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  1 / 2026 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29283532
[Au] Autor:Pollier P
[Ti] Título:The Art of Vesalius: The continuing influence of "De Humani Corporis Fabrica" on Art.
[So] Source:Vesalius;22(1):125-32, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1373-4857
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A search for the intimate relationship between art and science in the study of the human body inevitably leads to the beautiful pictures of Vesalius' Fabrica. Medical artists and scientific researchers alike discover the enhanced power of text and iconography in transmitting knowledge as well as beauty of expression. Pursuing this goal, a facial reconstruction was made of Vesalius' portrait in the Fabrica. Final proof of the correctness of this reconstruction will be given when Vesalius' s grave and remains may be found on the island of Zakynthos where Vesalius died and was buried. Meanwhile medical artists continue to give their vision on anatomy, the human body and its intangible soul.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anatomia/história
Corpo Humano
Ilustração Médica/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grécia
História do Século XVI
Itália
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; PORTRAITS
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Vesalius A
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 2026 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28532205
[Au] Autor:Bastos C
[Ad] Endereço:a Institute of Social Sciences , University of Lisbon , Lisbon , Portugal.
[Ti] Título:Displayed Wounds, Encrypted Messages: Hyper-Realism and Imagination in Medical Moulages.
[So] Source:Med Anthropol;36(6):533-550, 2017 Aug-Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1545-5882
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Moulages are three-dimensional colorful replicas of body parts with particular expressions of ailments. Historically, by operating a transition between illness and disease, moulages were a powerful tool in the consolidation of the medical specialty of dermatovenereology. Yet, moulages are not solely an objectification of biological processes suitable for medical teaching; they also activate non-medical cognitions and emotions about life, death, behavior, and morality that are rooted in the history of the art of wax modeling. Furthermore, they provide a window into a dense history of urban health and illness, sex, law enforcement, assistance, gender, class, and politics.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropologia Médica
Arte
Educação em Saúde
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde/etnologia
Corpo Humano
Modelos Anatômicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Museus
Portugal
Sífilis
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170524
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/01459740.2017.1331223


  3 / 2026 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28394179
[Au] Autor:Szabó V; Halász G
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Hydrodynamic Systems , Budapest University of Technology and Economics , Budapest , Hungary.
[Ti] Título:1-D blood flow modelling in a running human body.
[So] Source:Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin;20(9):941-948, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1476-8259
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this paper an attempt was made to simulate blood flow in a mobile human arterial network, specifically, in a running human subject. In order to simulate the effect of motion, a previously published immobile 1-D model was modified by including an inertial force term into the momentum equation. To calculate inertial force, gait analysis was performed at different levels of speed. Our results show that motion has a significant effect on the amplitudes of the blood pressure and flow rate but the average values are not effected significantly.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Modelos Teóricos
Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia
Corrida/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Pressão Sanguínea
/fisiologia
Marcha/fisiologia
Coração/fisiologia
Corpo Humano
Seres Humanos
Punho/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170411
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10255842.2017.1315634


  4 / 2026 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28339490
[Au] Autor:Koppensteiner M; Primes G; Stephan P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
[Ti] Título:Create your own stimulus: Manipulating movements according to social categories.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(3):e0174422, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:People ascribe purposeful behaviour to the movements of artificial objects and social qualities to human body motion. We investigated how people associate simple motion cues with social categories. For a first rating-experiment we converted the body movements of speakers into stick-figure animations; for a second rating-experiment we used animations of one single dot. Rating-experiments were "reversed" because we asked participants to alter the movements (i.e., vertical amplitude, horizontal amplitude, and velocity) of the stimuli according to different instructions (e.g., create a stimulus of high dominance). Participants equipped stick figures and dot animations with expansive movements to represent high dominance. Expansive and fast movements (i.e., high velocity) were mainly associated with high aggressiveness. Fast movements were also associated with low friendliness, low trustworthiness, and low competence. Overall, patterns found for stick figure and dot animations were similar indicating that certain motion cues convey social information even when only a dot and no body form is visible. The "reverse approach" we propose here makes the impact of different components directly observable. The data generated by this method offers better insights into the interplay of these components and the ways in which they form meaningful patterns. The proposed method can be extended to other types of nonverbal cues and a variety of social categories.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Corpo Humano
Intenção
Movimento
Percepção Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estimulação Luminosa
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170825
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170825
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170325
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0174422


  5 / 2026 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28320133
[Au] Autor:Gigante AF; Pellicciari R; Iliceto G; Liuzzi D; Mancino PV; Custodero GE; Guido M; Livrea P; Defazio G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neurosciences and Sensory Organs, "Aldo Moro" University of Bari, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Rest tremor in Parkinson's disease: Body distribution and time of appearance.
[So] Source:J Neurol Sci;375:215-219, 2017 Apr 15.
[Is] ISSN:1878-5883
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To assess body distribution and timing of appearance of rest tremor in Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Information was obtained by a computerized database containing historical information collected at the first visit and data collected during the subsequent follow-up visits. Information on rest tremor developed during the follow-up could be therefore obtained by our own observation in a proportion of patients. RESULTS: Among 289 patients, rest tremor was reported at disease onset in 65.4% of cases and detected at last follow-up examination in 74.4% of patients. Analysis of patients who did not report rest tremor at disease onset indicated that 26% of such patients (9% in the overall population) manifested rest tremor over the disease course. Rest tremor spread to new sites in 39% of patients who manifested rest tremor at disease onset. Regardless of tremor presentation at disease onset or during the follow-up, upper limb was the most frequent tremor localization. Over the follow-up, rest tremor developed faster in the upper limb than in other body sites. The risk of developing rest tremor during the follow-up was not affected by sex, side of motor symptom onset and site of tremor presentation. However, age of disease onset >63years was associated with an increased risk of rest tremor spread. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides new information about body distribution and timing of rest tremor appearance during the course of early stages of Parkinson's disease that may help clinicians in patients' counselling.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença de Parkinson/complicações
Tremor/etiologia
Tremor/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos
Progressão da Doença
Feminino
Seguimentos
Corpo Humano
Seres Humanos
Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170705
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170705
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170322
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 2026 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28281422
[Au] Autor:Mahomed S; Nöthling-Slabbert M; Pepper MS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Jurisprudence, College of Law, University of South Africa. mahoms1@unisa.ac.za.
[Ti] Título:Ownership and human tissue - the legal conundrum: A response to Jordaan's critique.
[So] Source:S Afr Med J;107(3):196-198, 2017 Feb 27.
[Is] ISSN:0256-9574
[Cp] País de publicação:South Africa
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The debate over whether there should be a property or non-property approach with regard to human tissue is only the tip of the iceberg, because the issues involved are very complex, reflecting profound considerations on the nature of the self and the structuring of society; the balance of power between the citizen, the government and commercial interests; and human beings' perceptions of themselves and their bodies. This article responds to a publication by Donrich Jordaan titled 'Social justice and research using human biological material: A response to Mahomed, Nöthling-Slabbert and Pepper' in the July 2016 SAMJ. The original article to which Jordaan's critique refers and that provides the source for his response appeared in the South African Journal of Bioethics and Law in 2013, titled 'The legal position on the classification of human tissue in South Africa: Can tissues be owned?'. It is our contention that Jordaan's critique is based on a misinterpretation of the issues raised relating to the ownership of human tissue, an issue extensively debated in the academic sphere for many years. Jordaan's critique focuses on selected aspects of the original article and draws unjustifiable inferences from these. The purpose of this article is to contextualise Jordaan's critique and reaffirm the validity of the arguments made in the original article in 2013. There are, however, certain aspects of Jordaan's critique that we as authors of the original article acknowledge and appreciate in the spirit of academic discourse.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pesquisa Biomédica/ética
Pesquisa Biomédica/legislação & jurisprudência
Política de Saúde
Corpo Humano
Propriedade
Justiça Social
Doadores de Tecidos/ética
Doadores de Tecidos/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Altruísmo
Bioética
Seres Humanos
África do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170717
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170717
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170311
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2017.v107i3.12062


  7 / 2026 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28245245
[Au] Autor:Wang L; Xia L; Zhang D
[Ad] Endereço:School of Educational Science, Huaiyin Normal University, Huaian, China.
[Ti] Título:Face-body integration of intense emotional expressions of victory and defeat.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(2):e0171656, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Human facial expressions can be recognized rapidly and effortlessly. However, for intense emotions from real life, positive and negative facial expressions are difficult to discriminate and the judgment of facial expressions is biased towards simultaneously perceived body expressions. This study employed event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate the neural dynamics involved in the integration of emotional signals from facial and body expressions of victory and defeat. Emotional expressions of professional players were used to create pictures of face-body compounds, with either matched or mismatched emotional expressions in faces and bodies. Behavioral results showed that congruent emotional information of face and body facilitated the recognition of facial expressions. ERP data revealed larger P1 amplitudes for incongruent compared to congruent stimuli. Also, a main effect of body valence on the P1 was observed, with enhanced amplitudes for the stimuli with losing compared to winning bodies. The main effect of body expression was also observed in N170 and N2, with winning bodies producing larger N170/N2 amplitudes. In the later stage, a significant interaction of congruence by body valence was found on the P3 component. Winning bodies elicited lager P3 amplitudes than losing bodies did when face and body conveyed congruent emotional signals. Beyond the knowledge based on prototypical facial and body expressions, the results of this study facilitate us to understand the complexity of emotion evaluation and categorization out of laboratory.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emoções
Expressão Facial
Reconhecimento Visual de Modelos
Estimulação Luminosa/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Análise de Variância
Eletroencefalografia
Eletrofisiologia
Potenciais Evocados
Potenciais Evocados Visuais
Face
Feminino
Corpo Humano
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Modelos Neurológicos
Neurônios/fisiologia
Tempo de Reação
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170301
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0171656


  8 / 2026 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28230136
[Au] Autor:Ledford H
[Ti] Título:The race to map the human body - one cell at a time.
[So] Source:Nature;542(7642):404-405, 2017 02 20.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Corpo Humano
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fenômenos Fisiológicos Celulares
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170530
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170530
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/nature.2017.21508


  9 / 2026 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28185087
[Au] Autor:Boyer TW; Maouene J; Sethuraman N
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Georgia Southern University, P.O. Box 8041, Statesboro, GA, 30460-8041, USA. tboyer@georgiasouthern.edu.
[Ti] Título:Attention to body-parts varies with visual preference and verb-effector associations.
[So] Source:Cogn Process;18(2):195-203, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1612-4790
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Theories of embodied conceptual meaning suggest fundamental relations between others' actions, language, and our own actions and visual attention processes. Prior studies have found that when people view an image of a neutral body in a scene they first look toward, in order, the head, torso, hands, and legs. Other studies show associations between action verbs and the body-effectors used in performing the action (e.g., "jump" with feet/legs; "talk" with face/head). In the present experiment, the visual attention of participants was recorded with a remote eye-tracking system while they viewed an image of an actor pantomiming an action and heard a concrete action verb. Participants manually responded whether or not the action image was a good example of the verb they heard. The eye-tracking results confirmed that participants looked at the head most, followed by the hands, and the feet least of all; however, visual attention to each of the body-parts also varied as a function of the effector associated with the spoken verb on image/verb congruent trials, particularly for verbs associated with the legs. Overall, these results suggest that language influences some perceptual processes; however, hearing auditory verbs did not alter the previously reported fundamental hierarchical sequence of directed attention, and fixations on specific body-effectors may not be essential for verb comprehension as peripheral visual cues may be sufficient to perform the task.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atenção/fisiologia
Função Executiva/fisiologia
Corpo Humano
Imaginação/fisiologia
Linguagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise de Variância
Movimentos Oculares/fisiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Orientação/fisiologia
Tempo de Reação/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171014
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171014
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170211
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10339-017-0792-y


  10 / 2026 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28099505
[Au] Autor:Gras LL; Stockman I; Brolin K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Applied Mechanics, Division of Vehicle Safety, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of 6 and 10 Year-Old Child Human Body Models in Emergency Events.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(1):e0170377, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Emergency events can influence a child's kinematics prior to a car-crash, and thus its interaction with the restraint system. Numerical Human Body Models (HBMs) can help understand the behaviour of children in emergency events. The kinematic responses of two child HBMs-MADYMO 6 and 10 year-old models-were evaluated and compared with child volunteers' data during emergency events-braking and steering-with a focus on the forehead and sternum displacements. The response of the 6 year-old HBM was similar to the response of the 10 year-old HBM, however both models had a different response compared with the volunteers. The forward and lateral displacements were within the range of volunteer data up to approximately 0.3 s; but then, the HBMs head and sternum moved significantly downwards, while the volunteers experienced smaller displacement and tended to come back to their initial posture. Therefore, these HBMs, originally intended for crash simulations, are not too stiff and could be able to reproduce properly emergency events thanks, for instance, to postural control.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes de Trânsito
Fenômenos Biomecânicos/fisiologia
Sistemas de Proteção para Crianças
Desaceleração/efeitos adversos
Manequins
Modelos Anatômicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Condução de Veículo
Criança
Emergências
Corpo Humano
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Postura/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170816
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170816
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0170377



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