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[PMID]:28606332
[Au] Autor:Gouveia MF; Oliveira Santos I; Santos AL; Gonçalves D
[Ad] Endereço:Centro de Investigação em Antropologia e Saúde (CIAS), Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, Portugal. Electronic address: uc2010132835@student.uc.pt.
[Ti] Título:Sample-specific odontometric sex estimation: A method with potential application to burned remains.
[So] Source:Sci Justice;57(4):262-269, 2017 07.
[Is] ISSN:1355-0306
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Metric features are often the only preserved sexually dimorphic features to allow sex estimation in burned human remains, but this is complicated by heat-induced dimensional changes. The potential of odontometry for sex estimation was investigated. A sample of permanent lower second pre-molars from 20 males and 20 females was experimentally burned at 900°C to assess heat-induced changes in the sexual dimorphism of seven dimensions of the cementum-enamel junction and the root. Four of them, cementum-enamel junction perimeter; mesiodistal, buccolingual and perimeter at the mid-root level, were investigated for the first time. Also, five measurements combining some of the isolated standard measurements were investigated. Additionally, 10 permanent upper central incisors and 10 permanent lower first molars were experimentally burned at 400°C and 700° C to document heat-induced dimensional changes and serve as comparison with the 900°C sample. Results showed that most of the standard measurements, although presenting significant sex differences, were not reliable enough to allow for correct sex classifications close to 100% both before and after the burning. Nonetheless, the perimeter at the cementum-enamel junction and the combined measurements of the mesiodistal and buccolingual diameters, at the same level, were quite promising in the post-burning analysis with correct sex classifications above 80%. At 900°C, females were slightly more affected by shrinkage in this measure than males thus artificially increasing sexual dimorphism after burning. Therefore, and although additional research is needed, this feature was not discarded as having potential for skeletal sex estimation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cremação
Odontometria
Caracteres Sexuais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Cemento Dentário/patologia
Esmalte Dentário/patologia
Feminino
Fogo
Odontologia Legal
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170614
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28321035
[Au] Autor:Numata N; Makinae H; Yoshida W; Daimon M; Murakami H
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tochinai Hospital.
[Ti] Título:Disaster Victim Identification using Orthopedic Implants in the 2011 East-Japan Earthquake and Tsunami.
[So] Source:Tohoku J Exp Med;241(3):219-223, 2017 03.
[Is] ISSN:1349-3329
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:On March 11, 2011, an earthquake (magnitude 9.0) devastated Japan's east coast, and the associated tsunami resulted in social and mechanical destruction. Search for the missing people is still ongoing. Surgical implants are common in the general population. Medical implants usually have lot numbers, and their forensic use is common for victim identification. This investigation was conducted mainly in the cities of Kamaishi and Otsuchi, both of which were affected by the tsunami disaster in 2011. We visited 6 mortuaries with the police between March 20 (9 days after the tsunami) and April 20 (40 days after the tsunami) to examine the presence of surgical scars and related information. Unidentified human remains were investigated by visual and tactile examination. We also visited temples where the ashes were preserved. If implants were found, their lot numbers and estimated surgical procedures were recorded to determine positive identification. Ten of 233 sets of unidentified human remains before cremation displayed characteristics of a potential past surgical history. However, only 2 of these 233 sets had orthopedic implants. Instead, non-combustible orthopedic implants were found and recognized in 8 of the 331 sets of unidentified human ashes in the temples after cremation; the lot numbers were fully legible in 2 of the 8 sets. We estimated the surgical procedures, which led to positive identification. In conclusion, lot numbers and the surgical knowledge of orthopedic surgeons could assist with the positive identification of disaster victims. However, the relevant information can be erased after cremation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vítimas de Desastres
Terremotos
Ortopedia
Próteses e Implantes
Tsunamis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cicatriz/patologia
Cremação
Geografia
Seres Humanos
Japão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170719
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170719
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170322
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1620/tjem.241.219


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[PMID]:28284438
[Au] Autor:De Angelis D; Collini F; Muccino E; Cappella A; Sguazza E; Mazzucchi A; Cattaneo C
[Ad] Endereço:LabAnOF, Laboratorio di Antropologia e Odontologia Forense, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via L. Mangiagalli, 20133 Milano, Italy. Electronic address: danilo.deangelis@unimi.it.
[Ti] Título:Analysis of metallic medical devices after cremation: The importance in identification.
[So] Source:Sci Justice;57(2):128-135, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1355-0306
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The recovery of a charred cadaver raises many issues concerning personal identification; the presence of prosthetic materials may provide very important and decisive information. Who is involved in the recovery of a charred body or of burnt human fragments, should therefore be able to recognize medical devices even if modified by fire effects. Metallic residues (585kg) that came from 2785 cremations were studied. Medical devices were then divided by type and material in order to esteem the representativeness of each typology. The study illustrates the great presence of metal medical devices that could be of great help in identifying bodies and underlines that metallic medical devices types and morphology should be known by forensic practitioner involved in identification cases and that this kind of material can still be identified by physician and dentists, even if exposed to very high temperatures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cremação
Metais
Próteses e Implantes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Marca-Passo Artificial
Suturas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Metals)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170622
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170622
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170313
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28233101
[Au] Autor:Krap T; Nota K; Wilk LS; van de Goot FRW; Ruijter JM; Duijst W; Oostra RJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anatomy, Embryology and Physiology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 15, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. T.Krap@amc.nl.
[Ti] Título:Luminescence of thermally altered human skeletal remains.
[So] Source:Int J Legal Med;131(4):1165-1177, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1437-1596
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Literature on luminescent properties of thermally altered human remains is scarce and contradictory. Therefore, the luminescence of heated bone was systemically reinvestigated. A heating experiment was conducted on fresh human bone, in two different media, and cremated human remains were recovered from a modern crematory. Luminescence was excited with light sources within the range of 350 to 560 nm. The excitation light was filtered out by using different long pass filters, and the luminescence was analysed by means of a scoring method. The results show that temperature, duration and surrounding medium determine the observed emission intensity and bandwidth. It is concluded that the luminescent characteristic of bone can be useful for identifying thermally altered human remains in a difficult context as well as yield information on the perimortem and postmortem events.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ossos do Braço/patologia
Cremação
Luminescência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Restos Mortais
Feminino
Antropologia Forense
Temperatura Alta
Seres Humanos
Luz
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170225
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00414-017-1546-1


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[PMID]:28169221
[Au] Autor:Calais PJ
[Ad] Endereço:School of Physics, The University of Western Australia, Perth, 6009, Western Australia. Clinical Physics, Fiona Stanley Hospital, Murdoch, 6150, Western Australia.
[Ti] Título:Gaussian plume atmospheric modelling and radiation exposure calculations following the cremation of a deceased thyroid cancer patient treated with iodine-131.
[So] Source:J Radiol Prot;37(1):247-265, 2017 Mar 20.
[Is] ISSN:1361-6498
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Shortly after treatment with 7200 MBq of I, a thyroid cancer patient died and was subsequently cremated. Calculations of the atmospheric emissions of I from the crematorium flue were performed using a standard atmospheric pollution Gaussian Plume Dispersal model. Estimates of whole-body and thyroid dose of those potentially exposed were made using OLINDA/EXM dosimetry software. Under the meteorological conditions prevalent at the time of the cremation, and depending on the actual release rate of the I, the Western Australian legal limit of 3.7 Bqm for atmospheric emissions of I may have been exceeded for distances of up to 440 and 1610 m downwind of the crematorium chimney, with the maximum concentration being between 33 and 392 Bqm . Assuming 16% of the inhaled I was taken up in the thyroid with the balance in the remainder of the body, the radiation dose to maximally exposed individuals was calculated to be approximately 17.7 µSv to the thyroid and 0.04 µSv to the whole-body. Despite the maximum allowable atmospheric I concentration of 3.7 Bqm being exceeded, as the number of people immediately downwind of the crematorium flue in the high concentration zones was very low, and considering the relatively high tolerable dose to the thyroid, the radiation dose to people was probably not a problem in this case. The local limit of 1000 MBq of I for the cremation of a deceased patient is reasonable, but with adequate precautions could be significantly increased without any harmful effects to people or the environment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Radioativos do Ar/análise
Cremação
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico
Exposição à Radiação
Radiometria/instrumentação
Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/radioterapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Proteção Radiológica
Software
Tempo (Meteorologia)
Austrália Ocidental
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants, Radioactive); 0 (Iodine Radioisotopes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1088/1361-6498/aa51e2


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[PMID]:27845610
[Au] Autor:Colombo AD
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Political and Social Sciences , University of Bologna , Bologna , Italy.
[Ti] Título:Why Europe has never been united (not even in the afterworld): The fall and rise of cremation in cities (1876-1939).
[So] Source:Death Stud;41(1):22-33, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1091-7683
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:An intriguing paradox emerges in the history of disposal of the dead in Europe: the countries (Italy, Germany, England, and Scotland) where, in the last quarter of the 19th century, cremation was introduced first, were the last ones to see the diffusion of cremation as a mass phenomenon. The contrary was true where-for instance, in Switzerland and in Denmark-the start of cremation was initially delayed. Here the growth was very fast. To explain this puzzling enigma, I propose to abandon the usual nation-level approach and take cities as appropriate units of analysis. So, a database on presence or absence of crematoria and on trends in "annual cremation by death ratios" in the European cities with more than 5,000 inhabitants before 1939 was completed for an analysis of patterns of the early emergence of cremation and change of cremation rate at a local level.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude Frente à Morte
Cidades/história
Cremação/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Europa (Continente)
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170512
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170512
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161116
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/07481187.2016.1257881


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[PMID]:27845604
[Au] Autor:Mathijssen B
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Comparative Religion , Radboud University , Nijmegen , the Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:The ambiguity of human ashes: Exploring encounters with cremated remains in the Netherlands.
[So] Source:Death Stud;41(1):34-41, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1091-7683
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article explores cremation and disposal practices in the Netherlands, focusing on the attitudes and experiences of bereaved Dutch people in relation to cremated remains. In academic and professional narratives, human ashes are commonly described as "important," as "sacred," and as a vehicle to continue intense and physical relationships with the dead. Based on quantitative and qualitative data this article illustrates the ambiguity of such relationships. It highlights the diverse experiences, unexpected challenges, and moral obligations that can be evoked by the deceased's ashes, where the latter are seen as embedded in material practices and entangled in social relationships.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude Frente à Morte
Luto
Cremação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Restos Mortais
Cemitérios
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Motivação
Países Baixos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170512
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170512
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161116
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/07481187.2016.1257882


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[PMID]:27757574
[Au] Autor:McIntosh CS; Dadour IR; Voss SC
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Forensic Anatomy and Biological Sciences, School of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA, 6009, Australia. craig.mcintosh@uwa.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:A comparison of carcass decomposition and associated insect succession onto burnt and unburnt pig carcasses.
[So] Source:Int J Legal Med;131(3):835-845, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1437-1596
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The rate of decomposition and insect succession onto decomposing pig carcasses were investigated following burning of carcasses. Ten pig carcasses (40-45 kg) were exposed to insect activity during autumn (March-April) in Western Australia. Five replicates were burnt to a degree described by the Crow-Glassman Scale (CGS) level #2, while five carcasses were left unburnt as controls. Burning carcasses greatly accelerated decomposition in contrast to unburnt carcasses. Physical modifications following burning such as skin discolouration, splitting of abdominal tissue and leathery consolidation of skin eliminated evidence of bloat and altered microambient temperatures associated with carcasses throughout decomposition. Insect species identified on carcasses were consistent between treatment groups; however, a statistically significant difference in insect succession onto remains was evident between treatments (PERMANOVA F = 14.23, p < 0.01) during an 8-day period that corresponds with the wet stage of decomposition. Differences were noted in the arrival time of late colonisers (Coleoptera) and the development of colonising insects between treatment groups. Differences in the duration of decomposition stages and insect assemblages indicate that burning has an effect on both rate of decomposition and insect succession. The findings presented here provide baseline data for entomological casework involving burnt remains criminal investigations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Coleópteros
Cremação
Dípteros
Comportamento Alimentar
Mudanças Depois da Morte
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Entomologia
Ciências Forenses
Suínos
Austrália Ocidental
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161021
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00414-016-1464-7


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[PMID]:27320395
[Au] Autor:Gardner SJ; Cordingley TH; Francis SC
[Ad] Endereço:Bond University, Health Sciences and Medicine, Robina, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: sgardner@bond.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:An investigation into effective methodologies for latent fingerprint enhancement on items recovered from fire.
[So] Source:Sci Justice;56(4):241-6, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1355-0306
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A common assumption is that fire destroys fingerprint evidence. Recent studies have sought to challenge this assumption. This study presents a comparative evaluation of soot removal and fingerprint enhancement techniques, following fire(s) to ascertain optimal process efficacy for recovering fingerprints. Two car burns and a cremation oven were used to determine the temperature range. Temperatures of 300, 450 and 600°C were used in simulated, controlled fires wherein cars had prints deposited on rear view mirrors. Burning occurred in a shipping container designed to approximate the variables relating to car arson. Soot removal was undertaken by tape lifting, sodium hydroxide solution, or liquid latex casting. The fingerprint enhancement techniques comprised black magnetic, aluminium and black suspension powders, or cyanoacrylate fuming with BY40 dye. A fingerprint expert classified prints as un/identifiable according to standards to be submitted as evidence in court. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed on the data using a p value of <0.05 to determine statistical significance. Temperature was the biggest factor affecting fingerprint recovery. There were no statistically significant differences found between any of the soot removal methods used. Higher counts of identifiable prints were recovered with black magnetic powder and cyanoacrylate/BY40 compared to the other methods used but these findings were not statistically significant. It is recommended that recovery of fire-exposed fingerprints (which are not protected) is undertaken where suspected maximum temperatures are <450°C. Evaluation of optimal soot removal and fingerprint enhancement techniques should be conducted on a case by case basis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dermatoglifia
Fogo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cremação
Cianoacrilatos
Temperatura Alta
Seres Humanos
Pós
Volatilização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Cyanoacrylates); 0 (Powders)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160621
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27061584
[Au] Autor:Snoeck C; Pouncett J; Ramsey G; Meighan IG; Mattielli N; Goderis S; Lee-Thorp JA; Schulting RJ
[Ad] Endereço:Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford, Dyson Perrins Building, Oxford, OX1 3QY, UK.
[Ti] Título:Mobility during the neolithic and bronze age in northern ireland explored using strontium isotope analysis of cremated human bone.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;160(3):397-413, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: As many individuals were cremated in Neolithic and Bronze Age Ireland, they have not featured in investigations of individual mobility using strontium isotope analysis. Here, we build on recent experiments demonstrating excellent preservation of biogenic (87) Sr/(86) Sr in calcined bone to explore mobility in prehistoric Northern Ireland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A novel method of strontium isotope analysis is applied to calcined bone alongside measurements on tooth enamel to human remains from five Neolithic and Bronze Age sites in Northern Ireland. We systematically sampled modern vegetation around each site to characterize biologically available strontium, and from this calculated expected values for humans consuming foods taken from within 1, 5, 10 and 20 Km catchments. This provides a more nuanced way of assessing human use of the landscape and mobility than the 'local' vs. 'non-local' dichotomy that is often employed. RESULTS: The results of this study 1) provide further support for the reliability of strontium isotope analysis on calcined bone, and 2) demonstrate that it is possible to identify isotopic differences between individuals buried at the same site, with some consuming food grown locally (within 1-5 Km) while others clearly consumed food from up to 50 Km away from their burial place. DISCUSSION: Hints of patterning emerge in spite of small sample numbers. At Ballynahatty, for instance, those represented by unburnt remains appear to have consumed food growing locally, while those represented by cremated remains did not. Furthermore, it appears that some individuals from Ballynahatty, Annaghmare and Clontygora either moved in the last few years of their life or their cremated remains were brought to the site. These results offer new insights into the choice behind coterminous cremation and inhumation rites in the Neolithic. Am J Phys Anthropol 160:397-413, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Osso e Ossos/química
Sepultamento/história
Cremação/história
Isótopos de Estrôncio/análise
Transportes/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Física
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Irlanda do Norte
Dente/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Strontium Isotopes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170612
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170612
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160411
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.22977



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