Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : I01.076.201.450.897 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 868 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 87 ir para página                         

  1 / 868 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28551503
[Au] Autor:Rashid AF; Ahmed K; Noor F
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Forensic Medicine, Government Medical College, Srinagar, J & K, India. Electronic address: afrashid@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:A profile of child branding cases in Kashmir valley.
[So] Source:J Forensic Leg Med;49:50-53, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7487
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The article deals with child branding cases that were researched over a period of two years. Child branding practice is a common occurrence in the rural areas of the Kashmir valley where it is often practiced by faith healers [quacks] having no knowledge of underlying disease processes or the possible differentials of the same; leaving treatment protocols a distant possibility for the same. These illiterate so called healers possibly relieve the initial stigmata of the disease process that is pain by many procedures including burning the affected population with hot coals; embers; and various other pain inducing processes. In this way cutting a painful condition by stimulating another painful condition by possible intervention of body's "pain gating mechanisms" bring a somewhat temporary relief to the sufferer. This undiagnosed and mistreated underlying disease condition meanwhile continues to linger on with increasing severity often causing morbid relapses and ultimately resulting in a highly mortal course when the patient is actually brought for tertiary hospitalization. The present study aims to establish a pattern between child branding and its medical; social and economic correlations .Among these correlations the study will focus on disease related morbidity and mortality; role of community based faith healers ["quacks"]; poverty and illiteracy. The study will also reveal how bits and pieces of scientific information have been used to misdiagnose and mistreat a significant population belonging to pediatric age group. It will further try to evaluate the role of "pain gating" mechanisms as a means of pain relief and the partial success in motivating a significant population by these healers to be part of such practices. A positive outcome of this study is educating a significant part of affected population to shun such practices and follow proper treatment regimens.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Queimaduras/etiologia
Cura pela Fé
Charlatanismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Queimaduras/epidemiologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Índia/epidemiologia
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Alfabetização
Masculino
Pobreza
População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos
Superstições
População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170529
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 868 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:27940839
[Au] Autor:Beardsley F
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology and Anthropology University of La Verne, La Verne, CA 91750, USA. fbeardsley@laverne.edu.
[Ti] Título:Respect for the ancients.
[So] Source:Science;354(6317):1242, 2016 12 09.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Ritualístico
Superstições/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Cultural
Seres Humanos
Micronésia
Sociologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; PERSONAL NARRATIVES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170808
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170808
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 868 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:27927150
[Au] Autor:Protty MB; Jaafar M; Hannoodee S; Freeman P
[Ad] Endereço:Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom majd@protty.net.
[Ti] Título:Acute coronary syndrome on Friday the 13th: a case for re-organising services?
[So] Source:Med J Aust;205(11):523-525, 2016 Dec 12.
[Is] ISSN:1326-5377
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Friday the 13th is described as an "unlucky" day that brings misfortune. There are few studies on the question, and none on its effect in cardiovascular patients. The recently misreported "weekend effect" has led to changes in the junior doctor contract in England, providing greater staffing levels on weekends. Should we make similar provisions for Friday the 13th? METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a large database for patients admitted to hospitals in South Wales with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) during 1999-2014. Mortality rates for 217 admission day number/name combinations and for Friday the 13th were compared in a Cox proportional hazards regression model. RESULTS: 56 062 ACS patients were identified. There were no significant differences in 13-year mortality between most admission dates (211 of 216) and Friday the 13th. However, a statistically significant reduction in mortality was identified for five dates: Thursday the 15th (HR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.59-0.999), Wednesday the 18th (HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.58-0.99), Monday the 28th (HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.57-0.99), Monday the 30th (HR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.57-0.99) and Tuesday the 31st (HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.51-0.99). CONCLUSION: On most days, there was no difference in the 13-year mortality rate for patients admitted with their first ACS from that for "unlucky" Friday the 13th. However, patients admitted on five day/number combinations were 20-30% more likely to survive at 13 years. These findings could be explained by subgroup analysis inflation of the type I error, although supernatural causes merit further investigation. Our findings should be taken into account in future junior doctor contract negotiations, and may provide a case for reduced staffing levels on these lucky days.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade
Distinções e Prêmios
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
Superstições
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/provisão & distribuição
Medicina Estatal/estatística & dados numéricos
Taxa de Sobrevida
País de Gales
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161209
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 868 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:27464410
[Au] Autor:Paul D
[Ti] Título:IXCHEL: The Mayan Goddess of Midwifery.
[So] Source:Midwifery Today Int Midwife;(118):56, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1551-8892
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Índios Sul-Americanos
Medicina Tradicional
Tocologia
Parto Normal
Superstições
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Guatemala
Seres Humanos
Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente
Gravidez
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160728
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160728
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160729
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 868 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27373872
[Au] Autor:Dömötör Z; Ruíz-Barquín R; Szabo A
[Ad] Endereço:Doctoral School of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.
[Ti] Título:Superstitious behavior in sport: A literature review.
[So] Source:Scand J Psychol;57(4):368-82, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1467-9450
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The objective of this first literature review, in this area, is to unveil the current status of knowledge on superstition in sport. Its outcome reveals that superstitious behaviors vary with the type of sport, athletic level, as well as athletic role. In agreement with past theories, they increase with the level of challenge, as reflected by the importance of the competition, as well as with the level of uncertainty. Cultural factors, in conjunction with the education level, as well as gender, have a strong influence on superstitious behaviors in sports. Based on current thoughts, religiosity and superstition are different psychological constructs used as psychological aids by several athletes. Personality factors appear to mediate the manifestation of the behavior. Elite athletes are clearly more superstitious than non-elite athletes, An interaction between athletic skill and task-difficulty emerges to be another strong predictor of superstition in sport. It is evident that a set of complex personal and situational factors interact in the manifestation of superstitious behavior in sport that is used for the regulation of emotions in a quest for optimal performance. It is concluded that the objective benefits (i.e., success) of superstition in sport may be ascribed to the placebo effect that yields an increased sense of control and mental reassurance in unpredictable contest situations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atletas/psicologia
Esportes/psicologia
Superstições/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170320
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170320
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160705
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/sjop.12301


  6 / 868 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
PubMed Central Texto completo
Texto completo
[PMID]:27217887
[Au] Autor:Patra PK
[Ad] Endereço:All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India.
[Ti] Título:Branding in children: a barbaric practice still exists in India.
[So] Source:Pan Afr Med J;23:62, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1937-8688
[Cp] País de publicação:Uganda
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Branding is an inhuman traditional practice most commonly employed to treat various disorders in neonates and children in certain community in India. Though stringent law exists to prevent such harmful practices, cases of branding is not uncommon in current era.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Queimaduras/etiologia
Medicina Tradicional/efeitos adversos
Pele/lesões
Superstições
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Queimaduras/patologia
Criança
Seres Humanos
Índia
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170210
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170210
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160525
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11604/pamj.2016.23.62.7968


  7 / 868 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:27180517
[Au] Autor:Murakami K
[Ti] Título:[Do regional and generational differences in attitudes toward "Luck Resource Belief" exist?].
[So] Source:Shinrigaku Kenkyu;87(1):89-94, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0021-5236
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:jpn
[Ab] Resumo:This article examines whether belief in superstitions and folklore differs by age and degree of modernization specifically. This study investigated regional and generational differences in attitudes toward "Luck Resource Belief," a notion regarding luck. The 500 Japanese participants in our sample were stratified by place of residence, age, and income. The results reflected gender differences, but not regional or generational differences with regard to the "Luck Resource Belief" scale scores. Based on these results, the hypothesis that the mass media plays a major role in the dissemination of information about superstitions and folklore is discussed in this context.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cultura
Folclore
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Relação entre Gerações
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Superstições
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160516
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160516
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160517
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 868 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26960004
[Au] Autor:Lineaweaver W
[Ad] Endereço:From the JMS Burn and Reconstruction Center, Jackson, MS.
[Ti] Título:. . . Nothing Is So Credulous as Misery.
[So] Source:Ann Plast Surg;76(4):367-8, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3708
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença de Rei/história
Participação do Paciente/história
Relações Médico-Paciente/ética
Superstições/história
Toque Terapêutico/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Inglaterra
História do Século XVII
Seres Humanos
Participação do Paciente/psicologia
Superstições/psicologia
Cirurgia Plástica/ética
Cirurgia Plástica/história
Toque Terapêutico/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160310
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/SAP.0000000000000774


  9 / 868 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26813193
[Au] Autor:Cole TB
[Ti] Título:Nkisi Nkondi (Nail Figure): Congolese, Republic of the Congo.
[So] Source:JAMA;315(4):330-1, 2016 Jan 26.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escultura/história
Superstições/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Congo/etnologia
Haiti
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Escultura/psicologia
Superstições/psicologia
Bruxaria/história
Bruxaria/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2015.14073


  10 / 868 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26479707
[Au] Autor:Risen JL
[Ad] Endereço:University of Chicago.
[Ti] Título:Believing what we do not believe: Acquiescence to superstitious beliefs and other powerful intuitions.
[So] Source:Psychol Rev;123(2):182-207, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1939-1471
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Traditionally, research on superstition and magical thinking has focused on people's cognitive shortcomings, but superstitions are not limited to individuals with mental deficits. Even smart, educated, emotionally stable adults have superstitions that are not rational. Dual process models--such as the corrective model advocated by Kahneman and Frederick (2002, 2005), which suggests that System 1 generates intuitive answers that may or may not be corrected by System 2--are useful for illustrating why superstitious thinking is widespread, why particular beliefs arise, and why they are maintained even though they are not true. However, to understand why superstitious beliefs are maintained even when people know they are not true requires that the model be refined. It must allow for the possibility that people can recognize--in the moment--that their belief does not make sense, but act on it nevertheless. People can detect an error, but choose not to correct it, a process I refer to as acquiescence. The first part of the article will use a dual process model to understand the psychology underlying magical thinking, highlighting features of System 1 that generate magical intuitions and features of the person or situation that prompt System 2 to correct them. The second part of the article will suggest that we can improve the model by decoupling the detection of errors from their correction and recognizing acquiescence as a possible System 2 response. I suggest that refining the theory will prove useful for understanding phenomena outside of the context of magical thinking.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Intuição
Magia/psicologia
Modelos Psicológicos
Superstições/psicologia
Pensamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151020
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/rev0000017



página 1 de 87 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde