 1, 602 00 Brno.
[Ti] Título:Regular graveyard in the stronghold versus settlement burials in the bailey. Comparison of Early Medieval populations from Pohansko (Czech Republic).
[So] Source:Anthropol Anz;74(2):155-171, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:0003-5548
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:ABSTRACT: The aim of the study is to identify possible differences in the prevalence of biological stress markers (cribra orbitalia, linear enammel hypoplasia), dental caries, activity markers (Schmorl's nodes) and markers of violence (traumatic lesions) in populations from a typical graveyard around the first church (9 -10 century AD) in the stronghold and from settlement burials in the southern bailey (second half of the 9 - beginning of the 10 century AD) of Slavs from Pohansko (Czech Republic). Cribra orbitalia and enamel hypoplasia did not markedly differ in either population. On the other hand, co-occurrence of both markers was statistically different and distinction in higher age categories could indicate diverse living conditions. Lower cariousness in the population from the southern bailey was identified. The nature of postcranial traumatic lesions in both populations indicates rather their accidental origin. However, a higher incidence of cranial injuries points to more violent activities in the population from Pohansko compared to Mikulcice. A high number of healed face injuries in males from the southern bailey could indicate higher intragroup violence in this population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sepultamento/história
Cemitérios/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Doenças Ósseas/patologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
República Tcheca/etnologia
Cárie Dentária/patologia
Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/patologia
Feminino
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Doenças Orbitárias/patologia
Crânio/lesões
Crânio/patologia
Estresse Fisiológico
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170914
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170914
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170519
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1127/anthranz/2017/0680


  5 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28362021
[Au] Autor:Amores-Ampuero A
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Anthropology, Department of Legal Medicine, Toxicology and Physical Anthropology, School of Medicine, University of Granada Granada 18012, Spain anabelamores3@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Sexual dimorphism in base of skull.
[So] Source:Anthropol Anz;74(1):9-14, 2017 Apr 01.
[Is] ISSN:0003-5548
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:ABSTRACT: Sex determination is an important task in forensic medicine and physical anthropology. The aims of this study were to assess the presence of sexual dimorphism in the base of the skull and to compare the accuracy of sex estimation by this method with that achieved in other metric studies of this region. The sample comprised 109 individuals (53 males and 56 females) of known sex, age, and cause of death from San José cemetery in Granada (Spain). Six dimensions were analyzed and discriminant function analysis was performed. The discriminant capacity of the selected variables was then evaluated by using a cross-validation procedure. All dimensions were significantly higher in males than in females. The percentage accuracy was 75.7% (77.8% for males and 73.7% for females). Highest dimorphic values were for occipital condyle length and foramen magnum width. Skull base measurements should only serve to corroborate findings.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Base do Crânio/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cemitérios
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Antropologia Forense
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Caracteres Sexuais
Espanha
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170914
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170914
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170401
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1127/anthranz/2017/0603


  6 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28328951
[Au] Autor:Hakenbeck SE; Evans J; Chapman H; Fóthi E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Practising pastoralism in an agricultural environment: An isotopic analysis of the impact of the Hunnic incursions on Pannonian populations.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(3):e0173079, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We conducted a multi-isotope study of five fifth-century AD cemeteries in modern-day Hungary to determine relationships between nomadic-pastoralist incomers-the historically documented Huns and other nomadic groups-and the sedentary agricultural population of the late Roman province of Pannonia. Contemporary historical sources describe this relationship as adversarial and destructive for the late Roman population, but archaeological evidence indicates high levels of hybridity between different groups. We undertook carbon, nitrogen, strontium and oxygen isotope analyses of bone collagen, dentine and tooth enamel at Keszthely-Fenékpuszta, Hács-Béndekpuszta, Gyor-Széchenyi Square, Mözs and Szolnok-Szanda to examine these relationships through past subsistence practices. The patterns at all sites indicate medium to high animal protein consumption with little evidence for a significant contribution of aquatic resources. All populations relied to a great extent on C4 plants, most likely millet. Within each population, diet was heterogeneous, with significant variations in terms of animal protein and C3 and C4 plant consumption. High levels of intra-population and individual variability suggest that populations made use of a range of subsistence strategies, with many individuals exhibiting significant changes over their lifetimes. Rather than being characterised only by violence, the historically-documented influx of nomadic populations appears to have led to widespread changes in subsistence strategies of populations in the Carpathian basin. Nomadic-pastoralist groups may have switched to smaller herds and more farming, and, conversely, local populations may have integrated with a new economic system based on animal herding.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Isótopos de Carbono/química
Isótopos de Nitrogênio/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura/métodos
Animais
Arqueologia/métodos
Osso e Ossos/química
Cemitérios
Colágeno/análise
Esmalte Dentário/química
Meio Ambiente
Seres Humanos
Hungria
Plantas/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Carbon Isotopes); 0 (Nitrogen Isotopes); 9007-34-5 (Collagen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170323
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0173079


  7 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28233511
[Au] Autor:Fornaciari A
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Paleopathology, Department of Translational Research and New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, 56126 Pisa, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Environmental Microbial Forensics and Archaeology of Past Pandemics.
[So] Source:Microbiol Spectr;5(1), 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:2165-0497
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The development of paleomicrobiology with new molecular techniques such as metagenomics is revolutionizing our knowledge of microbial evolution in human history. The study of microbial agents that are concomitantly active in the same biological environment makes it possible to obtain a picture of the complex interrelations among the different pathogens and gives us the perspective to understand the microecosystem of ancient times. This research acts as a bridge between disciplines such as archaeology, biology, and medicine, and the development of paleomicrobiology forces archaeology to broaden and update its methods. This chapter addresses the archaeological issues related to the identification of cemeteries from epidemic catastrophes (typology of burials, stratigraphy, topography, paleodemography) and the issues related to the sampling of human remains for biomolecular analysis. Developments in the field of paleomicrobiology are described with the example of the plague. Because of its powerful interdisciplinary features, the paleomicrobiological study of Yersinia pestis is an extremely interesting field, in which paleomicrobiology, historical research, and archeology are closely related, and it has important implications for the current dynamics of epidemiology.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arqueologia/métodos
Microbiologia Ambiental
Fósseis/microbiologia
Técnicas Microbiológicas/métodos
Paleopatologia/métodos
Pandemias
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cemitérios
Seres Humanos
Peste/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170225
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1128/microbiolspec.EMF-0011-2016


  8 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28122013
[Au] Autor:Usai D; Maritan L; Dal Sasso G; Artioli G; Salvatori S; Jakob T; Salviato T
[Ad] Endereço:Centro Studi Sudanesi e Sub-Sahariani (CSSeS), Treviso, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene Evidence of Prostatic Stones at Al Khiday Cemetery, Central Sudan.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(1):e0169524, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The recovery of three stone-like ovoid objects within the burial of a pre-Mesolithic (Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene) individual at Al Khiday cemetery (Central Sudan) raises the question of the nature and origin of these objects. The position in which the objects were found in relation to the human skeleton suggested a pathological condition affecting the individual, possibly urinary bladder, kidney stones or gallstones. To solve this issue, a multi-analytical approach, consisting of tomographic, microstructural and compositional analyses, was therefore performed. Based on their microstructure and mineralogical composition, consisting of hydroxylapatite and whitlockite, the investigated stones were identified as primary (endogenous) prostatic calculi. In addition, the occurrence of bacterial imprints also indicates on-going infectious processes in the individual. This discovery of the earliest known case of lithiasis extends the appearance of prostatic stones into the Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene, a disease which therefore can no longer be considered exclusive to the modern era, but which also affected prehistoric individuals, whose lifestyle and diet were significantly different to our own.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cemitérios
Fósseis
Litíase
Doenças Prostáticas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Sudão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170810
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170810
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0169524


  9 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28101915
[Au] Autor:Rott A; Turner N; Scholz U; von Heyking K; Immler F; Peters J; Haberstroh J; Harbeck M
[Ad] Endereço:State Collection for Anthropology and Palaeoanatomy, SNSB, Munich, 80333, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Early medieval stone-lined graves in Southern Germany: analysis of an emerging noble class.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;162(4):794-809, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Stone-lined graves, which first appear in Bavarian territory during the 7 century AD, are assumed to be tombs of emerging nobility. While previous research on stone-lined grave goods supports their status as elite burials, an important factor defining nobility-kinship-has not been examined so far. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Morphological analysis of the commingled skeletal remains of 21 individuals from three archaeological sites was carried out. Radiocarbon dating was conducted on these individuals to gain information on usage intervals of these graves. To test whether stone-lined graves can be considered family graves, analyses of mitochondrial HVR I, Y-chromosomal and autosomal STRs were carried out. RESULTS: Morphological examination revealed a surplus of males buried in stone-lined graves and radiocarbon dating points to usage of the tombs for several generations. According to aDNA analysis, kinship can be assumed both between and within stone-lined graves. DISCUSSION: Taken together, these results hint at burials of family members with high social status being inhumed at the same site, in some cases even the same grave, for several generations. They also suggest, for the first time, that an early medieval linear cemetery was structured according to biological kinship.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sepultamento/história
Cemitérios/história
Classe Social/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Arqueologia
Osso e Ossos/química
Pré-Escolar
Família
Feminino
Alemanha
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Repetições de Microssatélites/genética
Meia-Idade
Datação Radiométrica
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170620
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170620
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23170


  10 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27858981
[Au] Autor:Hemer KA; Lamb AL; Chenery CA; Evans JA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Archaeology, University of Sheffield, S1 4ET, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:A multi-isotope investigation of diet and subsistence amongst island and mainland populations from early medieval western Britain.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;162(3):423-440, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: This is the first investigation of dietary practices amongst multiple early medieval populations (AD 500-1000) from Wales and the Isle of Man using carbon, nitrogen, and sulphur isotope analysis. The analysis will illuminate similarities or differences between the diets and subsistence strategies of populations occupying different geographical regions, specifically those living in marginal coastal regions in comparison to inland populations well-connected to ecclesiastical centres and high-status settlements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and two human skeletons were sampled for carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis, and 69 human skeletons were sampled for sulphur isotope analysis from nine cemetery sites from western Britain (Isle of Man = 3, southwest Wales = 4, southeast Wales = 2). Thirteen faunal skeletons from St Patrick's Chapel (southwest Wales) were sampled for carbon, nitrogen, and sulphur isotope analysis. RESULTS: Human δ C values range from -19.4‰ to -21.2‰ (δ C mean=-20.4 ±0.4‰, 1σ, n = 86), and δ N values range from 9.1‰ to 13.8‰ (δ N mean = 10.8 ± 0.9‰, 1σ, n = 86). δ S values range from 1.2‰ to 18.4‰ (δ S mean = 11.6 ± 4.5‰, 1σ, n = 66). Significant differences were noted between the mean δ C, δ N and δ S values according to geographic region: Isle of Man (δ C = -20.7 ± 0.4‰, δ N = 11.4 ±0.6‰, n = 13/86; δ S mean = 17.1 ±0.6, n = 4/66), southwest Wales (δ C = -20.5 ± 0.4‰, δ N = 11.0 ±1‰, n = 32/86; δ S = 16.1 ± 2.1, n = 21/66), and southeast Wales (δ C =-20.3 ±0.4‰, δ N = 10.4 ±0.7‰, n = 41/86; δ S= 8.8 ±3‰, n = 41/66). Faunal δ C values range from -23.1‰ to -21.2‰ (δ C mean= -22.1 ±0.5‰, 1σ, n = 13), and δ N values range from 6.3‰ to 9.8‰ (δ N mean = 7.3 ± 1.1‰, 1σ, n = 13). δ S values range from 4.7‰ to 18.4‰ (δ S mean= 16.3 ± 3.6‰, 1σ, n = 13). CONCLUSIONS: The data reveal a reliance on terrestrial protein, however differences are observed between the resource consumption of populations from southwest Wales and the Isle of Man in comparison to the populations from southeast Wales. Populations from the west coast have a marine sulphur signature that reflects their coastal proximity and may also include a reliance on seaweed as a fertiliser/food source. Populations in the southeast were connected to ecclesiastical centres and high-status settlements and had access to inland-grown produce. The data add support to the suggestion that δ S can be used as a mobility indicator.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Osso e Ossos/química
Dieta/história
Isótopos/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Animais
Antropologia Física
Bovinos
Cemitérios
Criança
Comportamento Alimentar
Feminino
Cabras
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Ovinos
Suínos
Reino Unido
País de Gales
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Isotopes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170622
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170622
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23127



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