Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : I01.076.201.450.776 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29500234
[Au] Autor:Kapilashrami A; Schrecker T
[Ad] Endereço:University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK anuj.kapilashrami@ed.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Global Health Watch: Challenging entrenched ideas in global health.
[So] Source:BMJ;360:k956, 2018 03 02.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde Global
Mudança Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Política de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180304
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.k956


  2 / 16100 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431330
[Au] Autor:Deynego VN; Elizarov VB; Kaptsov VA
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic and environmental problems of energy-saving illumination in urbanization of Crimea].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):909-13, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The article considers the problems offloodlights pollution in the territory of Crimea due to the work of illumination led equipment of the key elements of the international transport artery "China-Europe". There was performed a qualitative assessment of characteristics of led floodlights pollution on the example of the sea surface of the transport crossing through the Kerch Strait. Ichthyologists and oceanographers were shown to estimate the amount of phytoplankton biomass based on sunlight illumination. The excess dose of blue light in the spectrum of led lighting was established to have an impact on phytoplankton greater than solar and lunar light, creating preconditions for the increase of biological mass of phytoplankton and consequently to the formation of the "stern stock". Arising from additional phytoplankton biomass can significantly influence on the schedule offish migration in waters of the Kerch Strait, the biomass of mosquitoes and midges, which are prey for amphibians and birds. The decline of the both light pollution and its negative impact on fauna andflora requires the development of semiconductor sources of white light with a biologically adequate spectrum in the framework of the "Lighting of the lighting equipment of Crimea".
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Organismos Aquáticos
Poluição Ambiental
Luz/efeitos adversos
Iluminação
Processos Fototróficos/efeitos da radiação
Urbanização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Organismos Aquáticos/fisiologia
Organismos Aquáticos/efeitos da radiação
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Iluminação/efeitos adversos
Iluminação/métodos
Iluminação/normas
Fotometria/métodos
Fotometria/normas
Fitoplâncton/fisiologia
Fitoplâncton/efeitos da radiação
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/normas
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Mudança Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 16100 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29300018
[Ti] Título:Reward research that changes society.
[So] Source:Nature;553(7686):5, 2018 01 04.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/tendências
Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto/tendências
Pesquisa
Recompensa
Mudança Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bases de Dados Factuais
Seres Humanos
Pesquisa/economia
Pesquisa/normas
Qualidade da Água
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180105
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/d41586-017-08943-6


  4 / 16100 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28455636
[Au] Autor:Duprey EB; Oshri A; Caughy MO
[Ad] Endereço:The Youth Development Institute, Human Development and Family Science, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA. erinn.duprey@uga.edu.
[Ti] Título:Childhood Neglect, Internalizing Symptoms and Adolescent Substance Use: Does the Neighborhood Context Matter?
[So] Source:J Youth Adolesc;46(7):1582-1597, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6601
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Childhood neglect is associated with risk behaviors in adolescence, including substance use. There is evidence that internalizing behaviors may serve as a mechanism linking childhood neglect and substance use; however, further research is needed to examine this developmental pathway. According to developmental and ecological approaches, the neighborhood context and the developmental timing of maltreatment should both be considered when examining the sequelae of childhood neglect. Hence, the present study uses a longitudinal sample of youth (N = 965, 49.1% female, 59.2% African-American) to examine the influence of timing in the relationship between childhood neglect and adolescent psychopathology, and to examine the indirect effects of child neglect on substance use via internalizing symptoms in adolescence. Furthermore, the role of neighborhood disorder in this indirect effect was tested. Five data collection time points were used: Time 1(M = 4.557, SD = .701), Time 2 (M = 6.422, SD = .518), Time 3 (M = 12.370, SD = .443), Time 4 (M = 14.359, SD = .452), and Time 5 (M = 16.316, SD = .615). The findings showed that internalizing problems mediated the link between the severity of neglect in early childhood and adolescent substance use, and this pathway was moderated by neighborhood disorder. These results have implications for preventative interventions aimed toward reducing substance use for at-risk adolescents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Maus-Tratos Infantis/diagnóstico
Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia
Controle Interno-Externo
Distribuição Espacial da População
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/diagnóstico
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos
Pré-Escolar
Ajustamento Emocional
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
Masculino
Distribuição Espacial da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Assunção de Riscos
Mudança Social
Estatística como Assunto
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10964-017-0672-x


  5 / 16100 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29227913
[Au] Autor:Madsen W
[Ad] Endereço:CQUniversity, Yaamba Road, Rockhampton, Queensland, 4700, Australia. Electronic address: w.madsen@cqu.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:History in health: health promotion's underexplored tool for change.
[So] Source:Public Health;154:118-122, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5616
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: This paper outlined an argument as to why history and historians should be included in a healthy settings approach. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive study. METHODS: A narrative review of the literature across a broad cross-section of history, health promotion and public health disciplines was undertaken. RESULTS: Three reasons for including history were identified relating to the social role of history as a means of analysing social memory, of changing social narratives and by raising social consciousness. This allowed for a distinction between history in health and history of health. Precedents of this social role can be found in the fields of feminist and postcolonial histories, oral history and museums in health. CONCLUSION: Reasons for why historians and health promotion practitioners and researchers have not previously had working relationships were explored, as were some of the factors that would need to be considered for such relationships to work well, including the need to recognise different languages, different understandings of the role of history, and a potential lack of awareness of the health implications of historical work.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Promoção da Saúde/história
Saúde Pública/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Narração
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Mudança Social/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171212
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 16100 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29351305
[Au] Autor:Islam KMM; Asadullah MN
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
[Ti] Título:Gender stereotypes and education: A comparative content analysis of Malaysian, Indonesian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi school textbooks.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190807, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Using government secondary school English language textbooks from Malaysia, Indonesia, Pakistan and Bangladesh, we conducted a quantitative content analysis in order to identify gender stereotypes in school education. In total, 21 categories of exclusion and quality of representation were used to study gender stereotypes. Our analysis confirms a pro-male bias in textbooks: the aggregate female share is 40.4% in textual and pictorial indicators combined. Female occupations are mostly traditional and less prestigious while the characters are predominantly introverted and passive in terms of personality traits. Women are also shown to be mostly involved in domestic and in-door activities while men have a higher presence in professional roles. Systematic underrepresentation of females is evident regardless of whether we look at the text or pictures. A cross-country analysis shows that the female share in picture content is only 35.2% in Malaysia and Bangladesh. Overall, the proportion of female to male characters (text and pictures combined) is balanced in Malaysia and Indonesia (44.4% and 44.1% respectively) while this share is only 24.4% and 37.3% in Pakistani and Bangladeshi textbooks respectively. The finding of underrepresentation of women in Pakistani textbooks, in terms of quality and quantity, is robust to the selection of province-, grade- and subject-specific textbooks, as well as the range and type of categories used.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Instituições Acadêmicas
Sexismo
Livros de Texto como Assunto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bangladesh
Currículo
Educação
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Indonésia
Islamismo
Malásia
Masculino
Paquistão
Sexismo/estatística & dados numéricos
Mudança Social
Classe Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190807


  7 / 16100 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28902906
[Au] Autor:Zhang X; Han DD; Yang R; Zhang Z
[Ad] Endereço:Shanghai Key Laboratory of Multi-dimensional Information Processing, School of Information Science and Technology, East China Normal University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:Users' participation and social influence during information spreading on Twitter.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0183290, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Online Social Networks generate a prodigious wealth of real-time information at an incessant rate. In this paper we study the empirical data that crawled from Twitter to describe the topology and information spreading dynamics of Online Social Networks. We propose a measurement with three measures to state the efforts of users on Twitter to get their information spreading, based on the unique mechanisms for information retransmission on Twitter. It is noticed that small fraction of users with special performance on participation can gain great influence, while most other users play a role as middleware during the information propagation. Thus a community analysis is performed and four categories of users are found with different kinds of participation that cause the information dissemination dynamics. These suggest that exiting topological measures alone may reflect little about the influence of individuals and provide new insights for information spreading.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Participação da Comunidade
Disseminação de Informação/métodos
Internet
Mudança Social
Mídias Sociais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Participação da Comunidade/métodos
Participação da Comunidade/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Modelos Estatísticos
Desejabilidade Social
Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos
Rede Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170914
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0183290


  8 / 16100 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28902889
[Au] Autor:Waeber PO; Gardner CJ; Lourenço WR; Wilmé L
[Ad] Endereço:ETH Zurich, Department of ITES, Forest Management and Development (ForDev) Group, Universitätstrasse 16, Zurich, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:On specimen killing in the era of conservation crisis - A quantitative case for modernizing taxonomy and biodiversity inventories.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0183903, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND TO THE WORK: For centuries taxonomy has relied on dead animal specimens, a practice that persists today despite the emergence of innovative biodiversity assessment methods. Taxonomists and conservationists are engaged in vigorous discussions over the necessity of killing animals for specimen sampling, but quantitative data on taxonomic trends and specimen sampling over time, which could inform these debates, are lacking. METHODS: We interrogated a long-term research database documenting 2,723 land vertebrate and 419 invertebrate taxa from Madagascar, and their associated specimens conserved in the major natural history museums. We further compared specimen collection and species description rates for the birds, mammals and scorpions over the last two centuries, to identify trends and links to taxon descriptions. RESULTS: We located 15,364 specimens documenting endemic mammals and 11,666 specimens documenting endemic birds collected between 1820 and 2010. Most specimens were collected at the time of the Mission Zoologique Franco-Anglo-Américaine (MZFAA) in the 1930s and during the last two decades, with major differences according to the groups considered. The small mammal and bat collections date primarily from recent years, and are paralleled by the description of new species. Lemur specimens were collected during the MZFAA but the descriptions of new taxa are recent, with the type series limited to non-killed specimens. Bird specimens, particularly of non-passerines, are mainly from the time of the MZFAA. The passerines have also been intensely collected during the last two decades; the new material has been used to solve the phylogeny of the groups and only two new endemic taxa of passerine birds have been described over the last two decades. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that specimen collection has been critical for advancing our understanding of the taxonomy of Madagascar's biodiversity at the onset of zoological work in Madagascar, but less so in recent decades. It is crucial to look for alternatives to avoid killing animals in the name of documenting life, and encourage all efforts to share the information attached to historical and recent collections held in natural history museums. In times of conservation crisis and the advancement in digital technologies and open source sharing, it seems obsolete to kill animals in well-known taxonomic groups for the sake of enriching natural history collections around the world.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biodiversidade
Classificação/métodos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/tendências
Mudança Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Aves/classificação
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
Madagáscar
Mamíferos/classificação
Museus
História Natural/ética
História Natural/tendências
Filogenia
Preservação Biológica/ética
Vertebrados/classificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170914
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0183903


  9 / 16100 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28838157
[Au] Autor:Guirguis S; Obregon R; Coleman M; Hickler B; SteelFisher G
[Ad] Endereço:Health Section.
[Ti] Título:Placing Human Behavior at the Center of the Fight to Eradicate Polio: Lessons Learned and Their Application to Other Life-Saving Interventions.
[So] Source:J Infect Dis;216(suppl_1):S331-S336, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1537-6613
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Today, acceptance of oral polio vaccine is the highest ever. Reaching this level of acceptance has depended on decades of engaging with communities, building trust amid extraordinary social contexts, and responding to the complex variables that trigger behavioral and social change. Drawing on both the successes and setbacks in the 28 years of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), this article articulates what happened when the GPEI began to pay more attention to the dynamics of human and social behavior change. Three particular lessons for other health and immunization programs can be drawn from the experience of GPEI: change begins from within (ie, success needs institutional recognition of the importance of human behavior), good data are not enough for good decision-making, and health workers are important agents of behavior change. These lessons should be harnessed and put into practice to build demand and trust for the last stages of polio eradication, as well as for other life-saving health interventions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Erradicação de Doenças/métodos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Programas de Imunização/métodos
Poliomielite/prevenção & controle
Mudança Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Saúde Global
Seres Humanos
Vacina Antipólio Oral
Comportamento Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170826
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/infdis/jiw546


  10 / 16100 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28777929
[Au] Autor:Ormond KE; Mortlock DP; Scholes DT; Bombard Y; Brody LC; Faucett WA; Garrison NA; Hercher L; Isasi R; Middleton A; Musunuru K; Shriner D; Virani A; Young CE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Genetics and Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address: kormond@stanford.edu.
[Ti] Título:Human Germline Genome Editing.
[So] Source:Am J Hum Genet;101(2):167-176, 2017 Aug 03.
[Is] ISSN:1537-6605
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:With CRISPR/Cas9 and other genome-editing technologies, successful somatic and germline genome editing are becoming feasible. To respond, an American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) workgroup developed this position statement, which was approved by the ASHG Board in March 2017. The workgroup included representatives from the UK Association of Genetic Nurses and Counsellors, Canadian Association of Genetic Counsellors, International Genetic Epidemiology Society, and US National Society of Genetic Counselors. These groups, as well as the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Asia Pacific Society of Human Genetics, British Society for Genetic Medicine, Human Genetics Society of Australasia, Professional Society of Genetic Counselors in Asia, and Southern African Society for Human Genetics, endorsed the final statement. The statement includes the following positions. (1) At this time, given the nature and number of unanswered scientific, ethical, and policy questions, it is inappropriate to perform germline gene editing that culminates in human pregnancy. (2) Currently, there is no reason to prohibit in vitro germline genome editing on human embryos and gametes, with appropriate oversight and consent from donors, to facilitate research on the possible future clinical applications of gene editing. There should be no prohibition on making public funds available to support this research. (3) Future clinical application of human germline genome editing should not proceed unless, at a minimum, there is (a) a compelling medical rationale, (b) an evidence base that supports its clinical use, (c) an ethical justification, and (d) a transparent public process to solicit and incorporate stakeholder input.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Edição de Genes
Genoma Humano/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas/genética
Edição de Genes/ética
Edição de Genes/legislação & jurisprudência
Edição de Genes/métodos
Seres Humanos
Mudança Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170907
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170907
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170805
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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